• Title, Summary, Keyword: child-care

Search Result 3,029, Processing Time 0.055 seconds

Quality of Child Care Environment and Toddler's Adjustment in Child Care Centers - Based on Child Care Centers in Inchon- (보육환경의 질과 영유아의 적응 - 인천시 보육시설을 중심으로 -)

  • Hyun, On-Kang;Tae, Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.38 no.3
    • /
    • pp.25-42
    • /
    • 2000
  • To examine toddlers’adjustment in child care centers according to the quality of child care environment, the followings were asked; 1. Are toddlers’adjustment in child care centers different by toddlers’individual characterisitcs, caregiyer’s individual characteristics, and/or care center variabless\ulcorner 2. Are the quality of child care center different by caregiver’s individual characteristics and child care center variables\ulcorner 3. Are toddlers’adjustment in child care centers different according to the quality of child care center\ulcorner Forty caregivers and 108 toddlers in 40 child care centers in Inchon were randomly selected. After 2 hours of observation in each child care center, the quality of child care environment were rated using Infant/Toddler Environment Rating Scate(ITERS) by 2 observers and toddlers’adjustment in child care centers were rated by caregivers using the Preschool Adjustment Questionnaire(PAQ). Toddlers’adjustment in centers were different by toddlers’gender, caregiver’s age, caregiver’s educational level, group size, and the adult/child ratio. The quality of child care environment of child care centers was different by caregiver’s age, caregiver’s career level, the length of working time, group size, and the adult/child ratio. Finally, toddler’s adjustment in child care centers were significantly different by the quality of child care environment of child care centers.

  • PDF

A Study on the child care system in Sweden (스웨덴의 아동보육제도 연구)

  • Lee, Ok
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
    • /
    • v.34 no.4
    • /
    • pp.187-202
    • /
    • 1996
  • This study is to describl the child care system in Sweden and to understand how the progressive child care system has been developed. The sex categories of the child care issues were studied based on a review of the literature related to the Swedish child care, family welfare system and the socio-economic information on Sweden. Six categories were : (1) historical and socio-economic background of child care system, (2) supply of and demand for the child care service and the types of public and private child care, (3) child care program activities, (4) child care staff training system, (5) administration and financial support system for the child care, and (6) the family policy and the family support programs in Sweden. For the Korean child care system, this study on the Swedish child care implied that : (1) To provide a progressive system of the child care system in Korea will require serious discussion about concentration of the child care administration system which is currently distributed to Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health and Welfare. (2) The extensive family support programs such as the parental leave and flexible work conditions for women are needed for the infant care by parents at home. (3) to expand the child care services in Korea, public support should be primarily focused on the supply of the public day care centers even though the demands for the various child care services are to be met by public financial support. (4) Most of all, societal recognition that all children are the resposiblity of our society is needed to develop a progressive child care system in Korea.

  • PDF

Prospect of Family Day-care with regard to the National Policy of Child-rearing Support (육아지원정책에 따른 가정보육시설의 운영방향)

  • Han You-Me
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-37
    • /
    • 2006
  • As the fertility rate of Korea has recently decreased to the lowest level in the world, the recognition of the needs for social support for the child-care has been increased. This resulted in the announcement of National Policy of Child-Rearing Support in 2004. This study attempted to propose the activation of the family child-care for the preparation of the introduction of the National Policy of Child-Rearing Support. Using literature review and interview, the following research questions were addressed. Firstly, the actual situation of the family child-care was compared with that of the other types of child-care. Secondly, the policies of child-rearing support and the family child-care systems in other countries such as United Kingdom, Sweden and Japan were introduced. Finally, activations of the family child-care were discussed in terms of the introduction of the National Policy of Child-Rearing Support. The results of this study implies that the family child-care in Korea is different from that of other countries as well as other types of child-care in Korea. Also, it suggests that key factors of the activation of the family child-care in Korea are to identify as the small, informal and family-like child-care, to differentiate as the infant-care and non-standard time child-care from other types of child-care, and to increase the level of professionalization. In conclusion, family child-care should become an alternative for the low fertility problem.

