• Title/Summary/Keyword: copper intake

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Preparation of Copper Database of Korean Foods and Copper Nutritional Status of Korean Adults Living in Rural Area Assessed by Dietary Intake and Serum Analysis (한국인 상용 식품의 구리영양가표작성과 식이섭취 및 혈청분석에 의한 한국농촌성인의 구리영양상태 평가)

  • 정효지
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.296-306
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to prepare a copper database of Korean foods which can be used in calculating copper intake from dietary data, and to evaluate the copper nutritional status of Koran adults living in rural areas by dietary intake and serum copper concentrations. A copper database for 1,176 Korean foods was constructed (1) by analysing 112 Korean foods which are frequently consumed by Korean adults living in rural areas, (2) by adapting values form food composition databases from other countries-320 items from the University of Minnesota database, 201 items from the USAD database, and 25 items from U.K. database, and (3) by imputing values from similar foods for 518 food items. Copper intake of 2,034 Korean adults over the age of 30 living in Yeonchongun was Kyunggi province, Korea was estimated by 24-hour recall method. Mean daily copper intake of subjects was 0.98mg. Mean daily intake level of males was 1.11mg which was significantly higher than that of females, 0.88mg. There was a significant difference in the distribution of subjects by the level of copper intake and sex(p<0.05). Mean serum copper concentration was 14.8umol/1 and the percentage of subjects with low, adequate, and high levels of copper concentration were 23.9%, 69.4%, and 6.6%, respectively. The two food groups which contributed most to the dietary copper intake of subjects were cereals and grain products, and vegetables, supplying 46.2% and 12.7% of total copper intake, respectively. Individuallym, rice contributed most, suppling 31% of total copper intake, followed by soybean curd, starch vermicle, barley, etc. Plant foods contributed to 82.1% of the total copper intake. In summary, results of this study show that copper intake of Korean adults living in rural areas is low, and that dietary sources of copper are mainly plant foods. Serum levels of copper in the subjects were relatively normal. The copper database for Korean foods constructed in present study will be a valuable tool for the as-yet limited assessment of copper intake of Koreans. Such studies will contribute to the establishment of a dietary of a dietary allowance of copper and the relationship of copper nutriture and chronic diseases in Koreans.

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Zinc and Copper Intake with Food Analysis and Levels of Zinc and Copper in Serum, Hair and Urine of Female College Students (도시 여대생에 있어 식품분석에 의한 아연, 구리섭취량과 혈액, 머리카락, 소변의 아연, 구리 함량에 관한 연구)

  • 손숙미
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.705-712
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the zinc and copper nutritional status of 102 college women by measuring zinc and copper intake, hematological parameters of zinc and copper, hair zinc and urinary excretion of zinc and copper. The mean zinc intake was 5.5mg(45.8% RDA) with food analysis and 4.5mg(37.8% RDA) with computation from food composition table. The copper intake with food analysis was 2.3mg and 1.2mg with computation. Mean serum zinc concentration was 77.02ug/dl and the proportion of subjects with zinc deficiency estimated by serum zinc(<70ug/dl)was 23.0%. Mean serum copper concentration was 121.80ug/dl and 4.1% of subjects showed serum copper less than 70ug/dl, The mean ceruloplasmin concentration was 22.63mg/dl and the proportion of subjects whose ceruloplasmin was lower than 18-40mg/dl was 6.6%. The mean hair zinc of subjects was 143.8ppm and the mean hair copper was 11.2ppm. The mean urinary excretion of zinc was 0.43mg/day and the proportion of subjects with marginal deficiency estimated by urinary zinc excretion( <0.3mg/day) was 23.3%. The mean urinary copper excretion was 0.044mg/day which was within the normal range(0.01-0.06mg/day). Assessing by zinc content in hair, urine and serum, 22.9-23.3% of college women had bordeline zinc deficiency or zinc deficiency. Whereas 4.1-6.6% of college women was assessed copper deficiency estimated by serum copper and ceruloplasmin.

