• Title, Summary, Keyword: culture

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The Types and Patterns of Nursing Organizational Culture (간호조직문화 유형 및 패턴에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Min-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.265-275
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    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify and to investigate the nursing organizational culture. Method: A descriptive correlational study was conducted with convenience sample of 448 staff nurses who were working for six general hospitals located in Seoul, Province of Gyeonggi and Province of Chung-cheong. The period of data collection took over 5 months between August and December. Organization Culture Questionnaire developed by Lee (2001) were used to measure nursing organizational culture. Collected data were analysed on SPSS Win 12.0. Result: The meta culture of the nursing organizations was the conservative culture. The cultural pattern of nursing organizations was classified into three patterns which were conservative-dominant culture, symmetric culture and innovative-task culture. Conclusions: The meta culture of the nursing organizations was the conservative culture. But conservative culture decreased nurses' outcomes. Therefore the nurse manager should develop a symmetric organizational culture including four types of culture than dominant culture of one type.

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A Symbolic Meaning of Youth Fashion in Media Culture (미디어 문화에 나타난 청소년 패션의 상징적 의미)

  • Kim, So-Young;Yang, Hee-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.73-88
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    • 2008
  • The media culture influences upon young people while introducing new cultures by every hour. Considering the mainstream culture, in which media has the greatest effect on young people, this article examines the symbolic significances of youth fashion through media culture. The results of this study can be summarized as the following: First, young people's popular culture ("pop culture") is becoming the medium that leads to the creation of similar cultures of the young people globally through various routes. Culture is being created by integration of diverse media, and not by what is seen through a single medium. Typical young people's culture, which is formed due to the influence of media culture, includes community culture, pun culture, virtual culture and fandom culture. Second, in order to examine youth fashion that is seen in those media, the survey has been conducted on media stars, tecktonik dance groups, fashion models, avatars and online communities, which are fashion icons influencing young people. Third, youth fashion, which has been formed centering on media culture, has the flexible property that varies the symbolic significance according to which culture becomes the main axis. The symbolic significance in fashion, which is seen on media culture young people are contacting, has been examined in the aspects of value orientation, diversity orientation, speed orientation and digital orientation.

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Relationship between Organizational Culture Types and Organizational Effectiveness in Hospitals (병원의 조직문화유형과 조직유효성의 관계;간호사를 대상으로)

  • Lee, Myung-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.363-385
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between organizational culture types and organizational effectiveness in the hospitals and to identify the cultural and organizational characteristics of the hospitals with high organizational effectiveness. Data were collected from May 12 to June 14. 1997 through questionnaire taken by 1.118 nurses working in 10 hospitals with more than 800 beds and from annual reports published by the hospitals. The instruments were used for collecting the data: Organizational Culture Questionnatire and Organizational Characteristics Questionnatire developed by the researcher. Mowday's Organizational Commitment Questionnaire. Taylor & Bovver's General Satisfaction Scale. The Results were as follows: 1. The meta culture of the hospital organizations was the conservative culture. 2. There were significant differences of the four organizational cultural types - affiliative culture. innovative culture. conservative culture. task culture among the hospitals(p=.00). 3. The hospital organizations were classified in to three cultural patterns. each of which had similar cultural composition. on the basis of the scores indicating the similarity and difference of the foul' organizational cultural types among the hospitals. The organization of each group represents conservative- dominant culture. innovative-dominant culture and competitive culture. 4. Nurses' organizational commitment and job satisfaction were significantly different among the cultural patterns(p=.00). In other words. the hospitals with innovative-dominant culture showed higher organizational commitment and job satisfaction than ones with conservative-dominant culture and competitive culture. And also. the growth rate of outpatients and inpatients were significantly different among the cultural patterns(p<.05). The hospitals with innovative -dominant culture showed higher growth rate of outpatients and inpatients than ones with conservative-dominant culture and competitive culture. 5. The hospitals with conservative-dominant culture and competitive culture showed higher level of centralization than ones with innovative -dominant culture(p=.00) And the hospitals with competitive and innovative-dominant culture showed higher level of communication than those with conservative-dominant culture(p=.00) Finally. the hospitals with innovative-dominant culture showed higher level of managerial strategy than those with conservative-dominant and competitive culture. among which the latter showed higher level of managerial strategy than the former(p=.00).

