• Title, Summary, Keyword: dietary factors

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Dietary Risk Factors of Hypertension in the Elderly (노인집단을 대상으로 한 고혈압의 식이위험요인에 관한 연구)

  • 문현경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.90-100
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    • 1999
  • In order to investigate dietary risk factors for hypertension in th elderly, dietary intakes and dietary habits of 405 elderly subjects, aged 60-94, were assessed by the questionnaire, anthropometric measurement and a 24-hour dietary recall. The prevalence of definite (>95mmHg for diastolic or>160mmHg for systeolic blood pressue) and borderline(90-95mmHg for diastolic or 140-160mmHg for systolic blood pressure) hypertensive subjects 33.3% and 19.3%, respectively. The distribution of the subjects for Body Mass Index(BMI), waist-hip ratio, and alcohol consumption were significantly different among definite, borderline, and normal groups(p<0.05). The distribution of the subjects for smoking, exercise, and preference of salty food were not significantly different among definite, borderline, and normal groups(p>0.05). From the generalized logistic regression analysis of the risk factors for the hypertension, the subjects with over 27 of BMI had significantly higher risk of hypertension. Alcohol consumption and preference of salty food were significant risk factors of hypertension in the elderly. Dietary risk factors for the hypertension that had significant relationship to the hypertension were intakes of potassium, calcium, phosphate, sodium, vitamin B1, niacin, and folate. There was no significant difference of consumption frequencies of food and dish among definite, borderline, and normal groups(p>0.05). The amount of intakes for cereals and grain product, bean and their products, eggs were significantly different among definite, borderline, and normal groups(p<0.05). In summary, the amount of dietary intakes to hypertension in elderly population. Longitudinal studies for dietary risk factors on incidence of hypertension are needed in general population, especially in the elderly.

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Effect of Green Dietary Life Recognition and Low-Carbon Green Life Practice on Health-Related Dietary Habits in High School Students in the Incheon Area (인천지역 고등학생의 녹색식생활 인지와 저탄소 녹색생활 실천이 건강관련 식습관에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, So-Hyun;Son, Eun-Ju;Chang, Kyung Ja
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.952-962
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of green dietary life recognition and low-carbon green life practice on health-related dietary habits in high school students. The subjects were 367 high school students in the Incheon area. This cross-sectional survey was conducted using a questionnaire, and data were analyzed with the SPSS 20.0 program. According to the findings, green dietary life recognition were categorized into two sub-factors: 'Eco-friendly traditional dietary life', and 'Life of consideration and thanks'. Low-carbon green life practice was 'Low-carbon green life', and health-related dietary habits were categorized into four sub-factors: 'Vegetables-oriented traditional dietary habits', 'Balanced dietary habits', 'Life practice for health', and 'Various cereals intake'. Green dietary life recognition showed a significantly positive relationship with all sub-factors of health-related dietary habits (p<0.05), whereas 'Eco-friendly traditional dietary life' had no significant effect on 'Balanced dietary habits'. Low-carbon green life practice showed a significantly positive relationship with all sub-factors of health-related dietary habits (p<0.01). Students who received green growth education showed significantly higher health-related dietary habits than those who did not (p<0.01). Girls showed significantly higher green dietary life recognitions and low-carbon green life practice than boys (p<0.01). Therefore, more green dietary life and low-carbon green life education programs targeting students are need. Voluntary activities, along with green dietary life and low-carbon green life education will help students improve their health-related dietary habits.

A comparison of Dietary Habits and Influencing Factors for Vegetable Preferences of Adolescents in Gyeongnam Province (경남지역 청소년의 채소 선호에 따른 식생활습관 및 영향요인 비교)

