• Title, Summary, Keyword: cross point

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A Study on Cross-sectioning Methods for Measured Point Data (측정 점데이터로부터 단면 데이터 추출에 관한 연구)

  • 우혁제;강의철;이관행
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.272-276
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    • 2000
  • Reverse engineering refers to the process that creates a physical part from acquiring the surface data of an existing part using a scanning device. In recent years, as the non-contact type scanning devices become more popular, the huge amount of point data can be obtained with high speed. The point data handling process, therefore, becomes more important since the scan data need to be refined for the efficiency of subsequent tasks such as mesh generation and surface fitting. As one of point handling functions, the cross-sectioning function is still frequently used for extracting the necessary data from the point cloud. The commercial reverse engineering software supports cross-sectioning functions, however, these are only for cross-sectioning the point cloud with the constant spacing and direction. In this paper, adaptive cross-sectioning point cloud which allow the changes of the spacing and directions of cross-sections according to the constant spacing and direction. In this paper, adaptive cross-sectioning algorithms which allow the changes of the spacing and directions of cross-sections according to the curvature difference of the point cloud data are proposed.

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Study for determining cross docking point local bases approach (크로스도킹 거점 결정을 위한 연구 -지역거점을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Ki-Hong
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management & Science
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.129-135
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    • 2017
  • The respective delivering vehicle loaded with the own cargo moves into the respective delivery area. At the base, the delivery points D1 and D2, for example, have the same starting point but the destination is different. The average delivering time of the delivery vehicle is mostly more than 8 hours a day. Therefore, the efficiency of delivery is generally low. In this study, the deliveries will be forwarded from a base station to a delivery point where cross docking will be applied to a single vehicle, and will be distributed from the cross docking point through cross docking. If the distribution is implemented, one vehicle will not have to be operated from the base to the cross docking point. In that case, logistics cost will be reasonably saved by the reduction of transportation cost and labor time. If one vehicle only runs from the base to the cross docking point, each vehicle will be operated in two shifts, and the vehicle operation can be efficiently implemented. This research model is based on the assumption that the 3 types of ratios between the traffic volume of the vehicles starting at the base and the vehicles waiting at the cross docking point are set to the first ratio of 30% to 70%, the second ratio of 50% to 50% and the final ratio of 70% to 30%. As a result of the study, The delivery time in the cross docking point is much higher than that in present on the condition that the cargo volume in the D2 area is more than 50%. Likewise, the delivery time is slightly higher on the condition that the cargo volume is less than 50%. Time is reduced in terms of 50% model like AS-IS model.

CMP cross-correlation analysis of multi-channel surface-wave data

  • Hayashi Koichi;Suzuki Haruhiko
    • Geophysics and Geophysical Exploration
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, we demonstrate that Common Mid-Point (CMP) cross-correlation gathers of multi-channel and multi-shot surface waves give accurate phase-velocity curves, and enable us to reconstruct two-dimensional (2D) velocity structures with high resolution. Data acquisition for CMP cross-correlation analysis is similar to acquisition for a 2D seismic reflection survey. Data processing seems similar to Common Depth-Point (CDP) analysis of 2D seismic reflection survey data, but differs in that the cross-correlation of the original waveform is calculated before making CMP gathers. Data processing in CMP cross-correlation analysis consists of the following four steps: First, cross-correlations are calculated for every pair of traces in each shot gather. Second, correlation traces having a common mid-point are gathered, and those traces that have equal spacing are stacked in the time domain. The resultant cross-correlation gathers resemble shot gathers and are referred to as CMP cross-correlation gathers. Third, a multi-channel analysis is applied to the CMP cross-correlation gathers for calculating phase velocities of surface waves. Finally, a 2D S-wave velocity profile is reconstructed through non-linear least squares inversion. Analyses of waveform data from numerical modelling and field observations indicate that the new method could greatly improve the accuracy and resolution of subsurface S-velocity structure, compared with conventional surface-wave methods.

FPGA Design of Power Line Communication Modem using Zero Cross Point (Zero Cross Point를 이용한 전력선 통신 모뎀의 FPGA 설계)

  • Lee, Won-Tae;Choi, Sung-Soo;Won, Dong-Sun;Lim, Ja-Yong;Rhee, Young-Chul
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1874-1875
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    • 2007
  • 전력선 통신(Power Line Communication)은 전력선과 연결되어 있는 디바이스들을 간단히 제어하기 위한 기술로 제안 되었으며, 홈오토메이션, 원격 검침(AMR) 분야에서 많이 사용되고 있다. 최근에는 스마트 홈, 유비쿼터스와 관련해 다양한 홈 네트워크 시스템들이 제안되면서 이들 시스템을 효과적으로 구현할 수 있는 방안으로 전력선 통신기술이 많이 제안되고 있다. 전력선 통신은 많은 유용성에도 불구하고 전력선 채널에 대한 정확한 채널 모델링과 전력선 모뎀의 성능에 관해서는 많은 문제점을 나타내고 있다. 본 논문에서는 전력선 통신을 위한 전송선로의 주파수에 대한 잡음과 임피던스 특성 및 전력선 채널에 데이터 신호를 Chirp-SS(Spread Spectrum) 신호로 맵핑하여 채널의 Zero Cross Point 구간에 전송하였을 때의 시뮬레이션 결과와 설계된 FPGA 보드를 비교분석 하였다. 채널 모델은 배경 잡음과 할로겐 잡음, 전송선로의 감쇄 특성만을 고려하였으며, 전력선 채널 상에서의 Zero Cross Point를 이용한 전력선 통신 모뎀의 성능을 분석하였다.

