• Title, Summary, Keyword: chemoradiation

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Comparison of the Result of Radiation Alone and Chemoradiation in Cervical Cancer (자궁 경부암에서 방사선 단독치료와 방사선 및 화학요법 병행치료의 비교)

  • Kim, Jae-Cheol;Park, In-Kyu
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.191-198
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    • 1995
  • Purpose: This analysis was to compare the result of radiation alone and chemoradiation in cervical cancer in terms of response, survival, failure, and complication. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 135 cervical cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy from November 1985 to December 1991 was performed. Fifty-six patients were treated with radiation alone and 79 patients were treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy plus radiation. Follow-up period ranged from 5 to 105 months with a median 47 months. According to the FIGO classification, the patients were subdivided into 18 $(13.3\%)$ stage IB, 7 $(5.2\%)$ stage IIA, 97 $(71.9\%)$ stage IIB, and 9 $(6.7\%)$ stage IIIB. Results: A complete response was noted in 51 patients $(91.1\%)$ of the radiation alone group, and 68 patients $(86.1\%)$ of the chemoradiation group. There was no statistical difference in complete response rate between the two groups. Overall survival rate at 5 years was $73.3\%$. According to stage, overall survival rates at 5 years were $88.9\%$ in stage IB, $85.7\%$ in stage IIA, $73.8\%$ in stage IIB, and $37.5\%$ in stage IIIB, respectively. According to treatment modality, overall survival rates at 5 years were $81.9\%$ in the radiation alone group, $67.0\%$ in the chemoradiation group (p=0.22). Disease-free survival rate at 5 years were $70.4\%$ in the radiation alone group. $68.5\%$ in the chemoradiation group (p=0.85) Locoregional control rates at 5 years were $76.1\%$ in the radiation alone group, $73.8\%$ In the chemoradiation group (p=0.70). Distant disease-free survival rates at 5 years were $83.9\%$ in the radiation alone group, $90.3\%$ in the chemoradiation group (p=0.59). Treatment-related bone marrow suppressions were noted in 3 $(5.4\%)$ patients of the radiation alone group, 14 patients $(17.7\%)$ of the chemoradiation group (p(0.05). Grade 2 vesical complications were noted in 14 patients of the radiation alone group. and 10 Patients of the chemoradiation group. Grade 2 rectal complications were noted in 2 patients of the radiation alone group, and 3 Patients of the chemoradiation group. One case of rectal perforation was noted in the chemoradiation group, and grade 2 small bowel obstructions were noted in 2 patients of the radiation alone group. There were no statistical differences in the incidence of vesicar, rectal, and small bowel complicaions between the two groups. Conclusion: No statistical difference was found between the radiation alone group and the chemoradiation group in terms of response, survival, and failure. but the incidence of bone marrow suppression was higher in the chemoradiation group.

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Prognostic Significance of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography (PET)-based Parameters in Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation Treatment of Esophageal Carcinoma

  • Ma, Jin-Bo;Chen, Er-Cheng;Song, Yi-Peng;Liu, Peng;Jiang, Wei;Li, Ming-Huan;Yu, Jin-Ming
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.2477-2481
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    • 2013
  • Aims and Background: The purpose of the research was to study the prognostic value of tumor 18F-FDG PET-based parameters in neoadjuvant chemoradiation for patients with squamous esophageal carcinoma. Methods: Sixty patients received chemoradiation therapy followed by esophagectomy and two 18FDG-PET examinations at pre- and post-radiation therapy. PET-based metabolic-response parameters were calculated based on histopathologic response. Linear regression correlation and Cox proportional hazards models were used to determine prognostic value of all PET-based parameters with reference to overall survival. Results: Sensitivity (88.2%) and specificity (86.5%) of a percentage decrease of SUVmax were better than other PET-based parameters for prediction of histopathologic response. Only percentage decrease of SUVmax and tumor length correlated with overall survival time (linear regression coefficient ${\beta}$: 0.704 and 0.684, P<0.05). The Cox proportional hazards model indicated higher hazard ratio (HR=0.897, P=0.002) with decrease of SUVmax compared with decrease of tumor size (HR=0.813, P=0.009). Conclusion: Decrease of SUVmax and tumor size are significant prognostic factors in chemoradiation of esophageal carcinoma.

