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The Study on Development of Processed Foods with Chestnut (밤을 이용한 가공식품 개발 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Sook;Jang, Young-Joo;Kim, Sun-Hyo
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.194-203
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to develop the processed foods with chestnut and support their commercialization. Interview was performed with owner of Gongju chestnut food processing company and sensory evaluation was carried out by 103 male and female adults aged 20-70 using Likert 5 point scale-scoring test for chestnut processed food items developed. Nutrient contents of processed foods with chestnut were analyzed by Korea Food Research Institute. Commercialization support contents were high calorie low nutrition distinction, nutrition facts production and expiration date determination. We suggested 27 kinds of feasible chestnut processed foods. Among these, 10 items, chestnut pudding, chestnut glutinous rice cake bread, chestnut poundcake, chestnut burrito, chestnut millet pancake, chestnut soup, Yulpyeon, chestnut yakgwa, chestnut yeot, and chestnut yanggaeng were selected after consultants' assessment. Considering sensory evaluation, consultants' opinions, and company owners' opinion and status, chestnut poundcake and chestnut yakgwa were ultimately selected for commercialization support. Nutrient contents showed that chestnut pound cake and chestnut yakgwa were not high calorie low nutrition food. Expiration date was 10 days for chestnut pound cake and 6 months for chestnut yakgwa. By developing chestnut processed foods with high marketability, and supporting immediate commercialization, it is expected to increase high added value of chestnut.

A Study of Chestnut-Noodle Utilizing Recovered Chestnut Powder from Inner Layer (밤 껍질에서 분리 회수한 밤가루를 이용한 밤국수에 관한 연구)

  • 조숙자;정은희
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.87-96
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    • 2003
  • This study was to examine the possibility of making use of the edible portion on the inner layer of chestnut, which is produced as wastes in the chestnut processing, into chestnut-noodle. To conduct this study, the chestnut powder, which is separated and collected from the inner layer, was used to examine the possibility of making chestnut-noodle. The structure of chestnut-noodle was observed by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and the sensory quality was conducted to examine usability of the chestnut-noodle as compared to wheat flour noodle by Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA). The ten sensory qualities : appearance, color, flavor, hardness, elasticity, cohesiveness, adhesiveness, chewiness, gumminess, and acceptability, were evaluated by 10 point Likert type scale with 10-50% of different ratio of chestnut powder. The chestnut-noodle made by 50% of the chestnut powder got higher points than 10 % of chestnut powder mix in color. However, the chestnut-noodle made by 50% of the chestnut powder got lower points than wheat flour noodle in flavor. Finally, there was no significant difference in hardness, elasticity, cohesiveness, adhesiveness, chewiness and gumminess between the chestnut-noodle made by 30% of the chestnut powder and wheat flour noodle.

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Sensory and Physical Characteristics of Bam-dduk Prepared with Different Ratio of the Ingredients (재료배합비를 달리한 밤떡의 관능적 및 물리적 특성)

  • 김지영;차경희;이효지
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.427-433
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    • 1997
  • Various Bam-dduk were prepared by using two kinds of chestnut flour (dried chestnut, boiled chestnut), 2 types of sugar (sugar and honey), and 3 levels of sugar (10, 20, 30 g), and they were evaluated for sensory quality, texture, moisture, and color. The addition of 10∼15% of dried chestnut flour to glutinous rice flour increased the graininess, moistness, chewiness, and sweetness of Bam-dduk, and the addition of 30∼40% boiled chestnut flour increased the graininess, moistness, and sweetness, depending up on the types and levels of sugar. The use of 10% dried chestnut flour and 30 $m\ell$ of honey gave the highest value of springiness in Bam-dduk. Gumminess, hardness and chewiness were the highest with 15% dried chestnut flour and 20 g sugar. Cohesiveness was the strongest at 30% boiled chestnut flour and 10 $m\ell$ honey. Adhesiveness was most proper when 30 g sugar was added to 10% dried chestnut flour. The use of boiled chestnut flour gave higher moisture content in Bam-dduk (32.2∼41.3%) than the use of dried chestnut flour (29.6∼34.2%). The values of 'L' (67.43) and 'b' (18.07) were most intensive in Bam-ddfik prepared with 15% dried chestnut and 20 g sugar, and the replacement of 20 g sugar with 30 $m\ell$ of honey gave the highest 'a' value, 2.33.

