• Title, Summary, Keyword: cervix

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Ultrasonography, Affected Age, Hematology and Clinical Signs according to Open or Closed Cervix in Dogs with Pyometra

  • Lee, Jun-Am;Kim, Ill-Hwa;Hwang, Dae-Youn;Kang, Hyun-Gu
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.362-367
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    • 2016
  • The aim of the study was to evaluate ultrasonographic findings, affected age, hematology, blood chemistry and clinical signs according to open or closed cervix in 102 bitches presented for treatment of pyometra. The prevalence of pyometra according to breed was observed in Maltese 22.5%, Yorkshire Terrier 13.7% and Shih Tzu 12.7%. The mean age of dogs was $9.6{\pm}0.3years$, and open cervix pyometra was more prevalent than closed cervix pyometra. Clinical signs included anorexia, vaginal discharge, depression, polyuria/polydipsia, vomiting, and abdominal distension. The concentration of BUN and the activity of ALP in dogs with closed cervix pyometra were significantly higher than those in dogs with open cervix pyometra (p < 0.05). The white blood cell and neutrophils in dogs with closed cervix pyometra were significant higher than those in dogs with open cervix pyometra (p < 0.05). Ultrasonographic findings of the uterus with open or closed cervix pyometra showed variable patterns. The uterine wall was variable in appearance, from thick and irregular to smooth and thin. The uterine wall was thicker in open cervix pyometra than in closed cervix pyometra. The luminal cavity included smaller amount of anechoic fluid in open cervix pyometra than in closed cervix pyometra.

Leiomyoma of the Uterine Cervix in Two Dogs (개에서 발생한 자궁경부 평활근종)

  • Cho, Ho-Seong;Cho, Kyoung-Oh;Park, Nam-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.71-74
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    • 2001
  • Masses of the uterine cervix were detected from two dogs, being a 2-year-old female Yorkshire tarrier and a 12-year-old female Basset Hound. Grossly, the masses measuring 3.O$\times$3.O$\times$4.0 cm and 12.O$\times$l2.O$\times$10.07m were prominent, sharply circumscribed, fleshy tumors in the uterine cervix. Histologically, the masses consisted of smooth muscle cells interwoven in bundles, some of which were cut longitudinally (elongated nuclei) and others transversely. Tumor cell nuclei were ordinarily cigar shaped and had rounded blunt ends in the longitudinal plane. There were low mitotic figures without abnormal ones. From these results, these cases were diagnosed as leiomyoma of the uterine cervix. To our Knowledge, no similar tumors have been reported in the uterine cervix.

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Uterine Cervix Metastasized from Signet Ring Cell Adenocarcinoma - 1 Case Report - (자궁경부에 전이된 반지세포암종 - 1례 보고-)

  • Kim, Tai-Jeon;Kim, Sung-Chul;Han, Kyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.122-127
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    • 2007
  • This study is a report about a specific patient whose primary stomach adenocarcinoma metastasized to uterine cervix adenocarcinoma. A thirty-nine year old female patient was initially diagnosed as having metastatic adenocarcinoma in the supraclavicular lymph node. Upon further examination, she was diagnosed with stomach adenocarcinoma. 8 months later, a cervix punch biopsy was performed. The stains used for examination were H&E stain, PAS stain, Alcian blue stain, Mucicarmine stain, Papanicolaou's (Pap.) stain, and as immunohistochemical stains, cytokeratin 7 and 20 were done. In the H&E stain, the tumor cells showed prominent and eccentric nuclei, thin nuclear membrane in abundant mucous cytoplasm, and cylinder shape. In the PAS stain, intracytoplasmic mucin vacuoles were stained with pink, and in Alcian blue and Mucicarmine stains, intracytoplasmic mucin vacuoles were stained with blue and red. As in the above results, she was diagnosed with undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. As found on the cytologic smear preparation of the uterine cervix stained by Papanicolaou's stains, the background was relatively clear, the number of malignant cells was relatively low, and large and eccentric nuclei in abundant cytoplasm were observed. Upon observing the tissue preparation of the uterine cervix biopsy by H&E stain, a clear background, large and eccentric nuclei, and a signet ring cell types were observed, and the number of malignant cells were fewer than in the primary uterine cervix adenocarcinoma. The vacuoles in cytoplasm were observed. The nuclear membrane and chromatin were thick and very rough, and upon observation by cytokeratin 7 and 20 of immunohistochemical stain, the tumor cells indicated a positive rate of 70% and 20%, respectively. According to these results, also she was diagnosed with metastasized uterine cervix adenocarcinoma. In summary of the results of pathologic findings on stomach biopsy and cytologic, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical finding on uterine cervix biopsy, the adenocarcinoma of her uterine cervix could assert the adenocarcinoma of signet ring cell type that was metastasized from the primary undifferentiated adenocarcinoma in stomach.

