• Title, Summary, Keyword: corrugated steel webs

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Behavior of optimized prestressed concrete composite box-girders with corrugated steel webs

  • Lu, Yanqiu;Ji, Lun
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.183-196
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    • 2018
  • The traditional prestressed concrete composite box-girders with corrugated steel webs have several drawbacks such as large deflection and potential local buckling. In this study, two methods were investigated to optimize and improve the prestressed concrete composite box-girders with corrugated steel webs. The first method was to replace the concrete bottom slab with a steel plate and the second method was to support the concrete bottom slab on the steel flanges. The behavior of the prestressed concrete composite box-girders with corrugated steel webs with either method was studied by experiments on three specimens. The test results showed that behavior of the optimized and upgraded prestressed concrete composite box-girders with corrugated steel webs, including ultimate bearing capacity, flexural stiffness, and crack resistance, is greatly improved. In addition, the influence of different shear connectors, including perfobond leisten (PBL) and stud shear connectors, on the behavior of prestressed concrete composite box-girders with corrugated steel webs was studied. The results showed that PBL shear connectors can greatly improve the ultimate bearing capacity, flexural stiffness and crack resistance property of the prestressed concrete composite box-girders with corrugated steel webs. However, for the efficiency of prestressing introduced into the girder, the PBL shear connectors do not perform as well as the stud shear connectors.

Reinforcement design of the top and bottom slabs of composite box girder with corrugated steel webs

  • Zhao, Hu;Gou, Hongye;Ni, Ying-Sheng;Xu, Dong
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.537-550
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    • 2019
  • Korea and Japan have done a lot of research on composite girders with corrugated steel webs and built many bridges with corrugated steel webs due to the significant advantages of this type of bridges. Considering the demanding on the calculation method of such types of bridges and lack of relevant reinforcement design method, this paper proposes the spatial grid analysis theory and tensile stress region method. First, the accuracy and applicability of spatial grid model in analyzing composite girders with corrugated steel webs was validated by the comparison with models using shell and solid elements. Then, in a real engineering practice, the reinforcement designs from tensile stress region method based on spatial grid model, design empirical method and specification method are compared. The results show that the tensile stress region reinforcement design method can realize the inplane and out-of-plane reinforcement design in the top and bottom slabs in bridges with corrugated steel webs. The economy and precision of reinforcement design using the tensile stress region method is emphasized. Therefore, the tensile stress region reinforcement design method based on the spatial grid model can provide a new direction for the refined design of composite box girder with corrugated steel webs.

Shear Design of Trapezoidally Corrugated Steel Webs (제형 파형강판 복부판의 전단 설계)

  • Moon, Jiho;Yi, Jongwon;Choi, Byung-Ho;Lee, Hak-Eun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.4A
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    • pp.497-505
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    • 2008
  • Corrugated steel webs resist only shear force because of the accordion effects. The shear force in the web can cause three different buckling mode: local, global, and interactive shear buckling modes. The shear behavior of the corrugated steel webs have been investigated by several researchers. However, shear buckling behavior of the corrugated webs are not clearly explained yet. And, it lead the conservative design. This paper presents shear strength of trapezoidally corrugated steel webs. A series of the tests were also conducted to verified proposed shear strength. Firstly, local, global, and interactive shear buckling equations provided by previous researchers were rearranged as a simple form considering the profiles of the existing bridges with corrugated steel webs. And, global and interactive shear buckling coefficient, and shear buckling parameter for corrugated webs were suggested in this study. Inelastic buckling strength can be determined from buckling curves based on the proposed shear buckling parameter. From the test results of this study and those of previous researchers, it can be found that suggested shear strength provides good estimation of those of trapezoidally corrugated steel webs.

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Non-linear analyses model for composite box-girders with corrugated steel webs under torsion

  • Ko, Hee-Jung;Moon, Jiho;Shin, Yong-Woo;Lee, Hak-Eun
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.409-429
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    • 2013
  • A composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs has been used in civil engineering practice as an alternative to the conventional pre-stressed concrete box-girder because of several advantages, such as high shear resistance without vertical stiffeners and an increase in the efficiency of pre-stressing due to the accordion effect. Many studies have been conducted on the shear buckling and flexural behavior of the composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs. However, the torsional behavior is not fully understood yet, and it needed to be investigated. Prior study of the torsion of the composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs has been developed by assuming that the concrete section is cracked prior to loading and doesn't have tensile resistance. This results in poor estimation of pre-cracking behaviors, such as initial stiffness. To overcome this disadvantage of the previous analytical model, an improved analytical model for torsion of the composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs was developed considering the concrete tension behavior in this study. Based on the proposed analytical model, a non-linear torsional analysis program for torsion of the composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs was developed and successfully verified by comparing with the results of the test. The proposed analytical model shows that the concrete tension behavior has significant effect on the initial torsional stiffness and cracking torsional moment. Finally, a simplified torsional moment-twist angle relationship of the composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs was proposed based on the proposed analytical model.

Analysis of Pure Torsional Constant of I-Girder with Corrugated Webs (파형 복부판을 가진 플레이트거더의 순수비틀림상수 분석)

  • Jeon, Jin-Su;Kim, Sung-Nam;Yoo, Chai-Hong;Kang, Young-Jong
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.287-290
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    • 2008
  • Resistance to lateral torsional buckling of steel I-girder (open section) is a very important design requirement. But, most studies of steel I-girder with corrugated webs were invested in shear behavior. Untill now, most studies about Lateral torsional buckling of I-girder with corrugated webs have been based on Lindner.J's study (Lateral torsional buckling of beamswith trapezoidally corrugated webs,1990). the study includes that the pure torsional constant of I-girder with corrugated webs $J_{cor}$ doesn't different from that of I-girder with flat webs. This paper pesents pure torsional constant of I-girder with corrugated webs by using finite element anaysis.