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Dietary Copper Intake and Effect of Zinc Supplementation on Plasma Copper Level in Korean Adults (한국성인의 구리 섭취 및 아연 보충에 의한 혈장구리 농도 변화)

  • 천종희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.528-532
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to analyse copper intake and effect ofZn(30mg ZnSO4/d) supplementation on plasma copper level of Korean adults. Daily Cu intakes were studied in ninety subjects aging 20-20 years. Among them twenty four subjects participated in 6 weeks Zn supplementation study. The men consumed 1.47($\pm$0.64)mg of Cu and the women consumed 0.98($\pm$0.43)mg of Cu daily. the most abundant sources of Cu was meat, fish, egg and soybean group, the second was cereal and grain group and the third was vegetable group. These three groups supplied about 90% of copper in the subjects. The plasma copper level of the subjects was not changed much until two weeks of Zn supplementation. However, after two weeks of Zn supplementation plasma copper level was reduced continuously during the experiment. There was no significant difference in plasma Cu level between control and supplement group of the men, while the supplemented women showed significantly lower plasma Cu level than control group at week 4(p<0.01) and week 6(p<0.05). Although plasma Cu level of the subjects was slightly changed, its concentration in plasma was still in normal range in all groups and no one showed clinical Cu deficiency. Therefore the Zn supplementation of RDA level doesn't seem to cause any adverse effect on Cu status.

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Comparison of Hair Iron , Zinc and Copper Concentrations of Breast Fed and Formula Fed Infants (모유영양아의 인공영양아의 두발내 철분, 아연 및 구리의 함량비교)

  • 안홍석
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.756-766
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    • 1998
  • The objectives of this study were to examine the growth pattern and hair trace element contents of healthy infants who were fed breast milk(BF infant) and formula (FF infant) during the first 6 months and its relationship to intake of trace elements. Bimonthyl anthropometric measurements were obtained on 32 infants through 6 months of age. Mean calculated energy, iron, zinc and copper intake from breast milk at 2 months of age were 432.4kcal/d, 0.19mg/d, 1.18mg/d and 0.22mg/d. The values obtained from formular were543.7kcal/d, 6.68mg/d , 2.82mg/d and 0.33mg/d , respectively. In spite of the significantly lower intake of energy and trace elements in BF infants than in FF infants, BF infants showed growth above the average Kroean infant standard growth rate and showed no significant growth rate difference or hair trace element content. Hair iron content in the BF infants at 6 mo. of age was positively related to birth weight and iron intake at 2 mo. of age. In contrast, hair zinc and copper content in the FF infants at 6 mo. of age as negatively related to height increment and weight increment during 6 months, respectively. These results support the suggesting that BF infant's higher iron, zinc and copper intake is attributed to the superior bioabailability of these trace elements from breast milk.

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Evaluation of Zinc and Copper Status in Korean College Women (일부 여대생의 구리와 아연 영양상태 평가)

  • 김정혜
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.277-286
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to assess dietary intake and nutritional status of zinc and copper in Korean college women. Dietary survey was conducted by 24-hour recall method and fasting serum samples were collected from 111 apparently healthy subjects. Intake levels of zinc and copper were calculated using newly developed database for Zn & Cu of Korea food. Serum levels of Zn, Cu and activities of ALP, EC-SOD were measured from fasting serum sample. Mean daily zinc and copper intakes were 6.72mg/day(56.0% RDA) and 1.11mg/day respectively. Mean values of serum ALP activity, zinc and copper concentration were 43.9U/L, 14.8umol/1, 15.5umol/1and these values were mostly within normal range. EC-SOD activitis of the subjects were low and had no correlation with intake or serum levels of Zn, Cu. In conclusion, these results show that zinc and copper intake of Koran college women are lower than those from other counties but higher than those of adults in rural area of Korea. Their serum levels of Zn, Cu, ALP are relatively normal. These results indicate that marginal deficiency of Zn and Cu may be quite prevalent in these subjects but serum indicators measured may not be sensitive enough to detect such marginal deficiency. Further study in needed to develop a biochemical index sensitive enough to evaluate Zn and Cu status.

