• Title, Summary, Keyword: coping strategy

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Development of a Korean Coping Strategy Scale and Examination of Urban Low Income Housewives' Coping Strategy (도시 저소득층 주부의 스트레스에 대한 대처전략척도 개발과 대처행동 조사)

  • 정문자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.36 no.12
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    • pp.129-143
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean Coping Strategy Scale and to examine coping characteristics of Korean housewives form urban low-income families using this Scale. Two hundred and forty mothers were either interviewed or filled out this Coping Strategy Scale and Demograpic Information Questionnaire. The Coping Strategy Scale consisted of 14 items under 4 dimensions of problem-solving, support-seeking, emotion-regulation/explosion, and abandonment. Item analysis and construct validation were found acceptable. The alpha coefficient of the Scale was 73. The results showed that the mothers used problem-solving most as a coping strategy, followed by supportseeking and emotion-regulation/explosion. Abandonment coping strategy was used least frequently. The demographic variables of mother's and their husbands' age, duration of marriage, income and expenditure per moth were significantly related to mothers' coping strategies.

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A Study on the Determining Factors of Work Stress Coping Strategies of Dental Hygienists (치위생사의 직무스트레스 대처전략 결정요인에 관한 연구)

  • Yoon, Young Suk
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.75-83
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    • 2002
  • By extracting the variables related to the work stress generated from dental hygiene, identifying their relationships, this study aims to contribute to academic progress on work stress. The test results of this study are as follows for each hypothesis: 1. Among the work stress sensing factors, role ambiguity showed correlation to the active coping strategy and the passive coping strategy, whereas it did not have any correlation to the evasive reation. However, the physical resource environmental factor showed correlation to the active coping strategy, whereas it did not have any correlation to the other reation. 2. The passive coping strategy, among the work stress coping strategies, influences the role ambiguity, B type, work ambiguity, physical resource environmental factor by about 18.7%. 3. The active coping strategy, among the work stress coping strategies, influences the social support, role ambiguity, work place of health center factor by about 18.9%. 4. The evasive reaction, among the work stress coping strategies, was influenced by only the 36 years old over factor by approximately 4.2%. 5. It was found in all work stress sensing factors that the group with lower social support had a more degree of experiencing stress than the group with higher social support. In case of the behavior pattern, the type A experienced more stress than the type B only in role ambiguity. 6. It was found that the group with the higher social support tended to choose more active coping strategy than the lower social support. In case of behavior pattern, the type B coped more actively than type A in the passive coping strategy.

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The Study of Pain, Depression and Quality of Life According to the Coping Strategy in Chronic Arthritis Patients (만성 관절염 환자의 대응양상에 따른 통증, 우울 및 삶의 질)

  • Yang, Hae-Ju;Park, Jeong-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.213-221
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the difference of in the level of pain, depression, and quality of life by coping strategy in the chronic arthritis patients. Method: These data were collected by means of a self-reported questionnaire from 90 chronic arthritis patients undergoing treatment at a university hospital in Daegu city from June 10, 2000 to July 15, 2000. The instruments of study were coping strategy scale by Jeon(1985), pain scale by Lee and Song(1987), depression scale by Radloff(1977) and quality of life scale by Cho(1987). Data analysis was done by SPSS Win 10.0 program and Pearson correlation, t-test, Cronbach's-${\alpha}$ were used. Result: The results of this study were as follows: 1. The item mean score of pain for chronic arthritis patient was 6.54. The item mean score of depression for chronic arthritis patient was 2.18. The item mean score of quality of life for chronic arthritis patient was 5.69. 2. The chronic arthritis patients with problem-focused coping experienced pain higher than those with emotion-focused coping(t=o.400, p=o.o45). The chronic arthritis patients with emotion-focused coping experienced depression higher than those with problem-focused coping(t=-2.564, p=0.012). The chronic arthritis patients with problem-focused coping experienced quality of life higher than emotion-focused coping(t=-1.682, p=0.046). Conclusion: In conclusion this study showed that any coping strategy can control the arthritis patient's problem. Therfore, The development of a coping strategy to reduce pain and depression and improve the quality of life in the chronic arthritis patient will be needed.

