• Title, Summary, Keyword: cross wind oscillations

Search Result 6, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Structural behaviour under wind loading of a 90 m steel chimney

  • Tranvik, Par;Alpsten, Goran
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-78
    • /
    • 2005
  • This paper presents results from an investigation of the structural behaviour of a very slender 90 m high steel chimney erected at V$\ddot{a}$xj$\ddot{o}$ in southern Sweden in 1995. The chimney is equipped with a mechanical friction-type damper at the top. Due to a mistake during erection and installation of the chimney the transport fixings of the damper were not released properly and the chimney developed extensive oscillations in the very first period of service. This caused a great number of fatigue cracks to occur within a few months of service. After the functioning of the damper had been restored and the fatigue cracks were repaired an extensive program was initiated in 1996 to monitor the structural behaviour of the chimney under wind loading. In the investigation data were collected for more than six years of continuous measurements and regular observations of the chimney. The data obtained have some general relevance with respect to wind data, behaviour of a slender structure under wind loading, and the effect of a mechanical damper. Also some theoretical studies were performed as part of the investigation of the chimney.

Vortex induced vibration analysis of a cylinder mounted on a flexible rod

  • Zamanian, Mehdi;Garibaldi, Luigi
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.29 no.6
    • /
    • pp.441-455
    • /
    • 2019
  • In this study, vortex induced vibrations of a cylinder mounted on a flexible rod are analyzed. This simple configuration represents the key element of new conception bladeless wind turbine (Whitlock 2015). In this study the structure oscillations equation coupled to the wake oscillation equation for this configuration are solved using analytical perturbation method, for the first time. An analytical expression that predicts the lock-in phenomena range of wind speed is derived. The discretized equations of motion are also solved using RKF45 numerical method. The equations of motion are discretized by Galerkin method. Free vibration mode shape of the structure taking into account the discontinuity of the cross section are used as comparison function. Numerical results are compared to the analytical results, and they show a satisfying agreement. The effect of system parameters on the oscillations of structure and wake as well as on the lock-in domain are presented. Moreover, it is shown that the values of wind speed triggering the start and the stop of the lock-in phenomenon, for increasing wind speed are different from those values obtained during the reverse process, i.e., when the wind speed decreases.

Aerodynamic Methods for Mitigating the Wind-Induced Motions on the Tall Buildings (고층건축물의 풍진동 저감을 위한 공기역학적 방법)

  • Ha Young-Cheol;Kim Dong-Woo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.431-434
    • /
    • 2002
  • The excessive wind-induced motion of tall buildings most frequently result from vortex shedding induced across-wind oscillations. This form of excitation is most pronounced far relatively flexible, lightweight and lightly damped structure, e.g. tall building. This paper discusses aerodynamic means for mitigating the across-wind vortex shedding induced in such situations. Emphasis is on the change of the building cross section to design the building with openings from side to side which provide pressure equalization and tend to reduced the effectiveness of across-wind forces by reducing their magnitudes and disrupting their spatial correlation. Wind tunnel test have been carried out on the Kumoh National University of Technology using rigid models with twenty-four kinds of opening shapes. Form these results, the effective opening shape, size and location for building to reducing wind-induced vortex shedding and responses are pointed out.

  • PDF

An empirical model for amplitude prediction on VIV-galloping instability of rectangular cylinders

  • Niu, Huawei;Zhou, Shuai;Chen, Zhengqing;Hua, Xugang
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.85-103
    • /
    • 2015
  • Aerodynamic forces of vortex-induced vibration and galloping are going to be coupled when their onset velocities are close to each other, which will induce the cross-wind amplitudes of the structures increased continuously with ever-increasing wind velocities. The main purpose of the present work is going to propose an empirical formula to predict the response amplitude of VIV-galloping interaction. Firstly, two typical mathematical models for the coupled oscillations, i.e., Tamura & Shimada model and Parkinson & Corless model are comparatively summarized. Then, the key parameter affecting response amplitude is determined through comparative numerical simulations with Tamura & Shimada model. For rectangular cylinders with the side ratio from 0.5 to 2.5, which are actually prone to develop the VIV and galloping induced interaction responses, an empirical amplitude prediction formula is proposed after regression analysis on comprehensively collected experimental data with the predetermined key parameter.

Rain-wind induced vibrations of cables in laminar and turbulent flow

  • Peil, U.;Dreyer, O.
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.83-97
    • /
    • 2007
  • In the last decades there have been frequent reports of oscillations of slender tension members under simultaneous action of rain and wind - characterized by large amplitudes and low frequencies. The members, e.g. cables of cable-stayed bridges, slightly inclined hangers of arch bridges or cables of guyed-masts, show a circular cross section and low damping. These rain-wind induced vibrations negatively affect the serviceability and the lifespan of the structures. The present article gives a short literature review, describes a mathematical approach for the simulation of rain-wind induced vibrations, sums up some examples to verify the calculated results and discusses measures to suppress the vibrations.

Wind Tunnel Test Study on the Characteristics of Wind-Induced Responses of Tall Buildings with Openings (중공부(中空部)를 가진 고층건축물(高層建築物)의 풍응답(風應答) 특성(特性)에 관한 풍동실험(風洞實驗) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Dong Woo;Kil, Yong Sik;Ha, Young Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
    • /
    • v.17 no.4
    • /
    • pp.499-509
    • /
    • 2005
  • The excessive wind-induced motion of tall buildings most frequently result from vortex-shedding-induced across-wind oscillations. This form of excitation is most pronounced for relatively flexible, lightweight, and lightly damped high-rise buildings with constant cross-sections. This paper discusses the aerodynamic means ofmitigating the across-wind vortex shedding induced in such situations. Openings are added in both the drag and lift directions in the buildings to provide pressure equalization. Theytend to reduce the effectiveness of across-wind forces by reducing their magnitudes and disrupting their spatial correlation. The effects of buildings with several geometries of openings on aerodynamic excitations and displacement responses have been studied for high-rise buildings with square cross-sections and an aspect ratio of 8:1 in a wind tunnel. High-frequency force balance testshave been carried out at the Kumoh National University of Technology using rigid models with 24 kinds of opening shapes. The measured model's aerodynamic excitations and displacement were compared withthose of a square cylinder with no openings to estimate the effectiveness of openings for wind-induced oscillations. From these results, theopening shape, size, and location of buildings to reduce wind-induced vortex shedding and responses were pointed out.