• Title, Summary, Keyword: chemotherapy combination

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Influencing Factors on Medication Adherence in Colorectal Cancer Patients Receiving Oral Chemotherapy (대장암 환자의 경구용 항암제 복용이행과 영향요인)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hye
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.213-220
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors that influence medication adherence in colorectal cancer patients receiving oral chemotherapy. Methods: One hundred and nine colorectal cancer patients receiving oral chemotherapy were recruited in the cross-sectional survey design. A survey including medication adherence, knowledge about chemotherapy, self-efficacy, depression and symptom experience were completed. Results: The level of medication adherence was $7.38{\pm}.80$. Medication adherence showed significant differences according to perceived health status and combination of IV chemotherapy. Medication adherence was significant correlated with self-efficacy, depression and symptom experience. On stepwise regression analysis, the most important factors related to the medication adherence were symptom experience, perceived health status and combination of IV chemotherapy. These variables explained 17% of medication adherence. Conclusion: The level of medication adherence in colorectal cancer patients receiving oral chemotherapy was relatively high. It is important to develop nursing intervention for medication adherence in colorectal cancer patients that focus on symptom experience and to consider about perceived health status and combination of IV chemotherapy.

A Case of Advanced Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Treatment with Chemotherapy and Photodynamic Therapy

  • Ryu, Jae-Wook;Kim, Youn Seup
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.78 no.1
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    • pp.36-40
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    • 2015
  • Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is an aggressive, treatment-resistant, and generally fatal disease. A 68-year-old male who was diagnosed with MPM at another hospital came to our hospital with dyspnea. We advised him to take combination chemotherapy but he refused to take the treatment. That was because he had already received chemotherapy with supportive care at another hospital but his condition worsened. Thus, we recommended photodynamic therapy (PDT) to deal with the dyspnea and MPM. After PDT, the dyspnea improved and the patient then decided to take the combination chemotherapy. Our patient received chemotherapy using pemetrexed/cisplatin. Afterwards, he received a single PDT treatment and then later took chemotherapy using gemcitabine/cisplatin. The patient showed a survival time of 27 months, which is longer than median survival time in advanced MPM patients. Further research and clinical trials are needed to demonstrate any synergistic effect between the combination chemotherapy and PDT.

A Case of Chemotherapy for Transmissible Venereal Tumor in a Dog (화학요법을 이용한 개 전파성 생식기 육종 피료 1례)

  • 김종민;양현국;신태영;권오경;남치주
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.212-215
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    • 1996
  • Chemotherapy of transmissible venereal tumor (TVT) in a dog has been tried, using vincritstine, cyclophosphamide, and methotrexate. The dog was hiven an combination chemotherapy and underwent complete regression of the tumors with on recurrence. The result of our clinical trial indicates that combination chemotherapy is an effective modality for dogs with TVT.

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An Outlook of the Oriental and Western Medical Diagnosis and Treatment on Large Bowel Cancer (대장암(大腸癌)의 동서의(東西醫) 결합(結合) 진치근황(診治近況))

  • Kim, Byeong-Ju;Moon, Goo
    • THE JOURNAL OF KOREAN ORIENTAL ONCOLOGY
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 1999
  • Large bowel cancer shows the 4-5th frequency in cancers that occurs in Korea. The western medicine cures the Large bowel cancer by radiation, surgery and chemotherapy. While, Oriental medicine cures the Large bowel cancer by Herb-drugs, acupuncture, moxa and et al. With just one way of treating Large bowel cancer can't be effective remedy. Because each medicine has a strength and weakness, it is effective treatment when two medicine combines and supplement each other. We got the following result about a trend of oriental and western combination treatment for Large bowel cancer through studding records. 1. In Large bowel cancer, colon cancer is referred hematochezia(腸風下血), rectal cancer is refereed enterotoxin(腸毒), and anal cancer is accumulation of pathogens in yin(結陰). 2. The western medicine treats Large bowel cancer patient with surgery first. They need on assembly treatment such as chemical, radiation and immune treatment. In oriental medicine, they treats Large bowel cancer patients with differentiation of symptom and signs and treatment(辨證施治) for example, insufficiency of spleen and stomach(脾胃虛弱), collapse of the spleen-ql(脾氣下陷), stagnation of blood stasis and toxic agent(瘀毒內結), reinforcing both qi and blood(脾血下陷), stagnation of damp-phlegm(痰濕凝結) and cure for them by acupuncture and moxa too. 3. In combination with oriental and western medical treatment princple of Large bowel cancer by each stage is as follows. First stage is cured with radical surgery and herb-drugs without chemotherapy. The intermediate and terminal stage patients is used radiation before surgery, or after palliative surgery cour with chemotherapy, radiation and Herb-drugs. In terminal stage patients, unable for surgery, is used combination between chemotherapy, palliative radiation and Herb-drugs. 4. After radiation surgery, the terminal stage patients who have extensively lymph node metastasis or local contraindication is able to undergo combination of Herb-durgs and chemotherapy. 5. The cure-effect with oriental and western medicine combination treatment was better than that just with oriental or western medical treatment. 6. The merits of oriental and western medicine combination treatment lengthen one's life and diminish the bad effect of chemotherapy and complete radiation treatment, prevent from relapsing, maintain the balance in their environment of body and improve immunity.

