• Title, Summary, Keyword: combined treatment

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A Literature Study on Usage of and Satisfaction Levels with Combined Treatment Including Oriental and Western Medicine

  • Lim, Jung-Hun;Lim, Sung-Min
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 2012
  • Objective: This study aimed to summarize and analyze the usage of and the satisfaction levels with combined treatment including Oriental and Western medicine. Methods: We searched studies on the usage of and the satisfaction levels with combined treatment including Oriental and Western medicine over the past 10 yrs (2001-2011) from 3 Korean databases (National Assembly Library, Research Information Service System, and National Discovery for Science Leaders). The reviewers also conducted a summarizing analysis by sampling the literature according to the type of study, study period, region, study subjects, sample size, type of sampling, research method, data analysis, study instruments, main results, etc. Results: When the main results of six studies on combined treatment usage and satisfaction levels were considered together, the most important decisive factor in determining the usage of combined treatment was the illness of the patient, followed by the patient's occupation, sex, age, education, marital status, religion, treatment cost, and treatment results. In addition, the most important factor that determined satisfaction levels with combined treatment was age, followed by education, religion, income, health status, treatment procedures, staff attitude, and cleanliness. Conclusions: Elderly patients with musculoskeletal, cerebro-vascular, and circulatory system illnesses are more likely to prefer combined treatment over independent Oriental or Western treatment and are more likely to request specialized, adjusted medical care.

Comparison study acupuncture treatment with Acupuncture & Moxibustion combined treatment for frozen shoulder patients (오십견 환자의 침 치료군과 뜸 병용치료군 간의 임상적 비교 고찰)

  • Kim, Young-Il
    • Journal of Haehwa Medicine
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : Comparison acupuncture treatment with Acupuncture & Moxibustion combined treatment for frozen shoulder 20 case patients Methods : Efficacy evaluation using Apley scratch test(ROM), Martin.A.N'Improvement rate Results : 1. Acupuncture & Moxibustion combined treatment group were better than acupuncture treatment group in Martin.A.N' Improvement rate. 2. Acupuncture & Moxibustion combined treatment group were better than acupuncture treatment group in Apley scratch test(ROM). but this study need to many case frozen shoulder investigation.

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Plan of Information System for Combined Treatment of the Oriental and the Western Medicine (한.양방 협진 정보시스템 구축방안 연구)

  • Yea, Sang-Jun;Jang, Hyun-Chul;Kim, Chul;Kim, Jin-Hyun;Kim, Sang-Kyun;Song, Mi-Young
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2009
  • Background : Recently, Medical Act was amended to encourage the induction of combined treatment between Oriental Medicine doctors and Western doctors. As yet, the information infra for combined treatment has not been studied. Objectives : This study aimed to design the architecture of information system for combined treatment of the Oriental and the Western Medicine. Methods : First, we defined the information of combined treatment through the analysis of research trends from the inside and outside of the country. Because the data compatibility is very important, the definition of information must be ahead of anything else. Second, we designed the architecture of information system based on the prior definition. Results : We classified the information for combined treatment by subject such as law, clinic, research, manpower, facilities, and education. In this paper information system examined in three aspects. First the infra layer is organized as hardware, netware, and security. Second is data warehouse layer for the storing, filtering, and extraction of data. Third is service layer which is related to data transmission. And Finally all information for combined treatment is provided through the portal system for medical consumer, political planner, and R&D researcher. Conclusion : In this paper, we studied the essential factors of combined treatment information in the view point of information system. But the detailed design and implementation of information system must be followed to effect this results.

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Improving the Microbial Safety of Fresh-Cut Endive with a Combined Treatment of Cinnamon Leaf Oil Emulsion Containing Cationic Surfactants and Ultrasound

  • Park, Jun-Beom;Kang, Ji-Hoon;Song, Kyung Bin
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.503-509
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    • 2018
  • Endive is widely consumed in a fresh-cut form owing to its rich nutritional content. However, fresh-cut vegetables are susceptible to contamination by pathogenic bacteria. This study investigated the antibacterial activities of the combined treatment of cinnamon leaf oil emulsion containing cetylpyridinium chloride or benzalkonium chloride (CLC and CLB, respectively) as a cationic surfactant and ultrasound (US) against Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on endive. The combined treatment of CLC or CLB with US reduced the population of L. monocytogenes by 1.58 and 1.47 log colony forming units (CFU)/g, respectively, and that of E. coli O157:H7 by 1.60 and 1.46 log CFU/g, respectively, as compared with water washing treatment. The reduction levels of both pathogens were higher than those observed with 0.2 mg/ml sodium hypochlorite. In addition, the combined treatment showed no effect on the quality of the fresh-cut endive (FCE). In particular, the degree of browning in FCE was less for the treatment group than for the control and water washing treatment groups. Thus, cationic surfactant-based cinnamon leaf oil emulsions combined with US may be an effective washing treatment for the microbial safety of FCE.