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The Relationship between Dietary Intakes, Serum Levels, Urinary Excretions of Zn, Cu, Fe and Serum Lipids in Korean Rural Adults on Self-Selected Diet (일부 농촌 성인남녀의 아연, 구리, 철분의 섭취량, 혈액수준, 뇨중 배설량과 혈청지질과의 관계)

  • 이주연
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.10
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    • pp.1112-1120
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    • 1996
  • This study was carried out to estimate the relationship between dietary intakes, blood levels, and urinary excretions of zine, copper, and iron and serum lipids in 30 healthy adults living in Korean rural area. Analyses for the nutritional status of the subjects were performed by 3-day intake recored, duplicated diet collections, 24-hour urine collection, and venous blood sampling before measuring of blood pressure. The daily intakes of zinc, copper, and iron estimated for 3 days were 8.2mg, 3.0mg, and 12.7mg in men and 8.4mg, 3.7mg, and 12.3mg in women, respectively. The serum contents of cholesterol, triglyceride, and HDL-cholesterol were 165.9mg/dl, 119.4mg/dl, and 43.7mg/dl in men and 154.1mg/dl, 88.2mg/dl, and 47.1mg/dl in women, respectively. The serum levels of zine, copper, and iron were 146.0ug/dl, 120.3ug/dl, and 131.1ug/dl in men and 140.6ug/dl, 117.3ug/dl, and 112.2ug/dl in women, respectively. In the relation between dietary intakes, serum levels, and urinary excretions of these minerals, there were significantly positive correlation between zine intake and copper intake(p<0.05), copper intake and urinary excretion(p<0.001), and iron intake and serum zine level(p<0.05). In the relation between these minerals and serum lipids, dietary zine showed positive correlation with triglyceride(p<0.05), and serum zine/copper ratio showed negative correlation with HDL-cholesterol (p<0.05).

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Iron, Copper and Zinc Levels in Human Milk and Estimated Intake of the Minerals by Breast-Fed Infants during the Early Lactation (수유 초기 모유 중 철, 구리, 아연의 함량과 영아의 섭취량 추정)

  • 김을상;조금호
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2004
  • The objectives of the present study were to measure the content of iron, copper and zinc in human milk and to estimate the intake of iron, copper and zinc of breast-fed infants during the early period of lactation. Twenty-five lactating women who delivered in a hospital in Seoul volunteered for the study. Milk samples were collected at day 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 15 and 30 postpartum. The contents of iron, copper and zinc were determined using the atomic absorption spectrophotometer after wet digestion. The intakes of iron, copper and zinc of infants were estimated by multiplization with the infant milk intake reported in our laboratory. The content of iron was 0.58 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in colostrum, 0.48 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in transitional milk and 0.39 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in mature milk while the estimated iron intake of infants was 271, 255 and 259 $\mu\textrm{g}$/day, respectively. The content of copper in the milk was 0.45 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in colostrum, 0.43 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in transitional milk and 0.33 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in mature milk while the estimated copper intake of infants was 210, 229 and 220 $\mu\textrm{g}$/day, respectively. The content of zinc in the milk was 5.24 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in colostrum, 3.70 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in transitional milk, 2.93 $\mu\textrm{g}$/g in mature milk while the estimated zinc intake of infants was 2452, 1968, and 1949 $\mu\textrm{g}$/day, respectively. These results suggest that copper and zinc intake of infants are met to RDA but iron is not.

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A Study on the Relations among Zinc.Copper Metabolism, Blood Glucose, Insulin and Serum Lipids in Normal Adult Women (정상 성인여성의 아연.구리 대사와 혈당, 인슐린 및 혈청 지질과의 상관관계 연구)