  • Kwak, Suhyang;Woo, Taejung;Lee, Kyoung Ae;Lee, Kyung-Hea
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.259-272
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: A higher consumption of vegetables is emphasized as the core component of most dietary guidelines. Thus, this research investigated the dietary habits and influencing factors of vegetable preferences of adolescents. Methods: This study was conducted by using a self-administered questionnaire. 400 students from two high schools in Gyeongnam (193 boys, 207 girls) participated in the survey. The questionnaire consisted of the following variables: dietary habit, dietary action guide and factors based on Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). Results: The dietary habits of subjects showed significant differences depending on whether they prefer vegetables or not. The subjects in the group who liked vegetables had better dietary habits than the other group. Also, the study determined that the most important reason for liking or disliking vegetables is due to the taste. In the practice of dietary guidelines, the group of subjects who liked vegetables followed dietary guidelines more closely than the other group (p < 0.001). When the factors based on SCT were analyzed, personal factors showed significant differences between the groups: outcome expectation (p < 0.001), self-efficacy (p < 0.001) and affective attitude (p < 0.001). Personal factors and rated vegetable preferences showed a significant correlation in multiple regression analysis (F=42.015, p < 0.001). Conclusions: These results showed that vegetable preference is associated with a key point of desirable dietary habits among subjects. In order to increase vegetable preference or consumption, it is important to focus on strengthening not only self-efficacy of students, but also affective attitude of vegetable.

Use of Dietary Supplements and Determinants of Taking Dietary Supplements by Gender in the Korean Population: Using the 4th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2009) (한국 성인의 성별에 따른 식이보충제 섭취 및 관련 요인에 대한 연구 -제 4기 국민건강영양조사(2007-2009) 자료를 이용하여)

  • Lee, Yun Jung;Kang, Minji;Paik, Hee Young;Song, YoonJu
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.347-355
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Although dietary supplements use in Korea has been rapidly increasing and women are more likely to take dietary supplements more than men, only a few studies have been conducted to investigate factors contributing to gender differences in dietary supplement use in the Korean population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of dietary supplement use and also identify gender-specific key factors that contribute to it using the data of the 4th KNHANES. Methods: Subjects were divided into user and non-user groups according to the answer given to the question that asked whether they had used any dietary supplement for more than 2 weeks on a regular basis during the previous year. Factors related to dietary supplement use were examined by general characteristics, health behavior and eating behavior. Results: Prevalence of dietary supplement use was 13.6% for men and 20.6% for women. Users were more likely to be middle-aged, have higher income and education, have a spouse, or reside in dong areas in both men and women. Regarding health behaviors, men with desirable lifestyle behavior were more likely to take dietary supplements, while men who smoked were less likely to take dietary supplements. Regarding disease history, both men and women with a current disease had higher odds of taking supplements. With regard to dietary behavior, frequent eating out and nutrition attitude were associated with higher odds of taking supplements in both men and in women. Conclusions: Health or dietary behavior related factors that were associated with taking supplements differed by gender. These findings can be useful for planning gender-specific dietary education and health programs.

The Relationship between Ophthalmic Refractive Errors and Factors of Nutrition and Health (건강 및 식이요인과 굴절이상 시력장애와의 관련성)

  • 김영옥;최혜정;이순영
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.608-614
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relative importance among various biological and environmental factors on refractive errors. Various factors such as diseases, health related behavior such as drinking, smoking and exercise, as well as dietary factors were considered as a possible determinant. Surveys of 492 residents over 20 years of age in Kuri city were conducted during 1998. The survey included a refractive error test adopting a autokerato-refractometer, dietary survey using a 24 hour recall method, disease survey including blood and other diagnosis tests, and a health behavior survey using questionnaires with variables of smoking, drinking, and exercise. A stepwise logistic regression analysis was adopted to analyse the relative importance among independent variables of health behaviors, disease, and dietary factors on ametropias. As a result, in the case of myopia, liver dysfunction appeared to be the most important factors followed by the health related behavior of smoking and exercise as the second most important factors. Nutrient factors such as carotene and protein appeared to be the third most important factors. Similar results had been shown in the case of the hyperopia. In summary, liver dysfunction and the health related behaviors of drinking and smoking appeared to be more influential factors on abnormal eye sight of myopia and hyperopia than dietary factors.

