• Title, Summary, Keyword: cognition desire

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Effect of audience's cognition desire and attention to TV documentary on acquirement of information and understanding (TV 다큐멘터리에 대한 수용자의 인지욕구와 주목도가 정보습득과 이해에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Dug-Chun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2015
  • This experimental research explores effect of cognition desire as audience's factor, and attention as context factor on audience's acquirement of information and understanding. Most previous researches of media effect focuses on news contents of TV, Newpaper and Internet. However the number of researches on TV documentary which contains lots of information very limited, and It's difficult to find researches on effect of cognition desire and attention on audience. Therefore this research tries to find effect of cognition desire and attention on audience's acquirement of information and understanding through experiment of TV current documentary. For this experimental research, 2 groups of subjects composed of 135 university students were exposed to 2 different viedeo clips of TV current documantary, one with window buzz, the other without it, after designing cognition desire as internal factor of 2 groups. Questions which were designed to measure cognition desire, acquirement of information and understanding of message were asked and analysed. This research found that subjects with higher degeree of cognition desire showed higher degree of acquirement of information and understanding than subjects with lower degree of cognition desire. However the effect of attention on audience's acquirement of information and understanding could not be found.

The Cognition Study of the Freshman in College About Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (미용성형외과에 대한 대학신입생들의 인지도 조사)

  • Ahn, Ki Young;Chang, Jae Hoon;Park, Dae Hwan;Shin, Im Hee
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.161-167
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    • 2005
  • Recently, as standard of living has been improving and awareness of well-being has been generalized, people's desire pursuing beauty has been spreading across the world. We made a survey with 184 graduating high school girls in December 2003. According to the survey. 57.6% of them knew about plastic surgery, 41.8% of them knew well about whole field of plastic surgery, and 60.3% of them wanted to have an aesthetic surgery. 44.6% got an information about an aesthetic surgery from general public and 27.6% from TV, respectively. Regarding the use of aesthetic surgery, 59.8% answered that it makes them more confident about themselves rather than just to be beautiful. 78.8% of them have complaints about how they look. Finally, as the personal desire to make themselves look beautiful to others increases, so does the interest in aesthetic plastic surgery. In conclusion, as the society of plastic and reconstructive surgeons, we still need more effort for the correct cognition and awareness of plastic surgery among general public.

A study about the public library users, cognition degree for librarians (공공도서관 이용자들의 사서인식도에 관한 연구)

  • 임동빈
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.24
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    • pp.275-300
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    • 1996
  • The writer obtained a Conclusion through this thesis as follows: First : There a n.0, ppeared that users, Cognition degree for librarian's Social status is very high. As it were, response for questioning about librarian's scholarly attainments and business type is almost accurate that we anticipate the expectation value for the librarian is very high. Second : The satisfaction degree of information services acquired by the users through public library was very skeptic. Due to the poorness of information media that we wish, and deterioration of data, it losed its qualification as a creation organization for the true information, but lots of people emphasized their opinion it only role as a "study room". Third : A questioning about librarian"s assiduity in the public library, there are lots of users Complain. Main factor of that dissatisfaction is Unkindness, and business like(duplicated) assiduity. Not only this but main desire to the public library in pusan down town by the users is also a n.0, ppeared as Kind Service. Fourth : General Controversial points in public libraries in pusan area indicated by the users who responded to the subjective questions are poor data, lack of kind service attitude and poor facilities.oor facilities.

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A Study on the Analysis of Cognition and Preference for the Visual Changes of Urban Exterior Space (도시 외부공간의 시각적 변화에 대한 인지 및 선호도 분석에 관한 연구)

  • 이선화;김유길
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.58-68
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    • 1999
  • Purpose of this thesis is to find out the relationship among the amount of change and the visual cognition, and the visual preference which people like and can feel. Through the investigation of relationships between the amount of change, which indicates the degree of visual variation and the visual preference, the amount of change and the visual cognition, and the visual preference and the visual cognition, basic design data will be supplied, which can satisfy users' desire as much as possible in the most economic way. In order to investigate the relationship between the visually produced the amount of change and preferences, graphic simulation, in which variables other than the visual change are controlled, has been proceeded. Graphic factors of the visual change in the cyber exterior space are determined on the point of location (base plane, vertical plane, overhead plane), shape, size and color. As for the relationship between the amount of change and the preference, only the size is effective. since preferences on the location, shape and color are individual preferences, no common trend can be found. Therefore, we cannot say that which shape or color is better, Since the location, shape and color are qualitative change and the size is the quantitative change, the size can be the measurable change quantity. The relationship between the amount of change of size and the degree of preference is found to be inverse U-shape, i.e., as the amount of change of size increases the degree of preference first increases and, after a certain level, decreases. The same result has been obtained in photo simulation.

