• 제목, 요약, 키워드: dental hygienist

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미국치과위생사의 전문직화에 대한 고찰 (The Professionalization of American Dental Hygienist)

  • 김형미;임순연;배현숙
    • 치위생과학회지
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.276-286
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    • 2014
  • 2013년, 치과위생사 역사의 100주년을 맞이하였다. 1913년, Dr. Fones가 Bridgeport Junior College에 2년 과정의 치위생교육프로그램을 개설하며, 구강간호가 아닌 구강질환의 예방과 보건학을 전문으로 하는 '치과위생사' 라는 직종명칭을 사용한 것이 그 시초다. 미국에서 최초로 치과위생사 제도를 최초로 도입한 만큼, 미국치과위생사의 발전과정을 되짚어 보는 것은 국제적인 치위생계 발전과정을 확인하고, 각국의 제도를 비교할 수 있는 근간이 될 것이다. 이 연구는 지난 100년간 미국치과위생사가 전문직 역할을 수립해 나가는 과정을 '치과위생사 조직의 발전과정', '치위생학 교육제도의 발전과정', '치과위생사 면허 및 관련 자격제도의 발전과정', '치과위생사 관련 법령과 윤리' 및 '미국치과위생사의 역할 및 업무범위의 발전과정' 요건에 따라 고찰하는 것이다. 미국치과위생사는 전문직 요건을 형성하고 있고 사회적 분위기 역시 전문직으로 인식하고 있다. 이에 미국치과위생사가 오늘날의 모습으로 전문직화해 온 과정과 그 특징을 규명하는 데 연구목적을 두고, 이 목적을 달성하기 위해 요건 별 문헌자료를 수집하고 분석하였다.

전문치과위생사제도 확립을 위한 기초 조사 연구 (A basic study for establishment of specialized dental hygienist system around the duties of dental hygienist)

  • 배성숙
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.301-316
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    • 2007
  • With these changes in the environment of dental service, dental hygienists are suggested to change their roles to cope with the changes. Hygienists are putting forth many efforts to promote smooth and efficient dental treatments, and as a practical measure. As a part to cope with such changes. Korea Dental Hygienists Association(KDHA) has prepared the system of Specialized Dental Hygienist and put the system into enforcement through an affiliated organization, Korean Academy of Dental Hygiene. The purpose of this study is to investigate the specialized nurse system in our country's medical environment and the specialized dental hygienist systems in other countries as similar cases comparable to the specialized dental hygienist system in our country and present basic data for the establishment of specialized dental hygienist system. For this study, a survey of dental specialists, such as dentists, dental hygienists and nurses, and patients, has been conducted qualitatively through person-to-person depth interview. The interview questions were related to the need for a specialized dental hygienist system, educational programs, functions and roles, and issues that must be solved for establishment of the system. Based on the interview results, the following conclusions were derived. The specialized dental hygienist system must encourage dental hygienists to possess advanced abilities in clinical practices, present systematic and developmental directions in educational programs, and stimulate specialized dental hygienists to actively work as manager and supervisor, medical health service providers, educators, and researchers. Lastly, for issues that must be solved for the establishment of the system, the duties and jobs of specialized dental hygienists must be defined more concretely, which must be acknowledged by people working in related occupations, citizens and the government. Furthermore, we need to examine the scope of duties of dental hygienists and enact laws and systems to protect the scope. These roles will lead dental hygienists to lay the foundation that allow them to make enthusiastic activities as an oral hygienist and clinician as well as show the way how to act as an educator, a researcher, a manager and an administrator.