Chemoradiation Related Acute Morbidity in Carcinoma Cervix and Correlation with Hematologic Toxicity: A South Indian Prospective Study

  • Kumaran, Aswathy;Guruvare, Shyamala;Sharan, Krishna;Rai, Lavanya;Hebbar, Shripad
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.11
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    • pp.4483-4486
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: To assess chemoradiation related acute morbidity in women with carcinoma cervix and to find and correlation between hematologic toxicity and organ system specific damage. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was carried out between August 2012 and July 2013 enrolling 79 women with cancer cervix receiving chemo-radiotherapy. Weekly assessment of acute morbidity was done using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI CTCAE) version 4 and the toxicities were graded. Results: Anemia [77 (97.5%)], vomiting [75 (94.8%)] and diarrhea [72 (91.1%)], leukopenia [11 (13.9%)], cystitis [28 (35.4%], dermatitis [19 (24.1%)] and fatigue [29 (36.71%)] were the acute toxicities noted. The toxicities were most severe in $3^{rd}$ and $5^{th}$ week. All women could complete radiotherapy except two due to causes unrelated to radiation morbidity; seven (8.86%) had to discontinue chemotherapy due to leukopenia and intractable diarrhea. Though there was no correlation between anemia and other toxicities, it was found that all with leukopenia had diarrhea. Conclusions: Chemoradiation for cancer cervix is on the whole well tolerated. Leukopenia and severe diarrhea were the acute toxicities that compelled discontinuation of chemotherapy in two women. Though anemia had no correlation with gastrointestinal toxicity, all of those with leukopenia had diarrhea.

Long Term Outcomes of Preoperative versus Postoperative Concurrent Chemoradiation for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer: Experience from Ramathibodi Medical School in Thailand

  • Darunikorn, Pichayada;Puataweepong, Putipun;Dhanachai, Mantana;Dangprasert, Somjai;Swangsilpa, Thiti;Sitathanee, Chomporn;Jiarpinitnun, Chuleeporn;Pattaranutaporn, Poompis;Boonyawan, Keeratikan;Chansriwong, Pichai
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.16
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    • pp.7315-7319
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    • 2015
  • Objectives: The study analyzed and compared the long term outcome in locally advanced rectal cancer treated with preoperative and postoperative concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT). Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 105 patients with stage T3-T4 or regional lymph node positive adenocarcinoma of rectum treated with preoperative or postoperative CCRT at Ramathibodi Hospital during 2005 to 2010 was performed. The results of treatment were reported with 5-year overall survival (OS), 5-year locoregional recurrence free survival (LRFS), and toxicity according to preoperative versus postoperative concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) groups. Results: Among 105 patients, 34 (32%) were treated with preoperative CCRT and 71 (68%) with postoperative CCRT. At the median follow-up time of 50.5 months (range 2-114 months), five-year OS and LRFS of all patients were 87% and 91.6%, respectively. The study found no difference in 5-year OS (81.7% vs 89.2 %) or LRFS (83.4% vs 95.1%) between preoperative versus postoperative CCRT. Seven cases of loco-regional recurrence were diagnosed, 4 (11.8%) after preoperative CCRT and 3 (4.2%) after postoperative CCRT. The recurrent sites were anastomosis in all patients. There was no significant factor associated with outcome after univariate and multivariate testing. Grade 3 or 4 acute and late complications were low in both preoperative and postoperative CCRT groups. Conclusions: Locally advanced rectum cancer patients experience good results with surgery and adjuvant concurrent chemoradiation.

Concurrent Chemoradiation with Weekly Cisplatin for the Treatment of Head and Neck Cancers: an Institutional Study on Acute Toxicity and Response to Treatment

