• Title/Summary/Keyword: dental trauma

Search Result 38, Processing Time 0.102 seconds

Consultations to Department of Dentistry for Child and Adolescent Inpatients with Dental Trauma (치과적 외상이 있는 소아청소년 입원환자의 치과 협진 의뢰)

  • Jo, Chanwoo;Kim, Jihun
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
    • /
    • v.44 no.4
    • /
    • pp.403-411
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research is analyzing present condition, and pursuing developmental direction of consultation to department of dentistry for medical inpatient with dental trauma. This research conducted a retrospective analysis of consultation to department of dentistry for medical inpatient at Wonju Severance Christian Hospital from March 2011 to February 2017. This research analyzed chief complaint and dental diagnosis, referring department, time of consultation after dental trauma, relation between hospitalization period and time of consultation after dental trauma, relation between dental trauma and admission in the medical department due to trauma, cause and age of dental trauma occurrence, treatment of dental trauma, and revisiting rate of inpatient with dental trauma after discharge. Among all the chief complaint and dental diagnosis, dental trauma was the highest. Among all the referring departments, departments of surgery were the highest. In relation to being delayed of consultation term after dental trauma, it turned out that there's pretty high mutual relation between the hospitalization period and the consultation term after dental trauma, and the hospitalization period had the quantitative influence on the consultation term. Statistically, dental trauma and admission in the medical department due to trauma had significant relations. In case of those patients due to car accidents, they had dental trauma without exception. Statistically, patient's group with dental trauma in hospital room was younger than patient's group with dental trauma in non-hospital room. Statistically, dental trauma and treatment in hospitalization had no significant relations, and dental trauma and revisiting department of dentistry after discharge had no significant relations. For the child and adolescent inpatients hospitalized for car accidents, there is high possibility of accompanying dental trauma, and dental consultations can be delayed. For the young child inpatients, the possibility of dental trauma occurrence in hospital room is high. Moreover, treatments during hospitalization and revisiting department of pediatric dentistry after discharge are not performed well for inpatients with dental trauma. Regarding these results, it can be an alternative that improving of consultation system, dedicated workforce placement and having dental facilities and equipment in the hospital ward, education to medical doctor and dentist, communication between medical doctor and dentist. This research can be used as a study material of medical and dental departments, and it's expected to be committed to developing of consultations to department of dentistry for child and adolescent inpatients with dental trauma.

Knowledge on methods to deal with dental trauma in some middle school students (일부 중학생들의 치아외상 대처방법에 대한 지식수준)

  • Kim, Yun-Jeong;Moon, Sang-Eun;Kwag, Jung-Suk
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.425-430
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the knowledge of methods to deal with dental trauma in some middle school students. Methods : Among 375 middle school students, a total of 340 filled out the self-administered questionnaire (response rate of 90.7%). The data were analyzed statistically using chi-square analysis. Results : 32.9% of respondents received emergency care education of dental trauma. Knowledge by general information about dental trauma was not so different from the other questions. Tooth storage medium comprised 25.0% and 48.5% in milk and saline, respectively. Conclusions : In order to get the knowledge about emergency treatment of dental trauma in middle school students, it is necessary to develop the professional education program for middle school students.

A Study on the Status of Dental Trauma in 14 - 16 Year-Old Adolescents in Yangsan (양산시 14~16세 청소년의 전치부 외상 상태에 대한 조사연구)

  • Kim, Jongsoo;Kim, Hyungjun;Kim, Jiyeon;Jeong, Taesung;Kim, Shin
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
    • /
    • v.41 no.3
    • /
    • pp.199-206
    • /
    • 2014
  • The number of reported traumatic injuries has been increasing in recent years, particularly that of dental trauma in children and adolescents. While the risks associated with dental trauma in this population have been increasingly realized, domestic reports on this issue seem to be insufficient. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of dental trauma and to evaluate the relevant risk factors and the level of self-recognition. 1,371 adolescents attending middle schools at Yangsan were surveyed via clinical examination and questionnaire; the results were as follows: According to the clinical examination, the overall prevalence of dental trauma was 16.8% with preponderance of males (19.2%) compared to females (13.7%) (p < 0.05). The average number of injured teeth per adolescent with a history of trauma was 1.34. Comparing the prevalence, maxillary central incisors and enamel fracture occupied the highest ranks by tooth type and mode of trauma, respectively. Class II division 1 malocclusion and overjet exceeding 8.0 mm were identified as significant risk factors (p < 0.05). The degree of self-recognition of dental trauma showed a low coincidence rate compared with results of the clinical examination. Males expressed a higher level of satisfaction toward the results of treatment for dental trauma than females (p < 0.05).