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Relationships of Dietary Behavioral Factors and Stress Perception Levels in College Students in Gwang-ju City (광주지역 일부 대학생에서 식생활 요인과 스트레스 인지수준과의 상관관계)

  • Kim, Bok Hee;Shim, Bang Geul;Jeong, Eun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.771-784
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to estimate the relationships between dietary factors and the stress perception levels of College students. A survey was conducted in June, 2010, targeting 332 college students in Gwangju. General environmental factors, stress perception levels, dietary behaviors, and dietary action guide performance of the subjects were evaluated by questionnaire, and food intakes was determined by the 24-hour recall method. The results are summarized as follows.: The score of frequency experiencing was $45.1{\pm}16.9$ for male students, and $47.0{\pm}16.7$ for female students. The importance scores were $50.8{\pm}18.5$ for males, and $53.3{\pm}18.7$ for females. The total score for dietary action guide performance was $39.6{\pm}7.2$ for males and $40.6{\pm}6.5$ for females. Nutrient intake levels were evaluated based on dietary reference intake (DRI), revealing energy intakes to be 68.5% EER in males and 73.9% in females. The mean intakes of nutrient were 54.2% RI for calcium, 73.6% RI for riboflavin, and 51.2% RI for vitamin C but 203.6% AI for sodium, which indicates an imbalance in nutrient intake. Analysis of the correlations between stress perception levels and dietary factors, scholarship achievements, financial problems, future problems, value senses, and family relationships revealed significant correlations with general environment factors, dietary behaviors, Dietary action guide performance, and nutrient intakes (p<0.05). The higher the stress perception levels of the students, the higher the energy, coffee and alcohol intake, which predicts that appropriate stress control in college students will lead to better dietary habits. It is expected that the results above will be used as basic data for the development of proper nutrition education programs and stress control strategies.

Analyses on the Factors Related to Stages of Dietary Behavioral Changes among Child Bearing Aged Women (가임여성에서 식행동 변화단계에 따른 식생활 요인 분석)

  • 권성옥;오세영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.7
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    • pp.759-768
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    • 2003
  • This study examined the factors related to stages of dietary behavioral changes among 1449 child bearing aged women (mean age $\pm$ SD = 25.6 $\pm$ 5.3 years) residing in large cities. A self administered questionnaire was used to assess stages of dietary behavioral change, meal balance and regularity, food availability, nutrition knowledge, body mass index, nutrient intake, and psycho-social factors including self efficacy, perceived benefits and barriers, social modeling. Undesirable dietary behaviors (precontemplation and contemplation) were shown among 45.1-57.4% of the participants, among those, 33.4-43.0% were precontemplators. Participants' self efficacy scores associated with dietary changes were higher in specific situations (3.42) as compared to general situations (2.86). Similarly, they appeared to perceive more benefits (3.86) rather than barriers (2.76) by changing their inappropriate eating habits. Perception and accuracy scores of nutrition knowledge were relatively high, indicating 90.9 and 80.1, respectively. In terms of food availability at home, fresh fruits received the highest score, followed by milk and milk products, vegetables, meat, alcoholic beverages and soft drinks. In social modeling assessment, family members, as compared to friends, appeared to have better dietary habits. Stages of dietary behavioral change assessed in terms of meal regularity were associated with nutrient intake, showing higher energy and carbohydrate intakes but lower fat intake among those who belonged to the action and maintenance stage. They also presented higher self efficacy and perceived more benefits and less barriers regarding the change of undesirable eating habits. Fresh meat and vegetables were more available among those maintaining desirable dietary habits. Results of this study presented the significant relations of motivational and reinforcing social factors with stages of dietary behavioral changes and a need for the development of tailored nutrition education program considering these factors for child-bearing aged Korean women.

