• Title, Summary, Keyword: coffee

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Phytochemical Characteristics of Coffee Bean Treated by Coating of Ginseng Extract

  • Choi, Sang-Yoon;Hong, Hee-Do;Bae, Hye-Min;Choi, Chang-Sun;Kim, Kyung-Tack
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.436-441
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    • 2011
  • The principal objective of this study was to assess the instrumental and sensory characteristics of ginseng coffee with different ratios of the ingredients: type of coffee bean (Colombia, Brazil, and Indonesia), type of ginseng extract (white ginseng, red ginseng, and America ginseng) and concentration of ginseng extract (3, 6, and 9 w/v %). The sensory optimal condition of white ginseng coffee, red ginseng coffee and America ginseng coffee were as follows: 3% Indonesian coffee bean coated with 3% white ginseng extract, Colombian coffee bean coated with 6% red ginseng extract and Colombian coffee bean coated with 3% American ginseng extract, respectively. In particular, the Colombian coffee bean coated with 6% red ginseng extract had significantly higher scores than other samples in terms of flavor, taste, and overall preference. Additionally, the contents of total ginsenoside and total sugar and total phenolic compounds were also highest in the Colombian coffee bean coated with 6% red ginseng extract.

Influence of Coffee Education on Importance and Satisfaction of Coffee House Selection Attributes in Gwangju and Jeonnam Area (커피교육이 커피전문점 선택속성의 중요도와 만족도에 미치는 영향 - 광주·전남 지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Khil, Jin-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.184-192
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the general characteristics of coffee house consumers as well as the importance and satisfaction of selection attributes of specialty coffee houses according to length of coffee education period. Applicants in the Gwangju and Jeonnam area who had finished their Barista 2 grade certificate examination participated in a survey on March 12, 2011. Further, university students living in Gwangju participated as subjects who had never experienced coffee education from March 15 to March 31, 2011. Two-hundred and one subjects participated in the survey, and 184 questionnaires were used for analysis. Regardless of coffee education experience, quality of coffee was important, but higher educated subjects showed the lowest satisfaction of coffee from a coffee house (p<0.01) in terms of attributes such as freshness of coffee beans (p<0.01) and overall taste (p<0.01). Further, subjects who received no or little education demonstrated high correlation between importance/satisfaction of 'brand' and 'employee' compared to subjects who studied more than 2 semesters. These results provide future coffee house entrepreneurs and baristas with market information and marketing strategies for understanding customers' coffee house selection attributes.

Correlation of Nutrient Intake, Obesity-related Anthropometrics, and Blood Lipid Status with Instant Coffee-mix Intakes in Gangneung and Samcheok Residents (강릉과 삼척지역 주민의 커피믹스 섭취 여부에 따른 영양섭취실태 및 비만관련 신체계측치, 혈중지질패턴과의 상호관련성)

  • Kim, Eun Kyung;Choe, Jeong Sook;Kim, Eun Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.134-141
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate instant coffee-mix intakes and its relations with anthropometric measurements, nutrient intake, and blood lipid in Gangneung and Samcheok residents. Coffee-mix is a mixture of instant coffee, sugar and coffee-creamer. It is a standardized convenience food in Korea. Recently, Koreans appear to consume too much of instant coffee-mix. The respondents of this study were 218 Koreans (Gangneung region 133, Samcheok region 85). The average age was 56.0 years (male), 57.5 years (female). They were divided into 2 groups, the instant coffee-mix drinkers and the non-drinkers. The nutrient intake and anthropometric measurements and their relations with coffee-mix intakes were analyzed (nutrient intakes were calculated by converting per 1,000 kcal and adjusted by age, region). As for male, body fat was significantly higher in coffee-mix drinkers (18.1 kg, 25.0%) than in non-drinkers (17.1 kg, 23.8%). In the case of females, serum triglyceride was significantly higher in coffee-mix drinkers (109.1 mg/dL) than in nondrinkers (102.9 mg/dL). Coffee-mix intakes and coffee-mix's contributions to energy were higher for participants from Samcheok (21.2 g, 4.7%) than those from Gangneung (16.6 g, 3.4%). In addition, for Samcheok, coffee-mix's contribution to energy was significantly higher in male (5.6%) than in female (4.2%). Coffee-mix intakes and energy contribution of coffee-mix were not significantly correlated with anthropometric measurements. Only HDL-cholestrol showed significantly negative correlation with coffee-mix's contributions to energy. Based on the above results, we conclude that usual instant coffee-mix intake may increase intakes of sugar and fat and exert negative effects on serum lipids. Therefore, it is needed to control too much instant coffee-mix intake in the dietary management of rural residents.