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Mediation Effect of a Positive Stress Coping Strategy in the Relationship between Clinical Practice Stress and Clinical Practice Satisfaction (임상실습 스트레스와 실습 만족도의 관계에 미치는 적극적 스트레스 대처의 매개효과)

  • Lee, Sun-Young;Jeon, Seon-Yeong;Kim, Yun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.193-204
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to identify the mediation effect of a positive stress coping strategy between clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction in nursing students. Methods : In this study, data was collected from 248 nursing students at K University in South Korea from October of 2015 to November of 2015. The collected data was analyzed using the SPSS 22.0 Statistics Program. Results : Clinical practice stress and a positive stress coping strategy were significant predictors of clinical practice satisfaction (${\beta}$=.442, p<.001). The explanatory power of the measure of clinical practice satisfaction was increased to 29.3% (p<.001) with solely clinical practice stress, and it reached 44.2% (p<.001) when a positive stress coping strategy was reflected. The results of this study confirmed that a positive stress coping strategy has a mediation effect on clinical practice stress and clinical practice satisfaction levels. Conclusions : It is necessary to develop a program to take advantage of positive stress coping skills so that nursing college students can smoothly overcome stress during their clinical training and thus improve their clinical practice experience.

Stress of Mothers-in-Law from Multi-Cultural Families (다문화 가정 시어머니가 경험하는 스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Kye-Ha;Park, Gyeong-Sook;Sun, Jeong-Ju
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.639-651
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study examined relationships among stress, stress coping strategies, and somatization in mothers-in-law from multi-cultural families in a rural area. Methods: Elderly mothers-in-law (n=227) living with foreign daughters-in-law completed a self-reporting questionnaire. Data were collected from April to August 2009. Questions related to stress (Visual Analog Scale, VAS), coping strategies (Coping Strategy Scale) for stress, and somatization (Symptom Check List 90, Revised). SPSS/WIN 12.0 program was used for descriptive analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation, and multiple regression analyses. Results: Subjects had a moderate level of stress (5.03). There were significant differences in stress level according to age, educational level, religion, chronic disease, health status, number of children, agreement of an international marriage of her sons, satisfaction in living with a foreign daughter-in-law, and family conflict. Stress showed a significant positive correlation with offensive coping strategy, passive strategy, and somatization. Stress, offensive coping strategy, and passive coping strategy affected the level of somatization. Conclusion: In a family situation involving co-habitation of mother- and foreign daughter-in-law, increased stress experienced by the mother-in-law can lead to increased offensive and passive coping strategies, and increased somatization. More effective means of stress reduction are needed for mothers-in-law from multi-cultural families.

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coping Strategy and Crisis of Mid-life Couples (중년기 부부의 가족 스트레스에 대한 대처양식과 위기감)

  • 김명자
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.203-216
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    • 1991
  • Coping strategy and mid-life crisis were examined in a sample of 325 mid-life couples ranging in age 40∼59. Each participant was administered stressful life event scale, coping strategy scale, family cohesion scale and mid-life crisis scale. The results were as follows: 1. There is no significant differences between husbands and wives in the experiences of stressful life event, but the perceived stress level of wives significantly higher than the husband's. 2. Husbands seem to use problem solving strategy and wives seem to use restrain strategy more often. 3. Wives appear significantly higher mid-life crisis than husbands. Especially family cohesion and passive coping strategy have turned out to be significant on the mid life crisis of couples. Besides these predictors, experiences of stressful life event and perceived stress level are significant predictors for husband's mid-life crisis. As for wive's mid-life crisis, coping stratigies are significant predictors.

