• Title, Summary, Keyword: cryopreservation

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Long-term Preservation of Bloom-forming Cyanobacteria by Cryopreservation

  • Park, Hae-Kyung
    • ALGAE
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 2006
  • Long-term preservation of bloom-forming cyanobacteria was evaluated using cryopreservation and freeze-drying of nine strains belonging to four genera and seven species. All test strains, except Aphanizomenon flos-aquae NIER- 10028, showed partial or complete survival following cryopreservation and freeze-drying. Frozen and freeze-dried strains were preserved for more than two years and were revived monthly. Most strains showed higher post-thaw viability after cryopreservation, especially without cryoprotectant compared to freeze-drying. Microcystis aeruginosa NIER-10010, M. viridis NIER-10020, M. ichthyoblabe NIER-10023, M. novacekii NIER-10029 and Oscillatoria sancta NIER-10027 were revived after 2.5 years of cryopreservation. These results suggest that cryopreservation may be an easy and timesaving long-term preservation method for bloom-forming cyanobacteria.

Array comparative genomic hybridization screening in IVF significantly reduces number of embryos available for cryopreservation

  • Liu, Jiaen;Sills, E. Scott;Yang, Zhihong;Salem, Shala A.;Rahil, Tayyab;Collins, Gary S.;Liu, Xiaohong;Salem, Rifaat D.
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.52-57
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    • 2012
  • Objective: During IVF, non-transferred embryos are usually selected for cryopreservation on the basis of morphological criteria. This investigation evaluated an application for array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) in assessment of surplus embryos prior to cryopreservation. Methods: First-time IVF patients undergoing elective single embryo transfer and having at least one extra non-transferred embryo suitable for cryopreservation were offered enrollment in the study. Patients were randomized into two groups: Patients in group A (n=55) had embryos assessed first by morphology and then by aCGH, performed on cells obtained from trophectoderm biopsy on post-fertilization d5. Only euploid embryos were designated for cryopreservation. Patients in group B (n=48) had embryos assessed by morphology alone, with only good morphology embryos considered suitable for cryopreservation. Results: Among biopsied embryos in group A (n=425), euploidy was confirmed in 226 (53.1%). After fresh single embryo transfer, 64 (28.3%) surplus euploid embryos were cryopreserved for 51 patients (92.7%). In group B, 389 good morphology blastocysts were identified and a single top quality blastocyst was selected for fresh transfer. All group B patients (48/48) had at least one blastocyst remaining for cryopreservation. A total of 157 (40.4%) blastocysts were frozen in this group, a significantly larger proportion than was cryopreserved in group A (p=0.017, by chi-squared analysis). Conclusion: While aCGH and subsequent frozen embryo transfer are currently used to screen embryos, this is the first investigation to quantify the impact of aCGH specifically on embryo cryopreservation. Incorporation of aCGH screening significantly reduced the total number of cryopreserved blastocysts compared to when suitability for freezing was determined by morphology only. IVF patients should be counseled that the benefits of aCGH screening will likely come at the cost of sharply limiting the number of surplus embryos available for cryopreservation.

A Case Report about Herbal Medicine Treatment's a Single Woman Patient with a Low Level of AMH in Progress of Oocyte Cryopreservation (난소기능저하 미혼여성의 난자동결보존 시 한약복용을 병행한 증례보고)

  • Koh, Ji-Eun;Lyou, Myung-Sook
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.119-128
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: The aim of this case is to report the effects of herbal medicine on a single woman patient with a low level of AMH (anti-$M{\ddot{u}}llerian$ Hormone) in progress of Oocyte Cryopreservation. Methods: A patient with a low level of AMH had symptom of secondary amenorrhea. For preparing oocyte cryopreservation after a long time of secondary amenorrhea, she was treated by twice a day herb medication for 10 months. And we observed the effects of treatments by improvement of symptoms and following up endometrium ultrasonography. After oocyte cryopreservation, for maintaining her menstruation, she was also treated by twice a day herb medication for two and a half months. Results: After treatments, symptom of amenorrhea was improved and the thickness of endometrium was increased as well as AMH in progress of oocyte cryopreservation. So 20 oocytes could be cryopreserved. Conclusions: This case shows that herbal medicine can be a concurrent method for a single woman patient with secondary amenorrhea in progress of oocyte cryopreservation.