Study on the Curriculum standards model of Green Coffee Education (그린커피교육 교과과정 기준 모형 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Hye-Kyung;Baek, Hyeongi;An, Gansu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.10
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    • pp.103-122
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    • 2013
  • It has been realized that the flavor of coffee depends on the coffee-producing region and the growing condition. It has also been realized that the species of coffee beans influence the taste of coffee. However, coffee education is currently underway mainly for the simple job training of baristas such as roasting, extracting and customer service, and very little education on green coffee is being done. Therefore, this study is to contribute to the basic research material for the curriculum development of green coffee education. Through surveys to coffee instructors and students to investigate the current situation of green coffee education and awareness level of green coffee, the requirements of green coffee education has been analyzed. Further, the teaching direction and learning factors of green coffee have also been analyzed through Interview Analysis to coffee professionals. Based on the result thereof, this study is to suggest systematic lecturing-learning standards by presenting an education goal of green coffee, selection of education contents, determination of subject name, and composition and listing of education units to be learned. This study will be one of the basic research materials to plan and design the curriculum for green coffee education.

Intake Status and Perception of Coffee by University Students in Some Areas of Jeonbuk Region (전북 일부지역 대학생의 커피섭취 실태 및 인식)

  • Jang, Bo-Mi;Lee, Je-Hyuk
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.122-132
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey on coffee intake habits, preference of coffee and other beverages, and awareness of caffeine in coffee by college students in some areas of Jeonbuk province. According to the survey result, 83.9% of subjects drank coffee usually, and males (46.4%) and the females (54.2%) drank coffee at school stores and coffee shops, respectively. Companions to drink coffee with were mainly friends, and frequency of coffee intake was one to two cups daily for males and females. Males and females drank coffee at any time (60.0%) and after lunch (38.7%), respectively. Most males and females drank only coffee without snacks. Males preferred more soft drinks and sports drinks than females, but females preferred more milk and dairy products, tea, and coffee than males. Coffee was consumed most frequently, among several beverages. Reasons for drinking coffee was to prevent sleepiness (64.6%), and to enjoy its taste and aroma (38.0%) for males and females, respectively. Male (47.2%) and female (73.5%) subjects could detect caffeine, and most of them could detect caffeine in coffee. Additionally, all subjects agreed that less intake of caffeine was better for their health. Based on the survey of intake habits of coffee, the university students need nutrition education relative to labeling caffeine contents in coffee and intake of caffeine, and need to make an effort to overcome the potential damage of caffeine intake.

Contents of Defective Beans and Cup Quality in Relation to the Grade and Processing Methods of Green Coffee (커피 생두 등급 및 가공법에 따른 결점두 함량과 컵핑을 통한 관능적 특성)

  • Yoon, Hye-Hyun;Choi, Yoo-Mei
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.703-711
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    • 2009
  • Arabica coffee is classified for trading according to the New York Board of Trade(NYBOT) green coffee classification. NYBOT's grading system is based on classification derived from a defect count on a 300 g sample. In the present study, green and roasted coffees were investigated for possible correlations between the content of defective beans and sensory characteristics. Sensory evaluation was performed by expert tasters used by the Specialty Coffee Association of America(SCAA) cupping method. For green coffee, the percentage of defective beans increased. as the coffee grade decreased. Black and sour beans were not found in the NY2 grade coffee out of all natural, pulped natural, and washed coffee samples. Sour and insect damage were found in more natural coffee samples as the green coffee grade decreased. Green and broken beans were found in more washed coffee samples as the green coffee grade decreased. Flavor, clean, uniformity, aftertaste, and overall sensory characteristics were significantly different among the NY2, NY3/4 and NY4/5 grade coffee in all natural, pulped natural and washed coffee samples. The natural coffee in the NY2 sample presented the highest body characteristic. The pulped natural coffee in the NY2 sample presented the highest sweetness and balance characteristics. The washed coffee in the NY2 sample presented the highest acidity and flavor characteristics. In conclusion, the percentage of defective beans increased as sensory characteristics decreased.

Sensory Characteristics of Espresso Coffee in Relation to the Classification of Green Arabica Coffee (아라비카 생두 등급에 따른 에스프레소 커피의 관능적 특성)

  • Choi, Yoo-Mei;Yoon, Hye-Hyun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.300-306
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    • 2010
  • Arabica coffee has been classified for trading according to the New York Board of Trade (NYBOT) green coffee classification. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the physiochemical and sensorial characteristics of coffees classified by NYBOT as NY2 (specialty coffee), NY3/4 and NY4/5 (commercial coffee). The density of green coffee was higher for the NY2 sample. The amount of total solids in brewed coffee increase as the green coffee grade decreased and the pH levels decreased as the coffee grade decreased. Descriptive analysis using a 15cm line scale was carried out by 12 trained panelists prepared by espresso coffee and consumer preference tests were carried out by 168 consumers. The NY2 sample had the highest fruity, acidity, sweetness and aftertaste characteristics. In addition, green, rio, sour and astringency characteristics increased as the coffee grade decreased. Acceptance of aroma, flavor, taste balance and overall were higher for the NY2 sample. In the consumer preference test, the NY2 and NY4/5 samples had a similar distribution, but consumers between the ages of 20 to 30 who like to drink brewed coffee more than instant coffee preferred the NY2 than sample over the NY3/4 sample. In conclusion, significant differences were observed among the three groups of green coffee classification in all physicochemical and sensory parameters.

