• Title, Summary, Keyword: crosstalk

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CTIO 4m SDSS $u$와 CTIO 1m B filter의 투과함수 특성 및 CTIO 1m Y4KCam의 crosstalk

  • Heo, Hyeon-O;Im, Beom-Du;Seong, Hwan-Gyeong;Bessel, Michael S.
    • The Bulletin of The Korean Astronomical Society
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.155.2-155.2
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    • 2012
  • CTIO 4m 및 CTIO 1m 망원경으로 Westerlund 2의 UBVI 관측을 수행하여, CTIO 4m SDSS $u$ filter의 적색광누출 현상을 발견하였고 그 영향을 분석하였다. 적색광누출 현상은 filter의 투과함수가 설계와는 달리 장파장 영역에서 투과 존재하는 현상으로, CTIO 4m SDSS $u$ filter의 경우 B-V>1.4, V-I>2.0에서 그 영향이 나타나기 시작한다. SDSS $u$ filter의 적색광누출 현상은 별의 고유색지수와 상관없이 관측된 색지수가 클수록 영향이 크며, $B-V{\leq}1.8$, $V-I{\leq}2.8$의 범위에서는 보정이 가능하다. CTIO 1m B filter에서는 성간소광을 받지 않은 별과 성간소광을 많이 받은 별의 표준계변환 결과, $B_{CTIO1m}=B_{Standard}-0.055{\times}E(V-V)$에 해당하는 차이를 보였다. 이러한 차이는 CTIO 1m B filter의 투과함수의 단파장 쪽 날개부분이 표준 Johnson B filter에 비하여 단파장 쪽으로 많이 치우쳐있기 때문으로 보인다. 특히 Ballmer jump에 해당하는 파장인 370 nm에서 filter의 최대투과율에 비하여 32.2%에 달하는 투과율을 보이는데, 이는 Bessell B filter의 3.1%에 비하여 매우 큰 값이다. CTIO 1m 망원경의 Y4KCam CCD에서는 포화된 화소에 의한 crosstalk 뿐 아니라 포화되지 않은 화소에 의한 crosstalk 현상도 보였다. 짧은 노출을 준 영상에서는 5000 ADU 이상에서는 육안에 의한 crosstalk 확인이 가능하며, 포화되지 않은 밝은 별에 의한 crosstalk을 확인하지 않고 측광할 경우 백색왜성으로 오인할 가능성이 있으므로 측광 과정에서 좌표를 통하여 확인할 필요가 있다.

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The far-end crossta1k voltage for CMOS-IC load

  • Miyao, Nobuyuki;Noguchi, Yasuaki;Matsumoto, Fujihiko
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.1878-1881
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    • 2002
  • The capacitance of nonlinear component such as a CMOS inverter varies largely around the threshold voltage. We measured the far-end crosstalk of two parallel microstrip lines with the CMOS inverter load near the threshold voltage of the CMOS inverter, The negative voltage of the crosstalk agrees with that for a 4pF capacitor toad. The positive voltage of the crosstalk hardly changes of the amplitude of the input step voltage.

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A PRML System for High Density Optical Recording (고밀도 광기록 채널을 위한 PRML 시스템의 설계 및 성능 분석)

  • 조한규;안성근;김진용;강창언;홍대식
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.244-247
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    • 2000
  • This paper deals with methods for partial response maximum-likelihood (PRML) detection and crosstalk cancellation. In accrodance with the demand for increased recording density, 20 gigabyte (Gbyte) digital versatile disk (DVD) ROM channel is considered. Channel is modelled to be close to real optical channel using DIFFRACT$\^$TM/. After comparing the spectral characteristics of various PR polynomials, P(D)=1+D+D$^2$+D$^3$is proposed as a target PR. The performance of the system is illustrated under the condition that the readout signal is degraded by crosstalk, radial tilt and nonlinear distortions in optics. The experimental results show that crosstalk and nonlinear distortions degrade performance by about 2dB, respectively. We also show that when radial tilt is added to the crosstalk, the performance degradation assumes quite significant proprotions.

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Driving Environment Recognition and a Simple Wall-Following Algorithm for AGV Using Sonar Sensor (초음파 센서를 이용한 AGV의 주행 환경 인식과 간단한 벽면 따르기 알고리즘)

  • Kim, Seong-Joong;Lee, Jeong-Woong;Lee, Chang-Goo
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2337-2340
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    • 2002
  • This paper presents the method of AGV(Automatic guided vehicle)'s moving environment(plane, corner, edge) recognition using SONAR sensor configuration. As for the SONAR sensor, the Crosstalk effect has been generally considered as an inevitable noisy phenomenon in the indoor environment. However, this effect can be used as a clue for classifying and localizing targets in the indoor environment if those can be controlled and used well. EERUF(error eliminate rapid ultrasonic firing) is a method for firing multiple ultrasonic sensors in mobile robot application and multi-echo mode of POLARIOD Device can reduce the Crosstalk effect. Here, Crosstalk effect was reduced using EERUF and applied to the AGV with a simple wall-following algorithm in the indoor environment. This method was tesed by a typical AGV with multi SONAR sensors in the laboratory environment.

