• Title/Summary/Keyword: debris

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A Debris Bed Model with Gab Inflow and Gas Upflow for Debris/Water/Concrete Interaction and Its Application under Severe Accident Condition in LWR. (개스 Inflow와 Upflow를 갖는 Debris/water/concrete상호작용 해석용 Debris Bed 모델 및 중대사고 조건에 그 적용해석)

  • Jong In Lee;Jin Soo Kim;Byung Hun Lee
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.8-15
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    • 1985
  • A model for thermal interactions of debris/water with gas flow from within and below debris bed was presented for severe accident analysis in LWR. The consumption of steam, production of hydrogen in the debris bed, generation of gases from below debris bed and generation of chemical heat are included in the conservation equations. The model has been incorporated in the MARCH code to estimate the gas production due to both metal/oxidation and hot debris/concrete interaction. The results indicate that the hydrogen source can potentially give a significant impact on the containment pressure transient and the conductive heat loss to concrete and the convective gas cooling in the debris bed have a small effect on the debris bed coolability. However, the reheating and melting of the debris particles could be delayed by the interaction of debris with concrete.

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Towards A Better Understanding of Space Debris Environment

  • Hanada, Toshiya
    • International Journal of Aerospace System Engineering
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.5-9
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    • 2016
  • This paper briefly introduces efforts into space debris modeling towards a better understanding of space debris environment. Space debris modeling mainly consists of debris generation and orbit propagation. Debris generation can characterize and predict physical properties of fragments originating from explosions or collisions. Orbit propagation can characterize, track, and predict the behavior of individual or groups of space objects. Therefore, space debris modeling can build evolutionary models as essential tools to predict the stability of the future space debris populations. Space debris modeling is also useful and effective to improve the efficiency of measurements to be aware of the present environment.

A Study on the Comparison and Analysis of Debris Reduction System on Small Bridge (소교량 유송잡물 저감시설의 비교 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Joong;Jung, Do-Joon;Kang, Joon-Gu;Yeo, Hong-Koo;Kim, Jong-Tae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.31-41
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    • 2016
  • Damage to structures, such as bridge piers, are increasing rapidly due to the debris moving along rivers at the time of flooding. Therefore, the debris fin, debris deflector and debris sweeper, which are debris reduction systems, were produced in this study and an accumulation experiment was carried out on the experimental channel according to the existence of the reduction system. The debris fin is the reduction system that creates parallel flow on debris accumulated on the bridge to pass through the bridge, which was produced using wood. In addition, the debris deflector was produced using steel pipes and it has the type of detouring the direction of debris. The debris sweeper passes the debris using the magnetic force rotation of a screw-shaped cylindrical structure by water flow and it was produced using acrylic material. The experiment was carried out by analyzing the level of accumulation according to the hardness and dropping method of the debris and comparing the accumulation rate of reduction systems, and the experiment was carried out 5 times. According to the experimental results, there was a difference in the accumulation rate according to the type of reduction system and the shape of debris, and it often depended significantly on the initial shape of debris accumulation. The direct debris reduction effect on the bridge was higher in the order of the debris deflector, debris sweeper and debris fin, but in case of the debris deflector, damage, such as stream turbulence, changes in water level and river bed, and the loss of deflector can occur due to debris accumulated directly on the debris deflector. Therefore, it is necessary to design the debris deflector considering these issues.

Field Investigation of Debris Flow Hazard Area on the Roadside and Evaluating Efficiency of Debris barrier

  • Lee, Jong Hyun;Lee, Jung Yub;Yoon, Sang Won;Oak, Young Suk;Kim, Jae Jeong;Kim, Seung Hyun
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.439-447
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    • 2015
  • In this study, specific sections vulnerable to debris flow damage were selected, and a complete enumeration survey was performed for the sections with debris flow hazards. Based on this, the characteristics of the sections with debris flow hazards and the current status of actions against debris flow were examined, and an efficient installation plan for a debris flow damage prevention method that is required in the future was suggested. The results indicated that in the Route 56 section where the residential density is relatively higher between the two model survey sections, facilities for debris flow damage reduction were insufficient compared to those in the Route 6 section which is a mountain area. It is thought that several sites require urgent preparation of a facility for debris flow damage reduction. In addition, a numerical analysis showed that for debris barriers installed as a debris flow damage prevention method, distributed installation of a number of small-scale barriers facilities within a valley part was more effective than single installation of a large-scale debris barrier at the lower part of a valley.

A Study on Movement Characteristics Analysis of Debris Accumulation at Flood (홍수시 유송잡물 이동 특성 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Chae-Yeon;Jun, Kye-Won;Yoon, Young-Ho
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • 2008.02a
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    • pp.707-710
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    • 2008
  • Recently, a rivers' bridge that locate on among the mountains area is destroyed by debris accumulation and debris flow, because of frequent occurrence of typhoon and a localized torrential downpour. therefore a river make a part of dam's effect. Actually, this situation gives damages like inundation of a bridge upper stream area's. Generally, It the main cause of the occurrence route of the debris accumulation is that outbreaks of driftwood and debris flow because of landslide, that occurred by severe rain storm. Also, a lot of debris are occurred when big flood come up during long period at this time, this kind of debris accumulation remove to other place, in several, and specially, debris accumlation move to the place where the depth of water is deep and velocity is fast river center. According to these kind of fact, this research put in effect and analyze that movement characteristic's numerical simulations of debris accumulation at flood according to a domestic outside literature investigation, on-site monitoring survey and parameter scenario which comes out through the hydraulic modeling analysis.

