• Title, Summary, Keyword: clinical factor

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Dental hygiene students' stress during clinical practices and stress coping styles (치위생과 학생들의 임상실습 스트레스 요인 및 대처방식)

  • Kim, Soo-Kyung;Jung, You-Sun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.887-895
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : In this study, 233 dental hygiene students in Seoul and Gyeonggi areas were surveyed in order to provide the basic data for more effective clinical practice by investigating the stress they experience during the clinical practice and how they cope with stress; Methods : 5 areas in stress factors as environmental factor, interpersonal factor, role and activity, ideal and value, and the amount of BEPSI and 4 areas in their coping methods as problem-oriented, social support, emotion-oriented, and wishful thinking were measured by Liker 5-point scale. Results : 1. The satisfaction level of subjects on their major was the highest as 'generally satisfied (50.6%),' and their satisfaction level of clinical practice was also the highest as 'generally satisfied (32.6%).' 2. The clinical practice stress was 2.76 points on average, and their stress factors were ideal and value (3.18), environmental factor (2.98), role and activity (2,70), the amount of BEPSI (2.55), and interpersonal factor (2.37). And the way how they cope with stress were 3.29 points on average, wishful thinking (3.71), social support (3.36), problem-oriented (3.13), and emotion-oriented (2.95). 3. The clinical practice stress according to clinical training institutions showed significant differences: university dental hospitals and general hospitals (2.83), dental clinics (2.65), and dental hospitals (2.63). 4. The clinical practice stress showed a negative correlation between the satisfaction level of major and the satisfaction level of clinical practice (p<0.01), and the more satisfaction they had in their major and clinical practice, the less stress during the clinical practice. 5. In the correlation between each subordinate factor of the stress in clinical practice and how to cope with it, interpersonal factor and emotion-oriented factor, the amount of BEPSI and wishful thinking showed a positive correlation (p<0.05). Conclusions : In this study, it is necessary to develop clinical practice program that is to increase satisfaction and provide motivation in order to reduce the stress during clinical training.

Current Clinical Evidence for Korean Red Ginseng in Management of Diabetes and Vascular Disease: A Toronto's Ginseng Clinical Testing Program

  • Vuksan, Vladimir;Sievenpipper, John;Jovanovski, Elena;Jenkins, Alexandra L.
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.264-273
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    • 2010
  • While ginseng is reported to have a wide array of applications, there is growing evidence for its indications in diabetes and vascular disease. A clear connection, however, has not been established between ginseng's composition, dose and its targeted efficacy in humans. We therefore developed and initiated the Korean Red Ginseng Clinical Testing Program for diabetes and vascular function which is an efficacy and safety-based clinical screening model for ginseng. The most efficacious sources, ginsenoside profiles, doses, and modes of administration were examined in sequential, acute, followed by long term, randomized-controlled trials to investigate the efficacy and safety profiles. This review discusses the current state of the clinical research of Korean red ginseng program conducted in Toronto, paving the way for the use of clinically selected ginseng and its ginsenoside fractions in the management of diabetes and vascular diseases.

[ $\b{S}afety\;\b{A}nd\;\b{E}fficacy$ ] of $\b{K}orean$ red ginseng Intervention (SAEKI) Trial: Rationale, Design, and Expected Findings

  • Sievenpiper John L;Buono Marco Di;Stavro P. Mark;Jenkins Alexandra L;Nam Ki Yeul;Choi Melody;Naeem Asima;Leiter Lawrence A;Sung Mi-Kyung;Vuksan Vladimir
    • Proceedings of the Ginseng society Conference
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    • pp.424-455
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    • 2002
  • Diabetes mellitus is reaching epidemic proportions worldwide. The insufficiency of medication to cope with this burden has coincided with a dramatic rise in the prevalence of use of complementary and alternative therapies, especially herbal treatments. This surge in demand presents a challenge to prove the safety and efficacy of these treatments in diabetes. Korean red ginseng (steam treated Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer) is a strong candidate to succeed. It has been shown to possess a multitude of hypoglycemic effects and improve metabolic disturbances related to diabetes in in vitro and animal models. Data in humans is also emerging to support these benefits. Whether these results can be replicated in a rigorous clinical testing program is unclear. We therefore investigated the antidiabetic effects of Korean red ginseng in a series of 2 acute and 1 longterm randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trials. This paper provides the rationale for this program of study, expanding on the problem of diabetes, its management, and the possible role for Korean red ginseng. It then describes the design and expected findings.

