• Title, Summary, Keyword: colorectum

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Ten Year Trend of Cancer Incidence in Seoul, Korea: 1993-2002 (서울시 암 발생률의 10년간 추이: 1993-2002)

  • Shin, Myung-Hee;Oh, Hyun-Kyung;Ahn, Yoon-Ok
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.92-99
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : Effective cancer prevention and control measures can only be done when dependable data on the cancer incidence is available. The Seoul Cancer Registry (SCR) was founded to provide valid, comparable and representative cancer incidence data for Koreans. We aimed to compare the cancer incidence in the first (1993-1997) and second term (1998-2002) of the SCR, and we analyzed the annual incidence trend during that 10 years. Methods : The SCR detects potential cancer cases through the Korean Central Cancer Registry (KCCR) data, the health insurance claims, the individual hospital's discharge records and the death certificates. About 87% of the SCR data is registered through the KCCR. The rest of the data is registered by SCR registrars who visit about $70{\sim}80$ mid-sized hospitals in Seoul to review and abstract the medical records of the potential cancer patients. Results: The total number of new cancer cases was higher in $1998{\sim}2002$ than in $1993{\sim}1997$ by 20.6% for men and 18.4% for women, respectively. The age-standardized rate (ASR) of total cancer per 100,000 increased 1% (from 295.4 to 298.3) for men and 5.1% (from 181.5 to 190.7) for women, between the two periods. The commonest cancer sites during 1998-2002 for men were stomach, liver, bronchus/lung, colorectum, bladder and prostate, and the commonest cancer sites for women were breast, stomach, colorectum, cervix uteri, thyroid and bronchus/lung. Compared with the ASRs in 1993, the ASRs in 2002 increased for colorectum (58.4% for men, 27.1% for women), prostate (81.5%), breast (58.3% for women), thyroid (141% for women), and bronchus/lung (15.4% for women). The ASRs for stomach (-18.7% for men, -20.7% for women) and uterine cervix cancer (-39.7%) had decreased. Conclusions : The cancer incidence is increasing in Seoul, Korea, especially for the colorectum and prostate for men, and for the breast, colorectum, bronchus/lung and thyroid for women.

Clinical Features of Multiple Primary Malignancies: a Retrospective Analysis of 72 Chinese Patients

  • Jiao, Feng;Yao, Li-Juan;Zhou, Jin;Hu, Hai;Wang, Li-Wei
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.331-334
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    • 2014
  • There is a scarcity of reports addressing patients with multiple primary malignancies (MPM), especially for Chinese cses. The aim of this study was to present a detailed analysis of Chinese patients presenting with at least two primary malignancies. Particularly, the clinical characteristics and survival between synchronous and metachronous MPM were compared. Out of 6,545 cases, 72 patients (1.1%) including 39 males (54.2%) and 33 females (45.8%) were diagnosed as MPM, giving a male: female sex ratio of 1.2:1. Of these, there were 16 (22.2%) cases of synchronous MPM (7 males, 9 females), 55(76.4%) metachronous (31 males, 24 females), and 1 "mixed form". For first tumor diagnosis time, synchronous MPM patients generally presented later than the metachronous cases. The top three sites for malignancies with metachronous MPM were colorectum, head and neck, and lung, while for synchronous they were lung, colorectum and breast. Among MPM patients, the median survival time was 15.7 years and the 5-year survival was 56%, and there was statistical difference in MPM categories (P < 0.05). The median survival time was 17.3 years and 3.8 years for metachronous and synchronous MPM patients, respectively. In comparison with synchronous MPM patients, those metachronous had a longer survival. This studies increase understanding of the clinical features of Chinese MPM patients and suggest that those presenting with metachronous cancers have a higher incidence and a better prognosis.