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Multi-Culture Acceptability, Multi-Culture Teaching Efficacy on Young Child-Teacher Relationships in Childcare Centers: Mediation Effect of Attitude towards Multi-Culture Education (보육교사의 다문화 수용도와 다문화 교수효능감이 다문화가정 유아-교사 관계에 미치는 영향: 다문화 교육태도의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hye Gum;Lim, Yang Mi
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.5
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    • pp.557-566
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    • 2015
  • This study investigated the effects of multi-culture acceptability and multi-culture teaching efficacy on young child-teacher relationships. The teachers' attitude towards multi-culture education was included in the analysis as a mediator between multi-culture acceptability and multi-culture teaching efficacy. Participants were 295 teachers and 295 young children between 3 and 5 years in childcare centers located in Seoul, Incheon, Ulsan, Gyeonggi, and North Gyeongsang Province. Teachers completed questionnaires regarding multi-culture acceptability, multi-culture teaching efficacy, and attitude towards multi-culture education. Collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, Structural Equation Model, and Sobel test with SPSS ver. 18.0 and AMOS ver. 21.0. The results were as follows. First, the subscale of multi-culture acceptability and multi-culture teaching efficacy generally showed a positive correlation with closeness and conflict in the subscale of young child-teacher relationships. Second, teacher's multi-culture acceptability directly influenced the young child-teacher relationship. In addition, the impact of multi-culture teaching efficacy on young child-teacher relationship was mediated perfectly by the multi-culture education attitude. The results suggest that the multi-culture teaching efficacy promote early childhood multicultural education attitudes and that can be changed to positive teacher relationships.

A Study on the Tea Culture Space in Korea (한국차문화 공간에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Il Hee;Choi Nam Sook
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.61-84
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    • 2004
  • This thesis attempted to generate ideal tea culture space that connects environment and culture. Therefore, this examines: First, history of tea and the characteristics of tea culture space from Gochosun to modern times was reviewed Second, psychological factors (spirit of tea) of Korea tea culture space were reviewed. Third, the connection between the concept of tea culture space and Human Ecosystem Model by was analyzed. Also, this thesis examined how the culture of ecosystem and why tea culture space is needed. because tea includes varieties of ingredients for protecting environmental pollution. Finally, tea culture spaces were reviewed each region during Chosun dynasty, and tea culture space of recent tea users. In order to study tea culture space, complex residential area and single residential areas were compared. The useful of tea culture space as a ecological space was also examined. To achieve the purpose of this study, related literatures were reviewed, and investigations of museums and a survey on modern living space were also conducted. The results show that the space of our tea culture were affected by nature worshipping of Gochosun, Buddhism of Koryo, and Confusianism of Chosun with 'Pungryu', the idea that enjoys nature, thereby applying environment-friendly ecological beauty to their living space and life. The cultyral space in Korea is composed of natural environment such as mountain, sea, rock, or trees and artificial environment such as pond or pavilion. In the future, oriental culture with metaphysical value will lead the world culture, and especially, tea culture would play an important role regardless of nationality, race, religion, and ideology. Therefore, establishing a tea culture space in a living space would be the fundamental methods that would be able to settle down such tea life into our daily life. Our attempts to create ecological tea culture space as a integrated cultural space of natural, artificial, and human behavioral environment will contribute to enhance our quality of life.

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Youth Culture in the Stream of Popular Culture (대중문화 흐름 속의 청소년문화)

  • Kim, Cheon-Young
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.105-111
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    • 2018
  • This study aims to investigate Youth Culture in the Stream of Popular Culture by 'The Relation-Approach'. For this, the relations between the two were reviewed, through which the meaning and practical actions were identified as main finding of the fact that youth culture has cultural meaning with possibility. Namely, youth culture is not the culture of passive culture, addressee culture and consumer culture but the culture of active culture, addresser culture and producer culture. Further more, the practical actions as the culture of having new possibility in the stream of popular culture were found to be approached by epistemological and institutional practical actions. The importance of epistemological practice of youth culture is revealed as the importance of perspective. As far as youth culture is approached in the view of exclusive standpoint, there will be accompanied of limitation of closed youth culture. Thus, the possibility of open youth culture could be obtained by taking of the inclusive standpoint. Accordingly, the open possibility of youth culture will have the new possibility in the concept of open culture with open standpoint. That will be realized by the grand broad culture concept, not by the small narrow culture concept.

