• Title, Summary, Keyword: chlortetracycline

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Evaluating Plant Uptake of Veterinary Antibiotics with Hydroponic Method

  • Park, Saet Byel;Kim, Sun Ju;Kim, Sung Chul
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.242-250
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    • 2016
  • Veterinary antibiotics (VAs) has been used to treat animal disease and to increase animal weight as growth promoter. However, abused usage of VAs can cause production of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment and additionally, residual of VAs in soil can be transferred into crops. Therefore, main objective of this research was to examine bioaccumulation of VAs in sprouts (red cabbage, Brassica Olearacea L. var. Capitata f. rubra and red radish, Raphanus sativus) with hydroponic method. Total of 7 VAs in 2 different classes of VAs (tetracyclcines: tetracycline, oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline, sulfonamides: sulfamethoxazole, sulfamethazine, sulfamethiazole, macrolides: tylosin) were evaluated and experiment was conducted with solid phase extraction (SPE)/high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/MS/MS). Initial spiked concentration of 7 VAs was $5mg\;L^{-1}$ and cultivation period was 8 days. Result showed that growth of sprouts was inhibited about 23-27% when VAs was introduced. Amount of bioaccumulated VAs was also differed depending on class of VAs. The highest amount of bioaccmulated VAs was tetracycline and sulfamethoxazole in each class with a concentration of 4.05, $7.73mg\;kg^{-1}$ respectively. Calculated transfer ratio of VAs into crops was also ranged 0.38-54.27%. Overall, bioaccumulation of VAs in crops can be varied depending on crop species and class of VAs. However, further research should be conducted to verify bioaccumulation of VAs in crops in the soil environment.

Determination of antibiotics by SPE-LC-MS/MS in wastewater and risk assessment

  • Aydin, Senar;Aydin, Mehmet E.;Ulvi, Arzu;Kilic, Havva
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.201-212
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    • 2018
  • In this study, conditions of solid phase extraction (SPE) for determination of some antibiotics such as trimethoprim, oxytetracycline, erythromycin, clarithromycin, azythromycin, doxycycline, sulfamethazine, ciprofloxacin, chlortetracycline, sulfamethoxazole in wastewaters were optimized. After the optimum volume and pH of the sample were determined, the effect of the concentration of the compounds and matrix were investigated. The highest recovery rates for antibiotic compounds were determined between 82% and 105% in 200 mL sample volume and pH 2.5. Then, antibiotic compounds were investigated in influent and effluent samples taken from Konya Urban Wastewater Treatment Plant. The concentration of the antibiotics was detected range of 0.11-101 ng/L in influent waters and

Antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of Lawsonia intracellularis recently isolated from pig with proliferative hemorrhagic enteropathy in Korea

  • Seo, Byoung-Joo;Koh, Sang-Eog;Oh, Yeonsu;Cho, Ho-Seong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.301-304
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    • 2019
  • The objective of this study was to determine the in vitro intracellular and extracellular minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 13 antimicrobials against one recently isolate Lawsonia intracellularis, the etiological agent of proliferative enteropathy (PE). The final MICs were assessed by counting the number of heavily infected cells (HICs;>30 bacteria per cell) using an immunoperoxidase monolayer assay. Enrofloxacin (InMIC; 1~2 ㎍/mL and ExMIC; 16 ㎍/mL) still presented the most notable antimicrobial susceptibility, and marbofloxacin (2 ㎍/mL and 8 ㎍/mL) was followed. Colistin (0.25 ㎍/mL and 2 ㎍/mL) presented a susceptibility followed by tylvalosin (1 ㎍/mL and 2 ㎍/mL). Florfenicol and lincomycin had the weakest susceptibility and amoxicillin, penicillin G, chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline, tiamulin, tilmicosin, and tylosin displayed weak susceptibility. Although some antibiotics showed decreased susceptibility patterns, they showed similar patterns to recent antibiotic susceptibility patterns in Korea. In addition, these results could be one of contributions in clinical fields.

