• 제목, 요약, 키워드: constant strain triangle

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Bar와 Beam 구조물의 기본적인 유한요소 모델의 수치해석 (Numerical Evaluation of Fundamental Finite Element Models in Bar and Beam Structures)

  • 류용희;주부석;정우영
    • 복합신소재구조학회 논문집
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2013
  • The finite element analysis (FEA) is a numerical technique to find solutions of field problems. A field problem is approximated by differential equations or integral expressions. In a finite element, the field quantity is allowed to have a simple spatial variation in terms of linear or polynomial functions. This paper represents a review and an accuracy-study of the finite element method comparing the FEA results with the exact solution. The exact solutions were calculated by solid mechanics and FEA using matrix stiffness method. For this study, simple bar and cantilever models were considered to evaluate four types of basic elements - constant strain triangle (CST), linear strain triangle (LST), bi-linear-rectangle(Q4),and quadratic-rectangle(Q8). The bar model was subjected to uniaxial loading whereas in case of the cantilever model moment loading was used. In the uniaxial loading case, all basic element results of the displacement and stress in x-direction agreed well with the exact solutions. In the moment loading case, the displacement in y-direction using LST and Q8 elements were acceptable compared to the exact solution, but CST and Q4 elements had to be improved by the mesh refinement.

A direct XFEM formulation for modeling of cohesive crack growth in concrete

  • Asferg, J.L.;Poulsen, P.N.;Nielsen, L.O.
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.83-100
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    • 2007
  • Applying a direct formulation for the enrichment of the displacement field an extended finite element (XFEM) scheme for modeling of cohesive crack growth is developed. Only elements cut by the crack is enriched and the scheme fits within the framework of standard FEM code. The scheme is implemented for the 3-node constant strain triangle (CST) and the 6-node linear strain triangle (LST). Modeling of standard concrete test cases such as fracture in the notched three point beam bending test (TPBT) and in the four point shear beam test (FPSB) illustrates the performance. The XFEM results show good agreement with results obtained by applying standard interface elements in FEM and with experimental results. In conjunction with criteria for crack growth local versus nonlocal computation of the crack growth direction is discussed.

사변형 요소를 이용한 추계론적 유한요소해석 (Stochastic Finite Element Analysis by Using Quadrilateral Elements)

  • 최창근;노혁천
    • 대한토목학회논문집
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 1993
  • 본 논문은 추계론적 유한요소해석의 한 방법인 가중적분법의 확장에 대해서 논하였다. 가중적분법의 사용은 Deodatis에 의해서 삼각형요소로 확장되었다. 이에 의해서 2차원 문제에 대한 응답변화도를 수치적인 해석에 의해서 얻을 수 있게 되었다. 본 논문에서는 가중적분법을 일반 평면요소를 사용할 수 있도록 확장한다. 제안된 방법에 의해서 확정론적 유한요소해석에서 사용된 요소망은 추계론적 유한요소해석에서도 그대로 사용할 수 있도록 되었다. 나아가서, CST요소는 상수만을 그 요소로 가지는 변위-변형률 행렬을 가지는 특수한 경우이므로 제안된 방법을 사용할 경우 CST요소와 일반 평면 사변형 요소를 혼용하여 사용할 수 있을 것이다.

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The stress analysis of a shear wall with matrix displacement method

  • Ergun, Mustafa;Ates, Sevket
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.53 no.2
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    • pp.205-226
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    • 2015
  • Finite element method (FEM) is an effective quantitative method to solve complex engineering problems. The basic idea of FEM for a complex problem is to be able to find a solution by reducing the problem made simple. If mathematical tools are inadequate to obtain precise result, even approximate result, FEM is the only method that can be used for structural analyses. In FEM, the domain is divided into a large number of simple, small and interconnected sub-regions called finite elements. FEM has been used commonly for linear and nonlinear analyses of different types of structures to give us accurate results of plane stress and plane strain problems in civil engineering area. In this paper, FEM is used to investigate stress analysis of a shear wall which is subjected to concentrated loads and fundamental principles of stress analysis of the shear wall are presented by using matrix displacement method in this paper. This study is consisting of two parts. In the first part, the shear wall is discretized with constant strain triangular finite elements and stiffness matrix and load vector which is attained from external effects are calculated for each of finite elements using matrix displacement method. As to second part of the study, finite element analysis of the shear wall is made by ANSYS software program. Results obtained in the second part are presented with tables and graphics, also results of each part is compared with each other, so the performance of the matrix displacement method is demonstrated. The solutions obtained by using the proposed method show excellent agreements with the results of ANSYS. The results show that this method is effective and preferable for the stress analysis of shell structures. Further studies should be carried out to be able to prove the efficiency of the matrix displacement method on the solution of plane stress problems using different types of structures.

최소민감도이론에 의한 조인트 부재의 공차설계 (Joint Tolerance Design by Minimum Sensitivity Theorem)

  • 임오강;류재봉;박배준;이병우
    • 전산구조공학
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.161-170
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    • 1998
  • 길이가 긴 원통형 실린더를 구성하는 데에 사용될 조인트 부재에 대한 공차설계를 수행하였다. 즉, 원통형 실린더를 체결할 때 사용되는 조인트 부품 가운데 스터드 볼트를 최소 민감도해석에 의해 공차설계를 하였다. 조인트 부재의 공차설계를 위한 최소 민감도 해석에 의한 정식화는 목적함수가 폰 마이세스 응력의 공차에 대한 민감도이고, 여러 부등호 제약식 중에서 자중이 부등호 제안식에 포함된다. 조인트 부재의 경우 자중에 대한 타당한 부등호 제안식을 설정하기 위하여 우선 확정적인 경우에 대한 최적설계를 수행하여 그 범위값을 선정하였다. 원통형 부재의 구조 응답은 축대칭 유한요소로서 구조해석을 수행하여 제안식을 설정하였으며, 직접미분에 의해서 설계 민감도를 구하여 ,최적화 알고리즘과 결합하여 최적의 공차를 제시하였다.

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Fluid-structure interaction system predicting both internal pore pressure and outside hydrodynamic pressure

  • Hadzalic, Emina;Ibrahimbegovic, Adnan;Dolarevic, Samir
    • Coupled systems mechanics
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.649-668
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, we present a numerical model for fluid-structure interaction between structure built of porous media and acoustic fluid, which provides both pore pressure inside porous media and hydrodynamic pressures and hydrodynamic forces exerted on the upstream face of the structure in an unified manner and simplifies fluid-structure interaction problems. The first original feature of the proposed model concerns the structure built of saturated porous medium whose response is obtained with coupled discrete beam lattice model, which is based on Voronoi cell representation with cohesive links as linear elastic Timoshenko beam finite elements. The motion of the pore fluid is governed by Darcy's law, and the coupling between the solid phase and the pore fluid is introduced in the model through Biot's porous media theory. The pore pressure field is discretized with CST (Constant Strain Triangle) finite elements, which coincide with Delaunay triangles. By exploiting Hammer quadrature rule for numerical integration on CST elements, and duality property between Voronoi diagram and Delaunay triangulation, the numerical implementation of the coupling results with an additional pore pressure degree of freedom placed at each node of a Timoshenko beam finite element. The second original point of the model concerns the motion of the outside fluid which is modeled with mixed displacement/pressure based formulation. The chosen finite element representations of the structure response and the outside fluid motion ensures for the structure and fluid finite elements to be connected directly at the common nodes at the fluid-structure interface, because they share both the displacement and the pressure degrees of freedom. Numerical simulations presented in this paper show an excellent agreement between the numerically obtained results and the analytical solutions.