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Relationship between Child Abuse Experience of Childhood and Child Abuse Perception in College Students (대학생의 아동기 학대경험과 아동학대 인식간의 관계연구)

  • Moon, Jin-Ha
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.107-118
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between child abuse experience of childhood and child abuse perception in college students. Methods: The subjects of this study were 231 college students by convenience sampling. The collected data were processed using SPSS program and analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson correlation. Results: 93.1% of the college students were abused by their parents during childhood. Child abuse perception was very high with a mean score of 3.22(range 0~4). Child abuse perception was significantly different according to gender, major, perception of frequency for child abuse. There was a significantly negative correlation between child abuse experience and physical abuse perception. Conclusion: It is suggested that intervention programs to enhance child abuse perception will help reduce child abuse.

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Children and Adolescents' Assessments of Child Friendly Cities (아동 친화적인 도시에 대한 아동.청소년의 인식)

  • Hong, Seung-Ae;Lee, Jae-Yeon
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.53-70
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    • 2011
  • Child Friendly Cities (CFC) is a framework for action with the aim of implementing the UN CRC led by local government in an urban context. A number of surveys with 755 children and adolescents were conducted in order to assess the community's child-friendliness level of Seoul. The results of this study were as follows : 1) Comprehensive assessment of the city's child-friendliness was overall seen to be negative. 2) In regards to the city's child-friendliness, the assessments of Children were more positive than those of the adolescents. 3) Boys assessed the city's child-friendliness more positively than girls. 4) The children and adolescents living in more wealthy communities assessed the city's child-friendliness more positively than those living in poorer areas. This study suggested that a local action plan for the Child Friendly Cities must be implemented to fulfill the CFC standards.

The Relationship of Child Attachment and Temperament to Mother-Child Interaction during Problem Solving (문제 해결 과정에서의 어머니-유아 상호작용과 관련 변인: 애착과 기질)

  • Rah, Yu Mee
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.75-89
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    • 1999
  • Mother-Child Interactions during Problem Solving were analyzed in relation to the child's attachment security and temperament. Subjects were fifty-three 44-to 57-month-old children and their mothers. Attachment security was assessed by Attachment Q set (Waters, 1987); mother-child interactions were observed at home, and maternal ratings of child temperament were collected by questionnaire (Chun 1993). Attachment security scores were positively related to mother's cognitive assistance and positively interactions with the child and to the child's positive affect toward mother. The child's activity perceived by mother was negatively related to mother's efficient interactions and positively to the child's "reliance on mother." The child's behavior toward the mother in the task session and the child's temperament added variance above attachment in accounting for the mother's behavior.

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Review about Child Rearing Attitude of Parents (부모의 양육태도에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Shin-Jeong;Kim, Young-Hee
    • Korean Parent-Child Health Journal
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.172-181
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to review the concept, type and factors that affect child rearing attitude of parents and suggest desirable child rearing attitude of parents. Child rearing attitude of parents not only decide the quality of parent-child relationship but also affect child intellectual, emotional, social development and character. Many theorists suggest the type of child rearing attitude of parents, Schaefer's theory is commonly accepted. This model divided into 4 types, affectional-automatic attitude, affectional-controling attitude, rejecting-automatic attitude, rejecting-controling attitude. Through this study, confirmed factors that affect child rearing attitude of parents were family social position, parent's age and educational level, child gender. And other factors were mother has a job or not, marriage satisfaction, number of child and etc. Desirable parent's child rearing attitude were parent's consistency, understanding and acceptance of parents, parent's ideal behavior, democratic attitude of parents, parent's love for their children.

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Korean Divorced Mothers' Experiences with Child Support from Noncustodial Fathers

  • Son, Seohee
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.38-50
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to explore Korean divorced mothers' experiences with child support. The data were collected from 17 Korean divorced mothers who were divorced between the years of 2004 and 2009 and were raising at least one minor child. Data were analyzed based on the inductive data analysis method. Most mothers negotiated to receive child support from noncustodial fathers without experiencing much conflict with the fathers at the time of the divorce, but only five mothers received child support at the time of the interviews. The mothers experienced difficulties in receiving child support from the fathers under the child support policy in Korea that treated child support as a personal issue and provided little systemic support for child support. Regarding required parenting agreements, most of the mothers acknowledged the need to have parenting agreements but they still wanted voluntary payment of the child support from the fathers. The results suggest that it is necessary to expand parenting education for divorced parents to encourage voluntary participation in parenting and to improve the child support policy by introducing child support guidelines and enhancing child support collection systems.

The Effects of Young Children's Hours Spent at Kindergartens or Child Care Centers on their Language, Cognition, and Social Development: Focusing on Mediating Effects of Teacher-child Interactions (유아의 기관이용시간이 언어, 인지 및 사회성 발달에 미치는 영향: 교사-유아 상호작용의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, Changhyun;Kim, Sanglim
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.197-210
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of young children's stay hours on kindergartens or child care centers on their language, cognition, and social development with teacher-child interactions as a mediator. For this purpose, the data from the 2013 Panel Study on Korean Children were analyzed using the GLM and pattern analysis. The results of the GLM analysis were as follows. First, the main effects of the stay hours on child development were statistically significant Second, the main effects of the level of teacher-child interaction were also statistically significant on the results of child development. Third, the moderating effect of teacher-child interaction level between the stay hours and child development were also significant. The results showed that young children's stay hours effected their language, cognitive, and social development and teacher-child interactions mediated these effects.

