• 제목, 요약, 키워드: cookie and cookie formulation

검색결과 27건 처리시간 0.043초

Partitioning Behavior of Selected Printing Ink Solvents between Headspace and Chocolate Cookie Samples

  • An, Duek-Jun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.267-271
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    • 2011
  • Static Headspace Gas Chromatographic analysis was used to study the partitioning behavior of five organic printing ink solvents between chocolate cookie/air systems. Three cookie sample formulations varied with respect to chocolate type and overall percentage of constituents. Major considerations involved differences in fat content and type and resulting variability in chemical and physical structure. Each of the solvents studied (ethyl acetate, hexane, isopropanol, methyl ethyl ketone, toluene) represents a general class of printing ink solvents based on predominate functional group. Values of the partitioning coefficient (Kp) were determined at equilibrium using measured quantities of both solvent and cookie sample in closed systems at temperature of 25, 35, and $45^{\circ}C$. In each of the three cookies at the three test temperatures, toluene always exhibited the greatest value of partitioning to cookie and hexane always exhibited the least. Results also showed that the partitioning behavior of solvents is generally inversely related to temperature and that solvent affinity, though constant for a particular cookie type over all test temperatures, varies significantly among the three cookie types. The preference of each of the five solvents for each cookie sample was also found to vary with temperature. No correlation was found between the extent of partitioning and cookie formulation or physical characteristic of solvent. The Hildebrand parameter, related to ${\Delta}Hmix$ (heat of mixing), may be used to describe differences in partitioning based on the overall potential of a solvent/cookie interaction to occur. The potential for interaction is dependent upon the chemical structure of the cookie sample and thus the availability of 'active-sites' required for a given solvent.

미강 분말이 쿠키의 품질특성에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Rice Bran Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Cookie)

  • 장경희;곽은정;강우원
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.631-636
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    • 2010
  • 미강 첨가량을 달리하여 제조한 쿠키 반죽의 밀도는 미강첨가량이 증가할수록 낮아지는 경향을 나타내었으나, 유의적인 차이는 나타나지 않았으며 미강의 첨가는 쿠키의 퍼짐성, 손실율 및 팽창율에는 큰 영향을 미치지 않았다. 쿠키의 수분함량은 미강 30% 첨가구가 2.11% 로 가장 낮게 측정되었으며 색도는 미강의 첨가량이 증가할수록 명도와 황색도는 낮아지고 적색도는 높아지는 경향을 나타내었다. 조직감은 미강의 함량이 증가하면서 hardness, 부착성, cohesiveness, springiness, gumminess, chewiness가 증가하였으며 관능평가에서는 5% 첨가까지는 색, 풍미, 텍스쳐, 그리고 전반적인 선호도에서 양호한 평가를 받았으나, 그 이상의 미강의 첨가는 쿠키는 관능특성을 감소시키는 것으로 나타났다. 이로써, 미강첨가 쿠키의 제조시에는 5%의 미강을 첨가하는 것이 적합할 것으로 사료된다.

Effects of Fiber-rich Apple and Apricot Powders on Cookie Quality

  • Seker, Ibrahim T.;Ozboy-Ozbas, Ozen;Gokbulut, Incilay;Ozturk, Serpil;Koksel, Hamit
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.948-953
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    • 2009
  • Apple and apricot powders (APL-P and APR-P) were produced from apple and apricot fruits and they were used in cookie formulation at the levels of 10-40% (in flour bases). The APL-P and APR-P were rich in terms of total dietary fiber (TDF) and antioxidant power. The APR-P supplemented cookies had higher spread ratio and lower hardness values than the APL-P supplemented ones at all addition levels. The color values of the APR-P supplemented cookies were all acceptable. Overall sensory scores of the cookies supplemented with APL-P and APR-P were not significantly different from the control up to 20% addition. TDF contents of the supplemented cookies increased significantly with increasing addition level (p<0.01). The replacement of flour by APL-P and APR-P in wire-cut cookies showed that the physical characteristics and textural properties of the cookies were significantly affected (p<0.01) and APR-P appeared to be a more suitable replacer of flour than APL-P. Addition of both fruit powders upto 20% into the cookie formulation were evaluated as acceptable in terms of the sensory properties.