Cryopreservation of Tiger Puffer (Takifugu rubripes) Sperm (자주복 (Takifugu rubripes) 정자의 동결보존)

  • 장윤정
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 1997
  • Experiments were performed to study the effects of diluents, cryoprotectant, equilibration time, thawing temperature and addition of BSA and egg yolk. Among the various diluents, Alsever's solution was the best for sperm cryopreservation. A combination of Alsever's solution and 15% ethylene glycol showed the better results than others did. Sperm activity indection and survival rate gradually decreased with the equilibration time. The appropriate thawing temperature was 30 ${\pm}1^{\circ}$C. These results indicate that sperm cryopreservation methods can be developed in tiger puffer.

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Cryopreservation of Mulberry Germplasm Core Collection and Assessment of Genetic Stability through ISSR Markers

  • Rao, A. Ananda;Chaudhury, Rekha;Kumar, Suseel;Velu, D.;Saraswat, R.P.;Kamble, C.K.
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.23-33
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    • 2007
  • A simple and reliable cryo technique using desiccation and slow freezing of winter dormant buds was employed for 238 core collection of mulberry germplasm collected from diverse geographical regions and maintained under tropical conditions in the ex situ field gene bank to develop long-term biodiversity conservation for ensuring sustainable utilization of these valuable resources. Desiccation and freezing tolerance of bud grafts and excised shoot apices in the axillary buds of different Morus species under in vivo and in vitro condition indicated species-specific variation and most of the wild Morus species were found sensitive. In vitro regeneration and cryopreservation($-196^{\circ}C$) protocols using differentiated bud meristem like axillary winter dormant buds were worked out for a wide range of Morus species, land races, wild and cultivated varieties. Successful cryopreservation of mulberry winter dormant buds of different accessions belonging to M. indica, M. alba, M. latifolia, M. cathayana, M. laevigata, M. nigra, M. australis, M. bombycis, M. sinensis, M multicaulis and M. rotundiloba was achieved. Among wild species Morus tiliaefolia, and M. serrata showed moderate recovery after cryopreservation. Survival rates did not alter after three years of cryopreservation of different Morus species. ISSR markers were used to ascertain the genetic stability of cryopreserved mulberry, which showed no difference detected among the plantlets regenerated from frozen apices in comparison to the non-frozen material.

Effects of Cryopreservation on the Seed Germination and Growth Properties of Seedlings of Maackia amurensis (초저온 저장이 다릅나무 종자의 발아와 유묘의 생장특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 한심희;김찬수;장석성;이현주
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to investigate effects of cryopreservation by vitrification on the seed germination rate and growth and physiological properties of seedlings of Maackia amurensis. Cryopreservation significantly decreased the germination rate of seeds of M. amurensis, but the reduction of germination rate was mitigated by the treatment of cryoprotectant (plant vitrification solution, PVS2) before plugging into liquid nitrogen and fast thawing rate after cryopreservation. Long-term PVS2 exposure decreased seed germination rate, whereas cryopreservation time didn't have influence on seed germination rate. In addition, growth and physiological properties of seedlings were not affected by PVS2 exposing time and cryopreservation time. Therefore cryopreservation could be widely used as a technique of long-term ex situ conservation without any damage and deterioration of cells or tissues of the forest seeds. However, in order to increase the effect of cryopreservation, we have to develope the lower toxic cryoprotectant and suitable techniques to the structural or chemical properties of a variety of seeds.

