• Title, Summary, Keyword: cookie and cookie formulation

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Partitioning Behavior of Selected Printing Ink Solvents between Headspace and Chocolate Cookie Samples

  • An, Duek-Jun
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.267-271
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    • 2011
  • Static Headspace Gas Chromatographic analysis was used to study the partitioning behavior of five organic printing ink solvents between chocolate cookie/air systems. Three cookie sample formulations varied with respect to chocolate type and overall percentage of constituents. Major considerations involved differences in fat content and type and resulting variability in chemical and physical structure. Each of the solvents studied (ethyl acetate, hexane, isopropanol, methyl ethyl ketone, toluene) represents a general class of printing ink solvents based on predominate functional group. Values of the partitioning coefficient (Kp) were determined at equilibrium using measured quantities of both solvent and cookie sample in closed systems at temperature of 25, 35, and $45^{\circ}C$. In each of the three cookies at the three test temperatures, toluene always exhibited the greatest value of partitioning to cookie and hexane always exhibited the least. Results also showed that the partitioning behavior of solvents is generally inversely related to temperature and that solvent affinity, though constant for a particular cookie type over all test temperatures, varies significantly among the three cookie types. The preference of each of the five solvents for each cookie sample was also found to vary with temperature. No correlation was found between the extent of partitioning and cookie formulation or physical characteristic of solvent. The Hildebrand parameter, related to ${\Delta}Hmix$ (heat of mixing), may be used to describe differences in partitioning based on the overall potential of a solvent/cookie interaction to occur. The potential for interaction is dependent upon the chemical structure of the cookie sample and thus the availability of 'active-sites' required for a given solvent.

Effect of Rice Bran Powder on the Quality Characteristics of Cookie (미강 분말이 쿠키의 품질특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Kyeung-Hee;Kwak, Eun-Jung;Kang, Woo-Won
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.631-636
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    • 2010
  • This study investigated the quality changes of cookie prepared with various concentrations of rice bran powder. Cookie were prepared by addition of 0, 5, 10, 20, and 30 powder to the flour of basic formulation. The specific gravity of cookie decreased with rising powder concentration. The volume and weight and specific volume increased with rising powder concentration. The moisture of cookie decreased with increasing powder concentration. With rising powder concentration, the a value of cookie increased but the L and b values decreased. The texture, hardness, cohesiveness, springness, gumminess, and chewiness of cookie decreased with rising powder concentration. The result of sensory evaluation when compared to cookie with 5% rice bran powder was superior in taste, flavor, and overall preference.

Effects of Fiber-rich Apple and Apricot Powders on Cookie Quality

  • Seker, Ibrahim T.;Ozboy-Ozbas, Ozen;Gokbulut, Incilay;Ozturk, Serpil;Koksel, Hamit
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.948-953
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    • 2009
  • Apple and apricot powders (APL-P and APR-P) were produced from apple and apricot fruits and they were used in cookie formulation at the levels of 10-40% (in flour bases). The APL-P and APR-P were rich in terms of total dietary fiber (TDF) and antioxidant power. The APR-P supplemented cookies had higher spread ratio and lower hardness values than the APL-P supplemented ones at all addition levels. The color values of the APR-P supplemented cookies were all acceptable. Overall sensory scores of the cookies supplemented with APL-P and APR-P were not significantly different from the control up to 20% addition. TDF contents of the supplemented cookies increased significantly with increasing addition level (p<0.01). The replacement of flour by APL-P and APR-P in wire-cut cookies showed that the physical characteristics and textural properties of the cookies were significantly affected (p<0.01) and APR-P appeared to be a more suitable replacer of flour than APL-P. Addition of both fruit powders upto 20% into the cookie formulation were evaluated as acceptable in terms of the sensory properties.