Analysis of Sperm Ability in Specific Pathogen Free Miniature pig for Production of Bio-Organ

  • Kim T. S.;Cao Y.;Cheong H. T.;Yang B. K.;Park C. K.
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was the analysis of sperm ability in Specific Pathogen Free (SPE) miniature pig for production of bio-organ. The collected semen was diluted with extender and stored at $17^{\circ}C$t for up to 7 days. The semen samples were evaluated at 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 days of storage for analysis of sperm ability. Sperm ability was evaluated by examining viability, progressive motility, sperm abnormality and intensity of the sperm membrane. Also, the semen was processed according to the convenient freezing method, and frozen-thawed sperm was evaluated by examining viability, capacitation and acrosome reaction using chlortetracycline (CTC) staining. Motility of spermatozoa of SPF miniature pig was significantly (P<0.05) lower on 3 days or later compared to the Duroc, Yorkshire and Landrace in domestic boar. The percentage of abnormal spermatozoa of Landrace were significantly (P<0.05) higher than in SPF miniature pig, Duroc and Yorkshire that had a similar percentage on 5 or 7 days of sperm storage. The percentage of spermatozoa with coiled tail decreased during the storage period but there were no significant difference. On the other hand, viability of frozen-thawed spermatozoa had a significantly (P<0.05) lower in SPF miniature pig than in other domestic boars. CTC patterns had no significant difference, but SPF miniature pig had higher percentage of capacitated spermatozoa and lower percentage of acrosome-reacted it than domestic boars. Therefore, this study suggest that it is necessary to develop the suitable extender and freezing methods methods for the high viable rate and fertilizing ability in vitro.

Effect of Veterinary Antibiotics on the Growth of Lettuce

  • Kim, Hye Ji;Lee, Seung Hyun;Hong, Young Kyu;Kim, Sung Chul
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.51 no.2
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2018
  • Veterinary antibiotics (VAs) has been used to treat animal disease and to increase body weight. However, released VAs in the soil via spreading of compost can transport to plant and affect its growth. Main purpose of this research was i) to monitor VAs concentration in plant and ii) to evaluate inhibition effect of VAs residuals on the plant growth. Red lettuce (Lactuca sativa) was cultivated for 35 days in the pot soil spiked with 3 different concertation (0.05, 0.5, $5.0mg\;kg^{-1}$) of chlortetracycline (CTC) and sulfamethazine (SMZ). After 35 days of cultivation, concentration of CTC and SMZ in the plant was measured. Residual of CTC and SMZ was only quantified at the range of $0.007-0.008mg\;kg^{-1}$ and $0.006-0.017mg\;kg^{-1}$ in the leaf and root respectively when high concentration ($5.0mg\;kg^{-1}$) of antibiotic was spiked in the soil. Leaf length and root mass was statistically reduced when $0.05mg\;kg^{-1}$ of CTC was spiked in the soil while no statistical difference was observed for SMZ treatment. This result might indicated that high $K_{ow}$ and $K_d$ value are the main parameters for inhibiting plant growth. Antibiotics that has a high $K_{ow}$ causing hydrophobicity and easy to bioaccumulate in the lipid cell membrane. Also, antibiotics that has a high $K_d$ properties can be sorbed in the root causing growth inhibition of the plant. Overall, management of VAs should be conducted to minimize adverse effect of VAs in the ecosystem.

