• Title, Summary, Keyword: convergence

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A Study on the Procedure of Using Big Data to Solve Smart City Problems Based on Citizens' Needs and Participation (시민 니즈와 참여 기반의 스마트시티 문제해결을 위한 빅 데이터 활용 절차에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Hye-Jung
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.102-112
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    • 2020
  • Smart City's goal is to solve urban problems through smart city's component technology, thereby developing eco-friendly and sustainable economies and improving citizens' quality of life. Until now, smart cities have evolved into component technologies, but it is time to focus attention on the needs and participation of citizens in smart cities. In this paper, we present a big data procedure for solving smart city problems based on citizens' needs and participation. To this end, we examine the smart city project market by region and major industry. We also examine the development stages of the smart city market area by sector. Additionally it understands the definition and necessity of each sector for citizen participation, and proposes a method to solve the problem through big data in the seven-step big data problem solving process. The seven-step big data process for solving problems is a method of deriving tasks after analyzing structured and unstructured data in each sector of smart cities and deriving policy programs accordingly. To attract citizen participation in these procedures, the empathy stage of the design thinking methodology is used in the unstructured data collection process. Also, as a method of identifying citizens' needs to solve urban problems in smart cities, the problem definition stage of the design sinking methodology was incorporated into the unstructured data analysis process.

Wireless LAN-based Vehicle Location Estimation in GPS Shading Environment (GPS 음영 환경에서 무선랜 기반 차량 위치 추정 연구)

  • Lee, Donghun;Min, Kyungin;Kim, Jungha
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.94-106
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    • 2020
  • Recently, the radio navigation method utilizing the GPS(Global Positioning System) satellite information is widely used as the method to measure the position of objects. As GPS applications become wider and fields based on various positioning information emerge, new methods for achieving higher accuracy are required. In the case of autonomous vehicles, the INS(Inertial Navigation System) using the IMU(Inertial Measurement Unit), and the DR(Dead Reckoning) algorithm using the in-vehicle sensor, are used for the purpose of preventing degradation of accuracy of the GPS and to measure the position in the shadow area. However, these positioning methods have many elements of problems due not only to the existence of various shaded areas such as building areas that are continually enlarged, tunnels, underground parking lots and but also to the limitations of accumulation-based location estimation methods that increase in error over time. In this paper, an efficient positioning method in a large underground parking space using Fingerprint method is proposed by placing the AP(Access Points) and directional antennas in the form of four anchors using WLAN, a popular means of wireless communication, for positioning the vehicle in the GPS shadow area. The proposed method is proved to be able to produce unchanged positioning results even in an environment where parked vehicles are moved as time passes.

A Study on the Establishment of Quality Control Standards for Accuracy Improvement of DSRC Traffic Information System (DSRC 교통정보 정확도 개선을 위한 품질관리 기준수립 연구)

  • Hwang, Taehyun;Won, Insu;Kwon, Jangwoo
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.44-57
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    • 2020
  • A dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) traffic information system is a detection system for a section of road using communication between roadside equipment and on-board High-Pass units to collect road traffic information and provide reliable traffic information to drivers. The Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport announced that a DSRC system must be supported to pass the performance evaluation of an intelligent transportation system (ITS), and the performance evaluation for DSRC systems installed in expressways and national highways is started. Currently, DSRC traffic information systems are only managed for maintenance and functional-monitoring purposes, which means that detailed criteria for the operation of a DSRC traffic information system, such as communication range, the direction of the antenna, and the power of the radio wave, etc., need to be established. In this paper, the criteria of the performance evaluation of a DSRC traffic information system are presented for different road types and road environments. The proposed performance evaluation criteria included the communication range and communication power of roadside equipment. In addition, installation criteria, such as the direction of the antenna, and the height and angle of the installed system, are presented for different road types and road environments. The criteria presented were evaluated for DSRC roadside equipment and documented to improve system maintenance and quality control of the communication system.

