• Title/Summary/Keyword: cosmeceutical agent

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The Improvement of skin barrier function and anti-obesity effect of Codonopsis lanceolata by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction

  • Kim, Bora
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.674-681
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    • 2020
  • The root of Codonopsis lanceolata has been used in traditional medicine. This study was conducted to confirm the comparative effect of ethanol solvent extraction (CLE) and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction (CLS) of C. lanceolata roots. CLS had higher antioxidant than CLE. For supercritical co-solvent modified carbon dioxide extraction (CLS), it were extracted at 250 bar 50℃ 150 min at a flow rate of ethyl alcohol 3 mL/min for 90min. In addition, CLS inhibited the adipocyte differentiation of 3T3-L1 cells. When treated with the extract at a concentration of 100 ㎍/mL, the Wnt/β-catenin pathway reporter luciferase activity of HEK 293-TOP cells increased approximately by 3-folds compared to that of the untreated control group. Also, the treatment by CLS (50 ㎍/mL) showed a significant increase of involucrin expression. These results indicate that supercritical carbon dioxide extract of C. lanceolatamay serve as a cosmeceutical agent for improving skin barrier function and the treatment of obesity.

Study on the Anti-inflammatory Effect of Polysaccharide Extract from Acyranthes bidentata (우슬 다당 추출물의 항염 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dae-Woo;Kim, Young-Jin;Kim, Young-Sil;Eom, Sang-Yong;Kim, Jong-Heon
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.37-42
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    • 2008
  • Acyranthes bidentata has been used as anti-arrthritic, aphrodisiac, anti-viral, anti-spasmodic, anti-hypertensive, anti-coagulant and anti-tumor agent. In this study, we evaluated anti-inflammatory effect of polysaccharide extract from Acyranthes bidentata. Acyranthes bidentata polysaccaride decreased $IL-1{\alpha}$, IL-6, COX-2, and total NO synthesis. Our results point to the potential use of Acyranthes bidentata polysaccaride as a cosmeceutical agent for inflammatory cutaneous symptoms.

Dermal Stability and In Vitro Skin Permeation of Collagen Pentapeptides (KTTKS and palmitoyl-KTTKS)

  • Choi, Yun Lim;Park, Eun Ji;Kim, Eunje;Na, Dong Hee;Shin, Young-Hee
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.321-327
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    • 2014
  • Collagen pentapeptide (Lys-Thr-Thr-Lys-Ser, KTTKS) and its palmitoylated derivative (pal-KTTKS) have received a great deal of attention as cosmeceutical ingredients for their anti-wrinkle effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate stability and permeability of KTTKS and pal-KTTKS in hairless mouse skin. In this study, a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method was developed for the quantification of pal-KTTKS, and used for stability and permeability studies. Stability studies were performed using skin extracts and homogenates. Both KTTKS and pal-KTTKS were rapidly degraded, but pal-KTTKS was more stable than KTTKS. When protease inhibitors were added, the stability of both compounds (KTTKS and pal-KTTKS) improved significantly. In the skin permeation study, neither KTTKS nor pal-KTTKS was detected in the receptor solution, which indicates that neither compound could permeate through the full-thickness hairless mouse skin in the experimental conditions of this study. While KTTKS was not detected in any of the skin layers (the stratum corneum, epidermis, and dermis), pal-KTTKS was observed in all skin layers: $4.2{\pm}0.7{\mu}g/cm^2$ in the stratum corneum, $2.8{\pm}0.5{\mu}g/cm^2$ in the epidermis, and $0.3{\pm}0.1{\mu}g/cm^2$ in the dermis. In conclusion, this study indicated that pal-KTTKS had greater stability and permeability than that of un-modified KTTKS, and may be a useful anti-wrinkle and anti-aging cosmeceutical agent.

Protective Effects of Portulaca oleracea L. Extract against Matrix Metalloproteinase Production and Reactive Oxygen Species Generation Induced by Ultraviolet B Radiation in Human Keratinocytes (쇠비름 추출물의 UVB 자외선 조사에 의한 인간각질형성세포 손상에 대한 보호 효과)

  • Oh, Jung Hwan;Karadeniz, Fatih;Lee, Jung Im;Park, So Young;Seo, Youngwan;Kong, Chang-Suk
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.892-899
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    • 2018
  • Portulaca oleracea L. is an edible plant widely consumed in daily diet throughout Europe, Asia and America. In this study, protective effects of P. oleracea L. extracts against oxidative stress and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity induced by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation were investigated using HaCaT immortal human keratinocytes. In this context, the mRNA and protein productions of MMPs (MMP-1, -2, and -9) and type I procollagen, which are major markers of photoaging induced by UVB radiation in HaCaT keratinocytes, were evaluated. Furthermore, UVB-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and mRNA and protein expression levels of superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD-1), oxygenase-1 (OH-1), and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf-2), all of which are associated with the antioxidant balance, were investigated. As shown by the results, UVB radiation induced ROS formation and led to increased production of MMPs and decreased collagen production in human keratinocytes, which resulted in skin photoaging or photodamage. The treatment with P. oleracea L. extracts downregulated MMP (MMP-1, -2, and -9) production and upregulated type I procollagen expression in UVB-induced HaCaT cells. Furthermore, treatment with the extracts decreased UVB-induced ROS generation and increased the expression of antioxidant enzymes, such as SOD-1 and OH-1, through the Nrf-2 pathway. Taken together, these results suggest that P. oleracea L. extracts could be a potential cosmeceutical agent for the prevention of skin photoaging or photodamage.

