• Title, Summary, Keyword: cognition

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Development of Meta Problem Types to Improve Problem-solving Power (문제 해결력 신장을 위한 베타 문제 유형 개발)

  • 현종익
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.3-13
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    • 1998
  • In mathematics education we have focused on how to improve the problem-solving ability, which makes its way to the new direction with the introduction of meta-cognition. As meta-cognition is based on cognitive activity of learners and concerned about internal properties, we may find a more effective way to generate learners problem-solving power. Its means that learners can regulate cognitive process according to their gorls of learning by themselves. Moreover, they are expected to make active participation through this process. If specific meta problems designed to develop meta-cognition are offered, learners are able to work alone by means of their own cognition and regulation while solving problems. They can transfer meta-cognition to the other subjects as well as mathematics. The studies on meta-cognition conducted so far may be divided into these three types. First in Flavell([3]) meta-cognition is defined as the matter of being conscious of one's own cognition, that is, recognizing cognition. He conducted an experiment with presschoolers and children who just entered primary school and concluded that their cognition may be described as general stage that can not link to specific situation in line with Piaget. Second, Brown([1], [2]) and others argued that meta-cognition means control and regulation of one's own cognition and tried to apply such concept to classrooms. He tried to fined out the strategies used by intelligent students and teach such types of activity to other students. Third, Merleary-Ponty (1962) claimed that meta-cognition is children's way of understanding phenomena or objects. They worked on what would come out in children's cognition responding to their surrounding world. In this paper following the model of meta-cognition produced by Lester ([7]) based on such ideas, we develop types of meta-cognition. In the process of meta-cognition, the meta-cognition working for it is to be intentionally developed and to help unskilled students conduct meta-cognition. When meta-cognition is disciplined through meta problems, their problem-solving power will provide more refined methods for the given problems through autonomous meta-cognitive activity without any further meta problems.

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A Empirical Study on the Factors of Taxation Cognition for Medical Institutions in Korea (우리나라 의료기관에 대한 과세인식에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 실증연구)

  • Hong, Ki-Yong;Park, Young-Kyu;Kum, Chung-Kap
    • Korea Journal of Hospital Management
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.21-44
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    • 2004
  • Toe objective of this study is to verify the factors influencing the taxation cognition of medical institutions and to verify the difference of taxation cognition among the interest groups in medical services. The factors that influence taxation cognition are supposed to be five: cognition of public benefits on medical services, cognition of profits from medical institutions, cognition of self-responsibility of medical institutions, cognition of distinction of medical institutions, and cognition of the importance of medical services. The interest groups are divided into four: medical institution employees, medical treatment consumers, taxation experts, and tax officials. As a result of this study, first, cognition of public benefits, cognition of profits, and cognition of distinction are verified to have statistical significance as factors for taxation cognition. It means that cognition of the public benefits of medical services is low, while cognition of profits is high, and taxation cognition such as tax supports and tax exemption appears low in accordance with lowness of cognition of distinction of medical institutions. Second, taxation cognition of the interest groups about medical service shows statistical significance between the group of medical institution employees and the group of tax officials, and between the group of medical institution employees and the group of taxes experts. This study is expected to contribute to tax policy, which can support medical institutions to provide medical consumers with good medical services, by analyzing the factors that influence taxation cognition on medical institutions.

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Mediating Effect of Meta-cognition between Locus of Control and Self-efficacy

  • Chae, Heeseong;Hahm, Sangwoo
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.8-14
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    • 2018
  • Meta-cognition is the knowledge and cognition of cognitive phenomena, including the control of ones own memory, comprehension, and thought processes. Meta-cognition is similar to self-awareness, which is the understanding of oneself, and affects people's attitudes and behaviors. This study demonstrated the mediating effect of meta-cognition between internal locus of control and self-efficacy. Internal locus of control refers to the steady faith that any outcome is related to one's own efforts. Self-efficacy is a collection of personal strong belief that one individual can achieve his or her own goals. In this study, if a person has a tendency to adopt an internal locus of control, meta-cognition is improved, and self-efficacy can in turn be increased if meta-cognition is improved. This study conducted an empirical analysis through questionnaires conducted on 260 university students. The results of the research demonstrated that there is a highly positive correlation between meta-cognition, control position, and self-efficacy. In addition, this study emphasized that positive meta-cognition with internal locus of control can lead to positive attitudes and behaviors, and positive results.

