• Title, Summary, Keyword: death receptor 5

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Inhibitory Effect of Bee Venom Toxin on the Growth of Cervix Cancer C33A Cells via Death Receptor Expression and Apoptosis

  • Ko, Seong Cheol;Song, Ho Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : We investigated whether bee venom(BV) inhibit cell growth through enhancement of death receptor expressions in the human cervix cancer C33A cells. Methods : BV($1{\sim}5{\mu}g/ml$) inhibited the growth of cervix cancer C33A cells by the induction of apoptotic cell death in a dose dependent manner. Results : Consistent with apoptotic cell death, expression of Fas, death receptor(DR) 3, 4, 5 and 6 was increased concentration dependently in the cells. Moreover, Fas, DR3 and DR6 revealed more sensitivity to BV. Thus, We reconfirmed whether they actually play a critical role in anti-proliferation of cervix cancer C33A cells. Consecutively, expression of DR downstream pro-apoptotic proteins including caspase-8, -3, -9 was upregulated and Bax was concomitantly overwhelmed the expression of Bcl-2. NF-${\kappa}B$ were also inhibited by treatment with BV in C33A cells. Conclusions : These results suggest that BV could exert anti-tumor effect through induction of apoptotic cell death in human cervix cancer C33A cells via enhancement of death receptor expression, and that BV could be a promising agent for preventing and treating cervix cancer.

Inhibitory Effect of Snake Venom on Colon Cancer Cell Growth Through Induction of Death Receptor Dependent Apoptosis (사독(蛇毒)이 세포자멸사와 관계있는 Death Receptor를 통한 인간 대장암 세포 성장억제에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Myung-Jin;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.25-35
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    • 2012
  • 목적 : 이 연구는 $Vipera$ $lebetina$ $turanica$ 사독(蛇毒)이 인간 대장암 세포주인 HCT116 세포에서 세포주기진행, death receptor 의존적 세포자멸사 경로 관련단백질 발현 및 NK-${\kappa}B$와 STAT3 활성에 미치는 영향을 규명함으로써 대장암 세포 성장에 대한 억제와 그 기전에 대하여 살펴보고자 하였다. 방법 : 사독을 처리한 후 HCT116의 세포주기를 분석하기 위해서 FACS analysis를 시행하였고, apoptosis 평가에는 TUNEL assay를 시행하였으며 death receptor 의존적 세포자멸사 경로 관련단백질 및 NF-${\kappa}B$와 STAT3 활성 변동 관찰에는 RT-PCR 및 western blot analysis를 시행하였다. 결과 : 1. 0.1, 0.5 및 $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ 등의 사독을 처리한 결과 농도 의존적으로 HCT116 대장암 세포활성의 억제가 나타났다. 2. 0.1, 0.5 및 $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ 등의 사독을 처리한 결과 농도의존적으로 세포자멸사 활성세포의 증가가 나타났고, SVT $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$에서는 60-70%의 대장암세포 억제 효과가 나타났다. 3. 0.1, 0.5 및 $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ 등의 사독을 처리한 결과 약한 G1 arrest와 강한 G2/M arrest가 나타났고, G0/G1 또는 G2/M 관련 cyclin D, E 및 B1의 증가가 나타났다. 4. 0.1, 0.5 및 $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ 등의 사독을 처리한 결과 death receptor4, 5의 발현증가와 그에 따른 세포자멸사 촉진 Bax, PARP, caspase-3, -8, -9 발현 증가 및 세포자멸사 억제의 Bcl-2의 발현 감소 등이 나타났다. 6. 0.1, 0.5 및 $1{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ 등의 사독을 처리한 결과 NF-${\kappa}B$와 STAT3의 활성변동은 관찰되지 않았다. 결론 : 이상의 연구에서 사독은 death receptor 의존적인 세포자멸사를 촉진하여 대장암의 화학치료 내성을 극복할 수 있는 하나의 대안이 될 것으로 생각되지만 보다 심화된 연구가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

Inhibitory Effect of Bee Venom Toxin on Lung Cancer NCI H460 Cells Growth Through Induction of Apoptosis via Death Receptor Expressions

