• Title, Summary, Keyword: coffee

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Sensory Characteristics of Espresso Coffee According to Green Coffee Processing (생두 가공법에 따른 에스프레소 커피의 관능 특성)

  • Choi, Yoo-Mei;Yoon, Hye-Hyun
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.773-781
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    • 2011
  • Coffee beans are processed from coffee cherries by either natural, pulped natural, or washing. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the physiochemical and sensory characteristics of espresso coffees processed by different methods. The color of the washed coffee sample presented the highest value of lightness while the natural coffee sample presented the highest value of redness and yellowness. The biggest difference in brewed coffee, whether natural, pulped natural, or washed, was in the TDS content, which was higher in natural coffee and lower in washed coffee. Sensory descriptive analysis and acceptance test for espresso coffee using a 15 cm line scale were carried out by 12 trained panelists. Natural coffee had the highest cherry-like flavor and sweetness taste while washed coffee had the highest citrus flavor and acidity taste. An important attribute of espresso coffee is body, and natural coffee presented strong body while washed coffee presented a low body attribute. In conclusion, significant differences were observed among the three processing methods of green coffee. Pulped natural coffees presented intermediate physiochemical and sensory characteristics compared to washed and natural coffee. Natural coffees are appreciated for their increased body, and washed coffees are appreciated for added citrus flavors and acidity espresso coffee blends.

Quality Characteristics of Coffee-sulgi(rice cake) with Different Ratios of Ingredients and Commercial Scheme (커피설기의 재료배합비에 따른 품질 특성 및 상품화 방안)

  • 서한석;김세희;한복려;황인경
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.170-179
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the instrumental and sensory characteristics of coffee-sulgi(rice cake) with different ratios of the ingredients; coffee(30$m\ell$, 40$m\ell$ and 50$m\ell$ of espresso and instant coffee) and sugar (50g and 75g). A commercial scheme for coffee-sulgi was also investigated. The optimal mixing ratios of coffee-sulgi with added espresso were rice flour 500g, salt 5g, espresso 40$m\ell$ and sugar 75g. Those of coffee-sulgi with added instant coffee were the same. As the sensory intensities of coffee aroma, coffee taste, sweetness, moistness, elasticity, color acceptance for coffee-sulgi and overall acceptance for quality were enhanced, the overall preference for coffee-sulgi was increased. In addition, overall preference was positively correlated with adhesiveness and a-value of instrumental characteristics, but negatively correlated with cohesiveness and L-value. In coffee-sulgi with added espresso, intensities of coffee aroma, browniness, coffee taste, color acceptance for coffee-sulgi, overall acceptance for quality and overall preference were higher than those of coffee-sulgi with added instant coffee. In this point, gourmet coffee-sulgi with added espresso and universal coffee-sulgi with added instant coffee could be differentiated in the coffee-sulgi markets. In conclusion, this study of coffee-sulgi and the differential scheme for the market will be useful to expand rice processing, enhance the intake of rice cakes and provide a reference for the commercialization of rice cakes.

Korean and Chinese University Students' Importance and Performance Analysis for Quality Attributes by Coffee Type in Daejeon (대전지역 한국대학생과 중국대학생의 커피 유형별 품질 속성에 대한 중요도 및 수행도 분석)

  • Kim, Hye-Young;Chung, Hye-Kyung;Lee, Hae-Young
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.511-524
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    • 2011
  • The purposes of this study was to investigate importance and performance for coffee quality attributes in Korean and Chinese university students by 3 types of coffee; coffee in coffee houses, coffee in vending machines and canned/bottled coffee. Survey was done for 360 students in Daejeon with developed questionnaires including general information, favorite type of coffee and 15 quality attributes of coffee. Finally, data from 168 Korean and 126 Chinese university students was used for statistical analysis by SPSS 18.0 package program. Results of this study were as follows: for favorite type of coffee, the rates of coffee in coffee houses, coffee in vending machines and canned/bottled coffee were 43.0% 34.8% and 22.2% in Korean students and 8.7%, 78.0%, and 12.2% in Chinese students, respectively. Comparing Chinese students and Korean students showed higher importance for several quality attributes of coffee in coffee house (p < 0.05), but lower importance for most quality-attributes of coffee in vending machine (p < 0.05) and canned/bottled coffee (p < 0.05). According to importance and performance analysis, strategies for increasing satisfaction were to improve 'price' of canned/bottled coffee in Korean students, and 'taste', 'volume', 'concentration' and 'variety' of canned/bottled coffee and 'freshness' of coffee in vending machine in Chinese students. These results suggested that differentiated marketing plans between Korean and Chinese university students should be needed in coffee industry.

