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Antihepatotoxic and Antigenotoxic Effects of Herb Tea Composed of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. (국화차를 포함하는 허브차의 CCl4로 유도된 간세포손상 보호 및 항유전독성 효과)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jung;Hwang, Young-Il;Park, Eun-Ju;Choi, Sun-Uk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.78-83
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    • 2011
  • The flower of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat. with antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory functions has been a widely used traditional herb as a healthy beverage and medicine. The aim of the present study was to investigate a herb tea consisting of C. morifolium Ramat., Corni fructus and Schizandra chinensis Baillon for its hepatoprotective activity against $CCl_4$-induced toxicity in freshly isolated rat hepatocytes and antigenotoxic effect against oxidative stress induced DNA damage in human leukocytes. Three different compositions of the herb tea (Mix I, II, and III) were prepared by extracting with water at $90^{\circ}C$. Freshly isolated rat hepatocytes were exposed to $CCl_4$ along with/without various concentrations of each tea. Protection of rat primary cells against $CCl_4$-induced damage was determined by the MTT assay. The significant antihepatotoxic effect of the tea was shown in Mix I and II. The increased transaminase (AST and/or ALT) release in media of $CCl_4$ treated hepatocytes was significantly lowered by all the teas tested. The effect of the tea on DNA damage in human leukocytes was evaluated by Comet assay. All teas showed a protective effect against $H_2O_2$-induced DNA damage. From these results, it is assumed that herb tea based on C. morifolium Ramat., Corni fructus and Schizandra chinensis Baillon exerted antihepatotoxic and antigenotoxic effects.

Antioxidant and Antigenotoxic Effects of Sansuyu Fruit (Corni fructus) Extracted with Water at Different Temperatures (추출 온도에 따른 산수유의 항산화 활성 및 항유전독성 효과 비교)

  • Lee, Min-Hee;Kim, Jung-Mi;Park, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.149-155
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    • 2011
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and antigenotoxic activities of sansuyu fruit (Corni fructus, CF) at temperatures of $25^{\circ}C$, $50^{\circ}C$, and $90^{\circ}C$ using a water extraction method. Total phenolic content (TPC), DPPH radical-scavenging activity (RSA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity, and ORAC (Oxygen radical absorbance capacity) values were determined. Also the antigenotoxicity of CF was determined by measuring inhibitory effects of $H_2O_2$ induced DNA damage in human leukocytes using the comet assay. The TPC in the CF extracts was 4.2, 4.6, and 5.5 g/100 g GAE in $25^{\circ}C$, $50^{\circ}C$, and $90^{\circ}C$, respectively. The DPPH RSA of the CF extracts increased in a dose-dependent manner over the range of $50\sim1000\;{\mu}g$/mL in all temperatures and the $SC_{50}$ of DPPH RSA of the CF extracts were not significantly different at different extraction temperatures. The $SC_{50}$ of SOD-like was the highest in CF extracted at $25^{\circ}C$ (1.1 mg/mL) followed by $90^{\circ}C$ (1.2 mg/mL) and $50^{\circ}C$ (1.3 mg/mL). The ORAC values of the CF extracts were not significantly different in low concentration ($10\;{\mu}M$/mL) and was in order of $25^{\circ}C$ ($5.7\;{\mu}M$ TE)< $90^{\circ}C$ ($6.2\;{\mu}M$ TE)< $50^{\circ}C$ ($8.5\;{\mu}M$ TE) in high concentration ($50\;{\mu}M$/mL). $200\;{\mu}M$ $H_2O_2$ induced DNA damages in human leukocytes were significantly reduced by the pretreatment with the CF extracts. These results suggest that sansuyu fruit (Corni fructus) can be used as a natural source for antioxidant activities and as antigenotoxic agents regardless of the water extraction temperature.