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A Role for Ginseng in the Control of Postprandial Glycemia and Type 2 Diabetes

  • Vuksan Vladimir;Sievenpiper John L;Xu Zheng;Zdravkovic Uljana Beljan;Jenkins Alexandra L;Arnason John T;Bateman Ryon M.;Leiter Lawrence A;Josse Robert G;Francis Thomas;Stavro Mark P
    • Proceedings of the Ginseng society Conference
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2002
  • The use of herbals has increased considerably while their efficacy and safety remain untested. This unsupported surge in demand has prompted a call for their clinical evaluation. One area in which evaluations are emerging is ginseng and diabetes. Growing evidence is accumulating from in vitro and animal models indicating that various ginseng species, American (Panax quinquefolius L), Asian (Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer), Korean Red, San-chi (Panax notoginseng [Burk.] P.R. Chen), and the non-panax species Siberian (Eleutherococcus senticossus) ginsing, and their fractions, saponins (ginsenosides) and peptidoglycans (panaxans for panax species and eleutehrans for Siberian ginseng), might affect carbohydrate metabolism and related signaling molecules. Recent human studies from our laboratory have also shown a blood glucose lowering effect of American ginseng (AG) and some other ginseng spices postprandially after acute administration and chronically after administration for 8-weeks in people with type 2 diabetes. Although generally encouraging, these data only indicate a need for more evaluations of ginsengs safety and efficacy. Because of poor industry standardization, it is not known whether all ginsengs will affect blood glucose. In this regards some ginseng batches have demonstrated null effects while others have even raised postprandial glycemia. Clinical research should therefore focus on components involved in its glucose lowering effects.

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A Study on the Correlation between the Patterns of Factor AA in a 7-zone-diagnostic System and the Clinical Parameters (7구역진단기의 Factor AA의 유형분석과 임상지표와의 상관성 연구)

  • Yu, Jung-Suk;Lee, Hwi-Yong;Lee, Jang-Won;Chang, So-Young;Cha, Jung-Ho;Lee, Jin-Seok;Song, Beom-Yong
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.159-170
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : The 7-zone-diagnostic system is a diagnostic device to predetermine bodily locations by measuring the energy of a living body. This study was to investigate the relation between the different patterns of Factor AA in a 7-zone-diagnostic system and clinical parameters. The purpose of this study is to relate Korean traditional medicine and western medicine using the data from the 7-zone-diagnostic system and the clinical parameters. Methods : This study was carried out with the data from some clinical parameters. We made two groups according to the Factor AA patterns of VEGA-DFM 722, the 7-zone-diagnostic system The Factor AA patterns of Group A named hyperenergy is all the red bar graphs that arehigher than the normal range. The Factor AA patterns of Group B named hypoenergy is all the red bar graphs that are lower than the normal range. After the data from clinical parameters corresponding with conditions of each group were selected, the data from clinical parameters among each group was analyzed statistically. Results : The values of Weight, GOT, r-GTP, Uric acid and BMI of Group A are higher than those of Group B. The values of Sodium and Phosphorus of Group A are lower than those of Group B. Conclusions : To conclude, it is thought that Group A has a heat-excess type but Group B has colddeficient type.

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Modality-Specific Working Memory Systems Verified by Clinical Working Memory Tests

  • Park, Eun-Hee;Jon, Duk-In
    • Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.489-493
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study was to identify whether working memory (WM) can be clearly subdivided according to auditory and visual modality. To do this, we administered the most recent and universal clinical WM measures in a mixed psychiatric sample. Methods: A total of 115 patients were diagnosed on the basis of DSM-IV diagnostic criteria and with MINI-Plus 5.0, a structured diagnostic interview. WM subtests of Korean version of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-IV and Korean version of Wechsler Memory Scale-IV were administered to assess WM. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to observe whether WM measures fit better to a one-factor or two-factor model. Results: CFA results demonstrated that a two factor model fits the data better than one-factor model as expected. Conclusion: Our study supports a modality model of WM, or the existence of modality-specific WM systems, and thus poses a clinical significance of assessing both auditory and visual WM tests.