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Flexural ductility of reinforced and prestressed concrete sections with corrugated steel webs

  • Chen, X.C.;Au, F.T.K.;Bai, Z.Z.;Li, Z.H.;Jiang, R.J.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.625-642
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    • 2015
  • Prestressed concrete bridges with corrugated steel webs have emerged as one of the promising bridge forms. This structural form provides excellent structural efficiency with the concrete flanges primarily taking bending and the corrugated steel webs primarily taking shear. In the design of this type of bridges, the flexural ductility and deformability as well as strength need to be carefully examined. Evaluation of these safety-related attributes requires the estimation of full-range behaviour. In this study, the full-range behaviour of beam sections with corrugated steel webs is evaluated by means of a nonlinear analytical method which uses the actual stress-strain curves of the materials and considers the path-dependence of materials. In view of the different behaviour of components and the large shear deformation of corrugated steel webs with negligible longitudinal stiffness, the assumption that plane sections remain plane may no longer be valid. The interaction between shear deformation and local bending of flanges may cause additional stress in flanges, which is considered in this study. The numerical results obtained are compared with experimental results for verification. A parametric study is undertaken to clarify the effects of various parameters on ductility, deformability and strength.

Analysis Torsional Behavior of I-Girder with Corrugated Webs (파형 웹-플레이트 거더의 비틀림 거동 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Min;Kim, Sung-Nam;Jeon, Jin-Su;Kang, Young-Jong
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.585-588
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    • 2008
  • Resistance to lateral torsional buckling of steel I-girder (open section) is a very important design requirement. But, most studies of steel I-girder with corrugated webs were invested in shear behavior. Until now, most studies about Lateral torsional buckling of I-girder with corrugated webs have been based on Lindner.J's study. the study includes that the pure torsional constant of I-girder with corrugated webs doesn't different from that of I-girder with flat webs. This paper pesents pure torsional constant I-girder with sinusoidally corrugated webs by using finite element analysis.

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Experimental study on ultimate torsional strength of PC composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs under pure torsion

  • Ding, Yong;Jiang, Kebin;Shao, Fei;Deng, Anzhong
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.519-531
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    • 2013
  • To have a better understanding of the torsional mechanism and influencing factors of PC composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs, ultimate torsional strength of four specimens under pure torsion were analyzed with Model Test Method. Monotonic pure torsion acts on specimens by eccentric concentrated loading. The experimental results show that cracks form at an angle of $45^{\circ}$ to the member's longitudinal axis in the top and bottom concrete slabs. Longitudinal reinforcement located in the center of cross section contributes little to torsional capacity of the specimens. Torsional rigidity is proportional to shape parameter ${\eta}$ of corrugation and there is an increase in yielding torque and ultimate torque of specimens as the thickness of corrugated steel webs increases.

Development of Non-linear Analysis Model for Torsional Behavior of Composite Box-Girder with Corrugated Steel Webs (복부 파형강판을 갖는 복합교량의 비틀림 거동에 대한 비선형 해석 모델 개발)

  • Ko, Hee Jung;Moon, Jiho;Lee, Hak-Eun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.31 no.3A
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    • pp.153-162
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    • 2011
  • Composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs has been widely used in civil engineering practice as an alternative of conventional pre-stressed concrete box-girder because the efficiency of pre-stressing can be increased and weight reduction of superstructure can be achieved by replacing concrete webs as a corrugated steel webs. However, most of previous researches were limited in shear and flexural behavior of such girder so that the torsional behaviors of composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs are not fully understood yet and it needs to be investigated. Some of previous researchers developed the nonlinear theory for torsional analysis of composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs. However, their theories were developed by ignoring the tensile behavior of concrete. Thus, there are certain limitations in analysis of serviceability such as cracking moment and torsional stiffness of the girder. This paper presents the analytical model for torsional behavior of composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs considering tensile behavior of concrete. Based on the proposed analytical model, nonlinear torsional analysis program of composite box-girder with corrugated steel webs was developed. Then, for verification of validation of the developed model, test for the girder was conducted and the results were compared with those of analytical model. Finally, parametric study was conducted and the effects of tensile behavior of concrete on the torsional behavior of the girder were discussed.

Prestressed concrete bridges with corrugated steel webs: Nonlinear analysis and experimental investigation

  • Chen, Xia-chun;Bai, Zhi-zhou;Zeng, Yu;Jiang, Rui-juan;Au, Francis T.K.
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.1045-1067
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    • 2016
  • Concrete bridges with corrugated steel webs and prestressed by both internal and external tendons have emerged as one of the promising bridge forms. In view of the different behaviour of components and the large shear deformation of webs with negligible flexural stiffness, the assumption that plane sections remain plane may no longer be valid, and therefore the classical Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko beam models may not be applicable. In the design of this type of bridges, both the ultimate load and ductility should be examined, which requires the estimation of full-range behaviour. An analytical sandwich beam model and its corresponding beam finite element model for geometric and material nonlinear analysis are developed for this type of bridges considering the diaphragm effects. Different rotations are assigned to the flanges and corrugated steel webs to describe the displacements. The model accounts for the interaction between the axial and flexural deformations of the beam, and uses the actual stress-strain curves of materials considering their stress path-dependence. With a nonlinear kinematical theory, complete description of the nonlinear interaction between the external tendons and the beam is obtained. The numerical model proposed is verified by experiments.