• Title, Summary, Keyword: cultured wild-ginseng root

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Effects of Cultured Wild-Ginseng Root and Xylitol on Fermentation of Kimchi

  • Lee, Kun-Jong;Sung, Jung-Min;Kwon, Yong-Suk;Chung, Heajung
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.49-57
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    • 2014
  • This study evaluates the effects of cultured wild ginseng root (0.05%, 0.1% v/w) and xylitol in kimchi. The fermented characteristics of kimchi were investigated during 28 days of fermentation at $4^{\circ}C$. The pH value in the sample with the cultured wild ginseng root was higher than that of control group. The total acidity in the sugar groups (SG groups) was higher than that of xylitol groups (XG groups). Comparing total bacterial count, XG groups were lower than SG groups, regardless of the additional ratio of the cultured wild ginseng root. Reducing sugar of XG groups decreased more slowly than SG groups for seven days; glucose and fructose of XG groups were lower than the control group. DPPH radical scavenging activity was higher in groups with cultured wild ginseng root than in control. In the result of sensory evaluation, XG groups were more preferred than other groups. In conclusion, our results indicate that cultured wild-ginseng root and xylitol have a positive effect on the quality of kimchi, such as antimicrobial and antioxidant functions.

Effect of High Pressure and Steaming Extraction Processes on Ginsenosides Rg3 and Rh2 Contents of Cultured-Root in Wild Ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) (초고압 증숙처리가 산삼배양근의 진세노사이드 Rg3와 Rh2의 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Woon-Yong;Lee, Choon-Geun;Seo, Yong-Chang;Song, Chi-Ho;Lim, Hye-Won;Lee, Hyeon-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.270-276
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    • 2012
  • This study was performed to enhance contents of low molecular weight ginsenoside Rh2 and Rg3 using an ultra high pressure and steaming process in wild cultured-Root in wild ginseng. For selective increase in contents of Rg3 and Rh2 in cultured wild ginseng roots, an ultra high extraction was applied at 500MPa for 20 min which was followed by steaming process at $90^{\circ}C$ for 12 hr. It was revealed that contents of ginsenosides, Rb1, Rb2, Rc and Rd, were decreased with the complex process described above, whereas contents of ginsenoside Rh2 and Rg3 were increased up to 4.918 mg/g and 6.115 mg/g, respectively. In addition, concentration of benzo[${\alpha}$]pyrene in extracts of the cultured wild ginseng roots treated by the complex process was 0.64 ppm but it was 0.78 ppm when it was treated with the steaming process. From the results, it was strongly suggested that low molecular weight ginsenosides, Rh2 and Rg3, are converted from Rb1, Rb2, Rc, and Rd which are easily broken down by an ultra high pressure and steaming process. This results indicate that an ultra high pressure and steaming process can selectively increase in contents of Rg3 and Rh2 in cultured wild ginseng roots and this process might enhance the utilization and values of cultured wild ginseng roots.

Effective Purification of Ginsenosides from Cultured Wild Ginseng Roots, Red Ginseng, and White Ginseng with Macroporous Resins

  • Li, Huayue;Lee, Jae-Hwa;Ha, Jong-Myung
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.11
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    • pp.1789-1791
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    • 2008
  • This study was aimed (i) to develop an effective method for the purification of ginsenosides for industrial use and (ii) to compare the distribution of ginsenosides in cultured wild ginseng roots (adventitious root culture of Panax ginseng) with those of red ginseng (steamed ginseng) and white ginseng (air-dried ginseng). The crude extracts of cultured wild ginseng roots, red ginseng, and white ginseng were obtained by using a 75% ethanol extraction combined with ultrasonication. This was followed sequentially by AB-8 macroporous adsorption chromatography, Amberlite IRA 900 Cl anion-exchange chromatography, and Amberlite XAD16 adsorption chromatography for further purification. The contents of total ginsenosides were increased from 4.1%, 12.1%, and 11.3% in the crude extracts of cultured wild ginseng roots, red ginseng, and white ginseng to 79.4%, 71.7%, and 72.5% in the final products, respectively. HPLC analysis demonstrated that ginsenosides in cultured wild ginseng roots were distributed in a different ratio compared with red ginseng and white ginseng.

