• Title/Summary/Keyword: chemical parameters

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Study of Chemical Parameters on Butchery wastes as a Bulking Agent in Composting of Swine Manure (돈분의 퇴비화에 있어 원보조재의 혼합비에 따른 최종산물의 화학적인 조성 연구)

  • 이상환;김인호;홍종욱;권오석;김정우
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.93-101
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    • 2001
  • This study was conducted to evaluate chemical parameters on butchery wastes as a bulking agent in composting of swine manure. Treatments included T1 : Swine manure + Rice hull, T2 ; Swine manure + Rice hull + Vermiculite, T3 ; Swine manure + Rice hull + Perlite, T4, Swine manure + Vermiculite, T5 : Swine manure + Vermiculite + Perlite, T6 ; Swine manure + Perlite, T7 ; Swine manure + lice hull + Vermiculite + Perlite. During the composting period, changes of temperature and pH were showed traditionally composting trend. Moisture, organic matter, total nitrogen and C/N ratio were higher rice hull than vermiculite and perlite treatments. Ammonia-N and EC were not differences among the treatments. In heave metal, Cd and Cr were showed higher in vermiculite treatments than other treatments. Rice hull treatments were decreased volatile fatty acids compared to that of other treatments. In conclusion, rite hull containing high organic content was greater composting effects than vermiculite and perlite containing low organic content.

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Effect of Quartz Porphyry Supplemented Diet on Clinical Chemical Parameters of Serum in White Java Sparrow (맥반석 첨가 식이가 백문조의 혈액 임상화학지수에 미치는 영향)

  • 차재영;조영수;임정부;홍상식;김대진
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2001
  • Effect of Quartz porphyry(QP) on clinical chemical parameters of serum in male white java sparrow by feeding the basal diet(Control group) containing 3.0% QP(QP group) for 14 days was studied. Body weight gain, feed intake, the weight of the gizzard and the heart were not significantly different in the both groups. However, the weights of kidney and liver in the QP group were higher than in the control group. The contents of triglyceride, cholesterol, total protein, glucose, creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, uric acid and albumin, and the activities of glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase(GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase(GPT) in serum were not significantly different in the both groups. The activity of alkaline phosphatase(ALP) in serum was higher in the QP group than in the control group.

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Effects of water physico-chemical parameters on tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) growth in earthen ponds in Teso North Sub-County, Busia County

  • Makori, Agano J.;Abuom, Paul O.;Kapiyo, Raphael;Anyona, Douglas N.;Dida, Gabriel O.
    • Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.20 no.11
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    • pp.30.1-30.10
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    • 2017
  • Small-scale fish farmers in developing countries are faced with challenges owing to their limited information on aquaculture management. Nile tilapia farmers in Teso North Sub-County recorded lower yields than expected in 2009 despite having been provided with required inputs. Water quality was suspected to be the key factor responsible for the low yields. This study sought to assess the effects of earthen pond water physico-chemical parameters on the growth of Nile tilapia in six earthen fish ponds under semi-intensive culture system in Teso North Sub-County. The study was longitudinal in nature with pond water and fish being the units of analysis. Systematic sampling was used to select five ponds while a control pond was purposively selected based on its previously high harvest. Four ponds were fed by surface flow and two by underground water. Each pond was fertilized and stocked with 900 fry of averagely 1.4 g and 4.4 cm. Physico-chemical parameters were measured in-situ using a multi-parameter probe. Sixty fish samples were randomly obtained from each pond fortnightly for four months using a 10 mm mesh size and measured, weighed and returned into the pond. Mean range of physico-chemical parameters were: dissolved oxygen (DO) 4.86-10.53 mg/l, temperature $24-26^{\circ}C$, pH 6.1-8.3, conductivity $35-87{\mu}S/cm$ and ammonia 0.01-0.3 mg/l. Temperature (p = 0.012) and conductivity (p = 0.0001) levels varied significantly between ponds. Overall Specific Growth Rate ranged between 1.8% (0.1692 g/day) and 3.8% (1.9 g/day). Ammonia, DO and pH in the ponds were within the optimal levels for growth of tilapia, while temperature and conductivity were below optimal levels. As temperature and DO increased, growth rate of tilapia increased. However, increase in conductivity, pH and ammonia decreased fish growth rate. Temperature and DO ranging between 27 and $30^{\circ}C$ and 5-23 mg/l, respectively, and SGR of 3.8%/day and above are recommended for higher productivity.