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A Study on Efficacy and Coping Strategies for Home Economics Teachers

  • Yu, Nan-Sook
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.115-124
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    • 2011
  • This study investigates the efficacy and coping strategies of Home Economics teachers in secondary schools. Data were collected from 75 Home Economics teachers via a mailed survey and from 282 Home Economics teachers via an online survey. Descriptive statistics including frequency, percentage, average, and standard deviation; in addition, the ANOVA, t-test, multiple linear regression, and correlation results were reported using SPSS statistics 17.0. The results were as follows: First, the average Home Economics teachers efficacy level was 3.82 out of 5-point Likert scale. The efficacy level of learning assistance was the highest. The composite efficacy of Home Economics teachers showed a significant difference depending on the major. Second, the averages of the positive and negative coping strategy level of Home Economics teachers were 3.54 and 2.03, respectively. Third, the efficacy of instructional strategy out of the five components of efficacy was the most influential to the positive coping strategy. There was no significant relationship between teacher efficacy and the negative strategy.

The Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Academic Stress Coping Training on Elementary School Children's Academic Stress and Coping Strategy (인지행동적 학업스트레스 대처훈련이 초등학생의 학업스트레스와 학업스트레스 대처방식에 미치는 효과)

  • Kim, So-Ra;Hong, Sang-Hwang
    • The Korean Journal of Elementary Counseling
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.19-38
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to develop a cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training for reduction of elementary school children's academic stress and improvement the ability to handle academically stressful situation with effective way, to examine its effects. For this, we assigned students of Y elementary school in Gyeongnam Province to two groups at random. From a group of 12 each, one group became the experimental group and the other the control group. And the program was applied twice a week to the experimental group who had totally six 40 minutes sessions of the research own making. Moreover, students evaluated the effects of the program via questionnaire regarding to academic stress and strategy for it. From 120 students of Y elementary school in Gyeongnam province for 3weeks, the study gathered data through the questionnaire for academic stressful situation to know this which students of elementary school often experience. From this, the results are reflected in the program. Also cognitive behavioral group counselling program for teenagers in crisis and existing programs used to adjust academic stress was redeveloped as available form for students in elementary school to compose the cognitive-behavioral Academic stress coping training. In short, the results of the study is as follows. In the study, first, It was showed that cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training decreased stress which can be caused in situation causing academic stress with a school record, lesson, study and task. Second, The cognitive-behavioral academic stress coping training showed the effect to improve coping strategy for academic stress. In detail, a passive-aversive coping strategy and a helpful coping strategy of coping strategy was enhanced meaningfully but the effect getting to an active coping strategy was limited.

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Characteristics of Mothers' Coping with Marital Conflict and Child-Rearing Stress (부부갈등과 자녀양육 스트레스 상황에서 나타난 어머니의 대처행동 특성)

  • Min Ha-Yeoung;Kim Hyong-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to identify the patterns of coping with marital conflict and child-rearing stress among mothers of young children. The participants were 166 mothers of children who were between 3 years and 7 years of age, living in the North Kyongsang Province. Paired t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe' test, Pearson's correlation and partial correlation analyses were conducted for this study. The results of this study were as follows. (1) In those situations where the participants experienced marital conflict and child-rearing stress, they were more likely to use an avoidance coping strategy than an approach coping strategy. (2) Among the mothers who were experiencing marital conflict or child-rearing stress, the group that suffered a higher level of stress was more likely to employ an avoidance coping strategy. However, there were no differences in the approach coping behavior by the level of stress. (3) When the level of marital conflict and child-rearing stress were controlled, approach coping behavior with marital conflict was still moderately correlated with approach coping behavior with child-rearing stress.

An Application of Ecological Family Welfare Model on Stress Coping Strategy and Psychological Wellbeing (생태학적 가정복지 모형의 적용으로 스트레스 대처전략과 심리적 복지 분석)

  • 전효정
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.107-117
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate university freshmen' stress coping strategy and psychological wellbeing to appling ecological family life welfare model. Based on Bronfenbrenner's ecological perspective, “ecological family welfare model”, which includes person(individual attributes), context(family backgrounds), process(mechanism of development), and time (the specific period), was suggested as a new research paradigm for family welfare life research. The questionnaire study was done for 171 freshmen of an university in Pusan. The results show the suggested research model was significant and effective to explain the mechanism of stress coping strategy and psychological wellbeing. Individual attributes(i. e., attachment style) and family context have an impact on family cohesion and adaptability which in turn affect stress coping strategies which then affect individual psychological wellbeing.

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