• Title, Summary, Keyword: chromophobe RCC

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Seeding Metastasis of Chromophobe Renal Cell Carcinoma after Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Partial Nephrectomy

  • Lee, Kanghun;Choi, Moon Hyung
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2017
  • Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is an uncommon subtype of RCC having a better prognosis than clear cell RCC. Although there are several reports of seeding metastasis of RCC after biopsy, seeding metastasis of chromophobe RCC after surgical resection has seldom been reported. Here, we describe a case of multiple seeding metastases in the abdomen and pelvis 78 months after robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, without prior history of biopsy for chromophobe RCC in the right kidney. As magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the pelvic mass showed a similar appearance to the primary renal mass and displayed separate margins with the rectum and prostate gland, we were able to make a diagnosis before pathologic confirmation.

Loss of Nuclear BAP1 Expression Is Associated with High WHO/ISUP Grade in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

  • Wi, Young Chan;Moon, Ahrim;Jung, Min Jung;Kim, Yeseul;Bang, Seong Sik;Jang, Kiseok;Paik, Seung Sam;Shin, Su-Jin
    • Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
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    • v.52 no.6
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    • pp.378-385
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    • 2018
  • Background: BRCA1-associated protein 1 (BAP1) mutations are frequently reported in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC); however, very few studies have evaluated the role of these mutations in other renal cell carcinoma (RCC) subtypes. Therefore, we analyzed BAP1 protein expression using immunohistochemistry in several RCC subtypes and assessed its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics of patients. Methods: BAP1 expression was immunohistochemically evaluated in tissue microarray blocks constructed from 371 samples of RCC collected from two medical institutions. BAP1 expression was evaluated based on the extent of nuclear staining in tumor cells, and no expression or expression in <10% of tumor cells was defined as negative. Results: Loss of BAP1 expression was observed in ccRCC (56/300, 18.7%), chromophobe RCC (6/26, 23.1%), and clear cell papillary RCC (1/4, 25%), while we failed to detect BAP1 expression loss in papillary RCC, acquired cystic disease-associated RCC, or collecting duct carcinoma. In ccRCC, loss of BAP1 expression was significantly associated with high World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade (p=.002); however, no significant correlation was observed between loss of BAP1 expression and survival in ccRCC. Loss of BAP1 expression showed no association with prognostic factors in chromophobe RCC. Conclusions: Loss of BAP1 nuclear expression was observed in both ccRCC and chromophobe RCC. In addition, BAP1 expression loss was associated with poor prognostic factors such as high WHO/ISUP grade in ccRCC.

Clinicopathologic Patterns of Adult Renal Tumors in Pakistan

  • Hashmi, Atif Ali;Ali, Rabia;Hussain, Zubaida Fida;Faridi, Naveen
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.2303-2307
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    • 2014
  • Background: Renal cancer is a serious public health problem which may be under reported and registered in our setup, since the Karachi cancer registry documented only 43 cases out of 4,268 incident cancer cases over 3 year duration. Therefore we aimed to determine the clinicopathologic characteristics of adult renal tumors in our setup. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in histopathology department, Liaquat National Hospital and included total of 68 cases of adult renal tumors over 4 years. Detailed histopathologic characteristics of tumors were analyzed. Results: Mean age of patients was 56.4 (18-84) years. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) was the most common cell type (78%) cases; followed by transitional/urothelial carcinoma (12.5%), leiomyosarcoma (4.7%), oncocytoma (1.6%), squamous cell carcinoma (1.6%) and high grade pleomorphic undifferentiated sarcoma (1.6%). Among 50 RCC cases; 62% were conventional/clear cell RCC (CCRCC) type followed by papillary RCC(PRCC), 24%; chromophobe RCC(CRCC), 6% and sarcomatoid RCC(SRCC), 8%. Mean tumor size for RCC was 7.2 cm. Most RCCs were intermediate to high grade (60% and 40% respectively). Capsular invasion, renal sinus invasion, adrenal gland involvement and renal vein invasion was seen in 40%, 18%, 2% and 10% of cases respectively. Conclusions: We found that RCC presents at an earlier age in our setup compared to Western populations. Tumor size was significantly larger and most of the tumors were of intermediate to high grade. This reflects late presentation of patients after disease progression which necessitates effective measures to be taken in primary care setup to diagnose this disease at an early stage.