Effects of Cryopreservation of Sperm and Embryos on fertilization, Development and Pregnancy in Int Application (정자와 수정란의 동결이 ICSI 시술에서 수정, 발생 및 임신에 미치는 영향)

  • Min Sung-Hun;Park Yong-Soo;Park Young-Sok
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.193-199
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    • 2005
  • The cryopreservation of germ cells, sperm and embryos, has been largely used to increase the effect of artificial reproductive techniques for human infertility, but the efficiency of germ cell cryopreservation has been conkoversial till now. Thus, the effect of the cryopreservation of human sperm used for ICSI and the effect of the cryopreservation of embryos produced by ICSI on fertilizatiof development and pregnancy were investigated. Sperm freezing did not affect fertilizatiort development and pregnancy rates. Also, there was no significant difference between ejaculated and testicular sperm in ferclizatiort development and pregnancy. Embryo freezing methods, slow freezing and vitrificatior did not differ each other in viability and pregnncy rates. However, ICSI embryo freezing significantly decreased pregnancy rate compared to fresh embryos freezing (p<0.05). In conclusiof this result suggested that cryopreservation of sperm for ICSI did not affect on the resulted embryo development and pregnancy, but ICSI embryo cryopreservation would significantly inhibit pregnancy.

Evaluation of Antifreeze Proteins on Miniature Pig Sperm Viability, DNA Damage, and Acrosome Status during Cryopreservation

  • Kim, Daeyoung
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.355-365
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    • 2016
  • The cryopreservation of sperm has become the subject of research for successful artificial insemination technologies. Antifreeze proteins (AFPs), one of the factors necessary for effective cryopreservation, are derived from certain Antarctic organisms. These proteins decrease the freezing point of water within these organisms to below the temperature of the surrounding seawater to protect the organism from cold shock. Accordingly, a recent study found that AFPs can increase the motility and viability of spermatozoa during cryopreservation. To evaluate this relationship, we performed cryopreservation of boar sperm with AFPs produced in the Arctic yeast Leucosporidium sp. AFP expression system at four concentrations (0, 0.01, 0.1, and $1{\mu}g/ml$) and evaluated motility using computer assisted sperm analysis. DNA damage to boar spermatozoa was measured by the comet assay, and sperm membrane integrity and acrosome integrity were evaluated by flow cytometry. The results showed that motility was positively affected by the addition of AFP at each concentration except $1{\mu}g/ml$ (p<0.001). Although cryopreservation with AFP decreased the viability of the boar sperm using, the tail DNA analyses showed that there was no significant difference between the control and the addition of 0.1 or $0.01{\mu}g/ml$ AFP. In addition, the percentage of live sperm with intact acrosomes showed the least significant difference between the control and $0.1{\mu}g/ml$ AFP (p<0.05), but increased with $1{\mu}g/ml$ AFP (p<0.001). Our results indicate that the addition of AFP during boar sperm cryopreservation can improve viability and acrosome integrity after thawing.

Effects of Cryoprotectants and Diluents on the Cryopreservation of Spermatozoa from Far Eastern Catfish, Silurus asotus

  • Gil, Hyun Woo;Lee, Tae Ho;Park, In-Seok
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.79-91
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of cryopreservation methods for ex situ conservation of spermatozoa from far eastern catfish, Silurus asotus. The spermatozoa activity index (SAI) and hatching rates were higher in spermatozoa stored in Alserver's solution than those of spermatozoa stored in glucose solution. The SAI and hatching rates in all experimental groups gradually decreased with increasing duration of storage. Additionally, the SAI and hatching rates gradually decreased with increasing thawing temperatures at all storage durations (P<0.05). Based on the SAI and hatching rates, our results suggest that the optimal cryopreservation conditions of catfish spermatozoa involve storage in Alserver's solution with 15% ethylene glycol, and thawing at $25^{\circ}C$. Cryopreservation of spermatozoa is a useful and reliable technique for conserving gene resources and for artificial propagation of far eastern catfish.

Sperm Cryopreservation and Fertility of Post-thaw Sperm in River Puffer, Takifugu obscurus (황복(Takifugu obscurus) 정자의 냉동보존 및 해동정자의 수정능력)

  • 장영진;임한규;장윤정;김형선
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 1999
  • To obtain fundamental data for sperm cryopreservation in river puffer (Takifugu obscurus), the proper conditions of cryopreservation were investigated. In the sperm cryopreservation of river puffer, marine fish Rinser's solution (MFRS) was found to be good diluent and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) was proved to be superior to glycerol as a cryoprotectant. The highest fertilization rate was achieved when river puffer sperms were cryopreserved with MFRS adding 5% DMSO.

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