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Development of Chestnut Peeling System (밤 박피 시스템 개발)

  • 김종훈;박재복;최창현
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.289-294
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    • 1997
  • The chestnut is a well-known and important forest product in Korea. The annual production of chestnut is about 100, 000tons and its cultivating area is 80, 000ha. However, the peeling process of outer and inner skins of chestnut is very difficult due to hardness and adhesiveness of chestnut skin. The peeling process of chestnut was operated by manual work and the performance of chestnut peeling machine is very low. The purpose of this study is to develope the prototype of new chestnut peeling system. The hardness of chestnuts was tested with six different drying conditions and its range was from 949$g/mm^2$ to 2, 149$g/mm^2$. The hardness of chestnuts was decresed gradually during the drying process. The chestnut peeling Process includes sorting, storage, drying, outer skin cutting, flame peeling, continuous frictional skin peeling, and inner skin cutting operation. The developed chestnut peeling system consists of outer skin cutter, flame peeler, continuous frictional skin peeler and inner skin cutter. The system can peel domestic chestnuts at 150$kg/hr$ with peeling rate of 78%.

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A study on the production of chestnut powder in the inner layer of the chestnut from its treatment plant (II) - Physicochemical properties and baking properties of recovered chestnut powder - (밤가공공장의 밤껍질에서 밤분말의 생산에 대한 연구(II) - 밤껍질에서 분리회수한 밤분말의 특성과 제빵가능성 -)

  • 조숙자;정은희;전병관
    • Korean Journal of Rural Living Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.78-84
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    • 1999
  • This study was performed to find out the usefulness of chestnut powder recovered from the inner layer, which used to be discarded. After the Physicochemical properties of the chestnut powder were examined, breads were prepared with 10-50% of chestnut Powder and the sensory quality was compared by QDA. Bread could be made even using up to 50% of chestnut powder, and in 20-30% of chestnut powder, the sensory quality was acceptable enough compared with wheat bread. Even though the low purity of the chestnut powder affected the flavor and color, the breads contained it were generally acceptable. Therefore, the chestnut powder recovered from the inner layer can be used as the effective food resource as itself, and with the higher purification to remove inner layer, it can be applied to more diverse food.

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Study on Processing Properties of Chestnut Resources (밤 자원의 가공적성 연구)

  • Oh, Seon-Min;Baik, Moo-Yeol
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.56-62
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    • 2016
  • Although the production of chestnut in Korea is the second largest in the world, domestic consumption of chestnut is very limited. Furthermore, consumption of chestnut in Korea is highly dependent on export to Japan and China. Large amount of chestnut in Korea have been deteriorated and discarded during storage. In order to increase the consumption of chestnut in Korea, it is necessary to know the processing properties of chestnut and its starch. Additionally, through the various investigations such as modification treatment, it will be extended to utilization of chestnut. So far, there is a little information on the processing properties of chestnut; therefore, the expansion of research will bring results to increase the consumption of chestnut.

Physicochemical and Textural Properties of Chestnut Starches (밤전분의 물리화학적 특성과 텍스쳐 특성)

  • 김세권;전유진;김용태;이병조;강옥주
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.594-600
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    • 1995
  • To efficiently utilize not only fresh chestnut(FC) but also wormy chestnut(WC), four types of chestnut starches which were fresh chestnut starch(FCS), fresh chestnut crude starch(FCCS), wormy crude starch(WCS) and wormy chestnut crude starch(WCCS) were extracted. Amylose content of FCS(46.5%) and water binding capacity of FCCS(103.0%) were higher than those of othe three, respectively. Swelling powers of all sample starches increased rapidly from 6$0^{\circ}C$ to 8$0^{\circ}C$. Solubilities showed the same pattern as the swelling powers. In the textural properteis investigated with IUTM(instron universal testing machine), hardnesses and elasticties of chestnut starches were 50~58I.U. and 14~16I.U., respectively. The results of textural evaluations showed that it was possible to prepare chestnut mook with FCS, FCCS and WCS.

