• Title, Summary, Keyword: cytotoxic activity

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Antifungal Activity of the Crude Extract from Quintinia acutifolia on the Dermatophytic fungus

  • Lee, Jae-Sook;Chung, Jong-Gab;Oh, Hyun-Ju;Na, Young-Soon;Baek, Seung-Hwa
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.508-510
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    • 2005
  • The crude extract of Quintinia acutifolia Kirk inhibited the growth of the Gram positive bacterium Bacillus subtilis ATCC 19659, (3 mm inhibition zone at $150\;{\mu}g/disc$) and the dermatophytic fungus Trichophyton mentagrophytes ATCC 28185, (3 mm inhibition zone at $150\;{\mu}g/disc$), and cytotoxic to P388 murine leukaemia cells ATCC CCL 46 P388D1, ($IC_{50}$ $50,000\;{\mu}g/mL$ at $150\;{\mu}g/disc$). However, Candida albicans (ATCC 14053) did not observed the antimicrobial activity and the cytotoxic activity to BSC monkey kidney cells ($({\alpha})$ 5 mg/mL, $150\;{\mu}g/disc$).

Evaluation of Cytotoxic Potential of Natural Products in Cultured Human Cancer Cells

  • Nam, Kyung-Ae;Lee, Sang-Kook
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.183-188
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    • 2000
  • In order to discover novel potent antitumor agents, methanolic extracts of approximately 180 herbal medicines were prepared and primarily evaluated for cytotoxic activity in cultured human lung (A549) and colon (Col 2) cancer cells. As a result, 17 natural product extracts were found to be active in the criteria of $IC_{50}$<$20\;{\mu}g/ml$. Especially, the extracts of Aristolochia debilis, Cynanchum ascyrifolium, Cynanchum paniculatum, Daphne genkwa, Euphorbia lathyris, Ipomoea hederacea, Magnolia officinalis, Melia azedarach var. japonica, Solanum nigrum, Thuja orientalis, and Trichosanthes kirilowii showed a strong cytotoxic potential. The flower extract of Daphne genkwa was more selective cytotoxic activity against lung cancer cells $(IC_{50};\;0.2\;{\mu}g/ml)$ compared to colon cancer cells $(IC_{50}>20\;{\mu}g/ml)$. In addition, based on the cytotoxic potential of the root extract of Cynanchum paniculatum, the further fractionation of methylene chloride partition with silica gel column chromatography was performed. Several subfractions were considered to be active, and thus indicating that further studies for the identification of active principles from these fractions might be warranted.

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Cytotoxic Constituents from Boesenbergia pandurate (Roxb.) Schltr

  • Ching, Amy Yap Li;Lian, Gwendoline Ee Cheng;Rahmani, Mawardi;Khalid, Kaida;Sukari, Mohd Aspollah
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.110-113
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    • 2007
  • Five flavonoid derivatives, pinostrobin (1), pinocembrin (2), alpinetin (3), cardamonin (4) and boesenbergin A (5) were isolated from the rhizomes of Boesenbergia pandurata. All compounds were elucidated based on its spectroscopic data and by the comparison with the previous works. 2D NMR technique was used for the structure elucidation of boesenbergin A to complement the data reported previously. The extracts and pure compounds were screened for cytotoxic activity against HL-60 cancer cell lines (human promyelocytic leukemia). Cytotoxic screening showed most of the extracts and pure compounds isolated from the rhizomes of Boesenbergia pandurata were active against HL-60 cancer cell line. The chloroform extract and boesenbergin A showed the most potent cytotoxic activity.

Antitumor activity of organic compounds isolated from Korean mistletoe

  • Yoo, Yung-Choon;Song, Kyung-Sik;Lee, Kyung-Bok;Lee, Hoi-Young;Kim, Jong-Bae
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.215.2-216
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    • 2003
  • Velutin and betulinic acid were isolated as a cytotoxic principle from the dichloromethane extract of Korean mistletoe (Viscum album var. coloratum) by repeated silicagel chromatography and recrystallization. In in vitro analysis of cytotoxic activity using NIH-3T3 cells, dichloromethane extract of Korean mistletoe was shown to be highly cytotoxic against tumor cells. And we obtained active compound (reffered to VD-2 and VD-6) from the dichloromethane extract. (omitted)

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Biological activity of an Indian medical plant, Indigofera cordifolia

  • Rao, Bhattiprolu Kesava;Kawase, Masami;Tanaka, Toru;Tani, Satoru;Motohashi, Noboru;Satoh, Kazue;Sakagami, Hiroshi;Terakubo, Shigemi;Nakashima, Hideki;Wolfard, Krisztina;Molnar, Joseph
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.179-185
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    • 2004
  • The ethanol extract of Indigofera cordifolia was studied for in vivo gastroprotective activity, cytotoxic activity against oral tumor and normal cells, multidrug resistance (MDR) reversal activity, anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) activity and radical scavenging activity. The extract of I. cordifolia showed potent gastric mucosal protective activity against stomach injury induced by HCl/EtOH solution. However, the gastroprotective activity could not be related to the radical mechanism, because the extract weakly scavenged both OH radical and $O_2*^-$. The extract also showed promising levels of MDR-reversing activity. This study demonstrates the tumor-specific cytotoxic action of the plant extract. However, the extract had no anti-HIV activity. From above results, the study suggests the medicinal importance of I. cordiforia extract.

