• Title, Summary, Keyword: cost-benefit analysis

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A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Healthy School Canteen Program at Middle and High Schools (중.고등학교 건강매점사업의 비용편익분석)

  • You, Chang Hoon;Kim, Mi Kyung;Lee, Weon Young
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.37-48
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The economic evaluation of health promotion programs has increasingly become an imperative activity for securing public fund or budget. The purpose of this study is to conduct an economic evaluation for the healthy school canteen program using the contingent valuation method(CVM). Methods: To estimate the benefit from the healthy school canteen program, double-bounded dichotomous choice method as a sort of willingness to pay was employed. Four hundred parents who lived in Seoul and have students at middle or high schools, were administrated by semi-constructive questionnaire containing the necessary information for benefit estimation. Cost estimation of healthy school canteen program was made referring to three types of pilot programs. Finally, the benefit against the cost was worked out according to the three levels of estimated cost. Results: Cost estimate is 8,488 and 9,311 won depending on the two senarios about how to invest on the program, respectably. The results of benefit estimate shows that the average cost willingness to pay(WTP) for healthy school canteen program is 21,275 won(16,963-59,838 won, 95% CI) and total benefits turned out 14.7 billion won. According to the cost-benefit analysis, average benefit-cost ratio is from 2.3 to 3.6. Conclusions: Healthy school canteen program could be economically accepted, and government can take consideration of expanding beneficiaries of healthy school canteen program for health promotion.

Economic Feasibility of Common Utility Tunnel based on Cost-Benefit Analysis (비용편익 분석에 기초한 공동구의 경제적 타당성 평가)

  • Kang, Yeong Ku;Choi, Ik Chang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 2015
  • Common utility tunnel is essential to the daily lives of people underground utilities (electricity, gas and supply facilities such as water, communication facilities, sewer facilities, etc.) to improve the appearance by co-acceptance and disaster prevention, important for the conservation of the city's population was concentrated road construction the city-based facilities. There is recognition of the importance of the various supply treatment facilities in common utility tunnel as infrastructure to accommodate joint according to the city expanded, the demand for infrastructure. In this paper, a cost-benefit analysis using a one-time occurrence, without simply relying on cost or current cost, project manager for the city-dimensional feasibility study conducted, the user level of the maintenance costs and user costs, including social costs items from various angles can be investigated and proposed a mechanism of economic feasibility common utility tunnel. Evaluation of the proposed technique is cost-benefit and cost caused by installing common utility tunnel the existing pipeline area - was investigated by the benefit analysis, extended and repeated common utility tunnel installation depends much affected by the excavation, so users of reducing the number of repeat excavation convenience can be seen that this occurs.

A Study on Building of Underpass for Small Vehicles by Benefit and Cost Analysis (편익과 비용 분석을 통한 소형차전용지하차도 도입에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young Woo
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.149-157
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    • 2013
  • PURPOSES : This study is to analysis for benefit and construction cost in underpass for small vehicles. METHODS : The study was performed using the traffic software VISSIM 5.20 for analysis on a variety of traffic conditions and analysed of benefits of changes through analysis of travel speed and travel time after modeling of existing underpass and small vehicle underpass. RESULTS : Results of this study, the benefits will be reduced by the introduction underpass for small vehicles were analyzed because heavy vehicles use the intersection above the underpass. However, it was required economic analysis considering both the benefits reduction and the construction costs reduction because it has the effect of reducing the construction cost. Showed that the difference in benefit changes depending on the v/c and heavy vehicles ratio and construction cost was difference by types of underpass. As a result of performing economic analysis with total benefits and construction cost, it was analyzed to be economical in underpass over a certain size. CONCLUSIONS : The result of this study are expected to be able to contribute to reviewing for feasibility due to the small vehicles underpass introduction and economic analysis. The study is case study to the underpass in Daegu. Therefore, the future requires the calculation of benefits reflect a wider range of traffic conditions and the economic analysis to construction cost calculation for various types of grad separation facilities.

A Cost-benefit Analysis of Developing Project for Lime Mineral on the Basis of Case Study (석회석광산 개발사업의 비용-편익분석 -사례 중심으로-)

  • Kwack, Tae-Won;Kim, Hong-Kyun
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.713-740
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we examine what factors should be considered in cost-benefit analysis of a resource-developing project as cos and benefit item. According to this study, the reduction in forest product value and the reduction in function to clean air pollution should be included as a environmental cost. However, the reduction in recreation function and function in cleaning water need not to be included. We also calculated a cost-benefit of developing project for lime mineral of A company by applying these factor just mentioned. This paper concluded that the net benefit of this project is positive and the range of the value is from 689,900million won to 1,784,000million won.

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Calculation of ESS Capacity of Industrial Customer through Economic Analysis (경제성 분석을 통한 산업용 수용가의 ESS 설치 용량 산정)

  • Hong, Jong-Seok;Chai, Hui-Seok;Moon, Jong-Fil
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
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    • v.64 no.4
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    • pp.273-276
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, ESS capacity installed in industrial customer is calculated using economic analysis. To do this, electric charge for industrial customer is analyzed and power management system(PMS) of ESS is selected. Reduction of kW cost and kWh cost are set to 'benefit' according to operation of ESS. Also, installation cost and maintenance cost of ESS are set to 'cost'. Proper ESS capacity is determined as a result of benefit-to-cost(B/C) analysis according to the variation of ESS installation cost. In case study, B/C is analyzed for the specific industrial customer and minimum capacity of ESS to make a profit are proposed for the customer.