Combined Treatment of High Hydrostatic Pressure and Cationic Surfactant Washing to Inactivate Listeria monocytogenes on Fresh-Cut Broccoli

  • Woo, Hyuk-Je;Park, Jun-Beom;Kang, Ji-Hoon;Chun, Ho Hyun;Song, Kyung Bin
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.29 no.8
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    • pp.1240-1247
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    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to examine the inactivation effect of the combined treatment of high hydrostatic pressure (HHP; 400 MPa for 1, 3, and 5 min) and cationic surfactant washing (0.05% benzethonium chloride, BEC) against Listeria monocytogenes inoculated on fresh-cut broccoli (FCB). Washing with BEC at concentrations exceeding 0.05% resulted in 2.3 log-reduction of L. monocytogenes counts on FCB, whereas HHP treatment had approximately 5.5-5.6 log-reductions regardless of the treatment time. Scanning electron microscopy corroborated microbial enumeration, revealing that the combined treatment was more effective in removing L. monocytogenes from FCB than individual treatment with HHP or BEC. Color and total glucosinolate content were maintained after the combined treatment, although the hardness of the FCB slightly decreased. The results clearly suggest that the combined treatment of HHP and BEC washing has potential value as a new sanitization method to improve the microbial safety of FCB.

Combined Treatment with Low Concentrations of Aqueous and Gaseous Chlorine Dioxide Inactivates Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium Inoculated on Paprika

  • Kim, Hyun-Gyu;Song, Kyung Bin
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.492-499
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    • 2017
  • Combined treatment with gaseous and aqueous chlorine dioxide ($ClO_2$) was performed to improve the microbiological safety and quality of paprika. A single treatment of 50 ppmv $ClO_2$ gas for 30 min decreased the populations of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella Typhimurium by 2.33 and 2.91 log CFU/g, respectively. In addition, a single treatment of aqueous $ClO_2$ (50 ppm) for 5 min decreased these populations by 1.86 and 1.37, respectively. The most dramatic effects were achieved by combined treatment of 50 ppm aqueous and gaseous $ClO_2$ for 30 min, which decreased populations of E. coli O157:H7 and S. Typhimurium by 4.11 and 3.61 log CFU/g, respectively. With regard to the qualities of paprika, no adverse effects were elicited by the combined treatment. Thus, combined treatment with aqueous and gaseous $ClO_2$ is a suitable approach that can be used to improve the microbial safety and quality of paprika.

Strain Improvement of Yeast for Ethanol Production Using a Combined Treatment of Electric Field and Chemical Mutagen N-Methyl-N'-nitro-N- nitrosoguanidine

  • Kim, Keun;Lee, Jae-Yeon
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.119-123
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    • 1998
  • The feasibility of using combined treatments of electric field and chemical mutagen N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitroso-guanidine (NTG) for the strain improvement of Saccharomyces sp. in ethanol production was examined. The treatment of electric field alone resulted in no effect on the lethality of yeast cells under the conditions of this study. However, when the electric field was applied together to the treatment of yeast cells with NTG, the electric field increased the lethal effect and auxotrophic mutation rate of NTG. The combined treatment of electric field and NTG also increased the chances of. obtaining superior yeast strains for the ethanol production from tapioca. A higher number of improved clones was obtained by the combined treatments of electric field and NTG than by the NTG treatment alone. The best clone, NF 30-9, which was also obtained by the combined treatment, produced $11.07\%$ (w/v) ethanol from tapioca slurry containing 25% (w/v) reducing sugar while the parental strain produced 9.77% (w/v).

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Combined Heat Treatment Characteristics of Cast Iron for Mold Materials (금형재료용 주철강의 복합열처리 특성)

  • Hwang, Hyun-Tae;So, Sang-Woo;Kim, Jong-Do
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.364-370
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    • 2011
  • Currently, there are two main issues regarding the development of core technologies in the automotive industry: the development of environmentally friendly vehicles and securing a high level of safety in the event of an accident. As part of the efforts to address these issues, research into alternative materials and new car body manufacturing and assembly technologies is necessary, and this has been carried out mainly by the automotive industries. Large press molds for producing car body parts are made of cast iron. With the increase of automobile production and various changes of design, the press forming process of car body parts has become more difficult. In the case of large press molds, high hardness and abrasive resistance are needed. To overcome these problems, we attempted to develop a combined heat treatment process consisting of local laser heat treatment followed by plasma nitriding, and evaluated the characteristics of the proposed heat treatment method. From the results of the experiments, it has been shown that the maximum surface hardness is 864 Hv by the laser heat treatment, 953 Hv by the plasma nitriding, and 1,094 Hv by the combined heat treatment. It is anticipated that the suggested combined heat treatment can be used to evaluate the durability of press mold.