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치과위생사의 의료서비스가 환자만족도 및 병원재이용 의사에 미치는 영향 (An effect of medical service of the dental hygienist upon patients' satisfaction and the intention of hospital revisit)

  • 김수경;윤혜정;이경희
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1165-1172
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : This study aims at analyzing the quality of medical service of the dental hygienist upon patients' satisfaction and the intention of hospital revisit in order to figure out the role of the dental hygienist to improve patients' satisfaction. Methods : Questionnaire survey was carried out to patients in dental hospital and clinics in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. Total 301 sheets except for insufficient ones were analyzed and the results are as follows. Results : As for the correlation analysis between variables affecting patients' satisfaction, every variables showed significantly positive relation, and the relation between medical treatment level of the dental hygienist and patients' satisfaction had the strongest positive (+) relation (p<0.001). Oral health education satisfaction by the dental hygienist and the medical treatment satisfaction by the dental hygienist had significant influence on patients' satisfaction, a dependent variable (p<0.001). Hospital environment (p<0.000), oral health education satisfaction by the dental hygienist (p<0.05), the satisfaction of medical treatment level by the dental hygienist (p<0.05) and patients' satisfaction (p<0.001) had significant influence on the intention of hospital revisit. Conclusions : In order to improve dental medical service quality and the intention of hospital revisit, the role of the dental hygienist is important. Thus, it seems necessary to prepare specific education plan on the medical service by the dental hygienist.

치과위생사 이미지에 대한 치과의사와 치과직원의 견해 분석 (Analysis an opinion of dentists and staff of dental clinic about image of dental hygienist)

  • 류혜겸;최성숙
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.113-123
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    • 2009
  • This study was undertaken evaluate the general image for dental hygienist. A questionnaire was given to each Dentist, the staff of dental. 65 Dentist, 145 the staff of dental were included in the subjects between Jul. 1 and Oct. 30, 2008. The collected data was analysed by the SPSS Win 12.0/PC using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, chi-square, t-test, ANOVA. The image for the dental hygienist was analyzed by 28 items. As a result of analysis on image of dental hygienist, The Dentist's group and staff's group, both appreciated positive image that explain process of treatment to patient very well, having professional knowledge and experienced skill, carries on an effective and valuable work. give a confidenced to patient. These group also gave negative image in the aspect that the dental hygienist is stressful job, handmaid of Dentist, participate of decided something for dental clinic, having association activities. It is necessary for dental hygienist by oneself development ability through science congress variety major and acquirement new technology, exchange information, interchange activities, and association of dental hygienist should efforts for growing up image through mass media.

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치위생과 학생들의 임상실습 경험 유무에 따라 치과위생사 이미지에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구 (Dental hygienist image among dental hygiene students according to clinical practice experience)

  • 윤혜정;정정옥;이경희
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.781-792
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine what image dental hygiene students had about a dental hygienist during clinical practice and what factors affected their image of dental hygienist. Methods : The subjects in this study were the dental hygiene students at three different colleges. After a survey was conducted, the answer sheets from 427 respondents were analyzed. Results : The dental hygiene students who had engaged in clinical practice had a higher self-esteem than those who hadn't in general(p<0.01). A statistically significantly stronger achievement motivation was found among the dental hygiene students who had engaged in clinical practice than those who hadn't(p<0.01). The dental hygiene students who had engaged in clinical practice had a statistically significantly worse image of a dental hygienist than the others who hadn't(p<0.01). Whether the self-efficacy, self-esteem and achievement motivation of the dental hygiene students had any impact on their image of a dental hygienist was analyzed in consideration of their clinical practice experience. As a result, the dental hygiene students who had engaged in clinical practice had a more positive image of a dental hygienist when they had a higher self-esteem(p<0.05) and a stronger achievement motivation(p<0.001), and those who hadn't engaged in clinical practice had a more positive image of a dental hygienist when they had a higher self-esteem(p<0.01). Conclusions : Given the above-mentioned findings, a wide variety of programs should be developed to bolster the self-esteem and achievement motivation of students and improve their image of a dental hygienist, as self-esteem and achievement motivation are the variables that exert the largest influence on one's image of a dental hygienist.

