• Title/Summary/Keyword: communality

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Spatial Pattern of the Settlement-Communality in Rural Mountain Area (정주공동성의 공간적 존재형태에 관한 연구(1) -산간지역(평창군 미탄면)의 사례를 중심으로-)

  • 윤원근;이상문
    • Journal of Korean Society of Rural Planning
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.36-49
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    • 1997
  • The drastic change of mountain community, which have led existing villages to a size reduction or an extinction, makes this study concentrate on finding out the new community unit as a spatial zone of dayily life and agricultural production. The communality which has played a key role in a aura settlement consistency has been focused on the socio-economic aspect till now, neglecting the spatia] nature. The settlement-communality( SC) putting a stress on the spatial aspect can be, therefore, shapec as being multi-dimensional, composed of both a horizontally areal coverage on the surface of the residential place and a vertically hierarchial relationship between settlements, by analyzing thro( elements of communality that are the economic, socio -cultural and spatial activities. The research site is located administratively in Milan-Myoun, Pyoungchang-Gun, Gangwon-Do that ha: the characteristics as a typical mountain community. The results of field survey of which the method i: to draw the activity zone from an interview with every village's head and some residents with th( prepared questionaire can be summarized as followings. Firstly, the SC in almost all villages tended to be weakened or extincted, none the less, the spatia zone of that overally enlarged and got out of natural village unit(hamlet). However the areal coverall on which the SC has an influence reaches up to the alliant domain of a few villages generally congruen with the lowest level administrative district, Secondly, the economic and social activity pattern in village life has a tendency to be directly linked with a upper central place, so that has induced the function of a central village in the middle-low settlement hierarchy to be largely shrinked. Not only the conventional residents'access to goods service but also the recent service-delivers'access to residents has gradually formed the vertical communality with direct linkage between the upper and the bottom level settlements Lastly, the enfeeblement of the SC in the lowest settlement level tends to be supplemented by enlarging the horizontal zone of the SC or especially by strengthening the vertical direct linkage system. The very this point makes the mountain community open to the external world and also makes the spatial unit of community be multi-dimensional just like a cubic.

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The Relationship between Subjective Happiness and Satisfaction of Social Sustainability in Residential Environment (주거환경의 사회적 지속가능성 만족도와 주관적 행복감과의 관계)

  • Shin, Hwa-Kyoung;Jo, In-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.57-66
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of the study was to find out the relationship between subjective happiness and satisfaction of social sustainability in residential environment. The data for the analysis were collected through questionnaire survey method from October 29 to November 10, 2013, and the sample consisted of 338 residents living in Seoul and Gyeonggi-Do province. The social sustianability was composed of locality, communality and organism. Locality composed of historical and cultural reflection of regional identity and of regions. Communality composed of social integration, community program and facilities. Organism composed of employment, self-sufficiency, welfare, population, safety and housing. The findings of the study were as followings: 1) The average of subjective happiness was 3.82 points, over neutral. 2) The social sustainability in residential environment was related with the subjective happiness. 3) In the social sustainability in residential environment, the residents was satisfied with locality and organism, but they was not satisfied with communality.

Norms and Values of Korean Scientific Community (연구규범과 가치관을 통해 본 한국과학기술자사회의 성격: 공공부문 연구자를중심으로)

  • Park, Hea-Jae
    • Journal of Technology Innovation
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.81-106
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    • 2008
  • By analyzing a nation-wide survey, this article examines research related norms and values of 684 scientists in 16 universities and 7 government supported research institutes. The survey shows that Korean scientific community tends to reject communality and disinterestedness while it accepts universalism as a norm. Organized skepticism is received a lukewarm support. In contrast, Korean scientific community tends to perceive the intellectual property and secrecy as legitimate and believe that scientists should consider the applicability of scientific research outcome and its social impacts when they choose research topics. When other variables are controlled for, the more basic research a scientist conducts the scientist is more likely to support communality and reject secrecy. The younger scientists are less likely to accept disinterestedness and the claim that the scientists should keep distance from social issues than the older. Scientists who work in the government-supported research institutes are more likely to view secrecy for more than 6 months as legitimate and reject the claim that science should not be affected by society than university scientists. The implications of these findings are discussed.

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The Study on the System and Weight about Evaluation Indicators of Social Sustainability in Residential Environment (주거환경의 사회적 지속가능성 평가항목 체계와 가중치에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, In-Sook;Shin, Hwa-Kyoung
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2017
  • Sustainable development is one of the important concept of the 21st century. Especially, Social sustainability is an important factor in today's society with the weakened community, and is needed exploring social sustainability in the residential environment as a container of human life. The purpose of this study was to develop the evaluation indicators and evaluation system of social sustainability in residential environment. In order to develop evaluation indicators first, the delphi expert survey was conducted to assess the adequacy of selected the evaluation indicators in previous studies. Second, expert survey using the method of AHP was progressed in order to analyze importance and weight of evaluation indicators and was analyzed using Expert Choice. The findings of this study are as followings; the evaluation system was composed of locality, communality and organisms. The communality is the most important. The locality was composed of historical and cultural, reflection of regional identity and homogeneous of regions. Reflection of local identity is the most important in locality area. The communality was composed of social integration environment, community activities and the community space. The community activities are the most important in communality area. The organism was composed of employment, self-sufficiency, welfare, population, safety and housing. Safety is the most important in the organism area.