DENTAL TRAUMA MANAGEMENT KNOWLEDGE AMONG A GROUP OF TEACHERS IN GWANG-JU (광주광역시 초중고 교사들의 치아외상에 대한 지식과 태도)

  • Yoon, Young-Mi;Lee, Nan-Young;Lee, Sang-Ho;Jang, Hyang-Gil
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.217-228
    • /
    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the level of dental trauma management in elementary, middle and high school teachers using questionnaires. 325 elementary school teachers, 101 middle school teachers, and 232 high school teachers, totally 658(males of 362, females of 296)teachers were provided with the questionnaires. Part I in the questionnaires was composed of their gender, age, experience as teachers and whether they received education about dental trauma or not. Part II included questions about appropriate attitudes in case of specific dental trauma. Part III was composed of questions asking knowledges about states of damaged teeth and possible emergency service. The attitude in managing tooth fracture showed significant difference between male and female teachers. The attitude in managing tooth avulsion showed significant difference among elementary, middle and high school teachers. Although it had difference according to questions, insufficient knowledge and awareness about the management of dental trauma were shown in the majority of teachers. It is recommended that educational program for improvement of awareness about immediate management of traumatized teeth is necessary for teachers.

Retrospective Study on the Flow and Characteristics of Dental Emergency Patients in Chosun University Hospital

  • Lee, Sung-Suk;Kim, Su-Gwan;Oh, Ji-Su;Moon, Seong-Yong;You, Jae-Seek;Yu, Kyoung-Hwan;Jo, Ji-Ho;Park, Jin-Sung;Yang, Wang-Sik;Seo, Dong-Kook
    • Journal of Korean Dental Science
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.10-15
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose: The aim of the present study is to assess the importance of proper treatment timing for dental emergency patients by characterizing current patient care in the emergency room. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review of 3,211 patients who visited the Chosun University Hospital's dental emergency department (Gwangju, Korea) was conducted from January 1, 2011 to May 31, 2014. Information regarding age, gender, onset date, main causes, and diagnoses were collected and analyzed. The main causes were divided into six categories: assault, household/play, sports, traffic, work, and others. Result: Emergency visits were more common for men (69%), and the ratio of males to females was 2.2:1 On average, the major cause was household/play (49.8%), followed by others (18.9%), traffic (16.6%), assault (9.1%), sports (2.9%), and work (2.6%). The most frequent diagnosis on average was dental trauma with 82.4%, followed by infection (10.7%), others (4.7%), and bleeding (2.2%). Conclusion: The main reasons for visits to the dental emergency department are dental trauma, dental infection, bleeding, and others. The most frequent reason for dental emergency patients to visit the emergency department was dental trauma (82.4%).

Dental trauma patients visiting the emergency room in H hospital (H 병원 치과응급실에 내원한 치아 외상 환자에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • An, So-Youn;Kim, Ah-Hyeon;Shim, Youn-Soo
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.13 no.5
    • /
    • pp.819-826
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to analyze the types of dental emergencies. This study was carried out for dental trauma patients visiting the emergency room in H hospital from 2005 to 2006. Methods : Subjects were 252 patients. Demographic characteristics consisted of age, gender, dentition, and dental related injury. Results : Male patients had 1.65 times higher tooth injury than female. Teenagers had higher prevalence of tooth injury. Main cause of dental injury was falling down. Young children accounted for 41.7% of the injuries. Late evening was the highest outbreak time of injury. The most commonly affected teeth were central incisor and lateral incisor. The damage of oral soft tissue was more common than the that of alveolar bone. Main area of primary tooth loss was gingiva(10.7%), tongue or soft palate(7.5%), and frenulum(6.0%). Subluxation(28.6%) and luxation(28.6%) were main cause for the primary teeth. Tooth fracture(50.0%) were the most common injury. Conclusions : Thus, to understand the incidence, causes and patterns of dental trauma is to help preserving natural teeth. The results of this study could provide the clinical guidelines on the treatment of dental emergency patients.