Effect of dried Hovenia dulcis fruit powder on quality characteristics and antioxidant properties of cookies

  • Park, Bo Ram;Choi, Ji Eun;Lee, Jun Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.517-523
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    • 2017
  • Hovenia dulcis fruit powder (HFP) has shown diverse functional activities; thus, it is rational to incorporate HFP into suitable food products with enhanced nutritional and functional quality, and their incorporation into bakery products such as cookies could be a good alternative for the increase of consumption. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of HFP addition on the quality characteristics of cookies. The pH of cookie doughs ranged from 5.80-6.34, with no remarkable differences by HFP addition. Density of cookie doughs significantly decreased upon addition of HFP (p<0.05), but there were no significant differences among samples added with HFP (p>0.05). Moisture content and spread factor of cookies significantly increased with higher content of HFP in the formulation (p<0.05). For color values of cookie surface, $L^*$ and $b^*-values$ decreased while $a^*-value$ increased as a result of HFP substitution (p<0.05). 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) radical scavenging activities were significantly increased (p<0.05) with higher substitution of HFP, showing a positive correlation. Hedonic sensory results indicated that cookies supplemented with 4% HFP received the most favorable acceptance scores for sensory attributes. Overall, HFP-added cookies could be developed with improved physicochemical qualities without sacrificing consumer acceptability.

Optimization of Germinated Brown Rice Cookie Prepared with (Laminaria longissima) Seatangle Powder (다시마가루 첨가 발아현미 쿠키의 제조조건 최적화)

  • Pyo, Seo-Jin;Lee, Sun-Mee;Joo, Na-Mi
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.617-626
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal mixing conditions of three different amounts of seatangle powder, sugar, and butter in germinated brown rice cookie prepared with seatangle powder. The experiment was designed according to the Central Composite Design of response surface, which showed 16 experimental points including 2 replicates for seatangle powder, sugar and butter. The mechanical and sensory properties of each test were measured, and these values were applied to the mathematical models. A canonical form and perturbation plot showed the influence of each ingredient on the final product mixture. The L value, a value and b value decreased with increasing seatangle powder content and increased with sugar content. The a value and b value increased with increasing butter content, whereas the L value decreased with increasing butter content. Hardness decreased with increasing butter content. The results of sensory evaluation showed very significant values for texture (p<0.001), taste (p<0.01), and overall quality (p<0.05). As a result, the optimum formulation by numerical and graphical methods was calculated to be seatangle powder 4.25 g, sugar 49.86 g, and butter 58.23 g.

Effect of Ecklonia cava Powder on Color and Texture of Sugar-Snap Cookies

  • Park, Myeong Ju;Lee, Jun Ho
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.85-89
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    • 2011
  • Freeze-dried Ecklonia cava powder was incorporated into cookie dough at 5 levels (0%, 1.5%, 3%, 4.5%, and 6%, w/w) by replacing equivalent amount of wheat flour of the cookie dough. After aging and sheeting, cookies were baked at $185^{\circ}C$ for 14 min in a convection oven. The baked cookies were cooled to room temperature for 30 min and packed in airtight bags prior to all measurements. Lightness $(L^*)$ decreased significantly as the E. cava powder content increased (p<0.05) and a decreasing trend in both redness ($a^*$-value) and yellowness ($b^*$-value) was observed. On the other hand, firmness increased significantly with an increase in E. cava powder content (p<0.05). Increases in E. cava powder concentration up to 6% in the cookie formulation significantly increased the intensities of all sensory attributes such as color, flavor, taste, and firmness (p<0.05). Correlation analysis indicated that the E. cava concentration correlated significantly with most of the properties except for $a^*$-value (p<0.01, 0.05, or 0.001). Properties such as firmness and sensory color and firmness correlated positively while $L^*$- and $b^*$-value correlated negatively with E. cava concentration. Sensory color correlated negatively with $L^*$- and $b^*$-value. Sensory firmness correlated positively with mechanically measured firmness.

Quality Characteristics of Cookies with Added Enteromorpha intenstinalis (파래 첨가 쿠키의 품질 특성 연구)

  • Lim, Eun-Jeong
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.300-305
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    • 2008
  • This study evaluated the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of cookies containing various concentrations(0, 3, 5, 7 and 9%) of Enteromorpha intenstinalis powder. Cookies containing E. intenstinalis powder were significantly lower in L value than of the control. The L value of brightness decreased significantly when E. intenstinalis powder was added to the cookie formula. The a and b values also decreased significantly with the addition of E. intenstinalis powder. The loss and leavening rates were significantly higher when 5% E. intenstinalis powder was added to the samples. The spread ratio increased proportionally with the amount of E. intenstinalis powder added to the cookie formulation The hardness decreased significantly according to the amount of E. intenstinalis powder. A sensory evaluation of acceptability(appearance, flavor, color, texture and overall quality) indicated that adding a 5% E. intenstinalis powder was most the acceptable treatment compared to the other treatments.

