• Title, Summary, Keyword: dental hygienist

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The effect of chlorhexidine on reduction of viable organisms in aerosol produced by ultrasonic scaler (클로르헥시딘이 초음파 치석제거기에 의해 발생된 에어로졸 내 세균 수에 미치는 영향)

  • Son, Woo-Kyung;Shin, Seung-Yun;Kye, Seung-Beom;Yang, Seung-Min
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.303-310
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The aerosol generated by ultrasonic scaler can contain bacteria or virus which can penetrate into body through respiratory systems of dentists, dental hygienist or patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of chlorhexidine digluconate as preoperative mouthrinse or lavage for ultrasonic scaler on the reduction of viable organisms in aerosol produced during periodontal treatment using ultrasonic scaler. Methods: 30 patients with moderate chronic periodontitis were included and divided into 3 groups: Control (no preoperative mouthrinse and tap water as lavage), CHG (preoperative mouthrinse with 0.1% chlorhexidine digluconate and tap water as lavage), CHL (no preoperative mouthrinse and 0.1% chlorhexidine digluconate as lavage). Each patient received scaling or subgingival curettage for 30 min. In CHG group, mouthrinse with chlorhexidine digluconate was performed for 1 min. before treatment. Before, during and after scaling or subgingival curettage, air sampling was performed for 7 min. each (1000 L/7 min.) with trypticase-soy agar plate. Agar plates were incubated in $37^{\circ}C$ aerobically. The numbers of colony-forming units (CFU) were counted and compared. Results: The numbers of CFUs of the samples obtained during treatment were $97{\pm}14.0$ in control, $73.1{\pm}14.9$ in CHG group and $44.5{\pm}9.0$ in CHL group. The difference among the 3 groups was determined to be statistically significant (one-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's correction, p-value: 0.0003). In contrast, the numbers of CFU of samples obtained before and after treatment were not significantly different among the groups. Conclusions: Chlorhexidine digluconate used as preoperative mouthrinse or lavage for ultrasonic scaler can reduce the microorganisms in aerosol produced during periodontal treatment using ultrasonic scaler. Less number of microorganisms were detected when chlorhexidine was used as lavage for ultrasonic scaler.

Comparative studies in Perception of Patient safety culture of Nurses and Dental hygienist (간호사와 치위생사의 환자안전문화 인식수준 비교연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Young;Kim, Young-Mi
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.5196-5205
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The Purpose of this study were to compare the level of perception and to identify factors associated with perception on patient safety culture by nurses and hygienists. Method: The data were collected from september to December, 2010 using Hospital survey on patient safety culture questionnaires. The subjects were 399 Nurses, hygienists, recruited from the hospital in Busan & Kyungnam. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS descriptive statistics, mean and standard deviation, t-test and ANOVA, Spearman rank coefficient. Result: The perception level of nurses on patient safety culture was 3.48. In case of hygienists, the level was 3.51. Compared to nurses, hygienists showed a significantly difference on the items "Staff arrangement"(t=2.841, p<.01) and "Administator attitude"(t=-2.471, p<.05), "Feedback and communication in accident"(t=-3.356, p<.01). Nurses and hygienists' age and career, working hour per week were identified as factor associated with patient safety culture. Conclusion: The perception level of hospital health providers on patient safety culture was moderate. and identified factors associated with patient safety culture were age and career, working hour per week.

The Research on Oral Health Behavior and Oral Health Education according to Gender of Health and Non-health Related College Students in Some Areas of Busan (부산 일부지역 보건계열과 비보건계열 대학생의 성별에 따른 구강보건행태와 구강보건교육에 대한 견해)

  • Kim, Min-Ji;Jeong, Mi-Ae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.373-382
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    • 2021
  • This study conducted a survey to find out the opinions on oral health behavior and oral health education according to gender in health and non-health college students. According to the research results, there were many girls in the health-realted field and boys in the non-health-related college students. Among the oral health behaviors, brushing in school was common in both boys and girls in the health-related college students, and professional oral health education experiences were also found in the health-related college students. The need for oral health education among male students was 76.4% for healh-related college students, 48.3% for non-health-related college students, whereas female health-related college students showed 80.3%, and non-health -related college students were 60.4%. Participation in oral health education in order of male health-related students, male non-health-related students, female health-related students, and female non-health-related students were 81.9%, 68.1%, 84.8% and 73.3% respectively. The preferred method of oral health education was experiential education such as brushing for both male and female in the health-related college students, and lectures by dentists or dental hygienist were the highest reponse for non-health-related college students. The preferred location for oral health education was highest in schools. Through the results of this study, it was considered necessary to develop and disseminate appropriate oral health education programs according to college students' majors and gender, and to form correct oral health knowledge, attitudes and behaviors for oral health through oral health education.