  • Ghosh, Saptarshi;Rao, Pamidimukkala Brahmananda;Kumar, P Ravindra;Manam, Surendra
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.16
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    • pp.7331-7335
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    • 2015
  • Background: Concurrent chemoradiation with three weekly high dose cisplatin is the non-surgical standard of care for the treatment of locally advanced head and neck cancers. Although this treatment regime is efficacious, it has high acute toxicity, which leads not only to increased treatment cost, but also to increased overall treatment time. Hence, the current study was undertaken to evaluate the acute toxicity and tumor response in head and neck cancer patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation using $40mg/m^2$ weekly cisplatin, which has been our institutional practice. Materials and Methods: This single institution retrospective study included data for 287 head and neck cancer patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation from 2012 to 2014. Results: The mean age of the patients was 48.8 years. The most common site of involvement was oral cavity. Most of the study patients presented with advanced stage disease. The mean overall treatment time was 56.9 days. Some 67.2% had overall complete response to treatment as documented till 90 days from the start of treatment. According to the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) acute radiation morbidity scoring criteria, mucositis was seen in 95.1% of the patients. Dermatitis and emesis were observed in 81.9% and 98.6%, respectively. Regarding haematological toxicity, 48.8% and 29.6% suffered from anaemia and leukopenia, respectively, during treatment. Acute kidney injury was assessed using the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), and was found in 18.8% of the patients. Conclusions: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with weekly cisplatin is an effective treatment regime for head and neck cancers with reasonable toxicity which can be used in developing countries, where cost of treatment is so important.

Variable uterine uptake of FDG in adenomyosis during concurrent chemoradiation therapy for cervical cancer

  • Yu, Jeong-Il;Huh, Seung-Jae;Kim, Young-Il;Kim, Tae-Joong;Park, Byung-Kwan
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.214-217
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    • 2011
  • To avoid improper tumor volume contouring in radiation therapy (RT) and other invasive procedures, we report a case of uterine adenomyosis showing increased $^{18}F$-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake on positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) mimicking malignant tumor in a 44-year-old woman during concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) for uterine cervical cancer. The adenomyosis was not associated with her menstrual cycle or with normal endometrium uptake, and it resolved one month after completion of RT. This case indicates that uterine adenomyosis in a premenopausal woman may show false positive uptake of $^{18}FDG$-PET/CT associated with CCRT.

Weekly Cisplatin-Based Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy for Treatment of Locally Advanced Head and Neck Cancer: a Single Institution Study

  • Ghosh, Saptarshi;Rao, Pamidimukkala Brahmananda;Kumar, P Ravindra;Manam, Surendra
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.16
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    • pp.7309-7313
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    • 2015
  • Background: The organ preservation approach of choice for the treatment of locally advanced head and neck cancers is concurrent chemoradiation with three weekly high doses of cisplatin. Although this is an efficacious treatment policy, it has high acute systemic and mucosal toxicities, which lead to frequent treatment breaks and increased overall treatment time. Hence, the current study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of concurrent chemoradiation using 40 mg/m2 weekly cisplatin. Materials and Methods: This is a single institutional retrospective study including the data of 266 locally advanced head and neck cancer patients who were treated with concurrent chemoradiation using 40 mg/m2 weekly cisplatin from January 2012 to January 2014. A p-value of < 0.05 was taken to be significant statistically for all purposes in the study. Results: The mean age of the study patients was 48.8 years. Some 36.1% of the patients had oral cavity primary tumors. The mean overall treatment time was 57.2 days. With a mean follow up of 15.2 months for all study patients and 17.5 months for survivors, 3 year local control, locoregional control and disease free survival were seen in 62.8%, 42.8% and 42.1% of the study patients. Primary tumor site, nodal stage of disease, AJCC stage of the disease and number of cycles of weekly cisplatin demonstrated statistically significant correlations with 3 year local control, locoregional control and disease free survival. Conclusions: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with moderate dose weekly cisplatin is an efficacious treatment regime for locally advanced head and neck cancers with tolerable toxicity which can be used in developing countries with limited resources.

A Case Report of Complete Response of Advanced Gastric Carcinoma Patient Treated with Korean Medicine Treatment in Conjunction with Chemoradiation Therapy (한방치료와 화학·방사선요법을 병행하여 완전 관해된 진행성 위암 환자 1례)

  • Lee, Jaechan;Yun, Hoyoung;Yoo, Hwaseung;Bang, Sunhwi
    • Journal of Korean Traditional Oncology
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to report the effect of Korean Medicine Treatment (KMT) on the advanced gastric carcinoma (AGC) patient. Method : One advanced gastric carcinoma patient was treated by Korean Medicine Treatment composed of pharmacopuncture, acupuncture and herbal medicine. At the same time, he received chemotherapy (S-1 and Cisplatin) and radiotherapy. The effect of KMT was measured by scanning with Computed tomography (CT) and Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). Response was evaluated using the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Committee classification. Result : The tumor was disappeared after the treatment during 13 months (Complete Response (CR)). As treatment was performed, chemoradiation therapy induced complication was alleviated. Conclusion : This case provides us a possibility that Korean Medicine Treatment offers potential benefits for advanced gastric carcinoma patient.