  • 김생려;승정자;김미현
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.152-160
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate zinc and copper metabolism and risk factors of chronic diseases in 20 normal adults women. The daily intake, excretions in urine and feces, and serum levels of zinc and copper were determined by 24-hr food records and chemical analysis. The results were summarized as follows. mean age, body weight and BMI were 22.88 years, 54.65kg and 21.28kg/$m^2$ respectively. Mean daily intakes of energy and protein were 1578.84㎉(79% of RDA) and 52.05g (87% of RDA). The zinc and copper intake, excrestion in urine and feces were 7093.23$\mu\textrm{g}$(59% of RDA/2093.87$\mu\textrm{g}$, 203.50$\mu\textrm{g}$/39.87$\mu\textrm{g}$ and 3416.41$\mu\textrm{g}$/857.62$\mu\textrm{g}$, respectively. The serum levels of fasting glucose, insulin, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, zinc and copper were 76.60mg/㎗, 15.66IU/㎗, 160.30mg/㎗, 50.95mg/㎗, 89.80mg/㎗, 89.79mg/㎗, 95.65$\mu\textrm{g}$/㎗ and 73.28$\mu\textrm{g}$/㎗ respectively. Dietary ratio of Zn to Cu was shown to have significant positive correlations with serum insulin, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol. The urinary ratio of Zn to Cu was shown to have significant positive correlations with triglyceride. The serum copper level was shown to have significant negative correlations with serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol. In summary, Zn consumption of adult women in their normal diet does not meet the Zn requirement for Koreans. Also, intakes of Zn and Cu may effect the glucose metabolism and cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, to increase the Zn intake and to maintain an appropriate intake ratio of Zn to Cu, nutrition education needs to be implemented.

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Influence of Alcohol and Low Dietary Copper on Copper Utilization of Maternal and Offspring Liver (임신과 수유기간 동안 Alcohol과 저 Copper 식이가 어미와 새끼 쥐 간의 Copper 수준에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jong Ho
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.443-450
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    • 1990
  • Pregnant rats were fed liquid diet to determine the influence of maternal ethanol intake on maternal and pup liver copper when dietary copper was low. The diets, which contained either 0.75(low) or 3.75(control)mg copper/1 with or without 30% of kcal from ethanol, were fed throughout gestation and the first 15 days of lactation. maternal calorie intake and body weight were unaffected by dietary treatment. Ethanol intake depressed maternal liver copper concentration only when diet copper was low(interactive effect P<0.05). Although ethanol intake depressed total pup liver copper concentration regardless of dietary copper level, the interactive effect observed in maternal liver was reflected incopper content of the pup liver metallothionein fraction eluted from a Sephadex G-75 column. The zinc content of metallothionein was inversely related to copper content of metallothionein. Results suggest that pregnancy and lactation is a special period to develop a copper deficiency when low copper intake and ethanol ingestion are combined not only in mothers but also in their offspring.

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The Study of Copper Metabolism by Protein Intake and Status of Copper Intake in Young Adult Womon (한국 성인 여자의 구리 섭취 상태 및 단백질에 의한 구리 대사에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soon-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.375-388
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    • 1989
  • The study was designed to examine the of effects of level of protein intake on Cu metabolism in 6 healthy young adult women. The subjects were given 4 levels of protein diet, 0.45g (period I), 0.60g (period III), 0.75g (period II) and 0.90g (period IV) of protein per Kg of body weight and 0.86mg 0.70mg, 1.86mg and 2.34mg of Cu per day for 5 days respectively. During the experimental period, urine sample were collected everyday and fecal sample were collected for last 2 days of each dietary period. The samples were analyzed for Cu contents. Mean daily urinary Cu excretion were $0.12{\pm}0.03mg$ for period I, $0.16{\pm}0.02mg$ for period III, $0.35{\pm}0.08mg$ for period II and $0.11{\pm}0.02mg$ for period IV, and the mean daily urinary excretion of Cu was not affected significant difference by the level of protein intake. Mean daily fecal Cu excretion were $0.12{\pm}0.03mg$ for period I, $0.16{\pm}0.02mg$ for period III, $0.35{\pm}0.08mg$ for period II and $0.11{\pm}0.02mg$ for period IV, and the mean daily urinary excretion of Cu was not affected significant difference by the level of protein intake. Mean dailey Mean dailey fecal Cu excretion were $1.23{\pm}0.16mg$ for period I, $1.28{\pm}0.25mg$ for period III, $0.99{\pm}0.01mg$ for period II and $1.85{\pm}0.19mg$ for period IV, and the difference of the 2 periods I vs IV was significant(p<0.05). Mean dailey cu balance were $0.48{\pm}0.14mg$ for period I, $0.74{\pm}0.26mg$ for period III, $0.52{\pm}0.12mg$ for period II and $0.38{\pm}0.20mg$ for period IV, and the difference of the 2 periods I vs IV was significant(p<0.05).

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