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Bandwidth selections based on cross-validation for estimation of a discontinuity point in density (교차타당성을 이용한 확률밀도함수의 불연속점 추정의 띠폭 선택)

  • Huh, Jib
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.765-775
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    • 2012
  • The cross-validation is a popular method to select bandwidth in all types of kernel estimation. The maximum likelihood cross-validation, the least squares cross-validation and biased cross-validation have been proposed for bandwidth selection in kernel density estimation. In the case that the probability density function has a discontinuity point, Huh (2012) proposed a method of bandwidth selection using the maximum likelihood cross-validation. In this paper, two forms of cross-validation with the one-sided kernel function are proposed for bandwidth selection to estimate the location and jump size of the discontinuity point of density. These methods are motivated by the least squares cross-validation and the biased cross-validation. By simulated examples, the finite sample performances of two proposed methods with the one of Huh (2012) are compared.

A Study on Structural Intensity Measurement of 2-dimensional Structure (2차원 구조물의 진동 인텐시티 계측에 대한 연구)

  • 이덕영;박성태
    • Journal of KSNVE
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.477-488
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    • 1997
  • In order to control vibration in structures, it is desirable to be able to identify dominant paths of vibration transmission from sources through the structure to some points of interest. Structural intensity vector(power flow per width of cross section) using cross spectra is able to measure the vibration power flow at a point in a structure. This paper describes the structural intensity measurement of 2-dimensional structure. Structural intensity of 2-dimensional structure can be obtained from eight point cross spectral measurement per axis, or two point measurement per axis on the assumption of far field. Approximate formulation of the relation between bending waves in structures and structural intensity makes it possible to separate the wave components by which one can get a state of the vibration field. Experimental results are obtained on an infinite plate at the near and far field in flexural vibration. The measurement error of two point measurement is rather bigger than eight point measurement on account of the assumption that Poisson's ratio is 1. The structural intensity vectors on the plate are checked the ability to identify the path of vibration power flow in random excitation and 200Hz sine excitation, the result of two point measurememt is almost the same as the result of eight point measurement in 200Hz sine excitation.

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An Efficient Method to Determine Next Point for Extracting a Contour Line (등고선 추출을 위한 효과적인 다음점 결정 방법)

  • Lee, Jin-Seon;Jeong, Seong-Jong
    • The Transactions of the Korea Information Processing Society
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.409-417
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    • 1994
  • In extracting contours from elevation matrix, the most important problem is to solve the degenerate case where four cross point arise in a grid. This paper describes a technique which performs the checking of degenerate case and determination of next point simultaneously. It requires minimum number of array indexing. Also this paper proposes a technique which reduces the number of array indexing by using LOWER/HIGHER information of a cross point designated according to height difference of grid vertices. In addition, we describe a data structure which is proper for representing cross points and tracing them.

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POSITIVE COEXISTENCE FOR A SIMPLE FOOD CHAIN MODEL WITH RATIO-DEPENDENT FUNCTIONAL RESPONSE AND CROSS-DIFFUSION

  • Ko, Won-Lyul;Ahn, In-Kyung
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.701-717
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    • 2006
  • The positive coexistence of a simple food chain model with ratio-dependent functional response and cross-diffusion is discussed. Especially, when a cross-diffusion is small enough, the existence of positive solutions of the system concerned can be expected. The extinction conditions for all three interacting species and for one or two of three species are studied. Moreover, when a cross-diffusion is sufficiently large, the extinction of prey species with cross-diffusion interaction to predator occurs. The method employed is the comparison argument for elliptic problem and fixed point theory in a positive cone on a Banach space.

Study on Noise Characteristic of Open Cavity with Cross-Correlation Analysis (Cross-Correlation 해석을 통한 공동의 소음 특성 연구)

  • Heo Dae Nyoung;Kim Jae Wook;Lee Duck Joo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.755-758
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    • 2002
  • The physical phenomena of rectangular open cavity are numerically investigated in this paper Two-dimensional cavity problems with laminar boundary layers in upstream are simulated by using the compressible Wavier-Stokes equations. The high-order and high-resolution numerical schemes are used for the evaluation of spatial derivatives and the time integration. Cross-correlation is used to analyze the characteristics of wave propagation along time and spatial. Sudden phase shifting of 90 degrees is appeared near downstream edge, and this is coincident with the phase lag suggested in original Rossiter's equation. The results give a further understanding of the physical phenomenon of noise generation, and the resonance of flow and acoustic in cavity. Moreover, modified Rossiter's equation, which is more accurate and can be applied in various conditions, is suggested. The distance from the point of vortex generation to the point of vortex collapsing acts as effective distance of cavity resonance, and the phase difference between the point of vortex collapsing and the point of acoustic source acts as phase lag. The mechanism of acoustic generation is fully understood in this paper. The mechanism of acoustic generation is fully understood in this paper.

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Bandwidth selection for discontinuity point estimation in density (확률밀도함수의 불연속점 추정을 위한 띠폭 선택)

  • Huh, Jib
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.79-87
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    • 2012
  • In the case that the probability density function has a discontinuity point, Huh (2002) estimated the location and jump size of the discontinuity point based on the difference between the right and left kernel density estimators using the one-sided kernel function. In this paper, we consider the cross-validation, made by the right and left maximum likelihood cross-validations, for the bandwidth selection in order to estimate the location and jump size of the discontinuity point. This method is motivated by the one-sided cross-validation of Hart and Yi (1998). The finite sample performance is illustrated by simulated example.