Surgical Treatment of Metastatic Lung Cancer (전이성 폐암의 외과적 치료)

  • 박재길
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.815-820
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    • 1987
  • Excision of the metastatic pulmonary sarcoma or carcinoma in the selected cases is now the accepted and the most effective method of treatment. From January 1978 to July 1987, 14 patients with metastatic lung cancer were treated surgically at the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Catholic University Medical College. Ages ranged from 26 years to 68 years [mean=38.0 years]. Primary sites were uterus in 6 patients, colorectum in 2, sarcoma of extremities in 2, and 1 case of pancreas, kidney, skin and melanoma of hand. Fourteen posterolateral thoracotomies were done and resected the 36 metastatic masses in 14 patients. Surgical mortality was none. The performed procedures of resection were as follows; lobectomy with wedge resection in 2, lobectomy in 3, segmentectomy in 1 and wedge resection in 8. Eleven patients were received radiotherapy or chemotherapy, or both postoperatively. Among the 14 patients, there were 5 survivors. They are 6, 7, 21, 35, and 63 months postoperatively. Among them, 9 patients were dead. Within one year in 2, two years in 6, and three years in l.

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Hereditary cancer and genetic counseling (유전성 암과 유전상담)

  • Jeong, Seung-Yong
    • Journal of Genetic Medicine
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2007
  • Hereditary syndromes cause approximately 5 to 10% of overall cancer cases. Cancer related with genetic syndromes are found elsewhere, including stomach, breast, colorectum, ovary, brain and so on. Because hereditary cancers are due to germline mutations, these patients have unique clinical features distinct from sporadic cancer. Generally these features include (i) early age-of onset of cancer, (ii) frequent association with synchronous or metachronous tumors, (iii) frequent bilateral involvement in paired organs (iv) frequent association with other site tumors or characteristic clinical manifestation specific to each genetic syndrome. Due to these differences, the management strategy for patients with hereditary cancer is quite different from that for sporadic cancer. Additionally, there are important screening and surveillance implications for family members. Genetic counselling is prerequisite to these families for risk assessment by pedigree analysis, and guidance to clinical or genetic testing. The genes responsible for these syndromes has recently identified, as a result, genetic testing has become important determining factor in clinical decisions.

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Alcohol Consumption and Risk of Cancer: a Systematic Literature Review

  • de Menezes, Raquel Ferreira;Bergmann, Anke;Thuler, Luiz Claudio Santos
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.4965-4972
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    • 2013
  • This study aimed to discuss the consumption of alcohol as a risk factor for major cancers. We performed a search in the PubMed database, using the following inclusion criteria: meta-analysis published in English in the last 10 years that addressed the relationship between alcohol and the risk of developing cancer. The results indicate that moderate to heavy consumption of alcohol increases the risk of developing cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx, esophagus, stomach, larynx, colorectum, central nervous system, pancreas, breast and prostate. This review did not find any association between alcohol consumption and an increased risk of cancers of the lung, bladder, endometrium and ovary. It was also observed that alcohol consumption may be inversely related to thyroid cancer. Our systematic review has confirmed consumption of alcohol as a risk factor for the development of several types of cancer.

An Analysis of Ten Year Trends of Cancer Incidence and Quality Control of Cancer Registration Data in Jeollabuk-do, Korea: 2001~2010 (전라북도의 10년간(2001~2010) 암 발생률 추이 및 암등록 자료의 질 관리 지표 분석)

  • Lee, Byeong Ki
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.46-58
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: This study was aimed to analyze the trends of cancer incidence and evaluate the quality control of cancer registration data in Jeollabuk-do from 2001 to 2010. Methods: Incidence data of all cancers and indices of quality of cancer registration data in Jeollabuk-do for the 10-year period were obtained from the Population-based Regional Cancer Registry in the Jeonbuk Regional Cancer Center. Trends in crude incidence rate (CR) and age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) for all cancers and incidence rates for major cancer sites by gender were analyzed. Joinpoint regression tool was used to describe and quantify trends. And the completeness and validity of cancer registration data were analyzed. Results: The major cancer sites in males were the stomach (22.2%), lung (16.6%), colorectum (12.8%), liver (12.3%) and prostate (6.2%), and in females were the thyroid (17.8%), stomach (14.7%), breast (11.6%), colorectum (11.5%) and lung (7.7%). Between 2001 to 2010, ASR for all cancers increased 13.7% in men, 68% in women, and 36.5% overall. ASR for all cancers increased by 1.2% per year in males and by 6.7% per year in females from 2001 to 2010. In the quality control of the cancer registration data between 2001 and 2010, death certificate only (DCO%) for men was decreased from 5.6% to 1.3% and DCO% for women decreased from 6.1% to 1.8%. Microscopic verification (MV%) increased in both men and women. And mortality/incidence ratio (MI%) declined in both men and women. Conclusions: The cancer incidence during the 10 years (2001-2010) in Jeollabuk-do was increasing especially for the colorectum and prostate in men, and for the thyroid and breast in women. The overall quality control of the cancer registry was gradually improving.