  • PDF

A Study of Accreditation of Child Care Centers and Liberation of Child Care Service Tuition based on the Perspective of Economics (한국의 보육료 자율화와 보육시설 평가인증제에 대한 경제학적 분석)

  • Song, Seung-Min
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
    • /
    • v.14 no.6
    • /
    • pp.915-924
    • /
    • 2005
  • In this study, two controversial Child Care Policies will be discussed based on the perspective of Economics: Accreditation of Child Care Centers and Liberation of Child Care Service Tuition. Liberation of Child Care Service Tuition is to provide parents and children with exact quality which they want at a differentiated price. Accreditation of Child Care Center is to enhance the quality of child care service by evaluating the quality of centers and grading centers into three classes. This study concludes that success or failure of the policies mostly depend on the investment capability of the government to increase the supply of child care centers. Employing these two policies requires the child care rate more than certain level and more financial investment from the government since the responsibility of providing child care services relies mostly on the government in Korea.

  • PDF

A Study on Child Care Allowances (양육수당 도입에 대한 어머니와 보육시설장의 인식)

  • Han, You-Me
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.31 no.2
    • /
    • pp.263-275
    • /
    • 2010
  • While child care policy has mainly focused on the financial support for child care centers, the Ministry of Health, Welfare and Family Affairs recently announced the introduction of a child care allowances. The purpose of this study is to investigate how mothers and directors of child care centers perceived this child care allowance. One hundred and seventeen directors and one hundred and fifty six mothers in the Seoul, Kyunggi-Do, and Cheonbuk-Do areas participated in the survey. The results demonstrated that both the mothers and the directors of child care center exhibit more differences than similarities in terms of their views of child care allowances. Moreover, the perception on some issues of child care allowance differed significantly depending on the types of child care center in question, the mother's economic participation or family income. Issues of importance to the successful introduction of a child care allowance system were also discussed.

Child Care in Korea : A Look to the Future (보육)

  • Kim, Sun-Young;Shin, Na-Ry;Kim, Hyang-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.30 no.6
    • /
    • pp.267-279
    • /
    • 2009
  • Child care in Korea has been officially institutionalized due to the legislation of the Child Care Act in 1991. Since then, the predominant social phenomena such as growing female workforce, more intensified female education, and the low birth rates have led the stronger demand for child care at the national level. Accordingly, the supply of child care services and the demand of families using the services have increased dramatically, producing enhancement of the quality of child care via improved and extended laws and regulations. Such movements have arisen academic interests and policy issues to specific sectors with details including child care policies, curriculum and professionals working with young children at child care centers, needs of children and their families attending child care centers, and program evaluations.

  • PDF

The Influence of Home Child Care Allowance on the Choice of Child Care Types : Focusing on the Concordance between an Ideal and Actual Child Care Type (양육수당이 자녀 돌봄유형 선택에 미치는 영향 : 이상적인 돌봄유형과 현재 돌봄유형의 일치여부를 중심으로)

  • Choi, Seulmin;Chin, Meejung
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.33 no.1
    • /
    • pp.87-97
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study aims to examine how home child care allowance influences a mother's choice of child care type. To accomplish this goal, we surveyed 432 mothers who had at least one child under 5 years old. The data were analyzed by frequencies, percentages, means and binomial logistic regressions. The results showed that unemployed mothers and mothers with younger children had a high tendency to choose home child care allowance instead of child care subsidy. Second, mother's employment status, age of first child and an interactive term of mother's employment status and home child care receipt influenced a concordance between an ideal and actual child care type. Unemployed mothers and mothers with younger children were more likely to experience a concordance between their ideal and actual types of child care. By investigating how home child care allowance affects the right of choice in child care type, this study provides empirical information to policy makers and researchers and contributes to develop cash-benefit policies for families with young children.