Analysis of Customer Perception for Quality Attributes According to Consumers' Coffee Consumption Types (커피의 소비 유형별 품질 속성에 대한 고객 인식 분석)

  • Shin, Sun-Young;Chung, La-Na
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.748-756
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    • 2007
  • The purposes of this study were to analyze importance and performance for coffee quality attributes based on customers according to their consumption types; and provided ideas and marketing strategies to increase sales through IPAs (Importance-Performance Analysis). University students in Incheon were conducted a survey from March 13, 2007 to March 31, 2007. As for a quality attribute with the highest importance, the survey showed 'price' was important for ${\ulcorner}$vending machine coffee${\lrcorner}$, and 'taste' was important for ${\ulcorner}$commercial coffee${\lrcorner}$, and ${\ulcorner}$coffee house coffee${\lrcorner}$. And 'thirst relief' was found to have the lowest importance for three types of coffee. As for a quality attributes with the highest performance, the survey showed 'taste' was important for ${\ulcorner}$coffee house coffee${\lrcorner}$ 'price' was important for ${\ulcorner}$vending machine coffee${\lrcorner}$; and 'period of circulation' was important for ${\ulcorner}$commercial coffee${\lrcorner}$. IPA results for coffee quality attributes also showed quality attributes that should be improved quickly for each type of coffee: 'hygiene', 'safety', 'period of circulation', and 'package' were for ${\ulcorner}$vending machine coffee${\lrcorner}$; 'price' and 'freshness' were for ${\ulcorner}$commercial coffee${\lrcorner}$; and 'price' and 'period of circulation' were for ${\ulcorner}$coffee house coffee${\lrcorner}$.

A Study Evaluating Nutrient Intake and Diet Quality in Female College Students According to Coffee Consumption (여대생의 커피 섭취량에 따른 영양섭취 및 식사의 질 평가)

  • Bae, Yun-Jung;Kim, Mi-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.128-138
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to assess nutrient intake and dietary quality in female college students according to their coffee consumption. The survey was conducted through questionnaires and 3-day dietary records with 353 students. The subjects were divided into three groups: students who didn't consume coffee (non-coffee group, N=119), students who consumed <250 ml coffee (light-coffee group, N=140), and students who consumed ${\geq}$250 ml coffee (moderate-coffee group, N=94). There were no significant differences in age, weight, height, and BMI among the three groups. The mean daily energy intake was 1800.8 kcal in the non-coffee group, 1724.9 kcal in the light-coffee group, and 1729.7 kcal in the moderate-coffee group. The moderate-coffee group consumed a significantly higher amount of alcohol than the light-coffee group (p<0.05). The average intakes of dietary fiber, vitamin A, ${\beta}$-carotene, and folate in the non-coffee group were significantly higher than those in the light-coffee and moderate-coffee groups. Indexes of Nutritional Quality (INQ) for vitamin A, niacin, and vitamin B6 were significantly higher in the non-coffee group than in the light-coffee group. Also the non-coffee group consumed a significantly higher amount of vegetables compared to the light-coffee group. There was no significant difference in the Dietary Diversity Scores (DDS) among the three groups. These results suggest that coffee consumption affects food and nutrient intake in female college students.