Cost-Benefit Analysis on Community Health Practitioner (보건진료원 활동의 비용-편익 분석)

  • 이태화;고일선
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.435-446
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    • 2002
  • Purpose : The purpose of the study were to describe outcomes of CHP activities, and to evaluate the economic validity of CHP through a cost-benefit analysis. Method : The sample size was 272. Data were collected using a researcher developed questionnaire from November 1999 to March, 2000. Result : The mean age of CHPs was 39.6 (SD-36). In regard to marital status, 90.8% of the respondents were married. 72% of the CHPs had associate degree. Among CHP activities, providing medical services was 50%, followed by home care visits 20% and health promotion services 20%, preventive services 10%. Total costs per month incurred to CHP activities was \3,053,437($2,442.7). Total benefits per month was \6,711,525($5,369.2). Hence, net benefit was calculated as \3,658,089($2,926). Conclusion : Cost-benefit ratio was 2.20, which provides the evidence of the economic viability of CHP program. The result of cost-benefit analysis, however, would more strongly support the economic value of CHP if intangible benefits of CHP activities such as decreases in pain and suffering and increased quality of life, could be counted.

Economic Analysis for Standardization R&D of Urban Rail System (도시철도 표준화 연구개발사업의 경제성 분석)

  • Chung, Choong-Sik
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1694-1714
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    • 2007
  • This study is to estimate economic benefits of Standardization R&D of Urban Rail System. Benefit was to be realized through standardization of main areas such as train vehicle, railway, power system, and signal system. To derive and calculate the quantitative benefit, the sources of economic impact was divided into three dimensions -operational cost savings, import substitution, and safety effects. Economic effect of the standardization was categorized based on a modified BSC model. Economic benefits from time and labor savings are converted into cost savings. Import substitution and investment multiplier effect have a positive impact in addition to cost savings. The estimation of the standardization R&D of Urban Rail System was conservatively estimated 370 billion Won. Cost effectiveness of standardized safety system was conservatively translated into economic benefit in this analysis. This study provides a practical guide to economic evaluation of the various railway R&D projects.

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HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention is not Cost-Effective in Japan

  • Isshiki, Takahiro
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.15
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    • pp.6177-6180
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    • 2014
  • Background: Our study objectives were to evaluate the medical economics of cervical cancer prevention and thereby contribute to cancer care policy decisions in Japan. Methods: Model creation: we created presence-absence models for prevention by designating human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for primary prevention of cervical cancer. Cost classification and cost estimates: we divided the costs of cancer care into seven categories (prevention, mass-screening, curative treatment, palliative care, indirect, non-medical, and psychosocial cost) and estimated costs for each model. Cost-benefit analyses: we performed cost-benefit analyses for Japan as a whole. Results: HPV vaccination was estimated to cost $291.5 million, cervical cancer screening $76.0 million and curative treatment $12.0 million. The loss due to death was $251.0 million and the net benefit was -$128.5 million (negative). Conclusion: Cervical cancer prevention was not found to be cost-effective in Japan. While few cost-benefit analyses have been reported in the field of cancer care, these would be essential for Japanese policy determination.

The Study of Cost-benefit Analysis on Fissure Sealant and Regular Checkup for Prevention of Dental Caries (치아우식증 예방을 위한 영구치 구치부 교합면 치면열구전색 및 정기검진의 비용 편익 분석)

  • Noh, Hie-Jin
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the retention and caries prevention practical effectiveness of fissure sealant and regular checkup with cost-benefit analysis. The data of this study is based on "2000 The Survey of Korean Oral Health" by Ministry of Health & Welfare. This study is to investigate cost-benefit analysis on proper treatment for the decayed, in case of operating fissure sealant on molars at 1 year after eruption of permanent teeth. The obtained results were as follows: (1) Cost-benefit analysis on fissure sealant in 6-75 year old 43,736 thousand Korean people reveals that cost of fissure sealant is 1,610,994 million won and benefit is 69,460,691 million won. (2) Benefit of fissure sealant is 39.51 times as much as cost of fissure sealant. (3) Cost of twice in a year regular checkup is 2,678,544 million won. Indirect cost of regular checkup is 2.6 times as much as direct cost. (4) Cost of fissure sealant and twice in a year regular checkup is 4,289,538 million won, and benefit is 69,460,691 million won. Benefit of fissure sealant and twice in a year regular checkup is 16.2 times as much as cost.

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Cost-Benefit Analysis for Periodical Inspection of Press (일부 사업장의 프레스 정기검사에 대한 비용-편익 분석)

  • Kim, Ji-Yun;Jung, Hye-Sun;Kim, Eun-Young;Choi, Eun-Sook;Choi, Sook-Ja;Gal, Won-Mo;Kim, Woo-Young;Yang, Bong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.99-109
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    • 2003
  • Although occupational accidents caused by presses are found to be the highest in manufacturing industrial groups, there are no study regarding to annulment for periodical inspection of press. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the economic benefit of periodical inspection of press for preventing accidents. The cost-benefit analysis in this study was conducted to evaluate the relative magnitude of benefit to cost. Study samples were 26 and years analysed were 1995, 1996, 1998 and 1999. Personal interviews with safety managers were held from October 7 to November 2, 2002. Costs of the periodical inspection program were compared with the benefit of accident that caused by presses. Costs and benefits were calculated at an discount rate of 5%. The benefit-cost ratio was 5.7. The sensitivity analysis for the discount rate, the number of press, and size of industry showed that every benefit-cost ratios were upper than one(1.0). The results of this study suggested that periodical inspection for press is important program for preventing accident and the regulation for periodical inspection program should be reenforced by government.

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