• Title, Summary, Keyword: core seismic analysis

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Fluid Effects on the Core Seismic Behavior of a Liquid Metal Reactor

  • Koo, Gyeong-Hoi;Lee, Jae-Han
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.2125-2136
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, a numerical application algorithm for applying the CFAM (Consistent Fluid Added Mass) matrix for a core seismic analysis is developed and applied to the 7-ducts core system to investigate the fluid effects on the dynamic characteristics and the seismic time history responses. To this end, three cases such as the in-air condition, the in-water condition without the fluid coupling terms, and the in-water condition with the fluid coupling terms are considered in this paper. From modal analysis, the core duct assemblies revealed strongly coupled out-of-phase vibration modes unlike the other cases with the fluid coupling terms considered. From the results of the seismic time history analysis, it was also verified that the fluid coupling terms in the CFAM matrix can significantly affect the impact responses and the seismic displacement responses of the ducts.

Seismic Fragility Analysis of Base Isolated Liquid Storage Tank (면진 유체 저장 탱크의 지진취약도 분석)

  • Ahn, Sung-Moon;Choi, In-Kil;Choun, Young-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.453-460
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    • 2005
  • In this study, the seismic fragility analysis of a base isolated condensate storage tank installed in the nuclear power plant. The condensate storage tank is safety related structure in a nuclear power plant. The failure of this tank affect significantly to the core damage frequency of the nuclear power plants. The seismic analysis of the liquid storage tank was performed by the simple calculation method and the dynamic time storage analysis method. The convective and impulsive fluid mass is modeled as added masses proposed by several researchers. To evaluate the effectiveness of the isolation system, the comparison of HCLPF and core damage frequencies in non-isolated and isolated cases are carried out. It can be found from the results that the seismic isolation system increases the seismic capacity of a condensate storage tank and decreases the core damage frequency significantly.

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Seismic Performance Evaluation of Apartment Buildings with Central Core

  • Lee, Joonho;Han, Seungho;Kim, Jinkoo
    • International Journal of High-Rise Buildings
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.9-19
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    • 2014
  • In this study the seismic performances of reinforced concrete apartment buildings with Y- and box-shaped plans having central core are investigated. Three types of model structures are designed for each shape depending on the amount of shear partition walls: structures with all shear walls, structures with all columns except the core walls, and structures with shear walls and columns combined. The required amount of concrete to satisfy the specified design loads is the largest in the all shear wall structures, and decreases as more and more shear walls are replaced with columns. The amount of re-bars increased significantly in the flat plate structures. According to nonlinear static and dynamic analysis results, the structures with all shear walls and all columns turn out to have the largest and the smallest strengths, respectively. However it is observed that even the all-column structures with shear core have proper load resisting capacity for design level seismic load.

Seismic Response Analysis of the Center-Core Rockfill Dam (중심코아령사력댐의 지진응답해석)

  • 오병현;임정열;이종옥
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.139-146
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    • 2001
  • The seismic safety analysis were performed for the center-core rockfill dam(CCRD) The static and pseudo-static FEM analysis using seismic coefficient Method, and dynamic FEM analysis using Hachinohe earthquake wave(0.12g) were used for the seismic safety of CCRD. The results of seismic analysis were that the factor of safety of down slope was 1.5, horizontal displacement is about 14.3cm, and vertical displacement is 3.3cm at dam creast. The model dam did not show any seismic stability problems for 0.12g. And much more research is still necessary in seismic safety of CCRD.

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Seismic modeling and analysis for sodium-cooled fast reactor

  • Koo, Gyeong-Hoi;Kim, Suk-Hoon;Kim, Jong-Bum
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.475-502
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    • 2012
  • In this paper, the seismic analysis modeling technologies for sodium-cooled fast reactor (SFR) are presented with detailed descriptions for each structure, system and component (SSC) model. The complicated reactor system of pool type SFR, which is composed of the reactor vessel, internal structures, intermediate heat exchangers, primary pumps, core assemblies, and core support structures, is mathematically described with simple stick models which can represent fundamental frequencies of SSC. To do this, detailed finite element analyses were carried out to identify fundamental beam frequencies with consideration of fluid added mass effects caused by primary sodium coolant contained in the reactor vessel. The calculation of fluid added masses is performed by detailed finite element analyses using FAMD computer program and the results are discussed in terms of the ways to be considered in a seismic modeling. Based on the results of seismic time history analyses for both seismic isolation and non-isolation design, the functional requirements for relative deflections are discussed, and the design floor response spectra are proposed that can be used for subsystem seismic design.