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Overview of Coffee Waste and Utilization for Biomass Energy Production in Vietnam

  • Thriveni, Thenepalli;Kim, Minsuk;Whan, Ahn Ji
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.76-83
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, the carbon resources recycling of the overview of coffee waste generation in Vietnam. Since few years, there has been a significant research studies was done in the areas of coffee waste generation areas and also waste water generation from coffee production. The coffee residue (solid) and waste water (liquid) both are caused the underground water contamination and also soil contamination. These residues contain high organic matter and acid content leads to the severe threat to environment. In second stage of coffee production process, the major solid residue was generated. Various solid residues such as spent coffee grounds, defective coffee beans and coffee husks) pose several environmental concerns and specific problems associated with each type of residue. Due to the unlimited usage of coffee, the waste generation is high. At the same time, some researchers have been investigated the spent coffee wastes are the valuable sources for various valuable compounds. Biodiesel or biomass productions from coffee waste residues are the best available utilization method for preventing the landfill problems of coffee waste residues.

Status of Coffee Intake in South Korea: Analysis of 2007-2009 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (한국인의 커피 섭취 실태: 2007-2009년 국민건강영양조사자료 분석)

  • Shin, Joongwon;Kim, So-young;Yoon, Jihyun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the status of coffee intake in South Korea by analyzing the 4th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The results showed that 52.3% of Koreans consumed coffee at least once a day. Males consumed coffee more frequently than females and those aged 20-39 years and 40-59 years consumed coffee most frequently. Coffee drinkers consumed coffee two times a day and 138 mL each time on average. Coffee was mainly consumed either at home (44.8%) or in the workplace (36.1%); males drank coffee most frequently in the workplace and females did so at home. Milk coffee including coffee from vending machines and coffee mix (73.8%) was the most common type of coffee consumed. The results of this study would extend the understanding of the general status of coffee intake in South Korea, which has shown steady growth but remains a relatively overlooked research area.

Determinants of Price in Specialty Coffee by Consumers

  • Kim, Hyojin;Jung, Oh-Hyun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.151-159
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    • 2016
  • With the targeted coffee consumers in Kwangju city, South Korea, this paper investigates a few determinants such as taste, aroma, mouth-feel, and satisfaction to influence coffee price, based upon self-evaluations by those who enjoy specialty coffee. Using both simple regression and standard multiple regression analyses, it turned out that tastes, smell, mouth-feel, and satisfaction of specialty coffee had effects on coffee price. This study implies that when coffee consumers decide coffee price, they consider multiple factors to influence their overall satisfaction in multiple aspects than a single facet like taste, aroma, and mouth-feel. Practical and theoretical discussion and implications are suggested for the following studies.

The Relationships among Characteristics of Customers, Choice Attributes, Positive Emotion Associated with Coffee-Drinking Behavior -Focusing on Specialty Coffee Shop Customers- (커피 전문점 이용자의 일반적 특성, 선택 속성, 커피 음용 행동 및 긍정적 감정 간 관계)

  • Kim, Ju-Yeon;Ahn, Kyung-Mo
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.812-822
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    • 2010
  • This study explored choice attributes in specially coffee shops and examined the relations between choice attributes and positive emotions customers felt in specially coffee shops. The study also attempted to find differences in choice attributes and positive emotions according to general characteristics of customers and coffee-drinking behavior. Measured items were derived from preliminary interviews and a literature review. Questionnaires were distributed to customers in Seoul who had visited a specially coffee shop in the last 3 months. The derived factors of choice attributes were 'taste of coffee and atmosphere', 'brand', 'price benefit', 'pleasant space', and 'coffee itself. Among those, the two factors 'taste of coffee and atmosphere', and 'brand' had a statistically significant influence on positive emotions of customers. This implies that specially coffee shop customers have primarily emotional rather than utilitarian motivations. Therefore, to better satisfy customers' desires, more effort is needed to improve the physical environment in coffee shops. Female and younger customers showed higher perception of price benefits than others did. The perception of price benefits and pleasant space mainly varied by the location of coffee-drinking and frequency of visiting specially coffee shops. Further differences in positive emotion according to general characteristics and behaviors of having coffee also discussed.