Antihypertensive Effect of Wild Mountain Ginseng Cultured Root Extract in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats에 있어서 산삼배양근 추출물의 항고혈압 효과)

  • Yang, Deok-Chun;In, Jun-Gyo;Lee, Bum-Soo;Han, Seung-Ho;Kim, Eun-Jeong;Kim, Kil-Soo
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.1482-1486
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    • 2008
  • The antihypertensive effects of the Wild Mountain Ginseng Cultured Root Extract (WMGCE) were investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Daily oral administration of the WMGCE (100 and 200 mg/kg) exhibited a significant decrease in blood pressure in SHR rats during for 8 weeks. The systolic blood pressure was dose- and time-dependently decreased significantly from the second weeks (p < 0.05) to the end of WMGCE treatment in SHR. The WMGCE decreased the plasma levels of sodium, potassium, chlorides, urea and osmolarity in SHR rats but no statistically significant change was observed. Furthermore, no significant changes were noted on heart weight, heart rate and diameter of aorta after WMGCE treatment in SHR. Our results suggest that daily oral administration of WMGCE at the dose of 100 and 200 mg/kg for 8 weeks exhibited antihypertensive activities.

Cell Growth Inhibitory Effect of Tissue Cultured Root of Wild Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer Extract on Various Cancer Cell Lines

  • Park, Jeong-Sook;Lee, Tae-Woong;Han, Kun
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to investigate the cell growth inhibitory effect of tissue cultured root of wild Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer (tcwPG). The human stomach carcinoma cell line, MKN 74, was incubated with 70% EtOH extract of tcwPG or Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer (PG) for 24 hrs. tcwPG inhibited cell growth at a concentration of $250{\mu}g/ml$. However, Panax ginseng extract did not inhibit cell growth at the same concentration. We also tested the ethyl acetate and $H_2O$ fractions of tcwPG. The inhibitory effect of the ethyl acetate fraction on cell proliferation in MKN 74 cells was more potent than that of the crude extract, and the inhibitory effect of the $H_2O$ fraction was less than that of the ethyl acetate fraction. When we separated tcwPG into polar and non-polar saponin fractions and then measured cell growth inhibition, the non-polar saponin in tcwPG exhibited cytotoxicity. To compare the effects of tcwPG on various cancer cell lines, we measured cytotoxicity in MKN 74 (stomach cancer cell line), SW 620 (colon cancer cell line) and PC 3 (prostate cancer cell line). All three cell lines showed cell growth inhibition, and the cell growth inhibitory effects were not quite different in the various cell lines. The non-polar saponins of tcwPG arrested PC 3 cells at G1-phase as did Panax ginseng.

Comparisons of Acidic Polysaccharide Content in Various Ginseng Species and Parts (인삼 산성다당체의 삼류간 및 부위별 함량비교)

  • 도재호;이형옥
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.145-147
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    • 1993
  • The amounts of ginseng acidic polysaccharide (GAP) in red ginseng (Panax ginseng) were higher than those of wild and cultured Panax quinquefolius, Panax notoginseng as well as white ginseng (Panax ginseng). In white ginseng, there is no difference in the GAP amount among root ages or sizes. Also, the GAP amount of red ginseng body was similar to that of ginseng rhizome, but was higher than that of leaf and epidermis.

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Effects of Dietary Wild-Ginseng Adventitious Root Meal on Growth Performance, Blood Characteristics and Meat Quality in Growing-Finishing Pigs (산삼 부정근박 급여가 육성-비육돈의 생산성, 혈액성상 및 육질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Hae-Dong;Hahn, Eu-Joo;Jeon, Won-Kyung;Paek, Kee-Yeoup;Kim, Hyo-Jin;Shin, Seung-Oh;Kim, In-Chul;Park, Jun-Chul;Kim, Jin-Dong;Kim, In-Ho
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.677-686
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary wild-ginseng adventitious root meal on growth performance, blood characteristics and meat quality characteristics in growing-finishing pigs. Ninety six pigs[(Landrace×Yorkshire)×Duroc] with average initial body weight of 68.29±0.31kg were used in 70d growth trial. Dietary treatments included 1) CON(Basal diet), 2) WGR1(Basal diet+0.5% wild- ginseng adventitious root meal), 3) WGR2(Basal diet+1.0% wild-ginseng adventitious root meal) and 4) WGR3(Basal diet+1.5% wild-ginseng adventitious root meal). The pigs were allotted into four dietary treatments with six replicate pens and four pigs per pen in a completely randomized design. For the whole period, final body weight and ADG were increased in CON treatment compared to WGR3 treatment(Linear effect, P=0.005). In blood characteristics, red blood cell(RBC) was significantly increased in CON and WGR2 treatments compared to WGR1 treatment (Quadratic effect, P=0.019). WGR2 treatment resulted in higher white blood cell(WBC) than CON and WGR1 treatments(Linear effect, P=0.041). WBC difference was significantly improved in WGR2 treatment compared to other treatments (Linear effect, P=0.042). Total protein was increased in WGR2 treatment compared to CON treatment (Quadratic effect, P=0.011). In cholesterol concentration of blood, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglyceride were not significantly different among treatments. In meet quality, pH in WGR1 treatment was higher than WGR3 treatment(Quadratic effect=0.022). Water holding capacity(WHC) was significantly increased in WGR2 treatment compared to WGR3 treatment(Quadratic effect, P=0.050).