The Effect of the Mother's Rearing Attitude and Mother-Child Relationship-as Perceived by the child on School Adjustment (아동이 지각한 어머니의 양육태도와 어머니-자녀관계가 학교생활적응에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hye Gum
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.65-75
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    • 2012
  • This study was to examine the effect of the mother's rearing attitude and mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, on adjustment to school life. The present study investigated how the mother's rearing attitude and mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, influence school life adjustment. The participants were 300 4th grade elementary school students (173 boys and 127 girls), in Seoul. The data were analyzed using Pearson's correlation and multiple regression, by SPSS 12.0 program. The results were as follows: 1) The child who perceived the mother's rearing attitude to be more rational and democratic, was more adaptive in school life. 2) The mother-child relationship that the child perceived, had a positive relationship with the school life adjustment of the child. The child who perceived the mother-child relationship more positively, was more adaptive in school life. 3) In relationship with the teacher and school class, the mother's democratic rearing attitude, as perceived by the child, was found to be the most affecting factor. In relationship with the classmates and school rules, the mother-child relationship, as perceived by the child, was found to be the most affecting factor.

Grandmother-Adult Child Solidarity and Grandmother's Child-rearing Role: Moderated Mediation Effect of Caregiving Satisfaction and Relation with Grandchild (조모-성인자녀 결속도와 조모역할수행 간의 관계에서 돌봄만족과 손주관계의 조절된 매개효과)

  • Chung, Mi Ra;Choi, Hye Jeong
    • Family and Environment Research
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    • v.56 no.3
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    • pp.205-216
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    • 2018
  • This study examined how the relationship between grandmother-adult child solidarity, caregiving satisfaction, and grandmother's child-rearing role varies according to the relation with the grandchild. Mediation effects and moderated mediation effects were analyzed to investigate the relationship between these variables. The participants were 295 grandmothers raising preschool-aged grandchildren in the Seoul and Gyeonggi areas. Data was analyzed using SPSS 23.0 and PROCESS macro, performing correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis. The statistical significance of the indirect effect was examined using a bootstrapping procedure. The results are as follows. First, grandmother-adult child solidarity directly affects the grandmother's child-rearing role. Second, grandmother-adult child solidarity indirectly affects the grandmother's child-rearing role through caregiving satisfaction. Third, the direct and indirect effects of grandmother-adult child solidarity on the grandmother's child-rearing role are moderated by the relation with the grandchild. The direct effect of grandmother-adult child solidarity on grandmother's child-rearing role was therefore shown to be significant on the maternal grandmother. Fourth, the indirect effect of grandmother-adult child solidarity on the grandmother's child-rearing role through caregiving satisfaction was shown to be significant on the paternal grandmother. Based on the results of this study, we discussed ways to strengthen the capacity of co-parenting between grandparents and adult children.

A Structural Equation Modeling Analysis of the Influence of Child Care Teachers' Job Satisfaction and Teacher-Parent Cooperation on Teacher-Child Interaction (보육교사의 직무만족도, 교사-부모 및 교사-유아 상호작용 간의 구조모형 분석)

  • Kang, Mi-Sook;Song, Seung-Min;Park, Nam-Shim;Lee, Seung-Eun
    • Korean Journal of Childcare and Education
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2018
  • Objective: This study examined the relationship between child care teachers'job satisfaction, teacher-parent partnership, and teacher- child interaction in order to improve the quality of child care. Methods: Self-report questionnaires were used on 321 child care teachers and data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and Structural Equation Modeling Analysis. Results: First, significant correlations existed among variables except the relationship between payment/promotion and other variables. The results showed that child care teachers'job satisfaction had a significant and direct influence on teacher-child interaction, and teachers' job satisfaction was partially mediated by teacher-parent partnership on teacher-child interaction. Conclusion/Implications: The findings confirm that teachers' job satisfaction and teacher-parent partnership are preceding factors for positive teacher-child interaction. Significant attention should be paid to child care teachers'psychological satisfaction and teacher-parent relationships to promote the quality of child care and the positive interaction between teachers and children.

Chlid Abuse in High-risk Group (고 위험 집단의 아동학대에 관한 연구 - 생활보호 대상자를 대상으로 -)

  • 안혜영;김신정;고주애
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.775-783
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to provide basic data on preventive child abuse program development. Method: Data were collected on 105 high-risk families of child abuse intervention was obtained from their main child rearer who raised the child under 18 years, olds during 10 months period from May, 2000 to March 2001. Result: The results were as follows : 1. Child abuse occurred in the subject's home, in the case of mild child abuse, 'throwing an object at the child' had the highest percentage 39.1%, in severe child abuse, 'rod, stick, belt, broom beating or using a variety of objects such as' had the highest percentage 49.5%, and in very severe child abuse, 'hospitalized by belting' had the highest percentage 3.8% 2. The degree of child abuse potential showed high risk child abuse score with a mean of 213.3. The degree of beliefs in corporal punishment showed that subjects perceived corporal punishment of children positively with a mean of 32.2,. 3. With respect to the child abuse potential, there were significant correlations with the subjects' age (r=.294, p=.002), education level (r=-.442, p=.000), and family income (r=-.355, p=.000). Conclusion: From this study not only child abuse occurrence but also child abuse potential were severely increased in poor livelihood families. Therefore to the high risk group, individual preventive approach must be applied.