치위생과 학생들의 치과위생사 이미지에 영향을 미치는 요인 연구 (A study on influential factors for dental hygiene students' image of dental hygienist)

  • 이경희;윤미숙;하명옥
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.831-839
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine dental hygiene students' image of dental hygienist and factors affecting the image of dental hygienist in an effort to provide some information useful for dental hygiene education. It's basically meant to recreate the image of dental hygienist as a professional. Methods : The subjects in this study were 310 sophomores and seniors who ere selected by convenience sampling from three different three-year-course colleges located in Gyeonggi Province, Chungcheong Province and Gwangju. After a survey was conducted, the answer sheets from 277 respondents were analyzed except for 33 incomplete ones. The collected data were analyzed with a SPSSWIN 17.0 program, and statistical data on frequency and percentage were obtained to find out the general characteristics of the subjects, and another statistical data on mean and standard deviation for each item were acquired to check their image of dental hygienist. Besides, t-test, ANOVA and Kruscal-Wallis test, one of nonparametric test, were utilized to look for connections between their general characteristics and image of dental hygienist. Results : 1. They gave a mean of 3.53 to the image of dental hygienist, which showed that the dental hygiene students took a favorable view of dental hygienists in general. 2. Their response to four items showed that they looked at the image of dental hygienist in a positive manner. The four items respectively described dental hygienists as professionals, as ones who played a crucial role in the improvement of national oral health, as ones with professional knowledge and sophisticated knowhow, and as neat and decent people. And their response to the following five items indicated that they looked at the image of dental hygienists in a negative way. One was that dental hygienists were considered to be dental nurses, and another was that the occupation of dental hygienist was a demanding and stressful job. The third was that there was no single, fixed title to call dental hygienists, and the fourth was that dental hygiene wasn't recognized as an independent area. The fifth was that the social standing of dental hygienists was sort of high. 3. In regard to the impact of the general characteristics of the dental hygiene students on their image of dental hygienist, they had a more favorable image of dental hygienist when they perceived dental hygiene in a more positive manner(p<0.001). Conclusions : In order to boost the image of dental hygienist, the working conditions of dental hygienists should be improved, and educational programs should be prepared to provided them extended continuing educational opportunities. And the kind of educational environments that could nurture dental hygienists who are convinced and have a vision should be created.

치과환자의 치과위생사에 대한 의료 커뮤니케이션과 신뢰, 만족과의 관계 (A study on the relationship between patient's medical communication, reliance and satisfaction to dental hygienist)

  • 이정화;최정미
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.1017-1027
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to help form treatment relationship with patient through more effective communication by defining the relationship between dental hygienist's medical communication and outpatient's reliance satisfaction. Methods : The study researched 273 male and female patients who visited dental clinics and hospitals of Busan from March 12 to March 26, 2012 and its results are as follows. Results : 1. The linguistic communication of dental hygienist was $3.72{\pm}0.63$ and non-linguistic communication was $3.48{\pm}0.58$. 2. For the dental hygienist's reliance satisfaction, the reliance was $3.62{\pm}0.65$ and the satisfaction was $3.74{\pm}0.65$. 3. The dental hygienist's communication degree depending on general characteristic was statistically significant when the job of patient was housewife(p<0.001) and the number of dental clinic visits was more than 10 times (p<0.000). The dental hygienist's non-linguistic communication was statistically significant depending on patient's gender(p<0.000), age(p<0.002), job(p<0.001) and number of dental clinic visits (p<0.000). 4. The dental hygienist's reliance and satisfaction showed statistically significant difference depending on patient's gender(p<0.000), age(p<0.002), job(p<0.001) and number of dental clinic visits (p<0.000). 5. The dental hygienist's non-linguistic communication showed a positive correlation with reliance and satisfaction(p=0.000). Conclusions : When considering the result above, it is necessary to develop the teaching method and material to educate the communication ability of dental manpower. It is necessary to reinforce the curriculum of dental hygienics and the education of dental hygienist to perform effective, smooth communication between dental hygienists.