The Physicochemical Stabilities and Biological Activities of Pigment Extracts from Pseudoalteromonas sp. Ju11-1 and Pseudoalteromonas sp. Ju14 (Pseudoalteromonas sp. Ju11-1과 Pseudoalteromonas sp. Ju14의 색소 추출물의 물리화학적 안정성과 기능성)

  • Park, Jin-Sook;Cho, Hyun-Hee;Kang, Myung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Microbiology
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.404-410
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    • 2009
  • We investigated the physicochemical stabilities and biological activities of ethanol- extracted pigment from marine bacteria Pseudoalteromonas sp. Ju11-1 and Pseudoalteromonas sp. Ju14. The bacterial pigment of strain Ju11-1 was very stable at pH 5.0 below $25^{\circ}C$. The stability of the pigment showed higher stability in the presence of metal ions such as $Cu^{2+}$ and $Mg^{2+}$. The pigment has activity of free-radical scavenging ($IC_{50}$ $95.2{\mu}g$/ml) and the protective antioxidant effect ($ED_{50}$ $82.3{\mu}g$/ml) against DNA damage in human lymphocytes. The bacterial pigment of strain Ju14 was very stable at pH range between 4.0 and 8.0 below $40^{\circ}C$. In the presence of light, the pigment was also very stable, showing more than 90 percent of remaining absorbance during 14 days at $25^{\circ}C$. The stability of the pigment, when metal ions were present, showed higher stability in all examined metal ions except for $Fe^{2+}$, $Al^{3+}$, and $Cu^{2+}$, especially in the presence of $Na^+$. The pigment has activity of freeradical scavenging ($IC_{50}$ $208.6{\mu}g$/ml) and the protective antioxidant effect ($ED_{50}$ $ 96.4{\mu}g$/m) against DNA damage in human lymphocytes. The result indicates that the bacterial pigments from marine bacteria, Pseudoalteromonas sp. Ju11-1 and Pseudoalteromonas sp. Ju14 showed higher physicochemical stability and significant effects for reduction in oxidative DNA damage. Therefore, the results suggest that these bacterial pigments could be used as a natural colorant having the advantages of antioxidant.

Ethanol Induced Leucocytic and Hepatic DNA Strand Breaks Are Prevented by Styela clava and Styela plicata Supplementation in Male SD Rats (알코올로 인한 흰쥐의 백혈구 및 간 DNA 손상에 미치는 미더덕과 오만둥이 분말의 보충섭취 효과)

  • Kim, Jung-Mi;Park, Hae-Ryoung;Lee, Seung-Cheol;Park, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.10
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    • pp.1271-1278
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    • 2007
  • In this study, the ability of Styela clava or Styela plicata to reduce ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity and hepatic and leucocytic DNA damages was evaluated. Twenty four male SD rats were given 25% ethanol containing water (ad lib, p.o.) and divided into 3 groups; ethanol treated control group (EtOH), ethano1+3% S. clava (EtOH+SC), and ethano1+3% S. plicata (EtOH+SP). After 6 weeks, the supplementation of S. clava reduced the plasma ALT, ALP and LDH activities significantly (p<0.05), while S. plicata induced significant decrease in the plasma LDH activity only. The comet assay was employed to quantify the alcohol-induced DNA damage in rat hepatocytes and leucocytes. A significant protective effect on hepatic and leucocytic DNA damages was observed in S. clava or S. plicata supplemented groups compared to the EtOH control group. The hepatic DNA damage was correlated positively with plasma ALP and LDH activities. These results demonstrated that S. clava or S. plicata supplementation protected alcohol-induced hepatic and leucocytic DNA damage.

The Effects of Isoflavone Supplementation on Serum PSA, Lipid Profile, Antioxidant and Immune System in Prostate Cancer Patients (이소플라본 섭취가 전립선암환자의 Serum PSA, 지질패턴, 항산화체계 및 면역체계에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Joo-Min;Hong, Sung-Joon;Lee, Min-June;Yoon, Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.8
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    • pp.1294-1301
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    • 2004
  • Soy foods are a unique dietary source of isoflavones, which have effects relevant to prostate cancer prevention. The present study determines the effects of a short-term isoflavone supplement on serum PSA (prostate specific antigen), lipid profile, antioxidant status, and immune system in prostate cancer patients. Ten prostate cancer patients were supplemented daily with 150 mg of isoflavone for 2 months. Blood samples were collected baseline and 2 month after for analysis of PSA, serum lipid profiles, total antioxidant status (TAS), grade of DNA damage in lymphocytes, IL-6, VEGF and TNF -$\alpha$. After 2 month isoflavone supplementation, increased significantly a total of estimated urinary isoflavone excretion and did not change PSA. Serum lipid profiles showed significant change in serum total cholesterol level (p=0.007). However, there was no significant change in HDL- and LDL-cholesterol levels. TAS was increased but not significant after isoflavone supplementation. Tail moment (TM) was decreased and especially tail length (TL) was decreased significantly (p=0.043). IL-6 level was decreased but VEGF level and TNF -$\alpha$ level were increased. The results of the present study led to the conclusion that the isoflavone dosage (150 mg) in supplement had positive effects on the serum total cholesterol level and DNA damage.