[ $5{\alpha}-Reductase$ ] Inhibitors from Native Plants and their Sebosuppressive Effects in Cultured Human Sebaceous Gland Cells (천연물 유래의 $5{\alpha}-Reductase$ 저해제의 개발과 인체 유래 피지선 세포의 배양을 이용한 피지분비 억제 효과 측정)

  • Jeong, Se-Kyoo;Kim, Jeong-Kee;Baek, Ji-Hwoon;Lee, ki-Moo;Cho, In-Shik;Lee, Seung-Hun
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.273-277
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    • 2005
  • This study was performed to develop new cosmeceutical agents with sebosuppressive activity from native plant extracts in Korea. Inhibitory efforts of the extracts on $5{\alpha}-reductase$ (5-AR) were evaluated by enzyme kinetics analysis using UV-spectrophotometric method. Two kinds of enzyme suspensions as 5-AR sources were prepared from rat liver tissue and cultured hSG cells. The sebosuppressive effects were determined by measuring the total lipid quantity produced in cultured hSG cells after incubation with the extracts. As a result, Pinus thunbergii extracts showed the most potent 5-AR inhibitory effects. Its $K_i$ values were 0.0002% and 0.0014% for rat liver 5-AR and human sebaceous gland 5-AR, respectively. Addition of Pinus thunberii extract to hSG cells showed 48% reduction in total lipid production at 0.005% concentration. In conclusion, Pinus thunbergii extracts can be used as a cosmeceutical agent to regulate sebum production and to alleviate the sebum-involved skin diseases, such as acne and seborrheic dermatitis.

Skin Whitening Effect of Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch. Solvent Fractions (기린초(Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch.) 추출 분획물의 피부 미백효과 연구)

  • Yoon, Jihye;Park, Jihye;Kim, Bora
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.1239-1247
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    • 2020
  • Sedum kamtschaticum Fisch., a native plant of Korea, has been used in Korean traditional medicine in the form of water extract for its capacity to improve blood circulation and for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Since previous research suggests that S. kamtschaticum Fisch. has excellent antioxidant and mushroom tyrosinase inhibition activities, in this study, the root and stem parts of S. kamtschaticum Fisch. are extracted in 70% ethanol (SKS, SKR), fractionated with and in order of n-hexane (SSH), ethyl acetate (SSE, SRE), chloroform (SSC, SRC) and water (SSW, SRW) according to the polarity of each solvent, and tested for its applicability as a cosmetic material. According to the total polyphenol, flavonoid contents and DPPH radical scavenging activity of each fraction, the contents and scavenging activity of the root extractions (SKR) were higher than those of the stem extractions (SKS), ethyl acetate fractions (SSE, SRE) being the most effective. In addition, ethyl acetate fractions had the highest tyrosinase inhibition activity and melanin synthesis inhibition activity used on B16F10 melanoma cells, at the concentration of 10 ㎍/mL. HPLC analysis detected a variety of polyphenols including gallic acid and quercetin. This study suggests the potential role of S. kamtschaticum Fisch. as a natural cosmeceutical material.

Expression Properties and Skin Permeability of Human Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor with or without PTD Fused to N- or C-terminus in Escherichia coli (대장균 발현시스템에서 단백질 전달 도메인 PTD가 인간 섬유아세포 성장인자(FGF2)의 N- 또는 C-말단에 결합 되었을 때 미치는 재조합 단백질 복합체의 발현 특성과 피부 투과능력)

  • Park, In-Sun;Choe, Chung-Hyeon;Kwon, Bo-Ra;Choi, Young-Ji;Kwon, Tae-Ho;Yu, Kang-Yeol;Lee, Juhyung;Choo, Young-Moo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.275-283
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    • 2018
  • Human fibroblast growth factor (FGF) has the potential to be a commercially important therapeutic or cosmeceutical agent due to its ability to generate tissue and heal wounds. Granting permeability into skin tissues increases the therapeutic effects of FGF. Thus, several researchers have attempted the fusion of FGF conjugates with protein transduction domains (PTDs) to investigate the transduction ability and therapeutic effects of FGF. Less is known, however, about whether the location of PTD fused to the N- or C-terminus of FGF proteins has a significant impact on the folding and stability in Escherichia coli, and eventually, on transduction. Here, we report cloning of human basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) as a control and FGF2 with PTD fused to the N- or C-terminal ends of FGF proteins by an overlap extension PCR. We performed expression, verified expression properties of recombinant FGF2 without or with PTD fused to the N-terminus and the C-terminus, and investigated transduction ability into tissue by treating the dorsal skin of mice subjects. As a result, FGF2 and FGF2-PTD (fused to C-terminus) fusion protein were expressed as soluble forms suitable for straight-forward purification, unlike insoluble PTD-FGF2 (fused to N-terminus), but only FGF2-PTD fusion protein could transduce into the dorsal skin tissue of the mice subjects. Our results suggest that FGF2 with PTD fused to the C-terminus is more efficient than other options in terms of expression, purification, and delivery into skin tissue, as it does not require labor-intensive, costly, and time-consuming methods.