Effect of dried Hovenia dulcis fruit powder on quality characteristics and antioxidant properties of cookies

  • Park, Bo Ram;Choi, Ji Eun;Lee, Jun Ho
    • 한국식품저장유통학회지
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.517-523
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    • 2017
  • Hovenia dulcis fruit powder (HFP) has shown diverse functional activities; thus, it is rational to incorporate HFP into suitable food products with enhanced nutritional and functional quality, and their incorporation into bakery products such as cookies could be a good alternative for the increase of consumption. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of HFP addition on the quality characteristics of cookies. The pH of cookie doughs ranged from 5.80-6.34, with no remarkable differences by HFP addition. Density of cookie doughs significantly decreased upon addition of HFP (p<0.05), but there were no significant differences among samples added with HFP (p>0.05). Moisture content and spread factor of cookies significantly increased with higher content of HFP in the formulation (p<0.05). For color values of cookie surface, $L^*$ and $b^*-values$ decreased while $a^*-value$ increased as a result of HFP substitution (p<0.05). 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activities were significantly increased (p<0.05) with higher substitution of HFP, showing a positive correlation. Hedonic sensory results indicated that cookies supplemented with 4% HFP received the most favorable acceptance scores for sensory attributes. Overall, HFP-added cookies could be developed with improved physicochemical qualities without sacrificing consumer acceptability.

다시마가루 첨가 발아현미 쿠키의 제조조건 최적화 (Optimization of Germinated Brown Rice Cookie Prepared with (Laminaria longissima) Seatangle Powder)

  • 표서진;이선미;주나미
    • 한국식품조리과학회지
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.617-626
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal mixing conditions of three different amounts of seatangle powder, sugar, and butter in germinated brown rice cookie prepared with seatangle powder. The experiment was designed according to the Central Composite Design of response surface, which showed 16 experimental points including 2 replicates for seatangle powder, sugar and butter. The mechanical and sensory properties of each test were measured, and these values were applied to the mathematical models. A canonical form and perturbation plot showed the influence of each ingredient on the final product mixture. The L value, a value and b value decreased with increasing seatangle powder content and increased with sugar content. The a value and b value increased with increasing butter content, whereas the L value decreased with increasing butter content. Hardness decreased with increasing butter content. The results of sensory evaluation showed very significant values for texture (p<0.001), taste (p<0.01), and overall quality (p<0.05). As a result, the optimum formulation by numerical and graphical methods was calculated to be seatangle powder 4.25 g, sugar 49.86 g, and butter 58.23 g.

Effect of Ecklonia cava Powder on Color and Texture of Sugar-Snap Cookies

  • Park, Myeong Ju;Lee, Jun Ho
    • 산업식품공학
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.85-89
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    • 2011
  • Freeze-dried Ecklonia cava powder was incorporated into cookie dough at 5 levels (0%, 1.5%, 3%, 4.5%, and 6%, w/w) by replacing equivalent amount of wheat flour of the cookie dough. After aging and sheeting, cookies were baked at $185^{\circ}C$ for 14 min in a convection oven. The baked cookies were cooled to room temperature for 30 min and packed in airtight bags prior to all measurements. Lightness $(L^*)$ decreased significantly as the E. cava powder content increased (p<0.05) and a decreasing trend in both redness ($a^*$-value) and yellowness ($b^*$-value) was observed. On the other hand, firmness increased significantly with an increase in E. cava powder content (p<0.05). Increases in E. cava powder concentration up to 6% in the cookie formulation significantly increased the intensities of all sensory attributes such as color, flavor, taste, and firmness (p<0.05). Correlation analysis indicated that the E. cava concentration correlated significantly with most of the properties except for $a^*$-value (p<0.01, 0.05, or 0.001). Properties such as firmness and sensory color and firmness correlated positively while $L^*$- and $b^*$-value correlated negatively with E. cava concentration. Sensory color correlated negatively with $L^*$- and $b^*$-value. Sensory firmness correlated positively with mechanically measured firmness.

파래 첨가 쿠키의 품질 특성 연구 (Quality Characteristics of Cookies with Added Enteromorpha intenstinalis)

  • 임은정
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.300-305
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    • 2008
  • This study evaluated the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of cookies containing various concentrations(0, 3, 5, 7 and 9%) of Enteromorpha intenstinalis powder. Cookies containing E. intenstinalis powder were significantly lower in L value than of the control. The L value of brightness decreased significantly when E. intenstinalis powder was added to the cookie formula. The a and b values also decreased significantly with the addition of E. intenstinalis powder. The loss and leavening rates were significantly higher when 5% E. intenstinalis powder was added to the samples. The spread ratio increased proportionally with the amount of E. intenstinalis powder added to the cookie formulation The hardness decreased significantly according to the amount of E. intenstinalis powder. A sensory evaluation of acceptability(appearance, flavor, color, texture and overall quality) indicated that adding a 5% E. intenstinalis powder was most the acceptable treatment compared to the other treatments.