The Effect of Cichorium intybus Extract on Hepatotoxicity in Rats

  • Park Ji-Young;Kim Eun-Kyung
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.235-239
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    • 2006
  • Cichorium intybus (Compositae) has been used for fevers, dyspepsia, headache and jaundice, as a demulcent. Also, it has relaxation effects and relief effects against coffee and teas, and is widely used as food. We investigated anti-lipid peroxidative effects and liver protective activity on $CCl_4$ induced lipid peroxidation and hepatotoxicity in rats. MeOH Ex. enhanced the inhibition of anti-lipid peroxidative effects in liver lipid. In chemical parameters obtained from serum analysis, MeOH Ex. revealed significant decrease on hepatotoxicity. The results were as follows; 1. The inhibitory effects of lipid peroxidation were shown in accordance with the increase of samples' concentration level. 2. In chemical parameters obtained from serum analysis, the activities of GOT, GPT, AlP were restored to near the normal level. The contents of cholesterol and BUN showed inhibitory effects with valence. 3. The weights of liver and spleen were not able to restore to the normal level. But on a general level, they were reduced more than the control group.

Colloidal-Chemical Parameters of Petroleum-collecting and Dispersing Surfactants Based on Vegetable Oil Acid Fractions and 2-(Chloromethyl) Oxirane

  • Asadov, Ziyafaddin H.;Ahmadova, Gulnara A.;Rahimov, Ravan A.;Mammadova, Khuraman A.
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.55 no.6
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    • pp.1012-1017
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    • 2011
  • Novel surfactants have been synthesized by catalytic chloropropoxylation reaction of carboxylic acid fractions of sunflower, olive, cottonseed, soya-bean, castor and corn oils with 2-(chloromethyl)oxirane. Colloidal-chemical parameters as well as petroleum-collecting and petroleum-dispersing capacities of the synthesized chloropropoxylate esters having heterochain of various lengths have been determined. Influence of carboxylic acid fractions composition and length of chloroxypropylene chain on petroleum-collecting and dispersing capacities has been revealed.

The Influence of Light Reduction on the Growth of Microcystis aeruginosa and Variation of Environmental and Chemical Parameters in Large-scale Cultivation System

  • Yang, Taehui;Cho, Ja-young;Kang, Ha-jin;Lee, Chang Soo;Kim, Eui-jin
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.53 no.4
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    • pp.336-343
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    • 2020
  • Large-scale cultivation of Microcystis aeruginosa in different light conditions was conducted for verifying the cell growth in a greenhouse system. Environmental and chemical parameters of the large-scale culture medium were measured for analyzing the interaction between M. aeruginosa and its symbiotic bacteria. During cultivation, a difference in cell growth pattern was observed between control (natural light) and light-limited groups (reduction of blue, green, and blue/green light, respectively). Comparing the control group, the light reduced groups showed slow and delayed cell growth through the cultivation period. Also, there is differences in the consuming pattern of total nitrogen and total phosphorus which indicated that the possibility of interaction between M. aeruginosa and symbiotic bacteria.

Physico-chemical characteristics of mangrove soil in Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, India

  • Rajal, Patel;Lamb, Christian;Roshan, Bhagat;Kamboj, R.D.;Harshad, Salvi
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.39-54
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    • 2019
  • This paper presents comprehensive scientific details about mangrove soil in Gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat. A total of ten sites were studied during November, 2011 to December, 2014 in order to know the physico-chemical characteristics of mangrove soil. The results indicated that the soil in GoK had silty loam texture. Other physico-chemical parameters ranged as; pH: 7.39-7.61, Bulk Density: 0.30 g/㎤-0.54 g/㎤, Particle Density: 1.26 g/㎤-1.76 g/㎤, Organic Carbon: 0.70%-1.13%, Organic Matter: 1.01%-1.74% and Moisture Content: 33.45%-56.38%. The paper would be useful to the stakeholders, coastal managers and scientific communities to know the mangrove soil conditions of Gulf of Kachchh for management and planning for conservation of mangrove ecosystem.

