• Title, Summary, Keyword: child

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An Analysis of Teacher-Child Relationships as Perceived by Teachers and Children and the Variables Affecting Such Relationships (교사와 유아가 지각하는 교사-유아 관계 및 관련변인 분석)

  • Cheon, Hyang-Suk;Cho, Eun-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.167-183
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    • 2011
  • This study examined whether any relationship exists between teachers' and children's perceptions of the teacher-child relationship and how factors such as the child's self-regulation and stress, and the teacher's self-efficacy and stress affect the teacher-child relationship. The participants for this study consisted of 101 kindergarteners and 17 teachers. Most of the children (88%) and teachers (88%) perceived teacher-child closeness. On the other hand, 22% of children and 11% of teachers perceived teacher-child conflict. The child's self-regulation affected both children's and teachers' perceptions of teacher-child closeness and conflict. The teacher's self-efficacy affected both children's and teachers' perceptions of teacher-child closeness. It also affected teachers' perceptions of teacher-child conflict. The child's and teacher's stress affected both children's and teachers' perceptions of teacher-child conflict. These findings were discussed with respect to implications for the classroom and future research.

Effects of Newborn Care Education Program on Child-rearing Knowledge, Child-rearing Stress, and Child-rearing Self-efficacy of Immigrant Pregnant Women (신생아돌보기프로그램이 결혼이주여성 임산부의 양육지식, 양육스트레스 및 양육효능감에 미치는 효과)

  • Lee, Gi Min;Choi, Yeon Hee
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.561-571
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of a newborn care education promotion program on child-rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy of immigrant pregnant women. Methods: The subjects were 23 immigrant pregnant women who voluntarily participated in the study in D city. The program was provided, once a week for 90 minutes for a period of 3 weeks. The outcome variables were child-rearing knowledge, child-rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy. Data was collected from April 4 to June 24, 2011, through self-administered questionnaires. Results: The program significantly improved child rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and newborn care self-efficacy for married immigrant pregnant women who participated in the program compared to women who did not participate. Conclusion: The results suggest that the reproductive health promotion program has an affirmative effect on child-rearing knowledge, child rearing stress, and child rearing self-efficacy of married immigrant pregnant women. It is suggested, therefore, that the educational program be presented to married immigrant woman at public health centers to enhance their confidence in child-rearing.

The Relationship Between Mother's Child-Rearing Attitude, Language Control Styles, and Preschool Child's Social Competence (어머니의 양육태도, 언어통제유형과 학령전기 아동의 사회적 능력 간의 관계)

  • Park, Sunghee
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between mother child-rearing attitude, language control styles and preschool child's social competence, and also, to provide a basis for development of a program to promote preschool child's social competence. Methods: The present study was a descriptive research. Participants in this study were a convenience sample of 300 preschool children and their mothers. For the final analysis 264 questionnaires were used after eliminating questionnaires with incomplete responses. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The mean score for mother's child-rearing attitude was $3.31{\pm}0.25$ out of 5 points, for hierarchical language control styles ($2.76{\pm}0.62$), commanding ($1.95{\pm}0.58$), and humanistic ($2.48{\pm}0.62$) out of 5 points, and for child's social competence, $3.50{\pm}0.34$ out of 5 points. Negative correlations were found between commanding language control styles and child's social competence (r=-.34, p<.001), and between commanding language control style and mother's child-rearing attitude (r=-.50, p<.001). Conclusion: The results demonstrate the importance of the quality of mother's child-rearing attitude and language control styles for child's social competence. It is suggested that promotion programs to enhance preschool child's social competence should be developed in conjunction with the parenting related environment.

The Role of Child Studies for Child-Related Laws and Policies (아동관련법과 정책에 대한 아동학의 역할)

  • Cho, Songyon;Khil, Eun Bae;Choi, Hye Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.201-211
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    • 2016
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to understand the role of specialists in child studies by analyzing child-related laws and policies and their service systems. Methods: We analyzed the aims, background, history, and related 5-year-plans in child-related laws and policies and their service delivery systems. Results: There were many difficulties in enforcing consistent policies. First, there was no unified age for implementing child and youth policy. Second, there was no comprehensive long-term policy. Third, many departments were involved. Conclusion: The study findings suggest the future role of specialists in child studies. First, they must take steps to introduce a monitoring system for the proper implementation of the first master plan for child policy. Second, they need to put effort into improving treatment of child-related workers. Third, they have to expand the academic area of child studies by reforming university curricula in a more pragmatic way. Fourth, the procedure to acquire different certifications in child studies and youth studies needs to be affiliated.

The Relationship among Child's Language Ability, Emotional Regulation and Peer Victimization: The Moderating and Mediating Role of Teacher-Child Conflict Relationship (유아의 언어능력, 정서조절이 또래괴롭힘 피해에 미치는 영향: 교사-유아 갈등 관계의 조절 및 매개 효과)

  • LEE, Won-Mi;KWON, Yeon-Hee
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.1252-1264
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    • 2015
  • This study examined the moderating and mediating effects of teacher-child conflict relationship among child's language ability, emotional regulation and peer victimization. The participants were 152 children(77 boys, 75 girls) and 14 preschool teachers. The teachers completed rating scales to measure the child's emotional regulation, peer victimization and teacher-child relationship. Child's language ability was assessed by researcher using PRES(Preschool Receptive-Expressive Language Scale). The collected data were analyzed using Pearson correlations and hierarchical multiple regressions. Results showed that peer victimization was related to child's language ability, emotional regulation and teacher-child relationship. Hierarchical aggression analysis indicated that the interaction of child's receptive language ability and teacher-child conflict relationship predicated peer victimization. Child's language ability, whose demonstrated a lower teacher-child conflict relationship, was significantly with peer victimization. In addition, the association between a child's emotional regulation and peer victimization was partially mediated by teacher-child conflict relationship.