Multi-material core as self-centering mechanism for buildings incorporating BRBs

  • Hoveidae, Nader
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.589-599
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    • 2019
  • Conventional buckling restrained braces used in concentrically braced frames are expected to yield in both tension and compression without major degradation of capacity under severe seismic ground motions. One of the weakness points of a standard buckling restrained braced frame is the low post-yield stiffness and thus large residual deformation under moderate to severe ground motions. This phenomenon can be attributed to low post-yield stiffness of core member in a BRB. This paper introduces a multi-core buckling restrained brace. The multi-core term arises from the use of more than one core component with different steel materials, including high-performance steel (HPS-70W) and stainless steel (304L) with high strain hardening properties. Nonlinear dynamic time history analyses were conducted on variety of diagonally braced frames with different heights, in order to compare the seismic performance of regular and multi-core buckling restrained braced frames. The results exhibited that the proposed multi-core buckling restrained braces reduce inter-story and especially residual drift demands in BRBFs. In addition, the results of seismic fragility analysis designated that the probability of exceedance of residual drifts in multi-core buckling restrained braced frames is significantly lower in comparison to standard BRBFs.

Seismic response analysis of RC frame core-tube building with self-centering braces

  • Xu, Long-He;Xiao, Shui-Jing;Lu, Xiao
    • Structural Monitoring and Maintenance
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.189-204
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    • 2018
  • This paper examines the seismic responses of a reinforced concrete (RC) frame core-tube building with pre-pressed spring self-centering energy dissipation (PS-SCED) braces. The PS-SCED brace system consists of friction devices for energy dissipation, pre-pressed combination disc springs for self-centering and tube members as guiding elements. A constitutive model of self-centering flag-shaped hysteresis for PS-SCED brace is developed to better simulate the seismic responses of the RC frame core-tube building with PS-SCED braces, which is also verified by the tests of two braces under low cyclic reversed loading. Results indicate that the self-centering and energy dissipation capabilities are well predicted by the proposed constitutive model of the PS-SCED brace. The structure with PS-SCED braces presents similar peak story drift ratio, smaller peak acceleration, smaller base shear force and much smaller residual deformations as compared to the RC frame core-tube building with bucking-restrained braces (BRBs).

Mitigation of seismic drift response of braced frames using short yielding-core BRBs

  • Pandikkadavath, Muhamed Safeer;Sahoo, Dipti Ranjan
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.285-302
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    • 2017
  • Buckling-restrained braced frames (BRBFs) are commonly used as the lateral force-resisting systems in building structures in the seismic regions. The nearly-symmetric hysteretic response and the delayed brace core fracture of buckling-restrained braces (BRBs) under the axial cyclic loading provide the adequate lateral force and deformation capacity to BRBFs under the earthquake excitation. However, the smaller axial stiffness of BRBs result in the undesirable higher residual drift response of BRBFs in the post-earthquake scenario. Two alternative approaches are investigated in this study to improve the elastic axial stiffness of BRBs, namely, (i) by shortening the yielding cores of BRBs; and (ii) by reducing the BRB assemblies and adding the elastic brace segments in series. In order to obtain the limiting yielding core lengths of BRBs, a modified approach based on Coffin-Manson relationship and the higher mode compression buckling criteria has been proposed in this study. Both non-linear static and dynamic analyses are carried out to analytically evaluate the seismic response of BRBFs fitted with short-core BRBs of two medium-rise building frames. Analysis results showed that the proposed brace systems are effective in reducing the inter-story and residual drift response of braced frames without any significant change in the story shear and the displacement ductility demands.

Reinforced concrete core-walls connected by a bridge with buckling restrained braces subjected to seismic loads

  • Beiraghi, Hamid
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.203-214
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    • 2018
  • Deflection control in tall buildings is a challenging issue. Connecting of the towers is an interesting idea for architects as well as structural engineers. In this paper, two reinforced concrete core-wall towers are connected by a truss bridge with buckling restrained braces. The buildings are 40 and 60-story. The effect of the location of the bridge is investigated. Response spectrum analysis of the linear models is used to obtain the design demands and the systems are designed according to the reliable codes. Then, nonlinear time history analysis at maximum considered earthquake is performed to assess the seismic responses of the systems subjected to far-field and near-field record sets. Fiber elements are used for the reinforced concrete walls. On average, the inter-story drift ratio demand will be minimized when the bridge is approximately located at a height equal to 0.825 times the total height of the building. Besides, because of whipping effects, maximum roof acceleration demand is approximately two times the peak ground acceleration. Plasticity extends near the base and also in major areas of the walls subjected to the seismic loads.

Seismic Risk Evaluation of Isolated Emergency Diesel Generator System (면진된 비상디젤발전기의 지진위험도 평가)

  • Kim, Min-Kyu;Ohtori, Yasuki;Choun, Young-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.217-222
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    • 2007
  • An Emergency Diesel Generator (EDG) is one of the safety related equipments of a Nuclear Power Plant. The seismic capacity of an EDG in nuclear power plants influences the seismic safety of the plants significantly. A recent study showed that the increase of the seismic capacity of the EDG could reduce the core damage frequency (CDF) remarkably. It is known that the major failure mode of the EDG is a concrete coning failure due to a pulling out of the anchor bolts. The use of base isolators instead of anchor bolts can increase the seismic capacity of the EDG without any major problems. This study introduces a seismic risk analysis method and presents sample results about the seismically isolated and conventional EDG system.

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