Can Capecitabine be used Instead of Concurrent Bolus 5-FU in Postoperative Chemoradiotherapy for Gastric Adenocarcinoma?

  • Yoney, Adnan;Isikli, Levent
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5127-5131
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    • 2013
  • Background: 5-fluoro-uracil (FU) is a common agent in postoperative chemoradiation in gastric adenocarcinoma. However, FU is not well tolerated in a significant proportion of patients. Capecitabine (CA) is an orally administered fluoropyrimidine carbamate which is preferentially converted to active 5-FU and is one of the agents used instead of FU in such cases. We compared the toxicity, local and distant control and survival rates with FU or oral CA during the course of concurrent radiotherapy to assess the role of CA used instead of FU. Materials and Methods: We conducted an analysis of survival, disease control and toxicity data in 46 patients treated with postoperative chemoradiation following total or subtotal gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma with either FU or CA between January 2008 and December 2012. Results: Median follow-up was 19 months (range: 3-59), median survival time was 23 ({\pm}6.08) months and 1-3 years overall survival (OS) rates were 64.9-39% for all patients. Compared with the CA regimen, the incidence of treatment interruption was higher with FU (p=0.023), but no significant differences were seen in local control (p=0.510), distant recurrences (p=0.721) and survival rates (p=0.866) among patients. Conclusions: Concurrent CA with radiotherapy seems to be a more tolerable and an equally effective regimen for the postoperative treatment of gastric adenocarcinoma when compared to FU.

Treatment Result and Prognostic Factors in Pateints with Esophageal Cancer (식도암의 근치적 치료성적 및 예후인자)

  • Chung, Weon-Kuu;Kim, Soo-Kon;Kim, Min-Chul;Jang, Myoung;Moon, Sun-Rock
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.233-241
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    • 1995
  • Purpose : To analyse clinical outcome and prognostic factors according to treatment modality, this paper report our experience of retrospective study of patients with esophageal cancer Materials and Methods : One hundred and ten patients with primary esophageal cancer who were treated in Presbyterian Medical Center from May 1985 to December 1992. We analysed these patients retrospectively with median follow up time of 28 months, one hundred and four patients($95{\%}$) were followed up from 15 to 69 months. In methods, twenty-eight patients were treated with median radiation dose irradiated 54.3Gy only. Fifty-six patients were treated with combined chemoradiotherapy. Sixteen cases of these patients were treated with concurrent chemoradiation and the other patients(forty cases) were treated sequential chemoradiotherapy. In concurrent chemoradiotherapy group, patients received 5-FU continuous IV infusion for 4 days. Cisplatin IV bolus. and concurrent esophageal irradiation to 30 Gy. After that patients received 5-FU continuous IV, Cisplatin bolus injection and Mitomycin-C bolus IV, Bleomycin continuous IV, and irradiation to 20 Gy. In sequential chemoradiotherapy group, the chemotherapy consisted of 5-FU 1,000mg/$m^2$ administered as a continuous 24 hour intravenous infusion during five days and Cisplatin 80-100mg/$m^2$ bolus injected, or Bleomycin, Vinblastine, Cisplatin, Methotrexate were used of 1 or 2 cycles. After preoperative concurrentm chemoradiation twenty-six patients underwent radical esophagectomy. Results : Ninety-three patients could be examined for response assessment, By treatment modality, response rates were $85.1{\%}$ for radiation alone group and $86.3{\%}$ for combined chemoradiation group. But in operation group, after one cycle of concurrent chemoradiation treatment, response rate was $61.9{\%}$. The pathologic complete response were $15.4{\%}$ in operation group. Overall median survival was II months and actuarial 5-year survival rate was $8{\%}$. The median survival interval was 6 months for radiation alone group, 11 months for combined chemoradiation group and 19 months for operation group. And also median survival was 19 months for complete responder group that 8 months for noncomplete responder group. In univariative analysis, statistically significant prognostic factors were tumor size, clinical stage, tumor response, and operation. In multivariative analysis, significantly better survival was associated with clinical stage, tumor response, radiation dose, and operation. Conclusion : Compared with radiotherapy alone, combined multimodality may improve the median survival in patients with localized carcinoma of the esophagus and toxicity is acceptable.

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