Developmental Results of Generative Fathering and Attachment Security (생산적인 아버지노릇과 유아의 애착안정성의 발달적 결과 : 단기종단적 연구)

  • Yee, Young Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.65-76
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    • 2001
  • This study investigated the prediction of fathering and child's attachment to father based on socio-emotional competence and father-child relationship. Fifty-five toddlers and their parents were assessed by the Generative Fathering Questionnaire (Yee et al., 1999) and the Attachment Security Q Set (Waters, 1987) when the children were 2 years old. After 12 months, the child's socio-emotional competence and father-child relationship were assessed by questionnaire. The child's socio-emotional competence was predicted by father's sense of responsibility for child rearing but not by father's involvement in child rearing. Attachment security partly predicted child's socio-emotional competence and father-child relationship. Among the sub-categories of father-child relationship, warmth and closeness of the relationship was related to child's socio-emotional competence.

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Mothers′ Child-Rearing Attitude (어머니의 아동 양육태도)

  • Kim Shin-Jeong;Kim Young-Hee;Kim Kye-Sook
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.392-398
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was carried out to provide the theoretical understanding of mothers' child-rearing attitude and the eventual purpose was to contribute to the development of nursing interventions to help mothers have love-automous childrearing attitudes which will foster child development and enhance harmonious child-mother relationship. Method: The data were collected from April to september, 2002 by questionnaires with 130 married child-rearing mothers. Mothers' child-rearing attitudes were rated on the 5-point sclae of Schaefer's Maternal Behavior Research Instrument(MBRI). Result: 1) In love vs hostility and autonomy vs control, the score of love(3.79) is higher than hostility(2.64) and the score of autonomy(3.54) is higher than control(2.58). 2) In love- autonomous child-rearing attitude(3.69) is highest than hostility-control(2.75), love-control(2.70), hostility-autonomous (2.54) child-rearing attitude and the direction is autonomy→love. Conclusion: Nurses assess mothers' child-rearing attitude and provide teaching and counselling to help mothers to form love-autonomous child-rearing attitude.

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Effects on Creativity of Child's Temperament, Depression, Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Problem-Solving Style : A Path Model (아동의 창의성에 대한 심리적 관련 변인 연구)

  • Kim, Won-Kyung;Woo, Namhee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2002
  • Path analysis was used to determine variables influencing the creativity of elementary school children. Participants were 213 dyads of 6th-grade children and their parents. the children and their parents responded to questionnaires on children's temperament, depression, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and problem-solving style. Children completed the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking. Child's problem-solving style and self-efficacy directly affected child's creativity. Child's temperament, depression, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and problem-solving indirectly affected creativity such that child's temperament affected depression, which affected child's self-esteem. Then, child's self-esteem affected child's problem-solving which, in turn, affected child's self-efficacy that directly predicted child's creativity. Both problem-solving and self-efficacy were mediators of child's creativity.

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Child's Sex, Temperament, Mother's Emotion Regulation and Parenting as Related to Child's Emotion Regulation (어머니가 지각한 아동의 기질, 어머니의 정서조절 및 양육행동과 아동의 정서조절간의 관계)

  • Lim, Hee Su;Park, Seong Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.37-54
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of study was to examine child emotion regulation as a function of child's sex, temperament, mother's emotion regulation, and mother's parenting. The subjects were 386 mothers of fifth or sixth graders in Seoul and Kyonggi province. The data were gathered through questionnaires developed for the current study. The major findings were as follows: 1) There were significant sex differences in some categories of child's emotion regulation. 2) The more active the child's temperament, the child showed more negative emotion regulation(venting, aggressive expression, avoidance). 3) Mother's negative emotion regulation was significantly related to the child's negative emotion regulation. 4) There were significant correlations between mother's parenting and child's emotion regulation. That is, mother's positive parenting was related to child's positive emotion regulation. 5) The relationship between mother's emotion regulation and child's emotion regulation was mediated by mothers' parenting.

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Knowledge Related to Child Obesity of Child Daycare Center Worker (보육시설 종사자의 영유아 비만 관련 지식 수준)

  • Lee, Dong-Jin;Yang, Young-Ok
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.247-255
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate knowledge related to child obesity of child daycare center workers. Methods: The participants in this study were 360 child daycare center workers in 2 cities in South Gyeongsang Province. Data were collected from February to June, 2011, using self-report questionnaires including questions about the general characteristics of the daycare center workers and their knowledge related to child obesity. Frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, t-test and ANOVA were used to analyze the data with the SPSS WIN 16.0 program. Results: The knowledge scores of child daycare center workers about child obesity averaged 74.8. The domains of diet (0.87 points) and prevention (0.86 points) had high scores, while, the domains of general characteristics (0.64 points) and diagnosis (0.59 points) had low scores. Conclusion: These results indicate that obese education programs for child daycare center workers should be developed in order to identify and teach children with obesity appropriately.