• Title, Summary, Keyword: coupled motion

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A Study of Coupled Motion of Lumbar Spine in Extended Posture in Football, Baseball Players and General Students (요추 신전 자세에서 야구, 축구 선수 및 일반대학생의 커플모션 연구)

  • Moon, Okkon;Jung, Hansin
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Integrative Medicine
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    • v.1 no.3
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2013
  • Purpose : To offer coupled motion caused by sidebending in the extension postures in lumbar spine in the football, baseball players and general students. Method : Coupled motion were analysed by three dimensional motion analyser in the sitting position during lateral bending. Result : Regardless of the direction of sidebending at L1-L3, L5-S2 in the extension posture of the lumbar spine, the direction of coupled motion in the baseball and football players were opposite to the direction of sidebending but the direction of coupled motion was same at L3-L5. while, the direction of sidebending at L1-L3, L3-L5 in the extension posture of the lumbar spine, the direction of coupled motion in the general students were same to the direction of sidebending but, the direction of coupled motion was opposite direction at L5-S2. Conclusion : we found a difference of coupled motion between athletes and non-athletes.

A Numerical Study on the Coupled Dynamics of Ship and Flooding Water (선박 운동과 내부 유동의 연성 운동에 관한 수치해석 연구)

  • Hong, Sa-Young;Kim, Jin;Park, Il-Ryong;Choi, Seok-Kyu
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.43 no.6
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    • pp.631-637
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents a numerical method to solve the ship motion coupled with internal fluid flow. Physically the internal fluid motion is coupled with the ship motion. Hitherto the previous numerical results of the coupled motion predict only the general tendency with experiments. The main reason of inaccuracy is that the coupled dynamics of ship motion and internal water motion is not accurately accounted. In this study CFD technique based on VOF is employed for the accurate analysis of flooding water motion. Some cases of the 24th ITTC stability committee's benchmark.study for tanker with internal fluid are analyzed by coupling the ship motion and sloshing dynamics. The calculated ship motion is compared with the experimental result to validate the coupled scheme and is in agreement with the experimental result.

Effects of coupled translational-torsional motion and eccentricity between centre of mass and centre of stiffness on wind-excited tall buildings

  • Thepmongkorn, S.;Kwok, K.C.S.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.61-80
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    • 2002
  • Wind tunnel aeroelastic model tests of the Commonwealth Advisory Aeronautical Research Council (CAARC) standard tall building were conducted using a three-degree-of-freedom base hinged aeroelastic(BHA) model. Experimental investigation into the effects of coupled translational-torsional motion, cross-wind/torsional frequency ratio and eccentricity between centre of mass and centre of stiffness on the wind-induced response characteristics and wind excitation mechanisms was carried out. The wind tunnel test results highlight the significant effects of coupled translational-torsional motion, and eccentricity between centre of mass and centre of stiffness, on both the normalised along-wind and cross-wind acceleration responses for reduced wind velocities ranging from 4 to 20. Coupled translational-torsional motion and eccentricity between centre of mass and centre of stiffness also have significant impacts on the amplitude-dependent effect caused by the vortex resonant process, and the transfer of vibrational energy between the along-wind and cross-wind directions. These resulted in either an increase or decrease of each response component, in particular at reduced wind velocities close to a critical value of 10. In addition, the contribution of vibrational energy from the torsional motion to the cross-wind response of the building model can be greatly amplified by the effect of resonance between the vortex shedding frequency and the torsional natural frequency of the building model.

Comparison of an ultrasonic distance sensing system and a wire draw distance encoder in motion monitoring of coupled structures

  • Kuanga, K.S.C.;Hou, Xiaoyan
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.191-201
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    • 2016
  • Coupled structures are widely seen in civil and mechanical engineering. In coupled structures, monitoring the translational motion of its key components is of great importance. For instance, some coupled arms are equipped with a hydraulic piston to provide the stiffness along the piston axial direction. The piston moves back and forth and a distance sensing system is necessary to make sure that the piston is within its stroke limit. The measured motion data also give us insight into how the coupled structure works and provides information for the design optimization. This paper develops two distance sensing systems for coupled structures. The first system measures distance with ultrasonic sensor. It consists of an ultrasonic sensing module, an Arduino interface board and a control computer. The system is then further upgraded to a three-sensor version, which can measure three different sets of distance data at the same time. The three modules are synchronized by the Arduino interface board as well as the self-developed software. Each ultrasonic sensor transmits high frequency ultrasonic waves from its transmitting unit and evaluates the echo received back by the receiving unit. From the measured time interval between sending the signal and receiving the echo, the distance to an object is determined. The second distance sensing system consists of a wire draw encoder, a data collection board and the control computer. Wire draw encoder is an electromechanical device to monitor linear motion by converting a central shaft rotation into electronic pulses of the encoder. Encoder can measure displacement, velocity and acceleration simultaneously and send the measured data to the control computer via the data acquisition board. From experimental results, it is concluded that both the ultrasonic and the wire draw encoder systems can obtain the linear motion of structures in real-time.

Strongly coupled partitioned six degree-of-freedom rigid body motion solver with Aitken's dynamic under-relaxation

  • Chow, Jeng Hei;Ng, E.Y.K.
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.320-329
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    • 2016
  • An implicit method of solving the six degree-of-freedom rigid body motion equations based on the second order Adams-Bashforth-Moulten method was utilised as an improvement over the leapfrog scheme by making modifications to the rigid body motion solver libraries directly. The implementation will depend on predictor-corrector steps still residing within the hybrid Pressure Implicit with Splitting of Operators - Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure Linked Equations (PIMPLE) outer corrector loops to ensure strong coupling between fluid and motion. Aitken's under-relaxation is also introduced in this study to optimise the convergence rate and stability of the coupled solver. The resulting coupled solver ran on a free floating object tutorial test case when converged matches the original solver. It further allows a varying 70%-80% reduction in simulation times compared using a fixed under-relaxation to achieve the required stability.