Consumer Perception and Sensory Characteristics of Cookies Incorporated with Strawberry Powder

  • Lee, Jun-Ho;Kim, In-Young
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.66-70
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    • 2009
  • The effect of baking on the consumer perception and sensory characteristics was investigated using a model system of cookies incorporated with strawberry powder as a value-added food ingredient. Strawberry powder was incorporated into cookie dough at 4 levels (0%, 2%, 4%, and 6%, w/w) by replacing equivalent amount of wheat flour of the cookie dough. After aging and sheeting, cookies were baked at $170^{\circ}C$ for 15 min in an oven. The baked cookies were cooled to room temperature for 1 h and packed in airtight bags prior to all measurements. In terms of color, control received the most favorable mean score, which is significantly higher than others (p<0.05) followed by the 4% sample. The consumer preference on taste and aftertaste was not significantly affected by the amount of strawberry powder incorporated in the formulation (p>0.05). Samples with 4% strawberry powder received the highest mean flavor score of 6.28 which is significantly higher than that of 6% sample (p<0.05). In overall, substitution of 4% strawberry powder in the formulation would result in the most favorable strawberry cookies by the consumers with taking advantages of health benefits of strawberry. Correlation analysis indicated that strawberry powder concentration was significantly correlated positively with sensory color and hardness and negatively correlated with consumers' overall acceptability (p<0.05). Consumers' aftertaste was significantly correlated with overall acceptability which was negatively correlated with sensory hardness (p<0.05). Sensory hardness was highly correlated with sensory color attribute (p<0.05).

Physicochemical Properties of Cookies Incorporated with Strawberry Powder (딸기 분말을 대체하여 제조한 쿠키의 이화학적 품질특성)

  • Lee, Jun Ho;Ko, Jong Cheul
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.79-84
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    • 2009
  • Effect of baking on the physicochemical properties including pH, moisture content, hardness, color, and spread factor was investigated using a model system of cookies incorporated with strawberry powder as a value-added food ingredient. Strawberry powder was incorporated into cookie dough at 4 levels (0, 2, 4, and 6% w/w) by replacing equivalent amount of wheat flour of the cookie dough. After aging and sheeting, cookies were baked at 170$^{\circ}C$ for 15 min in an oven. The baked cookies were cooled to room temperature for 1 hr and packed in airtight bags prior to all measurements. The pH of dough and hardness of cookies decreased significantly with increase in strawberry powder content (p<0.05). Moisture content of the dough was not significantly affected by strawberry powder but mean values tended to increase as the strawberry powder content increased. Lightness (L$^{*}$-value) and yellowness (b$^{*}$-value) significantly decreased as the strawberry powder content increased; on the other hand, redness (a$^{*}$-value) increased significantly (p<0.05). Spread factor also increased significantly as the strawberry content increased in the formulation (p<0.05). Finally, correlation analysis indicated that level of strawberry powder incorporation was well-correlated with all the physicochemical properties studied. It is also noted that there was a significant positive correlation between the moisture content of dough and spread factor (p<0.05).

Effect of Saururus chinensis Powder Addition on the Quality of Sugar Snap Cookies (삼백초 분말을 첨가하여 제조한 슈거스냅 쿠키의 품질특성)

  • Bae, Hyun Joo;Lee, Hye Yeon;Lee, Jin Hyang;Lee, Jun Ho
    • Food Engineering Progress
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.256-262
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    • 2010
  • Saururus chinensis powder was added into cookie dough at 5 levels (0%, 1.5%, 3%, 4.5%, and 6%) by partially replacing equivalent amount of wheat flour in cookie formulation, and cookies thus made were evaluated for physicochemical properties and sensory quality by a small semi-trained panel. Thickness and density of cookies increased significantly with increase in Saururus chinensis powder content (p<0.05); however, those of dough were not affected (p<0.05). The pH of both dough and cookies decreased significantly as the level of Saururus chinensis powder increased (p<0.05). Lightness and yellowness decreased significantly as the Saururus chinensis powder content increased while redness increased significantly (p<0.05). Spread factor decreased with the powder addition (p<0.05). Sensory evaluation indicated that samples with higher amount of the powder received higher scores in terms of taste, flavor, and color but not for hardness (p<0.05). Finally, correlation analysis showed that level of Saururus chinensis powder incorporation was well-correlated with most of the physicochemical properties and sensory attributes studied.