  • Hur, Keun Young;Song, Ho Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : I investigated whether bee venom inhibit cell growth through enhancement of death receptor expressions in the human lung cancer cells, NCI-H460. Methods : Bee venom(1-5 ${\mu}g/ml$) inhibited the growth of NCI-H460 lung cancer cells by the induction of apoptotic cell death in a dose dependent manner. Results : Consistent with apoptotic cell death, expression of TNF-R1, TNF-R2, FAS, death receptors(DR) 3, 4, 5 and 6 was increased in the cells. Expression of DR downstream pro-apoptotic proteins including Caspase-8, -3, -9 was upregulated and Bax was concomitantly overwhelmed the expression of Bcl-2. NF-kB were inhibited by treatment with bee venom in NCI-H460 cells through TNF response change led by TNF-R1 and TNF-R2. Conclusions : These results suggest that bee venom should exert anti-tumor effect through induction of apoptotic cell death in NCI-H460 human lung cancer cells via enhancement of death receptor expression, and that bee venom could be a promising agent for preventing and treating lung cancer.

5-Hydroxytryptamine Inhibits Glutamatergic Synaptic Transmission in Rat Corticostriatal Brain Slice

  • Cho, Hyeong-Seok;Choi, Se-Joon;Kim, Ki-Jung;Lee, Hyun-Ho;Kim, Seong-Yun;Cho, Young-Jin;Sung, Ki-Wug
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 2005
  • Striatum is involved in the control of movement and habitual memory. It receives glutamatergic input from wide area of the cerebral cortex as well as an extensive serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) input from the raphe nuclei. In our study, the effects of 5-HT on synaptic transmission were studied in the rat corticostriatal brain slice using in vitro whole-cell recording technique. 5-HT inhibited the amplitude as well as frequency of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSC) significantly, and neither ${\gamma}-aminobutyric$ acid (GABA)A receptor antagonist bicuculline (BIC), nor $N-methyl-_{D}-aspartate$ (NMDA) receptor antagonist, $_{DL}-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric$ acid (AP-V) could block the effect of 5-HT. In the presence non-NMDA receptor antagonist, 2,3-dioxo-6-nitro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrobenxo[f] quinoxaline-7-sulfonamide (NBQX), the inhibitory effect of 5-HT was blocked. We also figured out that 5-HT change the channel kinetics of the sEPSC. There was a significant increase in the rise time during the 5-HT application. Our results suggest that 5-HT has an effect on both pre- and postsynaptic site with decreasing neurotransmitter release probability of glutamate and decreasing the sensitivity to glutamate by increasing the rise time of non-NMDA receptor mediated synaptic transmission in the corticostriatal synapses.

Electrophysiological Characterization of AMPA and NMDA Receptors in Rat Dorsal Striatum

  • Jeun, Seung-Hyun;Cho, Hyeong-Seok;Kim, Ki-Jung;Li, Qing-Zhong;Sung, Ki-Wug
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.209-214
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    • 2009
  • The striatum receives glutamatergic afferents from the cortex and thalamus, and these synaptic transmissions are mediated by ${\alpha}$-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) and N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. The purpose of this study was to characterize glutamate receptors by analyzing NMDA/AMPA ratio and rectification of AMPA and NMDA excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) using a whole-cell voltage-clamp method in the dorsal striatum. Receptor antagonists were used to isolate receptor or subunit specific EPSC, such as (DL)-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid (APV), an NMDA receptor antagonist, ifenprodil, an NR2B antagonist, CNQX, an AMPA receptor antagonist and IEM-1460, a GluR2-lacking AMPA receptor blocker. AMPA and NMDA EPSCs were recorded at - 70 and + 40 mV, respectively. Rectification index was calculated by current ratio of EPSCs between + 50 and - 50 mV. NMDA/AMPA ratio was 0.20${\pm}$0.05, AMPA receptor ratio of GluR2-lacking/GluR2-containing subunit was 0.26${\pm}$0.05 and NMDA receptor ratio of NR2B/NR2A subunit was 0.32${\pm}$0.03. The rectification index (control 2.39${\pm}$0.27) was decreased in the presence of both APV and combination of APV and IEM-1460 (1.02${\pm}$0.11 and 0.93${\pm}$0.09, respectively). These results suggest that the major components of the striatal glutamate receptors are GluR2-containing AMPA receptors and NR2A-containing NMDA receptors. Our results may provide useful information for corticostriatal synaptic transmission and plasticity studies.