Consumer Perception and Sensory Characteristics of Cookies Incorporated with Strawberry Powder

  • Lee, Jun-Ho;Kim, In-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.66-70
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    • 2009
  • The effect of baking on the consumer perception and sensory characteristics was investigated using a model system of cookies incorporated with strawberry powder as a value-added food ingredient. Strawberry powder was incorporated into cookie dough at 4 levels (0%, 2%, 4%, and 6%, w/w) by replacing equivalent amount of wheat flour of the cookie dough. After aging and sheeting, cookies were baked at $170^{\circ}C$ for 15 min in an oven. The baked cookies were cooled to room temperature for 1 h and packed in airtight bags prior to all measurements. In terms of color, control received the most favorable mean score, which is significantly higher than others (p<0.05) followed by the 4% sample. The consumer preference on taste and aftertaste was not significantly affected by the amount of strawberry powder incorporated in the formulation (p>0.05). Samples with 4% strawberry powder received the highest mean flavor score of 6.28 which is significantly higher than that of 6% sample (p<0.05). In overall, substitution of 4% strawberry powder in the formulation would result in the most favorable strawberry cookies by the consumers with taking advantages of health benefits of strawberry. Correlation analysis indicated that strawberry powder concentration was significantly correlated positively with sensory color and hardness and negatively correlated with consumers' overall acceptability (p<0.05). Consumers' aftertaste was significantly correlated with overall acceptability which was negatively correlated with sensory hardness (p<0.05). Sensory hardness was highly correlated with sensory color attribute (p<0.05).

딸기 분말을 대체하여 제조한 쿠키의 이화학적 품질특성 (Physicochemical Properties of Cookies Incorporated with Strawberry Powder)

  • 이준호;고종철
    • 산업식품공학
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2009
  • 딸기 분말의 대체량을 0-6%로 달리하여 쿠키를 제조한 후 물리화학적 품질특성을 측정하고 각 특성사이의 상관관계를 살펴보았다. 딸기 분말 대체량이 증가함에 따라 반죽의 pH와 쿠키의 경도는 유의적으로 감소하였다(p<0.05). 반죽의 수분함량은 딸기 분말의 대체에 따라 유의적인 차이를 나타내지는 않았지만 평균 수분함량은 증가하는 경향을 나타내었다. 딸기 분말의 대체량이 증가할수록 명도와 황색도는 유의적으로 감소한 반면 적색도는 증가하였다(p<0.05). 퍼짐성 지수 역시 유의적인 증가를 나타내었다(p<0.05). 한편 상관분석결과 딸기 분말 대체수준은 모든 물리화학적 품질 특성과 유의적인 상관관계를 나타내었다. 또한 반죽의 수분함량과 퍼짐성 지수 사이에 양의 유의적 상관관계가 관측되었다(p<0.05).

삼백초 분말을 첨가하여 제조한 슈거스냅 쿠키의 품질특성 (Effect of Saururus chinensis Powder Addition on the Quality of Sugar Snap Cookies)

  • 배현주;이혜연;이진향;이준호
    • 산업식품공학
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.256-262
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    • 2010
  • 삼백초 분말의 첨가량을 0-6%로 달리하여 쿠키를 제조한 후 물리화학적 품질 및 관능적 품질특성을 측정하고 각 특성사이의 상관관계를 살펴보았다. 삼백초 분말 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 쿠키의 두께 및 밀도는 유의적으로 증가하였으나(p<0.05), 반죽의 구께 및 밀도에는 영향을 미치지 않는 것으로 나타났다(p>0.05). 반죽과 쿠키의 pH는 삼백초 분말 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 현저하게 감소하였으며, 색 특성 중 명도와 황색도 역시 현저하게 감소한 반면 적색도는 증가하는 경향을 나타내었다. 관능검사 결과, 경도를 제외한 맛, 향미, 색 등의 강도는 분말의 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 유의적으로 증가하여 6% 첨가군이 가장 높게 평가되었다(p<0.05). 한편 상관분석결과 삼백초 분말 첨가수준은 대부분의 물리화학적 및 관능적 품질특성과 유의적인 상관관계를 나타내어, 삼백초 분말 첨가가 반죽 및 쿠키의 전반적인 품질특성에 상당한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다.