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Crosstalk Signaling between IFN-γ and TGF-β in Microglia Restores the Defective β-amyloid Clearance Pathway in Aging Mice with Alzheimer's Disease

  • Choi, Go-Eun
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.305-310
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    • 2018
  • Microglia are emerging as critical regulators of innate immune responses in AD and other neurodegenerative disorders, highlighting the importance of understanding their molecular and cellular mechanisms. We attempted to determine the role of crosstalk signaling between $IFN-{\gamma}$ and $TGF-{\beta}$ in $A{\beta}$ clearance by microglia cells. We used in vitro and in vivo mouse models that recapitulated acute and chronic aspects of microglial responses to $A{\beta}$ peptides. We showed that crosstalk signaling between $TGF-{\beta}$ and Smad2 was an important mediator of neuro-inflammation. These findings suggest that microglial $TGF-{\beta}$ activity enhances the pathological progression to AD. As $TGF-{\beta}$ displays broad regulatory effects on beneficial microglial functions, the activation of inflammatory crosstalk signaling between $TGF-{\beta}$ and Smad2 may be a promising strategy to restore microglial functions, halt the progression of $A{\beta}$-driven pathology, and prevent AD development.

Evaluation of Crosstalk-Induced Variation of Interconnect Capacitance for High Speed Semiconductor Devices (고속 반도체 소자에서 배선 간의 Crosstalk에 의한 Capacitance 변화 평가)

  • 이희덕;김용구;박성형
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.1225-1228
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    • 2003
  • 본 논문에서는 Coupling capacitance 변화량이 Static coupling capacitance 값보다 클 수 있다는 것을 새로운 테스트 회로를 이용하여 실험적으로 증명하였다. 테스트 회로는 배선의 지연시간이 배선의 저항보다는 배선의 정전용량에만 의존하도록 하여 배선의 지연시간을 평가함으로써 배선의 정전용량의 변화 즉, Coupling capacitance 의 변화량을 정확히 평가할 수 있도록 하였다. 0.15 ㎛ CMOS 기술을 이용하여 실험한 결과 In-phase crosstalk 인 경우에는 변화량이 Static coupling capacitance 보다 작았지만 Anti-phase 인 경우에는 Static coupling capacitance 보다 크게 나타남을 보여주고 있다. 따라서 배선에 의한 정확한 지연시간 평가를 위해서는 Crosstalk 이 발생한 경우의 Coupling capacitance 변화량을 정확히 반영하는 것이 매우 필요함을 알 수 있다.

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Study on crosstalk effect of VDSL systems (VDSL 시스템의 상호 누화 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jong-Hoon;Han, Ki-Hoon;Park, June;Lee, Jae-Jin;Song, Sang-Seob
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.3-6
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    • 2003
  • Crosstalk among telephone lines in the same bundles is a major impairment in current VDSL systems. In this paper, we analysis the crosstalk effect of DSL using different frequency band upon ANSI standard VDSL systems. Simulation results show that data rate of ANSI VDSL decrease by crosstalk from another VDSL using different frequency. This study has the potential implication and benefit for ANSI standard DMT VDSL energy distribution in subchannel

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Design of Crosstalk Compensation Circuit in TFT-LCDs (박막트랜지스터 액정표시소자의 화소간섭 보상회로설계)

  • 정윤철;박종철;김이섭
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics B
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    • v.32B no.11
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    • pp.1374-1382
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    • 1995
  • In TFT-LCDs, as the display size area becomes larger, and the resolution higher, we have to consider the image degradation effects due to the incorporation of the TFT-LCD parameters such as the data-line resistance, the common electrode resistance, the data-line to common parasitic capacitance, and the output characteristics of driver ICs. One of the degradation effects is crosstalk resulting from the coupling between the source bus-line and common electrode. Since a source signal which represents a large number of display data is supposed to vary frequently, the common signal level is affected through the coupling effect, resulting in the degradation of nearby pixel drive signals. Therefore, we proposed a method to compensate for this source-common electrode coupling effect, we also designed and experimented the feasibility of our crosstalk compensation circuit in the actual TFT-LCD. We saw that the newly designed compensation circuit greatly reduced the crosstalk in display pattern image.

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Development of 3D Display Simulator (3D 디스플레이 시뮬레이터의 개발)

  • Kim, Ki Hyuk;Lee, Ho-Dong;Park, Min-Chul
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.327-328
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    • 2011
  • 3D 영상산업이 발전해 오면서 현재 3D 영상으로 가장 많이 사용되는 것이 stereoscopic 이다. 이러한 stereoscopic 영상을 표현해 주는 기기로써, 셔터식 혹은 편광식 3D 디스플레이가 사용되고 있으며 두가지 방식 모두 제품화가 이루어져 경쟁을 하고 있는 상황이다. 그러나 이러한 3D 디스플레이에 관련하여 crosstalk 문제는 해결해야 하는 가장 큰 문제로 남아 있다. 본 논문에서는 편광식 3D 디스플레이의 다양한 파라메터에서 나타날 수 있는 crosstalk를 시뮬레이션하여 보여주는 시뮬레이터를 제안한다. 다양한 옵션하에서 나타날 수 있는 crosstalk를 시뮬레이션하여 보여줌으로써, 3D 디스플레이의 제작에 있어 crosstalk를 최소화하기 위한 최적의 파라메터를 찾을 수 있다.

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Pathway Crosstalk Analysis Based on Protein-protein Network Analysis in Ovarian Cancer

  • Pan, Xiao-Hua
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.8
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    • pp.3905-3909
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    • 2012
  • Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in women aged 35 to 74 years. Although there are several popular hypothesis of ovarian cancer pathogenesis, the genetic mechanisms are far from being clear. Recently, systems biology approaches such as network-based methods have been successfully applied to elucidate the mechanisms of diseases. In this study, we constructed a crosstalk network among ovarian cancer related pathways by integrating protein-protein interactions and KEGG pathway information. Several significant pathways were identified to crosstalk with each other in ovarian cancer, such as the chemokine, Notch, Wnt and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways. Results from these studies will provide the groundwork for a combination therapy approach targeting multiple pathways which will likely be more effective than targeting one pathway alone.