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Comparison of Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Activity on Chestnut, Chestnut Shell and Leaves of Castanea crenata Extracts (밤 과육, 껍질 및 밤나무 잎 추출물에 대한 항산화 및 항염증 활성 비교)

  • Kim, Jin Yoon;Kim, Seung Yeon;Kwon, Hyoung Min;Kim, Chan Hyun;Lee, Seung Jin;Park, Seung Chun;Kim, Kyung Hwa
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.8-16
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    • 2014
  • The present study was carried out to evaluate the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of three extracts (hot water, 50% ethanol and mixed solvent;water, ethanol, butylene glycol, propylene glycol) of dried chestnut, chestnut shell, chestnut leaves and dried chestnut leaves obtained from Castanea crenata tree. When conducted DPPH assay, radical scavenging activity of ethanol extract of chestnut shell was the highest with $IC_{50}$ $10.8{\mu}g/mL$ among four extracts from these parts (p < 0.05). In additional results by the xanthine oxidase assay, antioxidant activity showed that water extract of chestnut leaves showed the highest xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity in the tested extracts (p < 0.05). Futhermore, extracts of chestnut shell and leaves exhibited no cytotoxicity in RAW 264.7 cells (p < 0.05). Also, anti-inflammatory activity by NO assay showed LPS-induced NO was significantly inhibited following treatment with extracts of chestnut shell and leaves of 3mg/mL (p < 0.05). These data suggest that extract of chestnut shell have antioxidant and anti-inflamantory activity including chestnut leaves. Therefore, it is considered that Castanea crenata research range and selection of functional material can broaden chestnut shell to other fractions such as chestnut and chestnut leaves.

Quality Characteristics of the Sulggitteok made by Chestnut Powder

  • Jhee, Ok Hwa
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.96-102
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to assess the quality characteristics of Sulggitteok prepared with different ratios of chestnut powder: 0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%. The moisture content of the chestnut Sulggi without added chestnut powder was 38.24% than that of any other chestnut powder added groups and gradually decreased from 33.34~26.27% based on the addition of chestnut powder. In terms of color, the lightness (L) decreased significantly but redness (a) and yellowness (b) significantly (p<0.001) increased with increasing contents of chestnut powder. The total polyphenol content and DPPH free radical scavenging activity increased as the amount of chestnut powder increased and decreased. Total phenol contents of phenol contents was higher in the 10% added group (347.50 mg GAE/100 g) and DPPH radical scavenging activity was significantly higher in the 5% added group ($69.35{\pm}2.02%$) and 10% added group ($74.33{\pm}2.29%$). Texture profile analysis showed that the hardness, adhesiveness, chewiness were higher than that of the control. The result of sensory evaluation test and the overall acceptability showed that the taste, color, flavor, chewiness, softness and overall acceptability were the highest in the 10% added group while the color and flavor showed no significant different group. Based on these results, it is suggested that chestnut Sulggi with up 10% added chestnut powder can be developed as products.

Antioxidant Activity and Quality Characteristics of Chestnut Cookies (밤 쿠키의 항산화활성 및 품질특성)

  • Joo, Shin Youn
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.70-77
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of chestnut powder on antioxidant activity and quality characteristics of cookies. Cookies were prepared using different amounts of chestnut powder (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% to the flour quantity). The antioxidant activity was estimated by measuring DPPH free radical scavenging activity and the total phenolic content in chestnut powder and cookies. In addition, the quality characteristics of the chestnut cookies were estimated based on: the bulk density and pH of the dough, spread factor, loss rate, leavening rate, color, texture profile analysis, and sensory evaluations. The spread ratio, a values, total polyphenol contents, and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of cookies significantly increased with increasing chestnut powder (p<0.001), while the leavening rate, L values, b values and hardness of the cookies significantly decreased with increasing chestnut powder (p<0.05). The sensory evaluation scores for the 15% chestnut powder cookie groups ranked significantly higher (p<0.05) than the other groups in overall preference, appearance, taste, color, chestnut taste, oily flavor, and aftertaste. Taken together, the results of this study suggest that chestnut powder is a good ingredient for increasing the consumer acceptability and functionality of cookies.