• Title, Summary, Keyword: chimney

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CONVECTION IN A STEADY STATE CHIMNEY

  • Yang, Young-Kyun
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.191-203
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    • 2008
  • We present an axisymmetric model containing only one chimney to study how convection affects the flow in a steady state chimney. We find that the mass fraction of solid in a mush and the depth of a mush when the strength of convection is given. We use the knowledge of the variables in the mush to find the fluid flow in the chimney Our procedure employs the von $K{\acute{a}}rm{\acute{a}}n$-Pohlhausen technique for determining chimney flow and makes use of the fact that the radius of the chimney is much less than the thickness of the mush.

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The Effects of an Insulation of Low Temperature Gas Chimney on the Optimum Chimney Height (저온(低溫)가스 연돌의 보온이 연돌의 최적높이에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Y.D.;Min, M.K.
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.177-187
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    • 1990
  • This paper presents that in the Korean Ondol Heating System using hard coal as an usual fuel, what effects an insulation of chimney with the low temperature gas flow has on the optimum chimney height which gives a maximum gas weight flow rate under the general weather data and actual design condition of chimney is compared with the bared chimney and studied. And also, the effects of chimney materials and diameter, dimensionless temperature difference, insulating materials and thickness which have on the optimum chimney height were researched and a good results increasing a maximum gas weight flowrate is obtained by insulating the chimney.

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AN ANALYSIS OF THE CHIMNEY WALL

  • Yang, Young-Kyun
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.27-35
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    • 1999
  • As seen from the ammonium chloride experiment (Chen & Chen [1], Roberts & Loper [11], the interface near chimneys has an up-rising shape and we observe thickening of mush next to chimney. We analyze the thermal boundary layer around chimney that forms as the mush is cooled locally by the fluid rising through the chimney. We obtain solutions of the temperature, the solid fraction, and the pressure in the chimney wall. Also, our expression of the pressure shows that the fluid flow can require a huge pressure in order to pass through the chimney wall if its permeability is very small. We present a simple analytic description of the up-rising shape near the exit of the chimney, due to the fact that the comparatively solute (i.e. $NH_4Cl$ in the case of the ammonium chloride experiment)-rich fluid near the chimney tends to crystallize as it is chilled by the rising jet of cold fluid in the chimney.

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Structural behaviour under wind loading of a 90 m steel chimney

  • Tranvik, Par;Alpsten, Goran
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.61-78
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents results from an investigation of the structural behaviour of a very slender 90 m high steel chimney erected at V$\ddot{a}$xj$\ddot{o}$ in southern Sweden in 1995. The chimney is equipped with a mechanical friction-type damper at the top. Due to a mistake during erection and installation of the chimney the transport fixings of the damper were not released properly and the chimney developed extensive oscillations in the very first period of service. This caused a great number of fatigue cracks to occur within a few months of service. After the functioning of the damper had been restored and the fatigue cracks were repaired an extensive program was initiated in 1996 to monitor the structural behaviour of the chimney under wind loading. In the investigation data were collected for more than six years of continuous measurements and regular observations of the chimney. The data obtained have some general relevance with respect to wind data, behaviour of a slender structure under wind loading, and the effect of a mechanical damper. Also some theoretical studies were performed as part of the investigation of the chimney.

System identification and reliability assessment of an industrial chimney under wind loading

  • Tokuc, M. Orcun;Soyoz, Serdar
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.283-291
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    • 2018
  • This study presents the reliability assessment of a 100.5 m tall reinforced concrete chimney at a glass factory under wind loading by using vibration-based identified modal values. Ambient vibration measurements were recorded and modal values such as frequencies, shapes and damping ratios were identified by using Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition (EFDD) method. Afterwards, Finite Element Model (FEM) of the chimney was verified based on identified modal parameters. Reliability assessment of the chimney under wind loading was performed by obtaining the exceedance probability of demand to capacity distribution. Demand distribution of the chimney was developed under repetitive seeds of multivariate stochastic wind fields generated along the height of chimney. Capacity distribution of the chimney was developed by Monte Carlo simulation. Finally, it was found that reliability of the chimney is lower than code suggested limit values.

Some aspects of the dynamic cross-wind response of tall industrial chimney

  • Gorski, Piotr
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.259-279
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    • 2009
  • The paper is concerned with the numerical study of the cross-wind response of the 295 m-tall six-flue industrial chimney, located in the power station of Belchatow, Poland. The response of the chimney due to turbulent wind flow is caused by the lateral turbulence component and vortex excitation with taking into account motion-induced wind forces. The cross-wind response has been estimated by means of the random vibration approach. Three power spectral density functions suggested by Kaimal, Tieleman and Solari for the evaluation of the lateral turbulence component response are taken into account. The vortex excitation response has been calculated by means of the Vickery and Basu's model including some complements. Motion-induced wind forces acting on a vibrating chimney have been modeled as a nonlinear aerodynamic damping force. The influence of three components mentioned above on the total cross-wind response of the chimney has been investigated. Moreover, the influence of damping ratios, evaluated by Multi-mode Random Decrement Technique, and number of mode shapes of the chimney have been examined. Computer programmes have been developed to obtain responses of the chimney. The numerical results and their comparison are presented.