The Process of communality Formation Among the Families of Communal Childcare Cooperative - A Case Study ova Communal Childcare Cooperative - (공동육아협동조합 가족의 공동체성 형성 과정 - 조합형 어린이집 한 사례 분석을 통하여 -)

  • 류경희;김순옥
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.107-133
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    • 2001
  • This study aims to understand the Process of Communality formation among the Families of Communal Childcare Cooperative. Ethnographic, in-depth interview and participant observation at field are used as method. The families of communal childcare cooperative form their communality through investment and harmony, making relationship, and struggles and overcoming the struggles. Each family is willing to put in their money and time for an unfamiliar group to organize and manage a community. They head for the same direction accepting the diversity of expectation and thought based on the diversity of environment of each family. They have interactions upon the basis of equality among the families. Sharing their unique cloture such as communal place(teojeon), common issues, same generation, unique terms, specific modes of speaking informally or nicknaming, they accept the diversities and head for the sameness to have a harmony. In the reset of forming relationship, these families transfer successfully from the field of I and my family to that of group. They escape from a sense of priority that concerns their own family first and then others. They come to be able to consider the group first. Besides, they come to assimilate themselves to the group by identification with the group. They come to form their identity and sense of membership of the group recognizing power of group they belong in their families and local society. The process of forming community among the families of cooperative has inescapable struggles. Each family becomes a real host of the cooperative in the process of overcoming the struggles and experiences a growth of individual and group in the process of looking for the ways of overcoming the struggles. In the end, the families cooperates and reestablish their community.

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Community Orchestra Educational Activities and Development of Poor Children (지역사회 오케스트라 교육 활동과 빈곤아동 발달)

  • An, Eunmi
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.68 no.1
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    • pp.225-248
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    • 2016
  • This study explores the effects on development of poor children by community-based orchestra educational activities and the orchestra educational activities factors for promoting the effects using longitudinal data are those collected for "The Evaluation of the Impact of Our Neighborhood Orchestra on Children's Learning" made by the Seoul Philharmonic Orchestra. For these purposes, this study employed a latent growth model analysis of the factors such as depression, aggressive behavior, communality and interpersonal relationship of development of poor children and evaluation, satisfaction, outsiders'attention and participation of facilitative factors. The result shows that they displayed significantly positive development in depression, aggressive behavior, and interpersonal relationship. It appears that the evaluation on music achievement had a positive impact on the rate of change in communality, while the evaluation on attitude had an impact in the initial value of depression, aggressive behavior, and communality, also the sense of satisfaction had a positive impact on the initial value of communality and interpersonal relationship in conditional models. And parents' attention and participation had a negative impact on the initial value of aggressive behavior, while the attention and participation of the community showed a positive impact on the initial value of depression and aggressive behavior. Based on these results, this study attempted to broaden the understanding of the development of poor children taking part in orchestra-based educational activities and provide a practical basis for social workers' direct invention, and look for new ways by shedding light on the merits of the cultural/art education of poor children that engage in the community-based orchestra educational activities.

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Residents' Community Characteristics of a Rural Area with Active Community - Case Study of Hongdong, Chungcheongnam-do - (농촌 지역공동체 활성화지역 주민의 공동체특성 - 충남 홍동지역 사례연구 -)

  • Jung, JiIn;Park, KyoungOk
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.105-118
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to give a suggestion for vitalizing rural area's community, with respect to the components of community; 'locality' and 'communality'. The survey was conducted at Hondong, Hodongseong-gun, Chungcheongnam-do, which was a representative area for active rural area community. For the survey, we interviewed an activist on the village in November $9^{th}$, 2014, and let 81 residents fill the questionnaires during March $7^{th}$ to $14^{th}$, 2015. Major findings were as follows. 1) As for the 'locality' factor, the motives of residents' immigration were influenced by the availability of facilities for agriculture education, living, and convenience in the area. Most of residents recognized that the area comprises their own community facility area and expanded area with concentrated facilities of 'li', minimal adminstration unit. It means that their usage pattern of community facilities influences their conceptions of the village. 2) As for the 'communality' factor, original residents and immigrant back-to-farm residents showed different pattern in communicating with neighbors and community facility usages. Residents communicated with neighbors by meeting up or using the concentrated facilities in Gatgol, and visited the Balmak library frequently. Residents' sense of belonging was high with mean 4.16 point of 5.0 in Likert scale.