Herbal Acupuncture of Nidus Vespae Suppresses c-Fos Expression by TNBS Induced Colitis in Rats (TNBS로 유도된 흰쥐의 대장염(大腸炎)에 대한 노봉방(露蜂房) 약침(藥鍼)의 효과)

  • Song, Jeong-Bang;Kim, Jae-Hyo;Kim, Yu-Lee;Park, Yu-Ree;Ahn, Seong-Hun;Sohn, In-Chul
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.195-209
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : Transient inflammation has been demonstrated to alter visceral sensory function in animal models and acute mucosal inflammation may precede the manifestation of visceral hyperalgesia. Thus in this study we compared effects of herbal acupuncture of Nidus Vespae (NV) applied to the different acupoints in the acute colitis induced by trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS) intracolonic injection in rats. Methods : In Male Sprague-Dawley rats, weighing 250 ~ 400 g, TNBS (5 mg/kg) was infused intrarectally through a silicon rubber catheter into the anus under isoflurane anaesthesia. Under general anesthesia, acupoints of LI4 (Hapkok), SI25 (Cheonchu), ST36 (Joksamni), BL25 (Daejangsu) were intramuscularly injected by NV. Expressions of cFos protein in the periaqueductal gray (PAG), locus coeruleus (LC), nucleus of solitary tract (Sol), and the 6th lumbar spinal cord (L6 s.c.) were observed at 24 hrs after TNBS induced colitis by immunohistochemistry. Results : The expression of c-Fos protein in L6 s.c., Sol, LC and PAG increased 24 hrs after TNBS injection into colorectum as compared to normal group. NV herbal acupuncture also inhibited the expression of c-Fos protein in Sol but not L6 s.c., LC, and PAG. NV to ST36 inhibited significantly the c-Fos expression in Sol and PAG. NV to ST25 inhibited the c-Fos protein expression all over the observation area. NV to BL25 showed the inhibitory effects in the areas except LC. Whether or not a role of endogenous opioids, intrathecal injection of naltrexone (30 ug / 30 ul) was applied before the 2nd herbal acupuncture treatment 24 hrs after TNBS-induced colitis in rat. Naltrexone reversed the inhibition of c-Fos protein expression in the spinal cord and brainstem under different conditions such as type of herbal acupuncture compound and choice of acupoint. Conclusions : In summary, these data show that herbal acupuncture of NV inhibits signal pathways such as spinal cord and brain stem ascending hypersensitivity of colorectum after TNBS induced colitis. This effect may be mediated by acupoints through the endogenous opioid system involving the pain modulation.

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Pharmacopuncture of Anti-inflammatory Herbal Compounds Suppresses Colon Inflammation-induced c-Fos like Protein Expression in Rats (소염(消炎) 약침(藥鍼)이 대장염 유발 흰쥐의 c-Fos 단백 발현에 미치는 효과)