The Improvement of Chaga Mushroom (Inonotus Obliquus) Extract Supplementation on the Blood Glucose and Cellular DNA Damage in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats (Streptozotocin으로 유발한 당뇨쥐에 있어서 차가버섯(Inonotus Obliquus)의 혈당 및 DNA 손상 개선효과)

  • Park, Yoo-Kyoung;Kim, Jung-Shin;Jeon, Eun-Jae;Kang, Myung-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.5-13
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    • 2009
  • Mushrooms have become a largely untapped source of powerful new pharmaceutical products that poses anti-inflammatory, and antimutagenic, and antioxidant activities. The antioxidant effects of the mushroom may be partly explained by protecting cellular components against free radical. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of chaga mushroom against diabetes, via the mitigation of oxidative stress and reduction of blood glucose, in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Rats were rendered diabetic by intravenous administration of STZ through tail at a dose of 50 mg/kg. Animals were allocated into four groups with 8 rats each. The control and diabetic control group were fed with standard rat feed. The other diabeic groups, the low chaga extract group and the high chaga extract group were fed ad libitum using 0.5 g/kg and 5 g/kg of chaga mushroom extract, respectively, for 4 weeks. The blood glucose levels in the two chaga extract groups showed a tendency to decrease but did not reach statistical significance after the supplementation. Leukocyte DNA damage, expressed as tail length, was found to be significantly lower in the high chaga extract group than in the diabetic control group (p > 0.05). Plasma level of total radical-trapping antioxidant potential (TRAP) was tend to be higher in the high chaga extract group compared with the diabetic control group. Erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities of two groups did not differ. Although we did not obtain beneficial effect on lowering blood glucose levels in the STZ-induced diabetic rats, this results suggest that the chaga mushroom extracts may initially act on protecting endogenous DNA damage in the short-term experiment.

Antioxidative and Antigenotoxic Activity of White and Yellow Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat Extracts (백국과 황국 추출물의 항산화활성 및 항유전독성 효과)

  • Lee, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Min-Jung;Park, Jae-Hee;Park, Eun-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.289-294
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    • 2012
  • Chrysanthemum morifolium (C. morifolium) is a perennial plant herb widely distributed in Korea and has been used in a traditional herbal remedy for various diseases. This study was conducted to determine antioxidant activities and antigenotoxic effect in water, acetone, ethanol and methanol extracts from white and yellow C. morifolium flowers (WC and YC). The antioxidants properties were evaluated on the basis of total phenolic content (TPC), DPPH radical-scavenging activity (RSA) and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity. The highest TPC (5.09 g/100 g GAE) showed in YC methanol extract. The DPPH RSA activity of WC and YC water extracts increased as its concentration increase from 50 to 1000 mg/mL, respectively, and the lowest $IC_{50}$ of DPPH RAS showed in YC of $25^{\circ}C$. Also, WC solvent extracts showed significantly higher DPPH RSA than YC solvent extracts. The SOD-like activity of YC water extracts were higher than WC water extracts. And, YC acetone extract and WC methanol extract showed significantly higher SOD-like activity than WC acetone extract and YC methanol extract, respectively. The antigenotoxicity of WC and YC extracts were determined by measuring inhibitory effects of $H_2O_2$ induced DNA damage in human leukocytes using the comet assay, resulting that the ethanol extracts of WC and YC showed a significant antigenotoxic effect against oxidative stress. These results suggest that C. morifolium has significant antioxidant activity and protective effect against oxidative DNA damage.