한국 신문에 게재된 치과위생사 관련 기사 분석: 2005~2008년 기사를 중심으로 (Newspaper analysis of research on dental hygienists in Korea from 2005 to 2008)

  • 오상환;남용옥;장종화
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.59-71
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to devise a way of the dental hygienist to explore the articles of dental hygienist that were presented in the newspaper during the recent 3 years of Korea. Methods : This study is to examine dental hygienist articles with content analysis in the KINDS(Korean Integrated News Database System) of the Korean Press Foundation. Data were gathered from the printed newspaper of Korea over a period of 3 years - 1 March, 2005 to 30 March 2008. News reports, comments and letters to the editor were analysed, which revealed an image of dental hygienist that we would like to explore and debate. The obtained data from the frequency, percentage, chi-squared test between categories after inter-coder reliability test (reliability 0.96). Results : The articles of dental hygienist according to type of newspaper, 'local newspaper' showed higher frequency than 'metropolitan newspaper'. It mix '치과위생사'(42.3%), '치위생사'(49.4%), and '위생사'(3.9%) in use of name. The article pattern, 'news' 40.0%, 'information commentary' 18.3%, 'interview man' 15.8%, 'special news' 14.2% in metropolitan newspaper, then, 'news' 72.6%, 'information commentary' 23.2% in local newspaper (p<0.05). Most plenty of subject is 'administration system', and then 'celebration', 'publicity'. It showed 'seoul' was 'information commentary', 'country' was 'administration system', 'whole' was 'legal duty', 'unrelated area' was 'social living' in the topic of article according to newsbeat(p<0.05). Conclusions : These results suggest that it is necessary to publicity name, duty of dental hygienist in metropolitan newspaper officially.

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일부 지역사회 주민의 치과위생사에 대한 인식 및 업무 인지도 조사 (Cognition and perception of community members about dental hygienist's job)

  • 정원균;손아란;정혜령;김정예;하정은;허승희;김남희
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.403-417
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is that level of community members about dental hygienist's job of cognition and perception. The subjects of this survey were 500 of community members located in Gumi, Seoul, Incheon, Wonju.(response rate 92%) The results of study could be summarized as follows: 1. Women, 30 age group, officer and house keeper who had were experienced scaling higher level cognition of dental hygienist than another groups. 2. The group that had experienced oral examination, oral health consult, and the young group who had not experienced prosthodontic treatment had higher perception that dental hygienist main role is oral health care education. 3. The student who had experienced scaling had higher perception that dental hygienist's main role is oral disease prevention. 4. Over 30 age, women group who had experienced dental treatment between 6 month and 2 years had higher perception that dental hygienist main role is dental assistance At the conclusion of this investigation, We investigated that person's perception and cognition is promoted through scaling. Therefore we have to increase opportunity of oral health prevention and education role. In addition, we should notify dental hygienist with uniform, name tag and information about dental hygienist.

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치위생과 학생의 자아효능감, 자아상, 치과위생사의 이미지 (Self-efficacy, self-image, and image as a dental hygienist of the dental hygiene student)

  • 박성숙;장계원;서은주
    • 한국치위생학회지
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.1043-1051
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate self-efficacy, self-image, and image as a dental hygienist of the dental hygiene student. Methods: A self-reported questionnaire was completed by 479 dental hygiene students in Daegu and Gyeongnam from November 5 to 25, 2014. The questionnaire consisted of self-efficacy(18 items), self-image(23 items), and image as a dental hygienist(36 items) by Likert 5 points scale. Data were analyzed by t test, ANOVA, regression analysis, and post hoc Tukey test using SPSS 20.0 program. Results: The self-efficacy of the first, second, and third grade was 2.72, 2.71, and 2.60, respectively(p<0.002). Those living with family tended to have higher mark than those living without family(p<0.001). The influence of self-efficacy on self image and image as a dental hygienist was positively correlated(p<0.001). Conclusions: The right self-image and self-efficacy of the dental hygiene students can be a powerful influence on the image as a dental hygienist. It is necessary to develop and implement the ethics education for the dental hygiene students.