Seismic Analysis and Vibration Test of HANARO In-Chimney Bracket (하나로 침니내부지지대의 내진해석 및 진동시험)

  • 류정수;윤두병
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.481-488
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    • 2001
  • The HANARO in-chimney bracket was proposed as a structure which supports the guide tubes of irradiation facilities at the irradiation sites of CT, IR and OR4/5 in HANARO core for the reduction of flow-induced vibration and seismic response of the irradiation facilities. For the evaluation of the structural integrity of the in-chimney bracket, its finite element model is developed. The seismic response analysis was performed for the in-chimney bracket and related reactor structures, under the response spectrum of OBE and SSE. The analysis results show that stress values of the in-chimney bracket and reactor structures for the seismic loads are within the ASME code limits. It is also confirmed that its fatigue usage factor is much less than 1.0. For the verification of the implementation effects of the in-chimney bracket, the vibration level of the guide tube of the instrumented fuel assembly, which is subjected to fluid-induced vibration, was measured and analyzed. The vibration analysis results demonstrate that the vibration level of the instrumented fuel assembly has been remarkably reduced after installing the in-chimney bracket. Therefore, when the in-chimney bracket is installed at the reactor chimney, any damage on the structural integrity is not expected.

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Application of Solar Chimney System for Natural Ventilation in Underground Space (지하공간의 자연환기를 위한 태양 굴뚝 시스템의 응용)

  • Jang, Hyang-In;Suh, Seung-Jik
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.87-95
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    • 2010
  • This study analyzed the performance of solar chimney system for natural ventilation in underground space. A mathematical model of the solar chimney was proposed in order to predict its performance under varying parameters and Korea climatic condition. Steady state heat transfer equations were set up using a energy balanced equations and solved using a inverse matrix method. Numerical simulation program to analyze system was developed by using MATLAB. As the results, the ventilation performance of the solar chimney was determined by the temperature difference of air channel and inlet, and the temperature difference was influenced by insolation, stack height and distance of air gab. Also the solar chimney system can provide $262.9m^3/h$ of annual average ventilation rate. Because seasonal differences of ventilation rate was calculated within 25%, the solar chimney system can be used for every season in Korea climatic condition. Through this study, performance of solar chimney system for natural ventilation was verified by numerical method. Consequently, the solar chimney system is proved to be effective device for natural ventilation utilizing at all times, and the additional studies should be made through the experimental method for imagineering and commercialization.

A Study on the Performance of Natural Ventilation of Solar Chimney Using Stack Effect (연돌 효과를 이용한 태양열 굴뚝의 자연환기 성능에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, S.W.;Lee, J.Y.
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2001
  • The results of numerical simulation on the performance of a solar chimney system in building are described. The inside surface temperature of four walls within the solar chimney arc calculated with solar radiation and outdoor temperature in summer. The air within the solar chimney is heated by conduction, convection and radiation. Air temperature distribution from the bottom to the top and outlet air temperature can be obtained by solving energy balance equation. Since the buoyance or stack effect is affected by temperature difference between the bottom and the top within the solar chimney. It is evaluated using inlet and outlet temperatures. It is expected that natural ventilation by the solar chimney of witch the height is 7.8m and the cross sectional area is $4.93m^2$ can provide about $6400m^3/h$ on sunny day.

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The Experimental Study on the Natural Ventilation Performance of Solar Chimney by the variation of Insulation Thickness and Height (단열재의 두께 및 연돌높이에 따른 태양열 굴뚝의 자연환기 성능에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Cho, S.W.;Kim, D.W.;Im, Y.B.
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2002
  • The results of experiment on the performance of natural ventilation by insulation thickness and height system of solar chimney are described. The 3-inside wall was made of concrete and 1-wall was made of glass. The two kinds of model experiment were performed. One was the varition of the 60cm, 90cm and 120cm of solar chimney, the other was the variation of the insulation thickness 10mm and 50mm and without insulation of outside wall of solar cimney. As the temperature difference between bottom and top expressed $1.7\sim2.9^{\circ}C$, air velocity measured $0.5\sim0.8m/s$ and ventilation rate was $194.4m^3/h$ in the case of the 120cm height of solar chimney, the respect of natural ventilation performance was superior to others cases in the first model experiment. Though the case of 120cm height of solar chimney was attached 50mm insulation the ventilation rate was not so much as the case of solar chimney was attached 10mm insulation. the temperature difference between bottom and top was the largest in the other cases. From this research, the natural ventilation performance of solar chimney was affected by not only height and insulation thickness of solar chimney but also wind velocity and directon.