• Title, Summary, Keyword: chimney

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Analysis of Natural Convection Heat Transfer from Electronic Modules in a Plasma Display Panel (플라즈마 영상장치의 채널 사이에 놓인 전자모듈의 자연대류 열전달 해석)

  • Choi, In-Su;Park, Byung-Duck;Seo, Joo-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Industry Convergence
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.25-31
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    • 2004
  • The heat transfer characteristics of a plasma display panel has been investigated for cooling an electronic module. Hence, a two dimensional $\kappa-{\varepsilon}$ turbulent model was developed to predict the temperatures of the panel and module. The heat conduction was solve for the material region. To consider the mixed convection at the solid-fluid interfaces between the air and the panel and module, the energy equation was solved simultaneously. When the electronic module stands face to face with the panel, the temperatures of panel and module are lower than other arrangement due to the chimney effect. However the gap between the panel and module does not affect significantly the maximum temperature when the aspect ratio is less than 0.1. To maintain the maximum temperature of the module under a certain limit, the passage of air should be well designed by the optimal layout of electronic modules which have different heat emission.

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Flow Distribution in the Core of the HANARO After Suppressing the Jet Flow in the Guide Tube used for Loading Fission Moly Target. (Fission Moly 표적을 장전하기 위한 안내관의 제트유동 억제 후 하나로 노심유량분포)

  • Park Yong-Chul;Lee Byung-Chul;Kim Bong-Soo;Kim Kyung-Ryun
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.70-73
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    • 2005
  • The HANARO, multi-purpose research reactor, 30 MWth open-tank-in-pool type, is planning to produce a fission moly-99 of radio isotopes, a mother nuclide of Tc-99m, a medical isotope and is under developing a target handling tool for loading and unloading it in a circular flow tube (OR-5). A guide tube is extended from the reactor core to the top of the reactor chimney for easily loading the target under the reactor normal operation. But active coolant through the core can be quickly raised up to the top of the chimney through the guide tube. The jet flow was suppressed in the guide tube after reducing the inner diameter of a flow restriction orifice installed in the OR-5 flow tube for adding the pressure difference in the flow tube after unloading the target. This paper describes an analytical analysis to calculate the flow distribution in the core of the HANARO after suppressing the jet flow of the guide tube. As results, it was confirmed through the analysis results that the flow distribution in the core of the HANARO were not adversely affected.

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FLOW DISTRIBUTION IN THE CORE OF HANARO AFTER SUPPRESSING THE JET FLOW IN THE GUIDE TUBE USED FOR LOADING FISSION MOLY TARGET (Fission Moly 표적을 장전하기 위한 안내관의 제트유동 억제 후 하나로 노심 유량분포)

  • Park Yong Chul;Lee Byung Chul;Kim Bong Soo;Kim Kyung Ryun
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 2005
  • HANARO, a multi-purpose research reactor, 30 MWth open-tank-in-pool type, is planning to produce a fission moly-99 of radio isotopes, a mother nuclide of Tc-99m, a medical isotope and a target handling tool is under development for loading and unloading it in a circular flow tube (OR-5) of HANARO. A guide tube is extended from the reactor core to the top of the reactor chimney for easily loading the target under a normal operation of the reactor. But active coolant through the core can be quickly raised up to the top of the chimney through the guide tube. The jet flow was suppressed in the guide tube after reducing the inner diameter of a flow restriction orifice installed in the OR-5 flow tube for adding the pressure difference in the flow tube. This paper describes an analytical analysis to calculate the flow distribution in the core of HANARO after suppressing the jet flow of the guide tube. As results, it was confirmed through the analysis results that the flow distribution in the core of HANARO were not adversely affected.

The Development and Evaluation of Sidestream Smoke Collecting Apparatus Compatible for Linear Smoking Machine (다채널 선형자동흡연장치 부착형 부류연 포집장치의 개발과 평가)

  • Kim Hyo-Keum;Hwang Keon- Jung;Ji Sang-Un;Lee John-Tae;Rhee Moon-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.120-126
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    • 2005
  • The Fishtail Chimney system mounted on 1 channel smoking machine is not appropriate for the routine analysis of sidestream smoke, because of its low repeatability and very long time required for smoke collection. To overcome this inconvenience, we developed a new sidestream smoke collecting apparatus compatible for 8 channel linear smoking machine. An electric motor driven stroke and automatic control system were adopted in this device to maximize convenience and efficiency of its operation. Also, we carried out the international collaborative study on monitoring sidestream smoke analysis to test the performance of this system. From the statistical analysis of the data obtained in our laboratory and other participating labs, it has been indicated that the newly developed sidestream smoke collection apparatus could be applicable to the routine analysis of sidestream smoke.