Effect of Green Tea By-product on Performance and Body Composition in Broiler Chicks

  • Yang, C.J.;Yang, I.Y.;Oh, D.H.;Bae, I.H.;Cho, S.G.;Kong, I.G.;Uuganbayar, D.;Nou, I.S.;Choi, K.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.867-872
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    • 2003
  • This experiment was conducted to determine the optimum level of green tea by-product (GTB) in diets without antibiotics and to evaluate its effect on broiler performances. A total of 140 Ross broilers were kept in battery cages for a period of 6 weeks. Dietary treatments used in this experiment were antibiotic free group (basal diet as a control), antibiotic added group (basal+0.05% chlortetracycline), GTB 0.5% (basal+GTB 0.5%), GTB 1% (basal+GTB 1%) and GTB 2% (basal+GTB 2%). Antibiotic added group showed significantly higher body weight gain than other treatments (p<0.05). However, no significant differences were observed in feed intake and feed efficiency among treatments (p>0.05). The addition of green tea by-product to diets tended to decrease blood LDL cholesterol content compared to control group although there were no significant differences among treatments (p>0.05). Addition of green tea by-product increased docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in blood plasma and tended to decrease cholesterol content in chicken meat, but a significant difference was not observed (p>0.05). The values of TBA in chicken meat decreased in groups fed diets with green tea-by product and antibiotics compared to control group (p<0.05). The crude protein content in chicken meat was decreased slightly in treatments with green tea by-product and antibiotics supplementation. The abdominal fat was increased in chickens fed with diets with green tea by-product compared to the control (p<0.05).

Simultaneous Removal of Organic Pollutants, N, P, and Antibiotics from Liquid Fertilizer using a Microbubble and Catalyst Coupling System (마이크로버블/촉매 융합 시스템을 이용한 액비 내 유기오염물질, N, P 및 항생제 동시 제거)

  • Lee, Dong Gwan;Sim, Young Ho;Paek, Yee;Kwon, Jin Kyung;Jang, Jae Kyung
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.28 no.11
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    • pp.983-991
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    • 2019
  • This study investigated the use of a hydroxyl-radicals-generated microbubble/catalyst (MB/Cat) system for removing organic pollutants, nitrogen, and phosphorous from liquid fertilizer produced by livestock wastewater treatment. Use of the MB/Cat system aims to improve the quality of liquid fertilizer by removing pollutants originally found in the wastewater. In addition, a reduction effect has been reported for antibiotics classified as representative non-biodegradable matter. Samples of liquid fertilizer produced by an aerobic biological reactor for swine wastewater treatment were first analyzed for initial concentrations of pollutants and antibiotics. When the MB/Cat system was applied to the liquid fertilizer, TCOD, TOC, $BOD_5$, and $NH_3-N$, and $PO_4-P$ removal efficiencies were found to be approximately 52%, 51%, 30%, 21%, and 66%, respectively. Additionally, Amoxicillin hydrate was removed by 10%, and Chlortetracycline HCl and Florfenicol were not present at detectable levels These findings confirm that the MB/Cat system can be used with livestock wastewater treatment to improve liquid fertilizer quality and to process wastewater that is safe for agricultural re-use.

Applications of capacitation status for litter size enhancement in various pig breeds

  • Kwon, Woo-Sung;Shin, Dong-Ha;Ryu, Do-Yeal;Khatun, Amena;Rahman, Md Saidur;Pang, Myung-Geol
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.842-850
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    • 2018
  • Objective: Several studies have reported the development of new molecular methods for the prognosis and diagnosis of male fertility based on biomarkers aimed at overcoming the limitations of conventional male fertility analysis tools. However, further studies are needed for the field application of these methods. Therefore, alternative methods based on existing semen analysis methods are required to improve production efficiency in the animal industry. Methods: we examined the possibility of improving litter size in various pig breeds using combined Hoechst 33258/chlortetracycline fluorescence (H33258/CTC) staining. The correlation between field fertility and capacitation status by combined H33258/CTC staining in different ejaculates spermatozoa (n = 3) from an individual boar (20 Landrace, 20 Yorkshire, and 20 Duroc) was evaluated as well as overall accuracy. Results: The acrosome reacted (AR) pattern after capacitation (%) was positively correlated with the litter size of Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs and the overall accuracy was 75%, 75%, and 70% in Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs, respectively. The difference (${\Delta}$) in AR pattern before and after capacitation was positively correlated with the litter size of Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs and the overall accuracy was 80%, 65%, and 55% in Landrace, Yorkshire, and Duroc pigs, respectively. However, the difference (${\Delta}$) in capacitated (B) pattern before and after capacitation was negatively correlated with the litter size of Landrace pigs and the overall accuracy was 75%. Moreover, average litter size was significantly altered according to different combined H33258/CTC staining parameters. Conclusion: These results show that combined H33258/CTC staining may be used to predict male fertility in various breeds. However, the selection of specific efficiency combined H33258/CTC staining parameters requires further consideration. Taken together, these findings suggest that combined H33258/CTC staining may constitute an alternative method for predicting male fertility until such time as fertility-related biomarkers are further validated.