Inhibitory Effects of Bee Venom on Growth of A549 Lung Cancer Cells via Induction of Death Receptors

  • Jang, Dong Min;Song, Ho Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.57-70
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    • 2013
  • This study was to investigated the effects of the bee venom on inhibition of cell growth via upregulation of death receptor expression in the A549 human lung cancer cells. Bee venom(1-5 ${\mu}g$/ml) inhibited the growth of A549 lung cancer cells by the induction of apoptotic cell death in a dose dependent manner. Consistent with apoptotic cell death, expression of TNFR1, Fas, death receptors(DR) 3, 4 and 6 was increased in the cells. Expression of DR downstream pro-apoptotic proteins including caspase-3, -9 and Bax was concomitantly increased, but the expression of Bcl-2, NF-${\kappa}B$ were inhibited by treatment with bee venom in A549 cells. Moreover, deletion of DR3, DR4 by small interfering RNA significantly reversed bee venom-induced cell growth inhibitory effect, whereas Apo3L strengthened anti-proliferative effect of bee venom through enhancement of DR3 expression. These results suggest that bee venom should exert anti-tumor effect through induction of apoptotic cell death in lung cancer cells via enhancement of death receptor expression, and that bee venom could be a promising agent for preventing and treating lung cancer.

Sulfasalazine attenuates tamoxifen-induced toxicity in human retinal pigment epithelial cells

  • Hwang, Narae;Chung, Su Wol
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.284-289
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    • 2020
  • Tamoxifen, a nonsteroidal estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist, is used routinely as a chemotherapeutic agent for ER-positive breast cancer. However, it is also causes side effects, including retinotoxicity. The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) has been recognized as the primary target of tamoxifen-induced retinotoxicity. The RPE plays an essential physiological role in the normal functioning of the retina. Nonetheless, potential therapeutic agents to prevent tamoxifen-induced retinotoxicity in breast cancer patients have not been investigated. Here, we evaluated the action mechanisms of sulfasalazine against tamoxifen-induced RPE cell death. Tamoxifen induced reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated autophagic cell death and caspase-1-mediated pyroptosis in RPE cells. However, sulfasalazine reduced tamoxifen-induced total ROS and ROS-mediated autophagic RPE cell death. Also, mRNA levels of tamoxifen-induced pyroptosis-related genes, IL-1β, NLRP3, and procaspase-1, also decreased in the presence of sulfasalazine in RPE cells. Additionally, the mRNA levels of tamoxifen-induced AMD-related genes, such as complement factor I (CFI), complement factor H (CFH), apolipoprotein E (APOE), apolipoprotein J (APOJ), toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), were downregulated in RPE cells. Together, these data provide novel insight into the therapeutic effects of sulfasalazine against tamoxifen-induced RPE cell death.

Dopamine Modulates Corticostriatal Synaptic Transmission through Both $D_1$ and $D_2$ Receptor Subtypes in Rat Brain

  • Lee, Hyun-Ho;Choi, Se-Joon;Kim, Ki-Jung;Cho, Hyeong-Seok;Kim, Seong-Yun;Sung, Ki-Wug
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.263-268
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    • 2005
  • Striatum has important roles in motor control, habitual learning and memory. It receives glutamatergic inputs from neocortex and thalamus, and dopaminergic inputs from substantia nigra. We examined effects of dopamine (DA) on the corticostriatal synaptic transmission using in vitro extracellular recording technique in rat brain corticostriatal slices. Synaptic responses were elicited by stimulation of cortical glutamatergic inputs on the corpus callosum and recorded in the dorsal striatum. Corticostriatal population spike (PS) amplitudes were decreased ($39.4{\pm}7.9$%) by the application of $100{\mu}M$ DA. We applied receptor subtype specific agonists and antagonists and characterized the modulation of corticostriatal synaptic transmission by different DA receptor subtypes. $D_2$ receptor agonist (quinpirole), antagonist (sulpiride), and $D_1$ receptor antagonist (SKF 83566), but not $D_1$ receptor agonist (SKF 38393), induced significantly the reduction of striatal PS. Pretreatment neither with SKF 83566 nor sulpiride significantly affected corticostriatal synaptic inhibition by DA. However, the inhibition of DA was completely blocked by pretreatment with mixed solution of both SKF 83566 and sulpiride. These results suggest that DA inhibits corticostriatal synaptic transmission through both $D_1$ and $D_2$ receptors in concert with each other.