Effect of Processed Cyperi Rhizoma on Rat Kidney Function (수치(修治) 향부자 분획물의 흰쥐 신기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Hee;Yang, Ki-Sook;Park, Ji-Young
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.70-74
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    • 1998
  • Cyperus rotundus L. (Cyperaceae) has been used as an analgesic, antiinflammatoty agent, diuretic and emmenagoga in folk remedies. Cyperi Rhizomata, processed and unproces sed, were extracted with MeOH and fractionated with petroleum ether (Pet. Ether), $CHCl_3$, BuOH, water. In order to investigate the effects of their fractions on kidney function of acute renal failure rats induced by $HgCl_2$ urinary volume, BUN, Creatinine, Uric acid were determined. The diuretic effect of processed Cyperi Rhizoma was significantly increased in renal failure rats, on serum chemical parameters, the significant inhibition of BUN (blood urea nitrogen) of processed Cyperi Rhizoma was revealed.

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Effect of Korean Red Ginseng Crude Saponin on Blood Chemical Parameters of Guinea Pigs Exposed to TCDD

  • Hwang, Seock-Yeon;Youn, Nae-Young
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effect of crude ginseng saponin (CGS) on blood chemical parameters in adult female guinea pigs exposed to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). A total of 80 guinea pigs (800$\pm$20g) were divided into 8 groups: group 1 (normal control group) was given vehicle (corn oil containing small amount of acetone and DMSO) and saline; group 2 (single TCDD-treated) received TCDD (1 $\mu\textrm{g}$/kg, i.p.) and saline (i.p.); groups 3 and 4 were administered CGS at a daily i.p. doses of 10 and 20 mg/kg for 4 weeks, respectively; groups 5 and 6 were administered CGS (10 and 20 mg/kg, respectively) for 5 weeks starting 1 week before TCDD-exposure; groups 7 and 8 were administered CGS (10 and 20 mg/kg, respectively) for 3 weeks from 1 week after TCDD-exposure. CGS was prepared by Diaion HP-20 adsorption chromatography. Body weights of G2 were significantly decreased from the and week after TCDD-exposure (P<0.01). Body weights of the CGS-treated groups were also decreased by TCDD-exposure but the weight loss was greatly retarded compared with that of G2. Increase in blood glucose, amylase, lipase, total cholesterol, triglyceride, AST and LDL-cholesterol levels by TCDD exposure was significantly attenuated by the CCS-treatment (P<0.05). From these results, we found that saponin, the main active ingredient of gineseng, played a protective role in TCDD-induced toxicity and ginseng protected female animals from dioxin-induced toxic manifestation.

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Comparative assessment of surface and ground water quality using geoinformatics

  • Giridhar, M.V.S.S.;Mohan, Shyama;Kumar, D. Ajay
    • Advances in environmental research
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.151-160
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    • 2020
  • Water quality demonstrates physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water. The quality of surface and groundwater is currently an important concern with population growth and industrialization. Over exploitation of water resources due to demand is causing the deterioration of surface water and ground water. Periodic water quality testing must be carried out to protect our water resources. The present research analyses the spatial variation of surface water and groundwater in and around the lakes of Hyderabad. Twenty-Seven lakes and their neighboring bore water samples are obtained for water quality monitoring. Samples are evaluated for specific physico-chemical parameters such as pH, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Cl, SO4, Na, K, Ca, Mg, and Total Hardness (TH). The spatial variation of water quality parameters for the 27 lakes and groundwater were analysed. Correlation and multiple regression analysis were carried out to determine comparative study of lake and ground water. The study found that most of the lakes were polluted and this had an impact on surrounding ground water.