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Successful Combination Chemotherapy for Nasal Carcinoma in a Dog

  • Kim, Su-Gang;Cho, Seok-Ho;Kim, Keon;Park, Hee-Myung;Park, Sang-Ik;Kim, Tae-Jung;Lee, Chang-Min
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.274-277
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    • 2019
  • A Miniature Schnauzer presented with bilateral mucopurulent nasal discharge and sneezing. Computed tomography of the skull revealed exudates in the nasal cavity and frontal gyrus. Nasal swab cytology showed features of an epithelial-origin tumor. Histopathologic evaluation of the biopsy specimen revealed irregular proliferation of epithelial cells and necrotized tissue. Positive immunohistochemical staining confirmed the epithelial origin of the cells. The dog was diagnosed with nasal carcinoma and was treated with a chemotherapy protocol of carboplatin and piroxicam. This report confirms the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy only without radiotherapy in a dog with nasal carcinoma and provides a guideline for providing alternative treatment.

Irinotecan Monotherapy Versus Irinotecan-Based Combination as Second-Line Chemotherapy in Advanced Gastric Cancer: A Meta-Analysis

  • Cho, Yo-Han;Yoon, So Young;Kim, Soo-Nyung
    • Cancer Research and Treatment
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.255-262
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    • 2017
  • Purpose A meta-analysis was conducted to examine the question of whether combination regimens are more effective than monotherapy as a second-line chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer. Materials and Methods The MEDLINE and the EMBASE databases and the Cochrane Central Register for Controlled Trials were searched using appropriate keywords. Only randomized controlled trials were eligible. Results Taxane-based study is rare; thus, four irinotecan-based studies were finally included in the meta-analysis. Out of 661 patients, 331 patients were assigned to combination therapy and 330 to monotherapy. Cisplatin or fluoropyrimidine (S-1 or 5-fluorouracil) was used as a combination partner to irinotecan. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) for overall survival (OS) and for progression-free survival (PFS) was 0.938 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.796 to 1.104; p=0.442) and 0.815 (95% CI, 0.693 to 0.958; p=0.013). In subgroup analysis according to previous exposure to a partner agent, the PFS benefit of combination was observed only in the partially exposed group (HR, 0.784; 95% CI, 0.628 to 0.980; p=0.032). Conclusion Second-line irinotecan-based combination was not associated with increased OS, but with PFS benefit, which seemed particularly significant for patients receiving combination with a new agent.

Survival Difference of Combination Chemotherapy versus Supportive Care in the Patients with Stage Ⅳ Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (4기 비소세포폐암 환자에서 복합화학요법군과 보존적치료군의 생존율 비교연구)

  • Kim, Byeong Hun;Lee, Kyung Hee;Doh, Gab Suk;Lee, Eun Jung;Kim, Seong Mok;Chung, Jin Hong;Lee, Kwan Ho;Hyun, Myung Soo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.536-546
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    • 1996
  • Background : The survival benefit of combination chemotherapy comparing supportive care to patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancel, especially stage IV non-small cell lung cancer patients with metastatic disease, is controversial. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the difference in survival between patients treated with chemotherapy and those who were not and to identify prognostic factors in the patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer. Methods : From January 1989 to December 1994, total 67 patients including 20 patients treated with combination chemotherapy and 47 patients treated with only supportive care in stage IV non-small cell lung cancer patients with metastatic disease were enrolled in this study. Combination chemotherapy consisted of etoposide $120mg/m^2$ iv for 3 days and cis-platin iv day 1 every 4 weeks. The treatment groups were retrospectively analyzed by age, sex, histologic cell type, weight loss, serum LDH level, ECOG performance status and major organ metastasis. Results : The significant prognostic factors influencing survival on this study were ECOG performance status and histologic subtype. Overall response rate by combination chemotherapy was 30%(complete response 0%, partial response 30%). Median survival of overall patients was 13.6 weeks and median survival of Chemotherapy group, 20 weeks, was significantly longer than that of supportive care group, 11.7 week(p<0.01). Median survival of responded in patients receiving chemotherapy, 45.5 weeks, was significantly longer than that of non-responder, 17.3 weeks(p<0.05). 1 year-survival rate of chemotherapy group and supportive care group was 15N and 8%, respectively. Nausea or vomiting, alopecia and anemia were seen in nearly most cases after this combination chemotherapy. Toxicities above grade 3 included neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, infection, fever, nausea, vomiting and alopecia. But this combination chemotherapy was relatively well tolerated except one treatment-related death from sepsis associated with severe granulocytopenia. Conclusion : These results suggest that systemic chemotherapy might be helpful to the stage IV non-small cell lung cancer patients with good performance status and large scale randomized prospective trials should be performed.