A Comparative Study of Coffee Culture between Italy and South Korea: An Exploratory Study

  • Moretti, Raul
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.41-55
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    • 2017
  • This exploratory research compares two particular features of coffee culture, namely the reason why a particular coffee shop is frequented and the reason for going to the chosen coffee shop in Italy and South Korea. A survey was carried out targeted at current undergraduate university students in both countries with data being collected in the late spring and early summer of 2017. The main impetus for this research was to investigate the aforementioned areas given the fact that Italy has such a long standing coffee culture that dates back centuries and is still an industry dominated by independent coffee houses while the Korean coffee industry started developing in the early 1980s and taking off after the 1988 Olympic Games. The Korean coffee industry, in contrast, is driven by the franchise coffee shops such as Starbucks, $Caf{\acute{e}}$ Benne, and The Coffee Bean among others. While both countries have well developed coffee cultures, they developed along very different lines. Data collected from respondents are tabulated and presented followed by an analysis and interpretation of the data. Finally, some suggestions on how to conduct further research in order to better understanding the underpinnings and contributing factors in understanding consumer choice and coffee culture in both Italian and Korea are suggested.

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Antioxidant, Anti-wrinkle and Antimicrobial Effects of Coffee Grounds Extract from Dutch Coffee (더치 Coffee Grounds 추출물의 항산화, 주름개선, 항균 효과)

  • Park, Su In;Kim, Ah Reum;Kim, Seon Hwa;An, Gyu Min;Kim, Min Gi;Shin, Moon Sam
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.1038-1047
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    • 2018
  • This study confirmed possibility of cosmetic material for Espresso coffee grounds extracted at high temperature, high pressure, short time and Dutch coffee grounds extracted at low temperature, atmospheric pressure, long time. For this purpose, we evaluated the biological activities of antioxidant, anti-wrinkles and antimicrobial effects using ethanol extracts of Esproso and Dutch coffee grounds. The results of total polyphenolic compound contents was $90.39{\pm}0.04mg/g$ for Dutch coffee grounds extract, which was higher than $64.96{\pm}0.38mg/g$ for Espresso coffee grounds extract, based on $113.63{\pm}0.22mg/g$ for coffee beans extract as the reference one. DPPH radical scavenging activity and SOD-like activity of Dutch coffee grounds extract were found to be better than those of Espresso coffee grounds extracts, referenced on coffee bean extract. As a result of inhibition effect of Elastase activity, Dutch coffee grounds extract showed higher inhibition effect than Espresso coffee grounds extract, based on coffee bean extract. In addition, Dutch coffee grounds extract showed good anti-microbial effects at Escherichia coli, Bacillus, Propionibacterium acnes and there was little difference in the clear zone size between Dutch coffee grounds extract and coffee bean extract as a reference one. From the results of the experiments, it was confirmed that Dutch coffee grounds extract had excellent antioxidant, anti-wrinkle and antimicrobial effects and could be used as safe natural cosmetic material in the future.

Impacts of Coffee Creamer, Dried Skim Milk and Sugar on the Volatile Aroma Compounds and Sensory Characteristics in Instant Coffee (인스턴트커피에 커피크리머, 탈지분유, 설탕의 첨가가 휘발성향기성분과 맛에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Ji-Sook;Kwon, Hye-Min;Park, Seung-Kook
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.137-144
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    • 2015
  • Although instant coffee is less palatable than freshly brewed coffee, it is widely consumed primarily due to its convenience. Frequently, instant coffee is consumed in the form of a coffee-mix. It contains coffee creamer or dried skim milk, and sugar in addition to soluble coffee. The aim of this study was to investigate the volatile aroma compounds (VACs) of instant black coffee mixed with coffee creamer or dried skim milk by Gas Chromatography-Headspace-Solid Phase Microextraction (GC-HS-SPME) and sensory evaluation. A total of 16 different coffee samples including instant black coffee and coffee mixes with coffee creamer or dried skim milk, were chosen for this study. The coffee samples contained several common VACs such as pyrazine, pyridine, and pyrrole. Sensory evaluation indicated that the flavor intensity of coffee mix was less pronounced than that of instant black coffee alone. Coffee creamer and skim milk had little distinctive aroma per se; however, they significantly contributed to the flavor profile of coffee mixes, suggesting that coffee creamer and skim milk acted as flavor modifiers in coffee mix.