Protective Effect of the Water Extract of Tissue Cultured Root of Wild Ginseng Against Doxorubicin Toxicity (배양산삼 추출액의 Doxorubicin 독성 완화 효과)

  • Choi, Kyung-Un;Lee, Pyeong-Jae;Kim, Ho-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study was aimed to define the protective effect of Tissue Cultured Root of Wild Ginseng (CWG) against doxorubicin (Doxo) toxicity, and investigate the anti-tumor synergic effect of CWG in combination with Doxo in tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice. Methods : Tumor-bearing mice were established by single inoculation with B16/F10 melanoma cells (2$\times$10$^6$/ml) subcutaneously. Tumor-bearing mice (tumor volume between 50-100 mm$^3$) were selected and divided them into control, Doxo, and Doxo+CWG group. Mice of Doxo group were received with Doxo (4 mg/kg of B.W.) intraperitoneally at 0, 4, 8 days after starting the experiment. Mice of Doxo+CWG group were received CWG water extract during 12 days in combination with Doxo treatment. The body weight, tumor volume, tumor weight, and organ weight (heart, liver, kidney, and testis) were measured. And serum SPK, GOT and creatinine values were analysed. Results : The volume and weights of tumor masses in Doxo group were decreased significantly compared with the those of control group. And the those of Doxo+CWG group were not significantly different from the those of Doxo group. Whereas the weight of body, liver, kidney and testis in Doxo+CWG group were increased significantly compared with the those of Doxo group. The level of serum CPK and GOT in Doxo group were increased compared with the those of control group. But the value of Doxo+CWG group were decreased significantly compared with the values of Doxo group. Conclusions : These results suggest that CWG has protective effect against doxorubicin toxicity. And these effect is guessed that is caused in augmentation of vital energy.

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Effect of Supplementing Cultured Wild Ginseng Roots in the Diet of Organic Saanen Dairy Goats on Milk Composition and Ginsenoside Profiles in Blood and Milk (유기농 산양유 사료에 산삼배양근 첨가가 산양유와 혈액 내 진세노사이드 함량 및 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Gui-Seck
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.485-495
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    • 2016
  • The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of dietary cultured wild ginseng root (CWGR) supplementation on goat milk composition and ginsenoside profiles. Sixteen Saanen dairy goats were allocated to two balanced groups based on lactation period, body weight ($38.6{\pm}3.2kg$), and dairy milk yield ($2.85{\pm}1.2kg$), and were kept in separate pens. Goats were fed a total mixed ration (TMR) feed (2.3 kg/d, dry matter basis) and 1.5 g of CWGR powder was supplemented in the experimental diet. The total feeding period was 3 weeks, and milk and blood samples were collected on the last three days of the experimental period. There was no effect of CWGR on daily milk yield and milk composition (fat, protein, lactose, and solid-not-fat). However, the CWGR-treatment group had significantly higher plasma IgG and protein contents than the control group (P < 0.05). Significant amounts of ginsenosides were observed in the milk of the CWGR-treatment group, whereas ginsenosides were not detected in the milk of the control group. In conclusion, dietary CWGR was a useful regimen to produce functional goat milk enriched in ginsenosides.

The Therapeutic Effect of Tissue Cultured Root of Wild Panax ginseng C.A. Mayer on Spermatogenetic Disorder

  • Park, Jeong-Sook;Hwang, Seock-Yeon;Lee, Won-Suk;Yu, Kee-Won;Paek, Kee-Yoeup;Hwang, Bang-Yeon;Han, Kun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.29 no.9
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    • pp.800-807
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    • 2006
  • This study examined the possibility of using a tissue cultured root of wild Panax ginseng (tcwPG) as a fertility agent. The effect of tcwPG on spermatogenesis was studied using male rats. The tcwPG crude powder was administered orally to 7-week-old rats over a 6-week period. The number of sperm in the testes and epididymides was significantly higher than the control. A histological examination did not reveal any morphological changes in the testes from the tcwPG powder treated rats. Moreover, there were no significant differences in the weights of the heart, spleen, liver, kidney, brain, testes and epididymides. Oligospermia was also induced by administering 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodaibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) to the rats in order to estimate the feasibility of using tcwPG as treatment for infertility caused by spermatogenic disorders. After exposing the rats to TCDD, the tcwPG saponin fraction treated rats showed some improvement in the body weight, sperm number and testis morphology. It was estimated that tcwPG had feasibility as a therapeutic agent on spermatogenic disorder.