A Critical Review on the Performance and Changes of Child Care Policy in Korea (한국 보육정책의 성과와 정책변환에 대한 비판적 고찰)

  • Rhee, Ock
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
    • /
    • v.31 no.1
    • /
    • pp.197-217
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study investigated the performance of the child care policies implemented by the former government and analyzes some changes in child care policies by the new government in Korea. The criteria for evaluating child care policies of both governments were based on suggestions gleaned from OECD policy review papers on Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) in 2004 and 2006. As suggested by the OECD, the input of financial investment in public sectors, universal approaches to child care, measures of quality programs, efforts for improving the work environment of child care workers and selecting effective ways of providing financial support for child care were applied in order to evaluate the child care policies in Korea. A number of policy documents and literature published by both governments from 2003-2009 were reviewed in order to evaluate and compare the former child care policies with the more recent ones. The child care policies enacted by the former Korean government were characterized as the remarkable increases in financial investment to establish a child care infrastructure for quality programs and services, and efforts to enact universal approaches to child care, policy making based on scientific data on child care. These advances were tempered by the observation that despite all these improvements, both investment and expansion in the public child care sector were far below sufficient levels. In contrast, some changes in the child care policies by the new government were criticized in terms of weakening public child care, reinforcing private child care and it's conservative financial support system.

Needs of Day-care Staff for a Center-based Child Care Health Program II (보육시설 영유아의 건강관리를 위한 특수보육 요구조사 II - 보육교사의 요구를 중심으로 -)

  • Han, Kyung-Ja;Choi, Mi-Young;Kim, Ji-Soo
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.128-135
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: To investigate health problems in child day care centers, needs for Child Care Health Programs, and management of sick children by day-care staff. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study. Day-care staff (N=206) from 33 day care centers in Seoul, completed a structured questionnaire. Results: Almost half of the day-care staff (53.4%) experienced sick events in their child at least once a month. The most frequently reported difficulty in having a sick child was in not having a health professional to consult, and almost all day-care staff (99.5%) had asked parents not to bring a sick child to the day care center. The biggest reason of exclusion was due to infectious disease including measles, chicken pox, mumps, diarrhea·vomiting, and pink eye. The majority of day-care staff (97.6%) agreed that there is a need for Center-based Child Care Health Program (CCCHP), and expected general health & illness management, and special care for chronic disease from CCCHP. Conclusion: These results showed a high incidence of sickness in children in day care centers, and there were great demands for a Center-based Child Care Health Program for day-care staff. Also the results of this study can be utilized as a basis for the establishment of child care policy in Korea.

  • PDF

The Relations Between Early Child Care Experiences and Socioemotional Development of Children at Age 4 (생애 초기 보육경험과 만 4세 유아의 사회정서발달 간 관계)

  • Chang, Young Eun
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.34 no.4
    • /
    • pp.1-19
    • /
    • 2016
  • The present study aimed at investigating the relations between the amount of child care experienced in the first three years of life and socioemotional development of children at age 4 indicated by problem behaviors and peer competence. Using the longitudinal data of the Panel Study of Korean Children(PSKC), the information of 1,699 children were analyzed. The results indicated that any child care experience, hours in child care, full-time child care and early entry to child care were significantly related to children's externalizing behavior problem and play disruption at age 4. Some significant relations were detected between child care experience and better peer competence as well. Interestingly, the patterns of relations were different for boys and girls. Being in child care, a greater amount of child care and early entry to child care tended to be related to externalizing problem behaviors of boys and whereas they were more related to peer competence of girls indicated by play interaction, play disruption and play disconnection. Child care hours at age 3 were relative stronger predictors of children's development compared to those at age 1 or at age 2. The findings imply that the amount of child care during the first 3 years of life does not have strong harmful effects on preschoolers' socioemotional development and that there are differences in the effects of child care on boys and girls.