A study on the difference in the safety culture cognition of host company and subcontractor (주관기업과 협력기업의 안전문화 인식 차이에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Byung-Gil;Yoon, Seok-Joon;Choi, Seo-Yeon;Moon, Kyoung-Whan
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.173-183
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    • 2015
  • The study conducted questionnaire analysis on 607 host company employee and 404 subcontractor employee in order to examine the difference in the safety culture cognition of host company and subcontractor. As a result, host company had higher recognition in all safety culture factors compare to that of subcontractor, and there were bigger gap of cognition in the 'cognition in safety status and culture', 'accident and near-miss', 'immediate superior's concentration degree in safety and health' than that of other cognition factors. Furthermore, team leaders showed the highest cognition in both host company and subcontractor, and employees with above 20 year career had the highest cognition in both host company and subcontractor. There is high relationship between host company and subcontractor in the correlations in safety culture cognition factors. Through this study, we identified the difference in the safety culture cognition factor of host company and subcontractor.

A Study on the subjective cognition and conflict degree of work-family balance and family strength of a dual career men (맞벌이 기혼남성의 일-가정 균형의 주관적 인식 및 갈등정도와 가정의 건강성 인식)

  • Yoon, So-Young;Kim, Hye-Jin
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.19-35
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effective factors that influence subjective cognition, conflict degree of work-family balance, and cognition of family strength according to general characteristic factors, working environmental factors, and home environmental factors, as well as analyze the relationships among subjective cognition, conflict degree, and cognition of family strength. The main data source for analysis in this study is the Second National Survey of Korean Families by the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family in 2010. The survey includes the analysis of 419 respondents who have a dual income and live with their wife. The collected data are analyzed using SPSS 19.0. The results of the study are as follows. First, subjective cognition of work-family balance is influenced by satisfaction of work, division of housework, and care of family. Second, the conflict degree of work-family balance is influenced by age, working week, and satisfaction with work. Third, the relationship between subjective cognition and conflict degree of work-family balance is a negative correlation. The relationship between subjective cognition of work-family balance and cognition of family strength is a positive correlation but the difference between conflict degree of work-family balance and cognition of family strength is not significant. Finally, for the married men, the working environmental factor is a significant factor for the work-family balance. And the higher the satisfaction of work and division of domestic work, the greater is the balance between work and family. This suggests that they also have a higher cognition of family strength.

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Effects of Irrational Parenthood Cognition, Family Support, and Resilience on Depression of Infertile Women (난임 여성의 비합리적 부모 신념, 가족지지, 회복탄력성이 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Eun Young;Sung, Mi-Hae
    • Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.60-72
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: To determine effects of irrational parenthood cognition, family support, and resilience on depression in infertile women. Methods: Subjects were 118 infertile women who agreed to participate in this study. Data were collected from April 16 to July 31, 2018. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson's correlation and multiple regression with SPSS WIN 23.0 program. Results: Depression significantly differed according to the burden of treatment cost and presence of people giving stress. Depression showed significantly positive correlation with irrational parenthood cognition and significantly negative correlations with family support and resilience. Factors affecting depression were irrational parenthood cognition, family support, and resilience. Irrational parenthood cognition had the greatest effect on depression. These three variables explained 35.8% of total variance. Conclusion: Irrational parenthood cognition, family support, and resilience affected depression of infertile women, with irrational parenthood cognition having the greatest effect. Therefore, it is important to develop and implement programs that can reduce irrational parenthood cognition and increase family support and resilience in order to lower depression of infertile women. The authors declared no conflict of interest.

The Effect of Subjective Health Cognition and Self-Esteem on Depression of Seteomin in a Region (일 지역 새터민의 주관적 건강과 자아존중감이 우울증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yun-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Emergency Medical Services
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : This research is descriptive research that investigated the effect of subjective health cognition and self-esteem of saeteomin on depression. Methods : Data had been collected with self-reported questionnaire and telephone interview for 85 people who are over 18 and lived in Gwangju and Jeonnam province from September 1st 2005 to November 30th 2005. Results : In the subjective health cognition of subjects, 33 people(38.8%) were bad and 55.3% was latent patients. To verify the controlling effect of self-efficacy and subjective health cognition on depression, the multiple regression, divided into two different stage, shows that the overall model was significant, where, in the first stage, adding subjective health cognition(F = 14.814, p = 0.000) and in the second stage, self-efficacy(F = 21.621, p = .000). The subjective health cognition affects depression about 14.1%, and self-efficacy affects depression about 18.8%. Both subjective health cognition and self-efficacy affects depression about 32.9%. Conclusion : These findings showed that the health status of Saeteomin was in poor Status. As a result the subjective health cognition and self-efficacy were significant factors to control the depression, those factors can be integral resources to develop effective social support and detailed strategy for Saeteomin.