The Method Research for Analyzing Contemporary Fashion Phenomena - Focused on Mass Culture Theory -

  • Kim, Seo-Youn;Park, Kil-Soon
    • The International Journal of Costume Culture
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2001
  • Re purpose of this study is to indicate the framework to analyze the contemporary fashion phenomena taking on aspect as above by grafting the mass culture theory onto the study for fashion phenomena. The contemporary culture phenomena look like a same thing apparently, but various individual characters appeared in them. And all cultures are mixed in the name of mass culture, but the subordinate concepts which can classify the culture are still in existence. And this equally appear in the contemporary fashion, one of culture phenomena. The concept of the contemporary mass culture can be explained with the taste culture, Cans' theory indicated, divided into highbrow culture, middlebrow culture, and lowbrow culture. And the phenomena of the contemporary mass culture also can be explained with globalization that came down to homogenization, regionalization hybridization.

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Effect of Dietitian's Perceived Organizational Culture on Organizational Commitment at Hospital Foodservices (종합병원 영양사의 조직문화 인식이 조직몰입에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Moon-Jung;Kim, Choon Young;Ryu, Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.431-452
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect dietitians' perceived organizational culture has on organizational commitment at hospital foodservices. A total of 382 dietitians working at general hospitals with 500 beds or more participated in the survey from January 16 to February 8, 2017. The result of perceived organizational culture showed hierarchical culture, rational culture, development culture, and group culture scored to be 5.29, 5.25, 5.15, and 4.97 out of 7, respectively. Differences in the perception of organizational culture and organizational commitment were observed according to the general demographics of subjects, but no significant differences were shown according to the general characteristics of hospitals. For organizational commitment perception, affective commitment (5.14), normative commitment (4.41), and continuance commitment (4.21) were identified. There were differences according to age, work experience at the present job, position, and education level by type of organizational culture. In terms of organizational commitment, there were significant differences in age, work experience at the present job, employment status, and possession of clinical dietitian certificate, position by type of commitment. A positive correlation between dietitians' perceived organizational culture and organizational commitment such as overall organizational commitment, affective commitment, and normative commitment was observed (P<0.01). Group culture, development culture, and hierarchical culture positively affected overall organizational commitment (P<0.001). Development culture, group culture, and hierarchical culture had positive effects on affective commitment, whereas rational culture had a negative influence. Development culture (P<0.05), group culture (P<0.001), and hierarchical culture (P<0.01) positively influenced normative commitment. Results suggest that it is necessary to develop plans for the improvement of rational culture, group culture, and development culture at hospital foodservice organizations.

A Comparative Study on Cognition Difference of Maritime Polices' Organization Culture (해양경찰공무원의 조직문화에 관한 인식차이 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Gil
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.511-517
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    • 2013
  • Maritime police recognize that the organizational culture of various acting as a member of the organization. Also, marine policing and security activities to determine the number of build. The overall culture of maritime police who share the organization sub-culture may take place. Maritime police organizational culture and a variety of types of group culture, hierarchical culture, development culture, rational culture examined the differences in perceptions. Maritime police aware of the general results of the analysis are as follows; First, the maritime police officers of the age group of 20 was the highest recognition in hierarchy culture and rational culture. Second, the maritime police officers of the rank of captain was the highest recognition in development culture and rational culture. Third, differences in the perception of organizational culture by recruitment analysis show the difference in cultural groups showed, in particular, the special recruitment group of police officers, and maritime police culture can be seen tend to appear low.

Research of Baekje Culture-Products about Chungnam Area National Museum (충청지역 국립박물관을 중심으로 한 백제 문화상품 현황조사)

  • Lee, Sang-Mi;Kim, Chung-Ho
    • Journal of the Korea Furniture Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.224-233
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    • 2007
  • What is culture-products? Culture-products contains identity of nation and region. French critic Guy Sorman says "It is natural that buying culture-products when you travel any countries" Culture-products which contains our own cultural factors will give positive image of country. The research and development of grafting grudge experience culture-products was advanced the characteristic of area-culture that necessary is prerequisite. We need to develop culture-products which mixed regional culture and characteristic. We would like to research about Baekje culture and culture-products and sales products in museum. Museum is one of the tourist's attractions and great place to express regional factors. The culture-products are specially limited in the products which reflects a Baekje culture with Muryeong's tomb in Gong-ju and Baekje incense burner in Bu-Yeo it advanced. We hope that this research could help to understand market of culture-products and development.

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