Antioxidant Properties of Red Yeast Rice (Monascus purpureus) Extracts (홍국쌀(Monascus purpureus) 추출물의 항산화 작용)

  • Kwon, Chong-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.41 no.4
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    • pp.437-442
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    • 2012
  • Red yeast rice (RER) has been used in China for centuries for its medicinal properties and is an increasingly popular alternative lipid-lowering treatment. This study was carried out to estimate the antioxidant properties of RER extracts. The ethyl acetate extract exhibited the DPPH radical scavenging activity of 85% at 0.2 mg/mL and $IC_{50}$ 0.13 mg/mL. A significant proportion of hydroxyl radicals in a cuvette were scavenged: 44.2% at 2.5 ${\mu}g$/mL, 74.1% at 5.0 ${\mu}g$/mL, and >100% at 10 ${\mu}g$/mL. The $HepG_2$ cells pre-treated with RER ethyl acetate extract reduced the hydroxyl radicals significantly compared to the control cells. Oxidative DNA damage was measured using a Comet assay. The RER ethyl acetate extract did not induce any DNA damage per se, and appeared to enhance the resistance to DNA damage caused by an oxidant challenge with $H_2O_2$, whereas lovastatin increased the level of DNA damage in the cells in both the unstressed (no oxidant) and those stressed with $H_2O_2$. The relative gene expression of the antioxidant enzymes in $HepG_2$ cells were also affected by the RER ethyl acetate extract. The $HepG_2$ cells were pre-incubated with the RER ethyl acetate extract, and then stressed with $H_2O_2$ or left unstressed (no oxidant). In the unstressed cells, superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) were increased significantly 3.25-fold and 2.67-fold, respectively, whereas in the stressed cells, the catalase (CAT) level was increased by 4.64-fold and 7.0-fold at 5 ${\mu}g$/mL and 10 ${\mu}g$/mL, respectively, compared to those of the control. From these results, RER appears to be effective in suppressing oxidative stress.

Effect of Pumpkin, Corn Silk, Adzuki Bean, and Their Mixture on Weight Control and Antioxidant Activities in High Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Rats (호박즙, 옥수수수염차, 팥차 및 혼합물이 식이유도 비만동물모델에서 체중과 항산화 활성에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jae-Hee;Lee, Eunji;Park, Eunju
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.9
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    • pp.1239-1248
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    • 2016
  • Pumpkin juice (PJ), corn silk tea (CT), and adzuki bean tea (AT) have long been used for treatment of obesity in Korea. This study investigated the efficacy of PJ, CT, AT, and their mixture (PCA) on alteration of body weight and antioxidant metabolism in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese rats. After being fed HFD for 4 weeks, SD rats were divided into six groups fed a normal diet (ND), HFD, HFD+PJ [250 mg/kg body weight (BW)], HFD+CT (250 mg/kg BW), HFD+AT (250 mg/kg BW), and HFD+PCA (PJ : CT : AT=1:1:1, 250 mg/kg BW) for another 9 weeks. HFD consumption resulted in total lipid, triglyceride, and total cholesterol accumulation in adipose tissue, which was reduced by administration of PJ, CT, AT, or PCA. The plasma oxygen radical absorbance capacity value and hepatic glutathione peroxidase activity significantly increased compared to the HFD group. The liver thiobarbituric acid reactive substances was significantly lower in the PCA group than the HFD group. HFD-induced DNA damage in hepatocytes, as measured by comet assay, decreased in the PJ, AT, and PCA-supplemented groups. The PCA group exerted a superior antigenotoxic effect compared to other treatments. PCA recovered the concentration of plasma adiponectin, which was reduced by HFD. Adipocyte surface area (%) was significantly higher in the HFD group than the ND group, significantly lower in the PJ and PCA groups than the HFD group, and not significantly different compared with the ND group. Based on the results, supplementation of PJ, CT, AT, and PCA exhibited lipid-lowering effects in adipocytes of HFD-induced obese rats. Furthermore, the PCA group exhibited superior antioxidant activity in all treated groups. This study suggests that a mixed beverage consisting of PJ, CT, and AT may be a significant source of natural antioxidants, which might be helpful in preventing obesity and progress of various oxidative stresses induced by HFD.