Effect of Fertilization Promoting Peptide on Kinematic Parameters, Capacitation and Acrosome Reaction in Human Spermatozoa (Fertilization Promoting Peptide가 사람 정자의 운동양태, 수정능력획득 및 첨체반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Hee-Gyoo;Kim, Myo-Kyung;Kim, Dong-Hoon;Han, Sung-Won;Choi, Do-Hyun;Lee, Ho-Joon;Kim, Moon-Kyoo
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.201-209
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    • 2000
  • Objective: This study has been carried out to evaluation the effect of fertilization promoting peptide (FPP) on the kinematic parameters, capacitation and acrosome reaction of the frozen-thawed human spermatozoa. Methods: After FPP treatment, we examined kinematic parameters, capacitation and acrosome reaction, using the methods of computer-aided sperm analysis (CASA) and chlortetracycline (CTC) fluorescence analysis. Results: We have obtained the evidence that FPP can promote the capacitation and inhibit the spontaneous acrosome reaction of frozen-thawed human spermatozoa in vitro. FPP ($25{\sim}100$ nM) induced a significant increase in the proportion of B-pattem capacitated spermatozoa, and a significant decrease in the proportion of F-pattem uncapacitated ones without significant stimulation of acrosomal exocytosis. In the kinematic parameters treatment, FPP treated groups maint3ined higher LIN, BCF and STR than those of control. The VAP, VSL, VCL and ALH were not different. Therefore it is suggested that FPP in human seminal plasma may play a positive role in promoting human sperm function.

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A Comparative Study of the Detectable Methods of Residual Antibiotics in Milk (우유중 잔류 항생물질 분서방법에 관한 비교연구)

  • 백선영;김형일;박건상;김소희;권경란
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.129-132
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    • 1996
  • Recently, as concern about the residual antibiotics in milk increase, the detection methods of residual antibiotics used extensevely at the present time were investigated and compared to their properties and the detection limits of variable antibiotics. At first, comparactive tests of the detectable sensitivity of 4 test organisms, B. cereus, B. subtilis, M.luteus, B.stearothermophilus C-953, were performed by disc assay. As a result, B.stearothermophilus was the most sensitive strain of all other strains and showe the detect limit of 5-50 ppb for penlicillins (PCs). And also, B.subitilis was showed the more effective detection limit, 200-400 ppb, for aminoglycosides (AGs) and M.luteus was showed predominant sensitivity , 50-500 ppb for macrolides(MLs) and B.cereus was the most sensitive strain for tetracyclines (TCs) and showed the detection limit of 100-400 ppb. Therefore, each test strains were showed a different sensitivity in the detection of the different antibiotic families. When the detection limit of disc assay and other methods were compared, TTCmethod was less sensitive than other methods showing 5-50 ppb detectable lebel for PCs. Also, for the detection of other antibiotic families TTC method was showed the worst sensitivity and Delvo and Charm Farm tests were similar to the detectable properties of AGs and MLs. Although disc assay was showed the similar detection limit for PCs with Delvo and Charm Farm, it was more widely effective for the detection of kanamycin, erythromycin, chlortetracycline, doxycycline, verginiamycin and so on than Delvo or Charm Farm. CharmII test was showed the best sensitivity for the most of antibiotics except neomycin and gentamycin. But it was necessary that different tests must be performed to each antibiotic family and so it was regarded that the effectiveness of that method was low.

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