The Effects of Gilgyunghaedok-tang on Antitumor and Antimetastatic Activity (길경해독탕이 항암 및 항전이 효과에 미치는 영향)

  • 왕중권;정희재;이형구;정승기
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.211-224
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    • 2002
  • Background and Objective : In order to investigate the effects of Gilgyunglwedok-tang (GRT) on antitumor activity and antimetastatic activity, studies were done experimentally. Materials and Methods : Experimental studies were perfonned for the cytotoxic effect on BALB/c mouse lung fibroblast cells, the proliferating effect of splenic lymphocyte, the expression of CD3e/CD4, CD3e/CD8, and B220 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), the cytotoxic effect on A549, SK-OV-3, SK-MEL-2, MCF-7 cells, the inhibitory effect on the activity of DNA topoisomerase I, the T/C% in ICR mice bearing S-180, the inhibitory effect of Cell adhesive of A549 Cells and SK-OY-3 Cells to complex extracellular matrix, the inhibitory effect on lung colonies, the change of lung tissue, the antiangiogenic activity, and the effect on MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene expression in the RT1080 cell line. Results and Conclusion : The results were obtained as follows : 1. In the cytotoxic effect on BALB/C mouse lung fibroblast Cell, GHT didn't show the significant cytotoxic effect on BALB/C mouse lung fibroblast cell compared to the control group. 2. In thymidine uptake assay, GHT showed the significant proliferating effect of splenic lymphocyte in proportion to the concentration. 3. In the expression of CD3e/CD4, CD3e/CD8, and B220 in peripheral blood mononuclea cells (PBMCs) of mice, GRT had no significant change to the normal group in CD4. However, GRT showed an increase to the normal group in CD8 and GHT in the only $1\mu\textrm{g}/ml$ category showed an increase to the normal group in B220. 4. In the cytotoxic effect of GRT on A549, SK-OY-3, SK-MEL-2 and MCF-7 cells, there was no significant cytotoxic effect compared to the control group. 5. In the inhibitory effect on the activity of DNA topoisomerase I, GHT in the $10\mu\textrm{g}/ml$ category showed the inhibitory effect on the activity of DNA topoisomerase I in proportion to the concentration. 6. In the T/C% in ICRmice bearing S-180, GHTtreated group showed 123.7% of T/C% compared to the control group. 7. In the inhibitory effect of cell adhesive of A549 Cells and SK-OV-3 Cells to complex extracellular matrix, GRT in the only $100\mu\textrm{g}/ml$ category showed the significant inhibitory effect compared to the control group. 8. In the inhibitory effect on lung colonies, GHT showed the significant inhibitory effect on lung colonies compared to the control group. 9. In the change of lung tissue, GHT showed a significant decrease of lung cancer growth, interalveolar fibrosis and hyaline material compared to the control group. In the development of lymphocyte around lung cancer cells and lung parenchymal, GHT showed the significant inducement efficacy compared to the control group. 10. In CAM assay, the antiangiogenic activity of GHT showed 30%. 11. In the effect on MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene expression in the RT1080 cell line, GHT had no significant inhibitory effect on MMP-2 and MMP-9 gene expression compared to the control group. According to the above results, it could be suggested that GHT has an antitumor activity and antimetastatic activity.

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Synthesis and In Vitro Cytotoxicity of 1-Azanthraquinone-3-Carboxamides

  • Lee, Hee-Soon;Lee, Chang-Wook;Yang, Sung-Il
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.380-383
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    • 1999
  • Five 1-azzanthraquinone-3-carboxamides were synthesized and evaluated in vitro cytotoxicity against four human cancer cell lines. The most active compound, 7b, exhibited cytotoxic activity comparable to doxorubicin.

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Antioxidant, Antidiabetic and Cytotoxic Effects of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. Bark in vitro

  • Qu, Guan-Zheng;Lee, Sung-Hyun;Wang, Myeong-Hyeon
    • Journal of Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.140-142
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    • 2006
  • The aim of this study is to investigate in vitro biological properties of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. bark. Ethyl acetate(EtOAc) fraction from aqueous extract of Eucommia bark showed strong antioxidant activity of $IC_{50}$ 19.2 ${\mu}g/ml$ by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) free radical-scavenging assay. The Eucommia bark extract showed $\alpha$-glucosidase inhibitory activity and inhibited growth of human liver cancer cell, suggesting its potential biological value of anticancer.