Effects of MK-801, CNQX, Cycloheximide and BAPTA-AM on Anoxic Injury of Hippocampal Organotypic Slice Culture (해마 조직 절편 배양을 이용한 무산소 손상에 대한 MK-801, CNQX, Cycloheximide 및 BAPTA-AM의 효과)

  • Moon, Soo-Hyeon;Kwon, Taek-Hyon;Park, Youn-Kwan;Chung, Heung-Seob;Suh, Jung Keun
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.1008-1018
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    • 2000
  • Objective : Glutamate induced excitotoxicity is one of the leading causes of cell death under pathologic condition. However, there is controversy whether excitotoxicity may also participate in the neuronal death under low intensity insult such as simple hypoxia or hypoglycemia. To investigate the role of NMDA receptor in low intensity insult, we chose anoxia as the method of injury and used organotypically cultured hippocampal slice as the material of experiment. Materials & Methods : The hippocampal slices cultured for 2-3 weeks were exposed to 60 minutes of complete oxygen deprivation(anoxia). Neuronal death was assessed with Sytox stain. Corrected optical density of fluorescence in gray scale, used as cellular death indicator, was obtained from pictures taken at 24 and 48 hours following the insult. The well-known in vivo phenomenon of regional difference in susceptibility of hippocampal sub-fields to ischemic insult was reproduced in HOSC(hippocampal organotypic slice culture) by complete oxygen deprivation injury. Results : $CA_1$ was the most vulnerable to complete oxygen deprivation in hippocampus while $CA_3$ was resistant. Oxygen deprivation for 10 and 20 minutes with glucose(6.5g/l) present was insufficient to induce neuronal death in the cultured hippocampal slice. However, after 30 minutes exposure under anoxic condition, neuronal death was able to be detected in the center of $CA_1$ area. The intensity and area of fluorescence indicating cell death correlated with the duration of oxygen deprivation. NMDA receptor and non-NMDA receptor blocking with MK-801(30 & $60{\mu}M$) and CNQX($100{\mu}M$) did not provide cellular protection to HOSC against damage induced by oxygen deprivation, but increased intracellular calcium buffering capacity with BAPTA-AM($10{\mu}M$) was effective in preventing neuronal death (p=0.01, Student's t-test). Cycloheximide($1{\mu}g/ml$, $10{\mu}g/ml$) provided no protection to HOSC against insult of complete oxygen deprivation for 60 minutes and combined therapy of MK-801(30 & $60{\mu}M$) and cycloheximide(1 & $10{\mu}g/ml$) was also ineffective in preventing neuronal death. Conclusion : The results of this study show that the another mechanism not associated with glutamate receptor(NMDA & non NMDA) may play major role in cell death mechanisms induced by complete oxygen deprivation and increased intracellular calcium during anoxia may participate in the neuronal death mechanism of oxygen deprivation. Further investigation of the calcium entry channel activated during oxygen deprivation is necessary to understand the neuronal death of anoxia.

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The Effect of Topiramate on Hippocampal Neuronal Death and Expression of Glutamate Receptor in Kainate-induced Status Epilepticus Model (Kainate 유발 간질중첩증 모델에서 topiramate가 해마 신경세포사와 glutamate 수용체 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Park Min-Jeong;Ha Se-Un;Bae Hae-Rahn;Kim Sang-Ho
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.505-512
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    • 2005
  • Excitotoxicity and epileptogenesis have often been associated with glutamate receptor activation. Accumulating evidences indicates that topiramate (TPM), an antiepileptic drug with multiple mechanisms of action has neuroprotective activity. We explored the neuroprotective effect of TPM on the status epilepticus (SE)-induced hippocampal neuronal death. After development of SE by kainite injection (15 mg/Kg), rats were treated with TPM (10mg/kg) for 1 week. The neuronal death was detected by Apop tag in situ detection kit, and the expression levels of glutamate receptors were semi-quantitatively analyzed by immunoblot. Kainate-induced SE caused a significant neuronal death and cell loss in CAI and CA3 regions of hippocampus at 1 week. However, treatment of TPM for 1 week after SE markedly reduced hippocampal neuronal death. The expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor subunit 1, was increased by SE, but was not affected by 1 week treatment of TPM. The expressions of NMDA receptor subunit 2a and 2b were not changed by either SE or TPM. As for ${\alpha}-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole-propionate$ (AMPA) glutamate receptors (GluR), kainate-induced SE markedly up-regulated GluR1 expression but down-regulated GluR2 expression, leading to increased formation of $Ca^{2+}$ permeable GluR2- lacking AMPA receptors. TPM administration for 1 week attenuated SE-induced expression of both the up-regulation of GluR1 and down-regulation of GluR2, reversing the ratio of GluR1/GluR2 to the control value. In conclusion, TPM protects neuronal cell death against glutamate induced excitotoxicity in kainate-induced SE model, supporting the potential of TPM as a neuroprotective agent.