Exploring the Determinants of Job Satisfaction and Mobile Productivity amidst COVID-19 (코로나19 상황에서 직무만족도와 모바일 생산활동: 결정요인 연구)

  • Do, Boram;Yoon, Yeo Lim;Kim, Taenyeon;Choi, Jeonghye
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.39-56
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    • 2021
  • In the current knowledge society, mobile devices have become a useful tool for performing work. In the context of COVID-19 which has made digital transformation inevitable, the importance of mobile work behaviors - performing work tasks through mobile devices - is further highlighted. Drawing from the behavioral immune system theory and cognitive appraisal theory of emotions, this study proposes that individual workers' concern about getting infected by COVID-19 will be negatively related to job satisfaction but positively related to mobile work behaviors. We further propose that leaders' communality and agency trait will be positively related to both job satisfaction and the increase of mobile work behaviors. Analyses of a matched dataset comprising survey data and mobile application usage data from 407 workers showed that their leaders' agency and communality were significantly related to the workers' job satisfaction. However, their mobile productivity was significantly related only to the communality of their leaders. The results of this study will provide useful theoretical and practical implications for researchers and managers who aim to understand and promote the technology adoption and knowledge productivity of workers in a pandemic situation.

Factor Analysis of Genetic Evaluations For Type Traits of Canadian Holstein Sires and Cows

  • Ali, A.K.;Koots, K.R.;Burnside, E.B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.463-469
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    • 1998
  • Factor analysis was applied as a multivariate statistical technique to official genetic evaluations of type classification traits for 1,265,785 Holstein cows and 10,321 sires computed from data collected between August 1982 and June 1994 in Canada. Type traits included eighteen linear descriptive traits and eight major score card traits. Principal components of the factor analysis showed that only five factors explain the information of the genetic value of linear descriptive traits for both cows and sires. Factor 1 included traits related to mammary system, like texture, median suspensory, fore attachment, fore teat placement and rear attachment height and width. Factor 2 described stature, size, chest width and pin width. These two factors had a similar pattern for both cows and sires. In constrast, Factor 3 for cows involved only bone-quality, while in addition for sires, Factor 3 included foot angle, rear legs desirability and legs set. Factor 4 for cows related to foot angle, set of rear leg and leg desirability, while Factor 4 related to loin strenth and pin setting for sires. Finally, Factor 5 included loin strength and pin setting for cows and described only pin setting for sires. Two factors only were required to describe score card traits of cows and sires. Factor 1 related to final score, feet and legs, udder traits, mammary system and dairy character, while frame/capacity and rump were described by Factor 2. Communality estimates which determine the proportion of variance of a type trait that is shared with other type traits via the common factor variant were high, the highest ${\geq}$ 80% for final score, stature, size and chest width. Pin width and pin desirability had the lowest communality, 56% and 37%. Results indicated shifts in emphasis over the twelve-year period away from udder traits and dairy character, and towards size, scale and width traits. A new system that computes fmal score from type components has been initiated.

Reliability and Validity of the Measurement for Assessing Resourcefulness (자원동원성 측정도구의 신뢰도와 타당도)

  • 서순림;이은옥;이원기
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.244-255
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to verify the reliability and validity of the Rosenbaum self-control schedule (SCS) for assessing resourcefulness in Korea and to explore the simplified scale. The study subjects consisted of 787 adults in a community. The data was collected during the period from Oct. to Dec., 1995 and analyzed as Cronbach α, item correlation with total, Pearson correlation and factor analysis with varimax rotation using SAS. Results were as follows : The mean SCS score for this sample was 17.2 and there were statistical differences for gender(men, 13.1 ; women, 20.0) on the SCS scores. The cronbachα of SCS with 36 items was .74 and when simplified with 30 items, it's coefficient alpha was .78. The translated content of the SCS was validated by two nursing faculty members and one professor of psychology. Factor analysis revealed the most parsimonious structure was obtained when six factors were extracted and subsequently rotated via the varimax criterion. There was 40.2% of total communality variance in the SCS with 36 items. The total communality variance was slightly increased to 43.4% with 30 items of the SCS. In order to reduce from 36 items to 30 items, the process excepted 6 items having low item correlation with total and low MSA(means of sampling adequacy) of factor analysis. According to factor analysis, there are six factors such as emotion control, impulse control, self-efficacy, coping with problems, pain control and satisfaction control, The SCS was found to have low, but statistically significant, correlations with social desirability and helplessness. From the above results, it can be concluded that the reliability of the SCS(inherent and simplified) was a acceptable level and its validity was reasonable when comparing it with other validity studies. To determine the usefulness the simplified scale, further study is necessary to simultaneously compare and analyze both scales for stability.

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