Development and Validation of the Hospital Violence Attitude Scale-18 (HVAS-18) for Clinical Nurses (임상간호사의 병원폭력에 대한 태도 측정도구 개발)

  • Ha, Eun-Ho;Cho, Jin-Young;Kim, Jin-Mi
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a Hospital Violence Attitude Scale-18 (HVAS-18) for clinical nurses. Methods: The HVAS-18 was developed and validated in 3 steps: Item generation through literature reviews and in-depth interviews, pilot study, and the validity and reliability tests using a test-retest technique. Forty-one items were initially extracted by 8 experts, and 18 items were finally developed by item and factor analysis. The final HVAS-18 was evaluated by 326 clinical nurses from seven general hospitals in three cities. The collected data were analyzed using factor analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Cronbach's ${\alpha}$. Results: Five discrete factors emerged, which explained 64.0% of the total variance. Each five factor was labeled: Factor 1 (6 items) 'awareness'explained 18.2%; Factor 2 (4 items) 'response' explained 12.9%; Factor 3 (4 items) 'reaction' explained 12.9%; Factor 4 (2 items) 'result-nursing' explained 10.2%; and Factor 5 (2 items) 'result-violence offender' explained 9.6%. The internal consistency, Cronbach's ${\alpha}$, was .87, and reliability of the sub-scales ranged from .72 to .83. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that HVAS-18 can be an useful, reliable, and valid instrument for measuring hospital violence attitude of clinical nurses.

Transforming Growth Factor-β: Biology and Clinical Relevance

  • YiKim, Isaac;Kim, Moses M.;Kim, Seong-Jin
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2005
  • Transforming growth factor-$\beta$ is a pleiotropic growth factor that has enthralled many investigators for approximately two decades. In addition to many reports that have clarified the basic mechanism of transforming growth factor-$\beta$ signal transduction, numerous laboratories have published on the clinical implication/application of transforming growth factor-$\beta$. To name a few, dysregulation of transforming growth factor-$\beta$ signaling plays a role in carcinogenesis, autoimmunity, angiogenesis, and wound healing. In this report, we will review these clinical implications of transforming growth factor-$\beta$.

Development and Psychometric Testing of the Clinical Nursing Competency Scale for Clinical Preceptor Use (CNCS-CP) (임상간호실습 현장지도자용 임상간호역량 평가도구 개발)

  • Kwak, Eunmi;Oh, Heeyoung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.419-431
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and establish the psychometric properties of a clinical nursing competency evaluation tool to be utilized by clinical preceptors. Methods: The initial items were identified through in-depth literature review and field interviews based on a hybrid model. Content validation of the items was evaluated through three rounds of content validity testing. Participants were 34 clinical preceptors and 443 nursing students participating in clinical practice. Data were analyzed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, convergence and discriminant validity, internal consistency and inter-rater reliability. Results: The final scale consisted of 23 items and four factors, fundamental nursing skills performance, critical thinking skills based on the nursing process, basic nursing knowledge, and professional attitude; these factor explained 69.7% of the total variance. The analysis with multi-trait/multi-item matrix correlation coefficients yielded 100.0% and 95.7 % convergence and discriminant validity, respectively. Cronbach's alpha for the total items was .95. The four subscale model tested by confirmatory factor analysis was satisfactory. Inter-rater reliability ranged from .912 to .967. Conclusion: This scale was found to be a reliable and valid instrument that clinical preceptors can apply for evaluating the clinical nursing competency of nursing students in clinical settings.

A study of factor analysis for clinical knowledge about cerebrovascular diseases (중풍변증에 관련된 임상지식에 대한 요인분석)

  • Kwon, Young-Kyu;Park, Chang-Gook;Kang, Hyo-Shin
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 1997
  • We have done factor analysis to study the effects of clinical knowledge on the diagnosis process. Clinical datas were made on 94 patients with cerebrovascular accident diagnosed by computed tomographic scan and who did not over 20 days after stroke. After analysis, totally 11 factors has been found. Among these factors, we interpreted significant 5 factors as oriental-medical meaning, Factor 1 meant Han-youl(寒熱) and factor 2 meant Huh-Shil(虛實). These were exactly corresponded with clinical experience.

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