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Strategies for Response and Mitigation of Marine Environmental Damage Caused by Plastic Debris

  • Lee, Jungsub
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.439-446
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    • 2021
  • Environmental damage caused by marine plastic debris occurs and has become a major contributor to marine pollution. This study analyzed the current state of marine plastic debris pollution and proposed essential strategies to reduce damage. To assess the current state of pollution arising from marine plastic debris, this study investigated the properties of plastic debris, reviewed case studies of ecological impacts, and examined the inflow and distribution of marine plastic debris. The results of this study indicate that the major deleterious effects of marine plastics are entanglement and ingestion. In addition, the amount of plastic waste entering the sea was estimated to be 230 Mt in 2015 and may increase to 554 Mt in 2050. In this study, three key strategies were proposed to reduce damage and preserve the ecosystem, including: 1) removing plastic debris in the marine environment, 2) limiting the release of plastic debris to the marine environment, and 3) preventing damage to humans and marine life from plastic debris. To minimize the environmental damage caused by marine plastic debris, the proposed response strategies should be implemented in parallel.

Windborne debris risk analysis - Part I. Introduction and methodology

  • Lin, Ning;Vanmarcke, Erik
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.191-206
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    • 2010
  • Windborne debris is a major cause of structural damage during severe windstorms and hurricanes owing to its direct impact on building envelopes as well as to the 'chain reaction' failure mechanism it induces by interacting with wind pressure damage. Estimation of debris risk is an important component in evaluating wind damage risk to residential developments. A debris risk model developed by the authors enables one to analytically aggregate damage threats to a building from different types of debris originating from neighboring buildings. This model is extended herein to a general debris risk analysis methodology that is then incorporated into a vulnerability model accounting for the temporal evolution of the interaction between pressure damage and debris damage during storm passage. The current paper (Part I) introduces the debris risk analysis methodology, establishing the mathematical modeling framework. Stochastic models are proposed to estimate the probability distributions of debris trajectory parameters used in the method. It is shown that model statistics can be estimated from available information from wind-tunnel experiments and post-damage surveys. The incorporation of the methodology into vulnerability modeling is described in Part II.

Debris Flow Risk Evaluation and Ranking Method for Drainage Basin adjacent to Road (도로인근 유역의 토석류 위험평가 및 등급화 방안)

  • Kim, Kyung-Suk;Jang, Hyun-Ick
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • 2010.03a
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    • pp.279-290
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    • 2010
  • Technical countermeasures against debris flow should be established upon the risk level of the target location. Risk of debris flow should consider the hazard imposed by debris flow and vulnerability of the facilities to debris flow. In this research, we have defined the target location for risk evaluation and suggested scoring method of hazard of debris flow and vulnerability of road to debris flow. By defining risk rank into 6 categories in terms of possibility of damage during rainfall and using the risk scores of 46 debris flow cases, we have suggested risk ranking matrix. The method can be used in ranking the drainage basin adjacent to road by simply determining the hazard with vulnerability score and can be used for planning the debris flow countermeasures.

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Study on relocation behavior of debris bed by improved bottom gas-injection experimental method

  • Teng, Chunming;Zhang, Bin;Shan, Jianqiang
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2021
  • During the core disruptive accident (CDA) of sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR), the molten fuel and steel are solidified into debris particles, which form debris bed in the lower plenum. When the boiling occurs inside debris bed, the flow of coolant and vapor makes the debris particles relocated and the bed flattened, which called debris bed relocation. Because the thickness of debris bed has great influence on the cooling ability of fuel debris in low plenum, it's very necessary to evaluate the transient changes of the shape and thickness in relocation behavior for CDA simulation analysis. To simulate relocation behavior, a large number of debris bed relocation experiments were carried out by improved bottom gas-injection experimental method in this paper. The effects of different experimental factors on the relocation process were studied from the experiments. The experimental data were also used to further evaluate a semi-empirical onset model for predicting relocation.

A Case Study for Simulation of a Debris Flow with DEBRIS-2D at Inje, Korea (DEBRIS-2D를 이용한 인제지역 토석류 산사태 거동모사 사례 연구)

  • Chae, Byung-Gon;Liu, Ko-Fei;Kim, Man-Il
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.231-242
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    • 2010
  • In order to assess applicability of debris flow simulation on natural terrain in Korea, this study introduced the DEBRIS-2D program which had been developed by Liu and Huang (2006). For simulation of large debris flows composed of fine and coarse materials, DEBRIS-2D was developed using the constitutive relation proposed by Julien and Lan (1991). Based on the theory of DEBRIS-2D, this study selected a valley where a large debris flow was occurred on July 16th, 2006 at Deoksanri, Inje county, Korea. The simulation results show that all mass were already flowed into the stream at 10 minutes after starting. In 10minutes, the debris flow reached the first geological turn and an open area, resulting in slow velocity and changing its flow direction. After that, debris flow started accelerating again and it reached the village after 40 minutes. The maximum velocity is rather low between 1 m/sec and 2 m/sec. This is the reason why debris flow took 50 minutes to reach the village. The depth change of debris flow shows enormous effect of the valley shape. The simulated result is very similar to what happened in the field. It means that DEBRIS-2D program can be applied to the geologic and topographic conditions in Korea without large modification of analysis algorithm. However, it is necessary to determine optimal reference values of Korean geologic and topographic properties for more reliable simulation of debris flows.