Detour Behavior on the Expressway using Route Travel Data (경로형 통행데이터 기반 고속도로 우회행태 분석)

  • Lee, Sujin;Son, Sanghoon;Kim, Hyungjoo
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.58-70
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    • 2020
  • Detour behavior on the expressway means that the driver uses the local road by passing the part of the expressway which is stagnant at the time of the traffic demand such as holidays. Since the detour rate was estimated through the survey at toll gate in the past, there was a difficulty in estimating the actual detour rate due to the small sample of the survey. In this study, we use DSRC-based route travel data to conduct empirical studies on detour patterns such as the estimation of actual detour rate, the improvement of travel time using detour road, and the correlation between traffic conditions on the expressway and detour rate. On the day of Chuseok and the day before Chuseok, the analysis of Giheung-DongtanIC→OsanIC and Seopyeongtaek IC→Walgott JC showed that the use of detour roads increased gradually during the congestion of the main line and travel time reduced when using detour roads, However, when the traffic congestion of the main line is not severe, the travel time increases when using the detour roads. The correlation between the traffic condition of the expressway and the actual detour rate has a negative correlation, which is consistent with the congestion pattern of the main line. The results of this study can be used to overcome limitations of detour pattern research based on surveys in the past and to establish a detour strategy for expressway sections where traffic demand is concentrated.

A Study on Minimization of Leakage of Important Information in M&A (인수합병(M&A)시 기업 중요정보 유출 최소화 방안 연구)

  • An, Young Baek;Chang, Hang Bae
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.215-228
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    • 2020
  • M&As are continuing to grow globally and are expected to increase in the future. With the fourth industrial revolution and the strengthening of neo-protection trade between countries, technology is cited as the core of national competitiveness, and the trend of M&A's increase, which is aimed at securing technology, is expected to continue. However, the risk of technology leakage, which is difficult to determine clearly illegally in the process of M&A, is still growing, and there is not enough prevention or response to this problem. the purpose of this paper was to divide the M&A process into seven stages and to ensure that important information of the enterprises during M&A between the countries and the domestic companies was not leaked unfairly, and each step analyzed the risk factors and causes of the leakage of important information in the M&A process and presented a risk-specific management plan for minimizing the leakage of important information based on the importance of the risk factors. Companies that pursue M&A in the future will reflect the M&A step-by-step risk and risk management measures derived based on case analysis and expert surveys. I hope to use risk management measures to help minimize unintentional leakage of important corporate information into the outside.

Effect of Apartment Residents' Safety Awareness on Fire Response Performance: Focusing on the Moderating Effect of Control Offices' Control Competence (아파트 거주자의 안전의식이 화재대응성과에 미치는 영향 : 관리사무소의 관리역량 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jong-Nam;Kong, Ha-Sung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.43-53
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to reduce the anxiety factors of fires by following evacuation tips in case of fire in an apartment household. This study analyzed the moderating effects of the control offices' competence in control on safety awareness and fire response. The study results were as follows. First, the residents and control staff's safety awareness had a positive effect on the fire response performance. This indicates that the higher the residents and control staff's safety awareness level, the higher the fire responsive performance. Second, the higher the control offices' control competence level, the better the apartment residents and control staff's safety awareness had a positive effect on the fire response performance. These results indicate that the higher the control office heads' leadership, the higher the apartment residents' housing satisfaction and that the more communicative the control office heads' attitude toward the residents, the better their attitude had a positive effect on the fire response performance. Lastly, the control offices' control competence was analyzed to have a moderating effects on the effect of the apartment residents and control staff's safety awareness level on the fire response performance. These results showed that the change in the model's R2 value showed an increasing trend in stages as the value increased more in the stage 2 than the stage 1 and even more in the stage 3 with the interaction terms of the moderating variables added. For this reason, the control offices' control competence which was a moderating variable was analyzed to have a moderating effect on the effect of residents and control staff's safety awareness level on the fire response performance.

Creating Cultural Heritage though 'Silkroadpia' - Reconstructing the Routes of the Baekje Restoration Movement ('실크로드피아(Silkroadpia)'의 활용과 문화유산의 창출 - 백제부흥운동의 경로복원을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Daeyoun
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.343-350
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we present the results of research on the reconstruction of ancient routes of ancient civilization exchange that were once present in the North Jeolla region, which was undertaken by adopting a convergent approach to develop 'Silkroadpia', which is an online platform for the curation and sharing of archaeological and historical spatial data, and 'MEPTA(Multiple Evidence Based Path and Territory Finding Algorithm)'. The results of the research make it possible to reconsider the region's historical identity and its important role in facilitating cultural exchange on the Korean Peninsula and in East Asia. The results can also be used to provide the theoretical basis for the government's land planning policies and for the production of cultural contents that can be used for local regeneration. The ancient route associated with the Baekje Restoration Movement, that took place after the fall of Sabi in 660 CE, was the case study examined in this paper, which discusses the academic value of reconstructing the ancient route, as well as its future use in providing cultural contents.