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A Study on Korean and Chinese Consumers' Cognition, Product Purchase Intention and Consumer Demand for Fair Trade Education (한·중 소비자의 공정무역에 대한 인식, 제품 구매의도와 소비자교육 요구)

  • Chen, Xiao Can;Lee, Seung Sin
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.279-291
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    • 2015
  • Fair trade is international trade that pays just wages, supplies stable and eco-friendly products, and supports the sustainable development of economies. This study examined consumers 'cognition of fair trade, product intention of fair trade products, and consumer demand for fair trade education. We compare these variables between Korean and Chinese consumers and explored variables that affect consumers' cognition, purchase intentions and consumer education demand. This study randomly targeted 428 adult consumers in Seoul (219) and Beijing (209) to grasp the demand of customer education and a purchasing intention for fair trade products. The results of this study are as follows. First, participants showed a low cognition of fair trade and purchase intention, while consumer demand for fair trade education on concept, campaign and effect had a comparatively higher level. Chinese consumers showed a higher level of purchase intention, but a lower level of consumer education demand for fair trade concepts. Second, a higher education level resulted in a higher cognition of fair trade by Korean consumers and more experienced Chinese consumers had a higher cognition. Third, the cognition of fair trade affected the purchase intentions positively for both in Korean and Chinese consumers. Finally, cognition and purchase intention showed positive effects of the consumer demand for fair trade education on concept, campaign, and effect.

A Study on Cognition of Credit Card and Shopping Value Based on the Consumption Orientation (소비성향에 따른 신용카드인식 및 쇼핑 가치에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, In-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.105-118
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    • 2012
  • This study aims to recognize cognition of credit card and shopping value in contemporary society, cognition of credit card and shopping value according to types of consumption orientation, and factors that influence cognition of credit card and shopping value, and ultimately provide a foundation for establishing proper shopping value. A total of 453 women and men residing in Seoul have been set as research object in order to achieve the purpose of the study. The data was analyzed by Cronbach' alpha, frequencies, percentile, mean, factor analysis, K-mean cluster analysis, t-test, ANOVA and Duncan's multiple range test, multiple linear regression. All analysis progress was done by spsswin12.0 statistics program. A summary of this research goes as follows: First, categorization of consumption orientation lead to two clusters of rational and symbolic & conspicuity consumption patterns and cognition of credit card was categorized into positive and negative cognition and shopping value was categorized into hedonic shopping value, utilitarian shopping value and time-save shopping value. Second, rational shoppers had high utilitarian shopping values and symbolic & conspicuity shoppers had high both hedonic shopping values and utilitarian shopping values. Third, the most influential factor in hedonic shopping value and utilitarian was consumption orientation. In conclusion, this research has showed that cognition of credit card and shopping value according to types of consumption orientation patterns varied, and that consumption orientation was an influential factor on cognition of credit card and shopping value.

The Effects of the Cognition Improvement Activities of the Elderly in the Welfare Center on Hand Dexterity, Cognition, Instrumental Activity of Daily Living and Depression (복지관 노인의 인지증진활동이 손의 기민성 정도와 인지능력, 도구적 일상 생활 및 우울에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-A;Sung, Yoon-Jeong;Yang, Yeoung-ae
    • The Journal of Occupational Therapy for the Aged and Dementia
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2018
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of hand dexterity, cognition skill, instrumental activities of daily living, and depression after cognition improvement activities in elderly welfare centers. Method : The cognition improvement activities were performed for 10 ristimes on 20 elderly people. This study assessed hand dexterity, cognition skills, IADL, and depression using grooved pegboard, MOCA-K, K-IADL, and K-GDS before and after cognition improvement activities. Result : After cognition improvement activities, hand dexterity improves positively and cognition skills and depression improves significantly. However, instrument activities of daily living was not affected by cognition improvement activities. Conclusion : The cognition improvement activities affect positively on hand dexterity, cognition skills and depression. The elderly people of welfare center were highly satisfied with cognition improvement activities. However, this study were held in one welfare center in K city, so further study required to recruit more sample size and develop regional programs to generalize the result.