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Effect of Health Information Awareness on Desire for Healing According to Food Preferences of Night Shift Workers (야간 근로자의 식품선택유형에 따른 건강정보 인지수준이 힐링 욕구에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Yeo wool;Jeong, Hee Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.156-166
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    • 2020
  • In this study, 594 questionnaires administered to men and women residing in the capital metropolitan area who work night shifts were analyzed in order to study the effect of health information cognition on healing needs in accordance with the type of food selection criteria of the night worker. The results of confirmatory factor analysis in deriving food selection type identified four categories, a safety seeking type, a food exploratory type, a habitual seeking type, and a rational type, and the cognition types on health information were classified into physical cognition and psychological cognition. The need for healing, which was the investigated factor, was found to have a high correlation between questionnaire items with high reliable consistency. The results of this study were as follows. First, the food selection types of safety seeking type and habitual food seeking type had significant positive effects on the cognitive level of physical health information, and food exploratory type and habitual seeking type had significant positive effects on the cognitive level of psychological health information. In addition, it was shown that food exploratory type and rational type had significant positive effects on healing needs. As a result of this study, it was found that the cognition level of physical and psychological information was different according to food selection type, and the higher the cognitive level, the higher the healing needs. In particular, the result that the level of psychological health information significantly affected healing needs signifies that there is a demand to develop programs and menus that satisfy various needs related to healing and recovery from fatigue. In addition, further interest and study on the health and healing of night workers are required.

The Decision Making Process of Unplanned Purchases of Clothing Based on Need Recognition and Cognitive Efforts (욕구인식과 인지적 노력에 근거한 의류상품 비계획구매 의사결정과정)

  • Jin, Hyun-Jeong;Rhee, Eun-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.33 no.10
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    • pp.1601-1610
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    • 2009
  • Unplanned purchase is an unexpected buying behavior affected by product or marketing stimuli. Unplanned purchase does not follow the order of the rational decision making process. Through an in-depth interview, this study classified the types of unplanned purchase of clothing and examined the decision-making processes. The results (according to the need recognition level of consumers prior to stimuli) show three types of unplanned purchase of clothing products that are classified as: the need-manifesting type, the need-embodying type, and the need-reminding type. In addition, each type is reclassified into the high-cognition type and the low-cognition type according to the cognitive effort level of consumers during the purchase decision-making process. The need-manifesting type recognized a buying need after exposure to stimuli and then engaged in unplanned purchases. The need-embodying type recognized a problem, but the purchase intention was not concrete. The need-reminding type recognized a desire to buy clothing products, but temporarily forgot it, and then later remembered the problem recognition from the past after experiencing the stimuli.

The Effects of Emotion Understanding on Preschoolers' Prosocial Decision-Making Based on the Emotional Conditions of a Counterpart Child (상대유아의 정서조건에 따른 유아의 정서이해가 친사회적 의사결정에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min Jeong;Lee, Kangyi
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.127-138
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    • 2017
  • Objective: This study examined differences in preschoolers' prosocial decision-making, emotion understanding in prosocial dilemmas based on the age and emotional conditions of a counterpart child, and the effects of emotion understanding on preschoolers' prosocial decision-making. Methods: The participants were 114 children (35 3-year-olds, 39 4-year-olds, and 40 5-year-olds). Each child was presented individually with prosocial dilemma tasks and was asked to make decisions and understand emotions (in prosocial and desire-fulfilled situations) based on the emotional conditions of a counterpart child. Results: First, the 4- and 5-year-olds showed more prosocial decision-making in prosocial dilemmas than the 3-year-olds. Prosocial decision-making was significantly lower when the counterpart child was angry, rather than neutral or sadness. Second, in prosocial situations, the 5-year-olds displayed higher positive emotion understanding scores than the 3-year-olds, And in desire-fulfilled situations, the 3-year-olds showed positive emotion understanding, whereas the 4- and 5-year-olds showed negative emotion understanding. Finally, children were more inclined toward prosocial decision-making when they showed higher emotion understanding in prosocial situations, lower emotion understanding in desire-fulfilled situations, and greater age. These were equal to all emotional conditions of the counterpart child. Conclusion: These results suggest that emotion understanding is an important component of social cognition, which effects preschoolers' prosocial decision-making.

Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experience of Elderly People (현상학적 접근을 통한 노인의 삶의 경험)

  • Huang, Bo-Sun;Shin, Yu-Sun;Yun, Suk-Ok;Lee, Ji-Hyun;Jung, Kyung-Yim;Kim, Jung-Soon;Kim, Lee-Soon;Kim, Bok-Yong;Kang, Young-Mee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.133-160
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    • 1995
  • The purpose of this study was to understand the structure of the lived experience by poor elderly people. The research question was 'What is the structure of the lived experience of life of a poor elderly people.' The sample consisted of 21 single poor elderly persons in Pusan. The unstructured interviews were audio-recorded and analyzed using the Van Kaam method. This study was 368 responses which yielded of descriptive expressions and priority classifications. The result generated 74 common elements, 18 syntheses of hypothetical definitions and 5 identifications of the structural definition. The structural definitions and hypothetical definitions were as follows; 1. physical discomfort ; complaints of severe pain ; dysfunction of physical organs 2. emotional cognition ; despair ; resignation ; attitude toward death 3. support system ; interaction with family ; thinking about God ; economical difficulties ; expectancy of social services ; opinions about health service ; leisure ; interaction with neighborhood ; dissatisfaction due to inadequate environment 4. past reminiscence ; negative reminiscence of one's past ; past regret ; positive reminiscence of one's past 5. desire ; desire of unrealization life ; self satisfaction The significance of this study for nursing are; Comprehension of the lived experience of client and identification' of nursing approach method concerning the lifestyle of client.

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The Influence of Men's Media Information Utilization on Appearance Management Behavior: Mediated Effect of Appearance Awareness and Metrosexual Tendency (남성집단의 미디어정보이용도가 외모인식과 메트로섹슈얼 성향을 통해 외모관리행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Keum Hee
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.704-712
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    • 2013
  • Contemporary young men are consumption-oriented, pursue ideal male images displayed in commercials, and are highly interested in fashion, beauty, and appearance. This metrosexual tendency(which values appearance) is largely influenced by mass media. This study examines how men's media information utilization influences appearance awareness and metrosexual tendency as well as how these two variables influence cosmetics consumption and fashion product consumption behavior. The results are as follows. First, metrosexual tendency consists of four dimensions: fashion involvement, pursuit of individuality beyond sexuality, cognition of fashion taste, and preference of a high quality product. The sum of variance is 65.594%. Second, media information utilization influenced metrosexual tendency and metrosexual tendency influence cosmetic consumption, brand-sensitive consumption and commercial-sensitive consumption; however, it did not affect price-sensitive consumption. Third, media information utilization affected appearance awareness; however, appearance awareness did not affect metrosexual tendency. In conclusion, appearance management behavior for men in their 20s is clearly affected by media. This phenomenon is caused by the metrosexual desire to express identity through fashion. Men in their 20's do not take care of their looks because of the social perception of appearance (as related to showing off their competence or pursuit of social success); rather, they have a desire to express their individuality and personally enjoy grooming and maintaining their appearance. Therefore, we can expect increased beauty and fashion expenditures.

Mental-state Talks of Mothers with 2-year-olds in Pretense/Role-play and Book Reading Contexts (만 2세 영아의 어머니가 가상/역할 놀이와 책읽기 맥락에서 사용하는 정신 상태 용어)

  • Kim, Hee Jin
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.133-151
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to examine maternal mental-state talks while mothers and their 2-year-old children interacted in two contexts which were pretense/role-play and shared book reading contexts. Thirty-six dyads of mothers and their 2-year-old children participated in this study. The results showed that the mothers made more references to mental-state in the pretense/role-ply context than in the book reading context, but the ratio of using the three types of mental state talks(i.e., desire, feeling, and cognition) did not vary with the contexts. The most frequently used mental-state talk by the mothers was 'desire' in both contexts and the tendency to use the three types of mental-state talks in the two contexts was related. The results of this study suggest implications for providing useful information on the role of mothers in the development of children's theory of mind.