Determinaton of Chloride Ion Captured into Strong NaOH Solution from Chimney by Capillary Electrophoresis (모세관 전지영동법에 의한 굴뚝에서 포집된 NaOH 용액속의 염소이온의 측정)

  • 임인덕;성용익;김양선;임흥빈
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.327-333
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    • 1999
  • Determination of chloride ion in concentrated NaOH solution by capillary electrophoresis has been studied. The analysis was performed by indirect UV absorption detection using chromate buffer at 254nm. The matrix effect of the sample has been observed so that the sensitivity in strong NaOH solutaion has decreased up to 10% of that in distilled water. The pH effect of the sample on the sensitivity of CE peaks has been investigated. The method for increasing the sensitivity have been investigated and the optimum pH and concentration of the buffer were 7.5 and 10mM, respectively. A cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide(CTAB), was added to a buffer solution in order to reverse the electroosmotic flow(EOF) in the capillary. This results in a short analysis time and better peak shapes. Using this optimum condition, the determination of chloride ion in real environmental sample has been performed, which is captured in strong NaOH absorbent prepared for absorbing gas from chimney. The standard addition method has been applied for the quantitative analysis, and it was obtained the good reproducibility.

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The slenderness effect on wind response of industrial reinforced concrete chimneys

  • Karaca, Zeki;Turkeli, Erdem
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.281-294
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    • 2014
  • There are several parameters affecting the response of industrial reinforced concrete (RC) chimneys, i.e., the severity of wind and earthquake loads acting to the structure, structural properties such as height and cross section of the chimney, the slenderness property of the structure etc. One of the most important parameter that should be considered while understanding the wind response of industrial RC chimneys is slenderness property. Although there is no certain definition for slenderness effect on these structures, some standards like ASCE-7 define slenderness from different aspects of the structural properties. In the first part of this study, general information about the definition of slenderness in the well-known standards and ten selected industrial RC chimneys are given. In the second part of the study, brief information about wind load standards that are used for calculating wind loads namely ACI 307/98, CICIND 2001, DIN 1056, TS 498 and Eurocode 1 is given. In the third part of the study, calculated wind loads for selected chimneys are represented. In the fourth part of this study, the internal forces obtained from load combinations that are applied to chimneys and some graphs presenting the effect of slenderness on chimneys are given. In the last part of the study, a conclusion and discussion part is taking place.

Study on the Characteristics of Gravity Drainage for Geotextiles by Model Tests (모형실험에 의한 지오텍스타일의 중력배수 특성 연구)

  • 이상호;권무남
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.125-136
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    • 1996
  • In order to investigate the characteristics of gravity drainage for geotextile, small-scale model tests for the geotextile chimney drain of earth dam which is a typical type of gravity drainage were carried out using 15 kinds of nonwoven and composite geotextiles. According to the results of this study, the drainage discharge of geotexgile drain generally increases with exponential function as hydraulic head increases and the increasing rate is greater in the coarser soil of dam material. It has a trend to increase when the construction slope of geotextile drain is steeper and the number of layers of geotextile is more. The relationship between the transmissivity of geotextile and the drainage discharge has positive correlation and the rate of increase is greater in the coarser soil. The geotextile products must be carefully selected in consideration of transmissivity of geotextile when the soil to be drained is coarser and the seepage flow is relatively high. Most of staple fiber nonwoven geotextile used in this study are found to be appropriate for drainage purpose. Among them, the composite geotextile the type of which geotextile is evaluated to be the most excellent material. But the geotextile of low permeability such as filament thermal bonded and filament spunbonded nowovens closely examined their transmissivity especially to be used for drainage function.

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The Effects of Operational and Mechanical Factors on the Performance of Rice-Husk Furnace (왕겨연소기(燃燒機)의 성능(性能)에 영향(影響)을 마치는 설계(設計) 및 작동인자(作動因子)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Park, Seung Je;Noh, Sang Ha
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.39-48
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    • 1983
  • This study was performed to obtain the basic data which could be used for the modification of the manual center-burner-type rice-husk furnace into a small scale automatic type for the multi-purpose use in the farm. For this purpose, first, the utilization feasibility of the rice-husk furnace in the farm was analyzed briefly in aspects of available amount of rice-husk for the fuel, annual operation time and replaceble amount of residential heating energy with rice-husk in the farm. For the experiment a prototype furnace geared with an automatic feeding device was fabricated, and feed rate, mold size and chimney height were changed to investigate the combustion efficiency of rice-husk and thermal efficiency of the furnace. Also, optimum and limiting operational factors were observed in each treatments. The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1. If the rice-husk is intensively used for residential heating in the farm for winter season, on an average 51 percent of the total heating energy can be replaced with the rice-husk. Therefore, development of a small scale automatic rice-husk furnace was recognized to be feasible. 2. The operational condition depending on husk-feed rates was very important factor for successive steady burning operation of the given furnace. When the feed-rate was 1.5 kg/hr, the top of the burning zone should be kept at the position about 55 cm from the bottom of the combustion chamber with the periodic removal of ash (termed as steady state position), which was 18 cm above the mold waist. When the feed rates were 2.4 kg/hr and 3.0 kg/hr, the steady state position was at about 4 cm above the mold waist. 3. The mold size affected inflow rate of air into the furnace and consequently CO content in the exhaust gas. The relatively bigger mold gave positive effect on the air-inflow rate. 4. When the husk-feed rates were 1.5 kg/hr, 2.4 kg/hr, 3.0 kg/hr, the combustion efficiencies of the rice-husk were 98.5%, 97.4% and 95.0%, the thermal efficiencies of the furnace were 93.4%, 93.2% and 87.6%, and CO content in the exhaust gas were 1.21%, 1.03%, and 2.43%, respectively. The air-inflow rates were decreased with the increase of feed rates. When the amount of excess air was 30-40%, the CO content in the exhaust gas was at the minimum level. 5. When the chimney height was lowered from 260 cm to 96 cm, the air-inflow rate was slightly decreased, but the average temperature in the combustion chamber, CO content in the exhaust gas and combustion and thermal efficiencies were not changed significantly. 6. The incidental problems associated with the protytype furnace were accumulation of the ash inside the mold, accumulation of the cinder between the outer-drum of the furnace and the combustion chamber wall, and accumulation of the cinder in the chimney.