DENTAL TRAUMA FROM OROPHARYNGEAL AIRWAY IN CHILDREN WITH THE HYPOXIC ISCHEMIC ENCEPHALOPATHY : CASE REPORTS (저산소성 허혈성 뇌병변 환아에서 구인두 기도유지기에 의한 치아 손상 : 증례보고)

  • Lee, Mi-Yeon;Shin, Teo-Jeon;Hyun, Hong-Keun;Kim, Young-Jae;Kim, Jung-Wook;Jang, Ki-Taeg;Kim, Chong-Chul;Lee, Sang-Hoon
    • The Journal of Korea Assosiation for Disability and Oral Health
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.127-130
    • /
    • 2013
  • Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is an important cause of permanent damage to central nervous system cells, most cases with oxygen deprivation in the nenonate due to birth asphyxia. Survival children with HIE develop problems such as cerebral palsy, mental retardation, learning difficulties, and other permanent neuro-developmental disabilities. This article report two cases of the children with HIE who had be traumatized on their teeth from oropharyngeal airway (OPA) in the emergency situation. The patients with the disease accompanying seizure or convulsion, needs special consideration for the prevention from dental trauma in emergency airway management.

Carcinoma of the Tongue: A Case-control Study on Etiologic Factors and Dental Trauma

  • Bektas-Kayhan, Kivanc;Karagoz, Gizem;Kesimli, Mustafa Caner;Karadeniz, Ahmet Nafiz;Meral, Rasim;Altun, Musa;Unur, Meral
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.15 no.5
    • /
    • pp.2225-2229
    • /
    • 2014
  • Background: Carcinoma of the tongue is the most common intra-oral malignancy in Western countries. Incidence and mortality rates have increased in recent years, and survival has not improved. This study aimed to determine etiologic factors for tongue cancer with age-sex matched case-control data. Materials and Methods: 47 patients with carcinoma of the tongue referred to our oral medicine clinic between years 2005-2006 were analyzed and compared with control group data. The medical records, including family history of cancer, dental trauma, and history of abuse of alcohol and tobacco products was recorded for all subjects. Chi square comparison tests and linear regression analysis were performed using the SPSS program for statistics. Results: Patient and randomly selected control groups each consisted of 30 male and 17 female subjects with mean ages 53.2 (${\pm}12.6$) and 52.6 (${\pm}11.5$) years respectively. Smoking and alcohol abuse proportions were significantly higher in the patient group (p=0.0001, p<0.0001 respectively). Chronic mechanical trauma was observed in 44.7% of the patients and 17.0% of the control group (p=0.004). Similarly, family history of cancer of any type (for the first degree relatives) was found to be more common in the patient group (p=0.009). On regression analysis, alcohol abuse, family history of cancer, smoking, chronic mechanical traumas appeared as significant etiologic factors (p=0.0001). Conclusions: We believe that field cancerization may become evident in oral and oropharyngeal mucosa with multiple steps of molecular changes starting from the first sign of dysplasia with chronic exposure to etiological factors. Chronic trauma cases need particular attention to search for very early signs of cancer.

Effectiveness of Dental Emergency Education for School Nurses (학교보건교사를 위한 치과 응급처치 교육의 효과)

  • Yang, Sunmi;Kim, Jaehwan;Choi, Namki;Lim, Haesoon;Kim, Seonmi
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
    • /
    • v.44 no.1
    • /
    • pp.38-46
    • /
    • 2017
  • School nurses can play an important role in improving the prognosis of traumatized teeth of school children when they are informed about the immediate and proper dental first aid steps. The purpose of this study were to assess the awareness of school nurses concerning the management of traumatized teeth and to determine if a lecture on dental trauma management could improve school nurses'knowledge on this topic. School nurses in Gwangju and Jeonnam province completed a questionnaire before and after the lecture on the first-aid knowledge with particular focus on the following three categories. Questionnaires are composed of questions asking general information and about knowledge and proper attitude in case of the specific situation on dental trauma. According to previous studies, school nurses' knowledge tended to be higher compared with the teachers. Improvement of knowledge in school nurse was observed in emergency actions, in visiting time, replantation, carriage method, vaccine prescription related with luxation, and in possibility of fragment reattachment related with subluxation and fracture. In conclusion, it is recommended that periodical education are needed for improvement of school nurses'knowledge on proper management of dental trauma emergency.