The Effects of Characteristics of Media Facade on Customer's Preference (미디어파사드 특성이 문화예술공간의 선호도에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Lee, Chul Soo;Nam, Sang Moon
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.335-341
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    • 2020
  • As life, once immersed in labor, changes with values and lifestyles, individuals consume or participate in culture and arts for learning, meeting of intellectual needs, pleasure, and exchange. As culture and art spaces have increased in recent times, these spaces have been transformed into places to create, view and exchange culture and art, and to consume cultural goods. Culture and art spaces have created and developed new genres and technologies that give viewers the opportunity to communicate and participate, allowing them to understand and accumulate works of media. A media façade thus gives a preference to places for visitors by giving an impression over a short period of time in culture and art spaces that are not areas for exhibitions and performances, and providing an opportunity to more easily approach and understand works and culture and art spaces. A media façade is a type of medium that imparts aesthetics and information by installing LED lighting on the exterior wall of a building for the realization of media functions. In order to analyze the effect of the media façade on preferences for culture and art spaces, a research model was established with media façade characteristics as independent variables and preferences for culture and art spaces as dependent variables. As a result, media façade design and media features influenced satisfaction, while the media characteristics of the media façade influenced recommendation and revisiting, suggesting that many changes will take place in culture and art spaces.

A Study on Changam, Lee Samman's a course of learning calligraphy and calligraphy theory (창암(蒼巖) 이삼만(李三晩)의 학서(學書) 연마와 서예론(書藝論) 고찰)

  • Kim, Doyoung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.327-334
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    • 2020
  • Changam, Lee Samman(1770~1845), who created his own handwriiting to be referred to as the three great writers of the late Joseon Dynasty, the valued 'beobgo'. Based on the calligraphy of the Han-Wi era, Lee Kwangsa who completed DonggugJinche was regarded as the teacher of the heart. In his later years, he wrote 『ChangamSeogyeol』 to teach how to use the right brush, revealing the basic principles of universal calligraphy and his own calligraphy. The typeface of Changam is completed by choseo through the establishment of haeseo geungol. For this, I valued Han-Wi's haeseo training, OnhuGanwon Han-Wi geungol shows a state without natural law. This shows that nature is the core and ultimate goal of Changam calligraphy theory. This is a return to the state of 'No law' at the height of the law, where eum-yang is created and bizarreness occurs when form, power and energy are promoted. On the other hand, he emphasized that jangbeob and pochi form IlunMujeog DeugpilCheonyeon when expressing naturalness as it is, without being bound by the old law. His typeface constantly tried to combine the beauty of Joseon's own calligraphy while sublimating nature into art. Thus, he acquired IlunMujeog, a body rich in geungol and full of vitality and dynamism. And DeugpilCheonyeon achieved aesthetics with the highest level of excellence, embodied as the original 'Haengunyusu Typeface', and further developed handwriiting and Calligraphy spirit of DonggugJinche in Honam province.

A Study on the Value Factors of Culture Consumers for Corporate Culture Marketing through Big Data Techniques (빅데이터 기법을 통한 기업 문화마케팅을 위한 문화소비자의 가치 요소 연구)

  • Oh, Se Jong
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2020
  • Corporate Culture Marketing is a marketing tool that enhances a company's cultural image or conveys its image through culture. Culture Consumer value analysis is important predictive data in identifying the value and pursuit of life in individual consumption behavior, explaining the choice behavior of culture consumers, and serves as the basis for decision making. The research method was linked to the text mining and opinion mining techniques of big data, and extracted positive, negative and neutral words. The analysis targets culture consumers participating in concerts at Hyundai Card's 'Super Concert', which is subject to domestic consumers, and CJ ENM's 'KCON', which is subject to foreign consumers. The culture consumer value elements of corporate culture marketing are the basic conditions, and they were derived as 'Consensus Communication (Expression of Sensibility)', 'Participation Sharing(VIP Belonging)', 'Social Change Issue', 'Differentiating Services', 'Price Discount Benefit' and 'Location Quality'. In the future, we will need to foster 'Culture Technology Marketers' and apply them in areas such as arts management planning, cultural investment, cultural distribution, cultural space, Corporate Culture, CSR and K-pop marketing to enhance corporate interests and brand value and enhance brand value.