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The Architectural Characteristics of Ch'ang-ts'ai-ts'un Village A Case Study on a Rural Village of the Korean Immigrants in Yen-Pien Area of China (중국(中國) 연변지구(延邊地區) 조선족(朝鮮族) 주거(住居)의 건축적(建築的) 특징(特徵) 용정시(龍井市) 지신향(智新鄕) 장재촌(長財村) 사례(事例)를 통해)

  • Shin, Jai Eok
    • Journal of architectural history
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.101-122
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    • 1994
  • This paper is one of the sequels from 'A Survey of Villages and Dwellings of Korean Immigrants in the North-Eastern Part of China'. It is the result of the extensive survey of Ch'ang-ts'ai-tsun village and covers several architectural characteristics of the dwellings. This paper alma to identify the 'double file' dwelling type, which is believed as one of the main stream of Korean folk dwelling. In this type, 'Chung-ju-kan' forms the central open space, where main household functions are carried out. This type originates from climatic reasons and functional reasons as well. This paper also aims to clarify how the dwelling forms are changed according to the life styles of various periods. The Korean immigrants in this village have experienced rapid changes in modern times like other Chinese. Through various political movements, the original dwelling type of this village has changed to adapt various needs and functions, which shows the simple truth : dwelling form changes according to the changes of life style and social structure. In this paper the directions of chimney through various periods are analyzed to verify the differences of the house layout methods and concepts of the time. The village had grown through 3 main periods before liberation period(1946), communization period(1946 - 1966) and contemporary period (1967 - ). It is concluded as follows: 1. The village was originated in late 19th century along the east-west street, which was a major routes of Korean Immigrants to China. In this area there was no regularity in its site plan. The direction of chimney, which was usually westward, was not determined according to the location of gate. This type was kept until liberization of this area, 1946. The plans of dwellings followed Ham-kyong-do 'double file' dwelling type, '6-kan dwelling' or '8-kan dwelling'. 2. The 'New Village' area, which was formed in the communization period, has a strict regularity in its site plan. The direction of chimney was determined as opposite direction of the gate. This method was maintained until 1976, when Mao died and new 'open' policy was held by Chinese government. In this area the 'dwelling house' plan type was not changed, but its layout and size were restricted. The general form of the dwelling in this village was shaped in this period. 3. The contemporary dwellings were built in random site location. The dwelling type was changed because of the reduction of family size and the permissin of private ownership. The number of rooms was reduced but the storage rooms and domestic animal hutches were added. But the 'Chung-ju-kan', the major chacteristics of north-eastern Korea dwelling is still kept. It becomes one large 'Chtin-ju-kan' room like 'open plan' type.

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Geophysical Investigation of Gas Hydrate-Bearing Sediments in the Sea of Okhotsk (오호츠크해 가스하이드레이트 퇴적층의 지구물리 탐사)

  • Jin, YoungKeun;Chung, KyungHo;Kim, YeaDong
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.207-215
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    • 2004
  • As the sea connecting with the East Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk is the most potential area of gas hydrates in the world. In other to examine geophysical structures of gas hydrate-bearing sediments in the Sea of Okhotsk, the CHAOS (hydro-Carbon Hydrate Accumulation in the Okhotsk) international research expedition was carried out in August 2003. In the expedition, high-resolution seismic and geochemical survey was also conducted. Sparker seismic profiles show only diffusive high-amplitude reflections without BSRs at BSR depth. It means that BSR appears to be completely different images on seismic profiles obtained using different frequencies. Many gas chimneys rise up from BSR depth to seafloor. The chimneys can be divided into two groups with different seismic characteristics; wipe-out (WO) and enhanced reflection (ER) chimneys. Different seismic responses in the chimneys would be caused by amount of gas and gas hydrates filling in the chimneys. In hydroacoustic data, a lot of gas flares rise up several hundreds meters from seafloor to the water column. All flares took placed at the depths within gas hydrate stability zone. It is interpreted that gas hydrate-bearing sediments with low porosity and permeability due to gas hydrate filling in the pore space make good pipe around gas chimneys in which gas is migrating up without loss of amount. Therefore, large-scale gas flare at the site on gas chimney releases into the water column.

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