The Relationship of Psychosocial Factors, Dietary Habits and DMFT Index in Adolescents (청소년의 식이 심리사회적 요인과 식습관 및 우식경험영구치지수간의 관련성)

  • Jang, Jong-Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: This study was to examined the level of psychosocial factors, dietary habits and DMFT index and to examined the relationship among variables in 12-year-old adolescents. Methods: Participants were 1,831 total students from 14 middle school who lived Seosan with mean age of 12.46 years. Data was collected using a self administrated questionnaire from April 13 to May 24, 2009. Psychosocial factors and dietary habits were measured using the 5-items and 10-items. A trained investigator made an oral examination of them in natural light using a mirror and explorer to determine their DMFT index. Data were analyzed with t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey test, pearson correlation coefficient using the SPSS WIN 15.0 program. Results: Regarding dietary self-efficacy, perceived benefit and perceived barrier degree, the subjects achieved a mean of $3.89{\pm}0.69$, $3.48{\pm}0.63$ and $3.82{\pm}0.63$ out of a maximum 5 points. And the dietary habit degree of subjects achieved a mean of $10.69{\pm}4.02$ out of a maximum 20 points and the DMFT index were $1.91{\pm}2.26$. Dietary habits was positively correlated with psychosocial factors and negatively correlated with DMFT index. And then perceived barrier score were negatively correlated with DMFT index. Conclusion: Based on the findings, dental caries experience is associated with perceived barrier and dietary habits. These results suggest that the implementation of health promotion should be considered for various psychosocial factors and dietary habits in adolescents.

Socioeconomic, Acculturation, and Lifestyle Factors Affecting the Dietary Patterns of Korean-Americans in California

  • Song, Yoon-Ju;Paik, Hee-Young;Park, Haeryun;Melbourne F. Hovell;Veronica Irvin;Lee, Jooeun
    • Nutritional Sciences
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.158-164
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to define dietary patterns and to evaluate the effects of socioeconomic, acculturation and lifestyle factors on dietary patterns among 2,746 Korean- Americans in California. It was a cross-sectional telephone survey based on a representative sampling of individuals with a Korean surname using residential phone listings. It was conducted using a food frequency questionnaire that covered 20 food items, socioeconomic variables such as age, gender, income, education and acculturation, and lifestyle factors such as body weight, alcohol consumption, smoking, exercise and consumption of fast food. Four dietary patterns were identified: American Foods (AF), American Breakfast (AB), Korean Foods (KF) and Vegetables (Ⅴ). AF was associated with younger men, acculturation and fast food consumption. AB was associated with women, higher education, current smoking and fast food consumption. KF was associated with acculturation and lower socioeconomic status. Ⅴ was associated with lifestyle factors such as smoking, exercising and fast food consumption. The results of the study showed that socioeconomic and lifestyle factors influenced the dietary patterns of Korean- Americans. This should be considered when dietary interventions are designed for Korean-Americans to improve their health status.

A Study of the Relationship of Green Dietary Education, Self-esteem and Happiness of Middle School Home Economics Students (가정교과의 녹색식생활 교육과 중학생의 자아존중감 및 행복감과의 관계 연구)

  • Kim, Eunsil;Cho, Hyunju;Kim, Yunhwa
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.63-77
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    • 2015
  • Green dietary education emphasized environmental protection and humanity being conducted in middle schools. To develop effective green dietary education program for adolescents, the factors that affected their green dietary practices has been identified. This study aims to identify psychological factors that drive green dietary practices and effect of dietary education that targets middle school students. Data was collected twice from 242 middle school students in Daegu using a self-administered questionnaire in March and June, 2014. There were significant differences in school achievement, economic level and allowance a month (p<0.05) in the green dietary practices and efficacy of students. Three areas (environment, health and traditional, and appreciation & consideration) which were subgroups of green dietary practices were associated with factors such as family relations, peer relationships, self-competence of self-esteem (p<0.05), and positive and negative feelings of happiness (p<0.001). Green dietary practices efficacy was significantly affected by family relations, peer relationships, self-competence of self-esteem (p<0.05), and positive feeling, negative feeling, and negative relationships of happiness (p<0.001). After green dietary education, interests in green dietary, green dietary practices score, the score of health and environment factors of green dietary practices efficacy significantly higher than before education (p<0.05), but all the factors of self-esteem and happiness did not have any significant changes. This study suggests that green dietary education programs for middle school students could account for psychological factors such as self-esteem, happiness according to gender, school records, economic level and allowance a month to be effective.

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