Wind-induced coupled translational-torsional motion of tall buildings

  • Thepmongkorn, S.;Kwok, K.C.S.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.43-57
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    • 1998
  • A three-degree-of-freedom base hinged assembly (BHA) for aeroelastic model tests of tall building was developed. The integral parts of a BHA, which consists of two perpendicular plane frames and a flexural pivot, enable this modeling technique to independently simulate building translational and torsional degree-of-freedom. A program of wind tunnel aeroelastic model tests of the CAARC standard tall building was conducted with emphasis on the effect of (a) torsional motion, (b) cross-wind/torsional frequency ratio and (c) the presence of an eccentricity between center of mass and center of stiffness on wind-induced response characteristics. The experimental results highlight the significant effect of coupled translational-torsional motion and the effect of eccentricity between center of mass and center of stiffness on the resultant rms acceleration responses in both along-wind and cross-wind directions especially at operating reduced wind velocities close to a critical value of 10. In addition, it was sound that the vortex shedding process remains the main excitation mechanism in cross-wind direction even in case of tall buildings with coupled translational-torsional motion and with eccentricity.

Experimental and numerical study on coupled motion responses of a floating crane vessel and a lifted subsea manifold in deep water

  • Nam, B.W.;Kim, N.W.;Hong, S.Y.
    • International Journal of Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.552-567
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    • 2017
  • The floating crane vessel in waves gives rise to the motion of the lifted object which is connected to the hoisting wire. The dynamic tension induced by the lifted object also affects the motion responses of the floating crane vessel in return. In this study, coupled motion responses of a floating crane vessel and a lifted subsea manifold during deep-water installation operations were investigated by both experiments and numerical calculations. A series of model tests for the deep-water lifting operation were performed at Ocean Engineering Basin of KRISO. For the model test, the vessel with a crane control system and a typical subsea manifold were examined. To validate the experimental results, a frequency-domain motion analysis method is applied. The coupled motion equations of the crane vessel and the lifted object are solved in the frequency domain with an additional linear stiffness matrix due to the hoisting wire. The hydrodynamic coefficients of the lifted object, which is a significant factor to affect the coupled dynamics, are estimated based on the perforation value of the structure and the CFD results. The discussions were made on three main points. First, the motion characteristics of the lifted object as well as the crane vessel were studied by comparing the calculation results. Second, the dynamic tension of the hoisting wire were evaluated under the various wave conditions. Final discussion was made on the effect of passive heave compensator on the motion and tension responses.

Resonant response of spar-type floating platform in coupled heave and pitch motion

  • Choi, E.Y.;Cho, J.R.;Jeong, W.B.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.65 no.5
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    • pp.513-521
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, the resonance response of spar-type floating platform in coupled heave and pitch motion is investigated using a CPU time-effective numerical method. A coupled nonlinear 2-DOF equation of motion is derived based on the potential wave theory and the rigid-body hydrodynamics. The transient responses are solved by the fourth-order Runge-Kutta (RK4) method and transformed to the frequency responses by the digital Fourier transform (DFT), and the first-order approximation of heave response is analytically derived. Through the numerical experiments, the theoretical derivation and the numerical formulation are verified from the comparison with the commercial software AQWA. And, the frequencies of resonance arising from the nonlinear coupling between heave and pitch motions are investigated and justified from the comparison with the analytically derived first-order approximation of heave response.

Tracking Control of Servo System using Fuzzy Logic Cross Coupled Controller (퍼지 논리형 상호결합 제어기를 이용한 서보 시스템의 추적제어)

  • 신두진;허욱열
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers D
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    • v.50 no.8
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    • pp.361-366
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    • 2001
  • This thesis proposes a fuzzy logic cross coupled controller for a multi axis servo system. The overall control system consists of three elements: the axial position controller, the speed controller, and a fuzzy logic cross coupled controller. In conventional multi axis servo system, the motion of each axis is controlled independently without regard to the motion of other axes, in which the contour error, defined as the shortest distance between the desired and actual contours is compensated only by the position error of each axis. This decoupled control approach may result in degraded contouring performance due to such factors as mismatch of axial dynamics and axial loop gains. In practice, such systems contain many uncertainties, Therefore, the multi axis servo system must receive and evaluate the motion of all axes for a better contouring accuracy. Cross coupled controller utilizes all axis position error information simultaneously to produce accurate contours. However the existing cross coupled controllers cannot overcome friction, backlash and parameter variation. Also, since it is difficult to obtain an accurate mathematical model of multi axis system, here we investigate a fuzzy logic cross coupled controller method. Some simulations and experimental results are presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed controller.

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Spectral Element Analysis of a PCLD beam (수동적층보의 스펙트럴요소 해석)

  • You, Sung-Jun;Lee, U-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.619-624
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    • 2007
  • Spectral element method (SEM) is introduced for the fully coupled structural dynamic problems, In this paper, the beam with passive constrained layered damping (PCLD) treatments is considered as a representative problems. The beam consists of a viscoelastic layer that is sandwiched between the base beam structure and an elastic layer, The fully coupled equations of motion for a PCLD beam are derived, The equations of motion are derived first by using Hamilton's principle, From this equations of motion, the spectral element is formulated for the vibration analysis by use of the SEM, As an illustrative example, a cantilevered beam is considered. It is shown that, as the thickness of VEM layer vanishes, the results become a simple layer beam's that.

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