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Improved Case of Recurred and Metastatic Ascending Colon Cancer by Combination of Oriental Medical Therapy and FOLFIRI Chemotherapy (산삼약침과 FOLFIRI 항암화학요법의 병행으로 호전된 전이성 대장암 환자 1례)

  • Ha, Tai Hyoun;Seong, Shin;Lee, Dong Hyun;Kim, Sung Su
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.148-151
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    • 2013
  • This study is aimed to investigate the effects of intravenous Cultivated Wild Ginseng Pharmacopuncture(CWGP) and the FOLFIRI chemotherapy combination on recurred and metastatic ascending colon cancer patient. A 42-years-old man was diagnosed as ascending colon adenocarcinoma on 9th Mar. 2011. After performing right hemicolectomy and 12 cycles of FOLFOX chemotherapy recurrence at hemicolectomy site and metastases in liver, spleen and lungs were found on 7th Feb. 2012. Intravenous CWGP were performed during total 12 cycles of FOLFIRI chemotherapy from 3rd Mar. 2012 to 27th Sep. 2012. The effects and toxicities of CWGP and FOLFIRI chemotherapy combination were evaluated with PET torso(AA) and National Cancer Institute-Common Toxicity Criteria. The tumor mass in the splenic hilum and liver S4 was disappeared and multiple pulmonic lymph nodules were decreased in size. The recurred lesion on the site of right hemicolectomy showed no changes. During the treatment the patient had no toxicity over grade 1.

Ifosfamide and Doxorubicin Combination Chemotherapy for Recurrent Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Patients

  • Dede, Didem Sener;Aksoy, Sercan;Cengiz, Mustafa;Gullu, Ibrahim;Altundag, Kadri
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.2225-2228
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    • 2012
  • Background: We assessed the efficacy and toxicity of ifosfamide and doxorubicin combination chemotherapy (CT) regimen retrospectively in Turkish patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. Methods: A total of thirty patients who had received cisplatin based chemotherapy/chemoradiotherapy as a primary treatment received ifosfamide 2500 $mg/m^2$ days 1-3, mesna 2500 $mg/m^2$ days 1-3, doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 day 1 (IMA), repeated every 21 days. Eligible patients had ECOG PS< 2, measurable recurrent or metastatic disease, with adequate renal, hepatic and hematologic functions. Results: Median age was 47 (min-max; 17-60). Twenty six (86.7 %) were male. Median cycles of chemotherapy for each patient were 2 (range:1-6). Twenty patients were evaluable for toxicity and response. No patient achieved complete response, with nine partial responses for a response rate of 30.0% in evaluable patients. Stable disease, and disease progression were observed in five (16.7%) and six (20.0%) patients, respectively. Clinical benefit was 46.7%. Median time to progression was 4.0 months. Six patients had neutropenic fever after IMA regimen and there were one treatment-related death due to tumor lysis syndrome in first cycle of the CT. No cardiotoxicity was observed after CT and treatments were generally well tolerated. Conclusion: Ifosfomide and doxorubicin combination is an effective regimen for patients with recurrent and metastatic NPC. For NPC patients demonstrating failure of cisplatin based regimens, this CT combination may be considered as salvage therapy.

Efficacy and Safety of Docetaxel or Epirubicin, Combined with Cisplatin and Fluorouracil, (DCF and ECF) Regimens as First Line Chemotherapy for Advanced Gastric Cancer: a Retrospective Analysis from Turkey

  • Teker, Fatih;Yilmaz, Bahiddin;Kemal, Yasemin;Kut, Engin;Yucel, Idris
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.16
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    • pp.6727-6732
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: Advanced gastric cancer (AGC) patients have a poor prognosis. The best benefit of chemotherapy is usually achieved by first line setting. Very few studies have compared combination regimens. This study was designed to compare two combination regimens. Methods: Patients with advanced gastric cancer receiving first line chemotherapy were retrospectively collected, and divided into two groups, receiving DCF (docetaxel, cisplatin and fluorouracil) or ECF (epirubicin, cisplatin and fluorouracil) regimens. Data were collected for the retrospective analysis in a single center. Results: Eighty-six patients were eligible for analysis. Median overall survival (OS) was 10.0 months in the ECF group and 11.0 months in the DCF group (p=0.31). Median progression free survival (PFS) for ECF and DCF was equal at 6.0 months. Second line chemotherapy were administered in more than one third of patients. Both regimens had similar toxicity. Conclusions: This is the first study investigating the outcomes of gastric cancer chemotherapy in this region. ECF and DCF regimens have similar efficacy and a similar tolerability profile for first line treatment of advanced gastric cancer. The decision of the first line chemotherapy in advanced gastric cancer could be improved with patient selection according to clinical parameters and molecular markers.