  • Song, Jeong-Bang;Sohn, In-Chul;Ahn, Seong-Hun;Kim, Jae-Hyo
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.47-62
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    • 2010
  • Objectives: Colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease characterized by colonic mucosal inflammation and chronic relapsing events represents. The purpose of this study is to evaluate effects of pharmacopuncture of anti-inflammatory herbal compound (AiC) applied to the different acupoints in the acute colitis induced by trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid (TNBS) intracolonic injection in rats. Methods: In Male Sprague - Dawley rats, weighing 250~400g, TNBS (5 mg/kg) was infused intrarectally through a silicon rubber catheter into the anus under isoflurane anaesthesia. Acupoints of LI4 (Hapkok), ST25 (Cheonchu), ST36 (Joksamni), and BL25 (Daejangsu) were intramuscularly injected by AiC, respectively (injection volume & times: 0.2 ml / acupoint, twice times on the 2nd & 3rd day). Expressions of cFos protein in the periaqueductal gray (PAG), locus coeruleus (LC), nucleus of solitary tract (Sol), and the 6th lumbar spinal cord (L6 s.c.) were observed at 24 hr after TNBS induced colitis by immunohistochemistry. Results: The expression of c-Fos protein in the L6 s.c., Sol, LC and PAG increased 24 hr after TNBS injection into colorectum as compared to normal and 50% ethanol treated group. AiC to LI4 inhibited the expression of c-Fos protein in Sol and PAG but not L6 s.c. and LC. AiC to ST36 showed significant inhibition the c-Fos expression in L6 s.c., Sol and PAG. AiC to ST25 only showed the effects in L6 s.c. and PAG. AiC to BL25 inhibited significantly the expression of c-Fos protein all over the areas. To investigate whether or not endogenous opioids are involved, intrathecal injection of naltrexone (30ug/30ul) was applied before the 2nd pharmacopuncture treatment 24 hr after TNBS-induced colitis in rat. Naltrexone reversed the inhibition of c-Fos protein expression in the spinal cord and brainstem. Conclusions: These data show that pharmacopuncture of Aic potently inhibits signal pathways ascending hypersensitivity of colorectum after TNBS induced colitis and depends on the endogenous opioids according to acupoints.

Differences Regarding the Molecular Features and Gut Microbiota Between Right and Left Colon Cancer

  • Kim, Kwangmin;Castro, Ernes John T.;Shim, Hongjin;Advincula, John Vincent G.;Kim, Young-Wan
    • Annals of Coloproctology
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.280-285
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    • 2018
  • For many years, developmental and physiological differences have been known to exist between anatomic segments of the colorectum. Because of different outcomes, prognoses, and clinical responses to chemotherapy, the distinction between right colon cancer (RCC) and left colon cancer (LCC) has gained attention. Furthermore, variations in the molecular features and gut microbiota between right and LCCs have recently been a hot research topic. CpG island methylator phenotype-high, microsatellite instability-high colorectal cancers are more likely to occur on the right side whereas tumors with chromosomal instability have been detected in approximately 75% of LCC patients and 30% of RCC patients. The mutation rates of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes also differ between RCC and LCC patients. Biofilm is more abundant in RCC patients than LLC patients, as are Prevotella, Selenomonas, and Peptostreptococcus. Conversely, Fusobacterium, Escherichia/Shigella, and Leptotrichia are more abundant in LCC patients compared to RCC patients. Distinctive characteristics are apparent in terms of molecular features and gut microbiota between right and LCC. However, how or to what extent these differences influence diverging oncologic outcomes remains unclear. Further clinical and translational studies are needed to elucidate the causative relationship between primary tumor location and prognosis.

Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Improved by COX-2 Inhibitor in a Child (COX-2 억제제 투여 후 호전을 보인 가족성 선종성 용종증 1례)

  • Oh, Ki Won;Kim, Se Young;Lee, Hwan Suk;Lee, Myung Hoon;Choe, Byung Ho
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.45 no.12
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    • pp.1591-1595
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    • 2002
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP) is an autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous adenomas in the colorectum. Patients with FAP are always at risk of malignant transformation, so that colectomy is unavoidable. NSAID, such as sulindac, and selective COX-2 inhibitor, such as celecoxib, have shown a positive effect on FAP by causing polyp regression in some patients. We report a case of FAP in a 9-year-old female whose polyposis regressed markedly after six months-treatment with celecoxib.