Effects of Selenium and Zinc on the Toxicity of Cadmium in Rat (백서에서 셀레늄 및 아연이 카드뮴 독성에 미치는 영향)

  • 강영미;이용욱
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.29-43
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    • 1990
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the vairous change in the toxicity of cadmium by the simultaneous administration of selenium and zinc, which have been reported to change -the toxicity of cadmium through the interaction with cadmium, to rat. For the experiment, 42 rats of Sprague-Dawley strain were used. The experimental groups were divided into 6 groups: a control group, a cadmium (100ppm) alone treatment group, a cadmium (100ppm) and zinc (100ppm) combined treatment group, and three cadmium (100ppm), zinc (100ppm) and selenium (1, 4, and 8ppm) combined treatment groups. The rats were allocated seven to each group and observed for seven weeks. The results of experiment are as follows: 1. The food consumptions of each group were reduced, compared with a control group, especially, in a cadmium and zinc combined treatment group and a cadmium $\cdot$ zinc and selenium(1ppm) combined treatment group to the significant level compared with a control group (p < 0.05). The water consumptions of each group were reduced to the very significant level compared with a control group (p < 0.01). The feed efficiencies of each group were lower than a control group, and among them the highest group was cadmium $\cdot$ zinc and selenium (8ppm) combined treatment group as 90% of a control group. 2. In all groups, the weight gains were highest in the second week and the total weight gains were reduced to the very significant level compared with a control group (p < 0.01). 3. In all groups, the relative weights of liver were reduced, compared with a control group, especially, a cadmium alone treatment group was reduced to the significant level (p < 0.05). The relative weight of kidney was high to the significant level in a cadmium alone treatment group (p < 0.05) compared with a control group. In all groups, the relative weights of testis were reduced, compared with a control group, but the levels were not significant. 4. The accumulation of cadmium was highest in the kidney and the order of height was in liver, testis and blood, respectively. In all groups, the amount of cadmium accumulation was high to the very significant level compared with a control group (p < 0.01). In liver, the amount of acdmium accumulation in. a cadmium alone treatment group was high to the significant level compared with a cadmium $\cdot$ zinc and selenium (8ppm) combined treatment group (p < 0.05), and in kidney, the amount of cadmium accumulation in a cadmium alone tretment group was high to the very significant level compared with the cadmium $\cdot$ zinc and selenium (4, 8ppm) combined treatment groups (p < 0.01). However, in testis, among the treatment groups the level was not significant and in blood, a cadmium alone treatment group was low to the significant level compared with the cadmium $\cdot$ zinc and selenium (4, 8ppm) combined treatment groups (p < 0.05). 5. According to the histopathological finding on the testis, some of the seminiferous tubules of a group treated with cadmium alone showed severe necrosis and atrophy. But the testis of cadmium $\cdot$ zinc and selenium (8ppm) combined treatment group was similar to that of a control group. From the results of this study, it can be concluded that the repeated simultaneous oral administration of large doses of selenium with the cadmium produces the partial amelioration of cadmium toxicity, whereas zinc does not.

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Comparison of the Effect in ROM Increase and Pain Reduction on Stretching During Ultrasound Treatment in Patients With Frozen Shoulder (동결견 환자의 초음파치료 시 신장여부에 따른 관절가동범위 회복과 통증감소 효과 비교)

  • Yang, Hoe-Song
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.129-137
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    • 2003
  • A single subject experimental design (alternating treatment design) was used to compare the effects of only ultrasound and ultrasound combined with stretching of the joint capsule on the ROM increase and pain reduction in patients with frozen shoulder. Two subjects were included in each group. In the only ultrasound treatment sessions, ultrasound was applied at the pain point of the shoulder joint in supine position. In the ultrasound combined with stretching treatment sessions, ultrasound was applied at the pain point of the shoulder joint positioned in external rotation and abduction in sitting position. Only ultrasound treatment and ultrasound combined with stretching treatment were alternately performed on each patient. Pain and disability was measured by shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI), and range of motion (ROM) was measured by scratch test. The results of this study showed that ultrasound combined with stretching treatment were more effective than only ultrasound treatment in ROM increase and pain reduction. However, disability score was not significantly different.

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