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Significance of Blood Group and Social Factors in Carcinoma Cervix in a Semi-Urban Population in India

  • Lee, Jun Kai;Raju, Kalyani;Lingaiah, Harendra Kumar Malligere;Mariyappa, Narayanaswamy
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.4811-4814
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    • 2013
  • Background: To assess the significance of social factors as risk factors for carcinoma cervix and to determine the significance of blood group to prevalence of carcinoma cervix in a semi-urban population of Kolar, Karnataka, India. Materials and Methods: One hundred cases of carcinoma cervix were included in the study, along with 200 females of the same ages considered as controls. Case details were collected from the hospital record section regarding social factors and blood groups and the data were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods. Results: Blood group B showed the highest number of cases (55 cases) followed by blood group O (29 cases) in carcinoma cervix which was statistically significant (p<0.001). Age of marriage between 11 to 20 years showed highest number of carcinoma cervix cases (77 cases) and this also was statistically significant (p<0.001). Patients with rural background were 75 (p=0.112, odds ratio: 1.54), parity of more than or equal to two constituted 96 cases (p=0.006, odds ratio: 4.07) and Hindu patients were 95 in number (p=0.220, odds ratio: 1.89). Conclusions: Blood group B and age of marriage between 11 and 20 years were significantly associated with carcinoma cervix in our population. Region of residence, parity and religion presented with a altered risk for carcinoma cervix.

Descriptive Epidemiology of Common Female Cancers in the North East India - a Hospital Based Study

  • Krishnatreya, Manigreeva;Kataki, Aamal Chandra;Sharma, Jagannath Dev;Nandy, Pintu;Talukdar, Abhijit;Gogoi, Gayatri;Hoque, Nazmul
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.24
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    • pp.10735-10738
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    • 2015
  • Background: Cancers of the breast, uterine cervix and ovary are common cancers amongst females of North East India. Not much is known about the descriptive epidemiology of these cancers in our population. The present retrospective analysis was therefore performed. Materials and Methods: The data set available at the hospital based cancer registry of a regional cancer center of North-East India, containing information on patients registered during the period of January 2010 to December 2012, was applied. A total of 2,925 cases of breast, uterine cervix and ovarian cancer were identified. Results: Of the total, 1,295 (44.3%) were breast cancers, 1,214 (41.5%) were uterine cervix and 416 (14.2%) ovarian cancer, median age (range) for breast, uterine cervix and ovary were 45 (17-85), 48 (20-91) and 45 years (7-80), respectively. Some 43.5% of cases with uterine cervix patients were illiterate, 5.4% and 5.7% stage I in breast and cervix respectively and 96.4% of ovarian cancers in advanced stage. Conclusions: Improvement of female education can contribute to increase the proportion of early stage diagnosis of breast and uterine cervix in our population. Any population-based intervention for the detection of cancers of breast, uterine cervix and ovarian cancer should be started early in our population.

Inhibitory Effect of Bee Venom Toxin on the Growth of Cervix Cancer C33A Cells via Death Receptor Expression and Apoptosis

  • Ko, Seong Cheol;Song, Ho Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.75-85
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : We investigated whether bee venom(BV) inhibit cell growth through enhancement of death receptor expressions in the human cervix cancer C33A cells. Methods : BV($1{\sim}5{\mu}g/ml$) inhibited the growth of cervix cancer C33A cells by the induction of apoptotic cell death in a dose dependent manner. Results : Consistent with apoptotic cell death, expression of Fas, death receptor(DR) 3, 4, 5 and 6 was increased concentration dependently in the cells. Moreover, Fas, DR3 and DR6 revealed more sensitivity to BV. Thus, We reconfirmed whether they actually play a critical role in anti-proliferation of cervix cancer C33A cells. Consecutively, expression of DR downstream pro-apoptotic proteins including caspase-8, -3, -9 was upregulated and Bax was concomitantly overwhelmed the expression of Bcl-2. NF-${\kappa}B$ were also inhibited by treatment with BV in C33A cells. Conclusions : These results suggest that BV could exert anti-tumor effect through induction of apoptotic cell death in human cervix cancer C33A cells via enhancement of death receptor expression, and that BV could be a promising agent for preventing and treating cervix cancer.

Comparison on the Deep Learning Performance of a Field of View Variable Color Images of Uterine Cervix (컬러 자궁경부 영상에서 딥러닝 기법에서의 영상영역 처리 방법에 따른 성능 비교 연구)

  • Seol, Yu Jin;Kim, Young Jae;Nam, Kye Hyun;Kim, Kwang Gi
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.812-818
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    • 2020
  • Cervical cancer is the second most common female cancer in the world. In Korea, cervical cancer accounts for 13 percent of female cancers and 4,200 cases occur annually[1]. The purpose of this study is to use a deep learning model to identify the possibility of lesions in the cervix and to evaluate the efficient image preprocessing in order to diagnose diverse types of cervix in form. The study used 4,107 normal photographs of uterine cervix and 6,285 abnormal photographs of uterine cervix. Two types of image preprocessing were resized to square. The methods are cropping based on height and filling the space up and down with black images. In addition, all images were resampled to 256×256. The average accuracy of cropped cases is 94.15%. The average accuracy of the filled cases is 93.41%. According to the study, the model performance of cropped data was slightly better. But there were several images that were not accurately classified. Therefore, the additional experiment with pre-treatment process based on cropping is needed to cover images of the cervix in more detail.

Inhibition of Cervical Cancer Cell Growth by Gene Silencing of HPV16 E6 Induced by Short-interfering RNA

  • Park, Sang-Muk;Lee, Sun-Kyung;Kim, Yoon-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.89-97
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    • 2011
  • The Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection has been strongly associated with pathogenesis of uterine cervix carcinoma. HPV type 16, a causative agent of uterine cervix carcinoma, encodes the E6 and E7 oncogenes, expression of which is pivotal for malignant transformation and maintenance of malignant phenotypes. To develop a gene therapy for HPV-related carcinoma, We investigated the effect of E6 short-interfering RNA (E6 siRNA) on the expression of this oncogene and on the growth of HPV 16-related uterine cervix carcinoma cells. SiHa cells, a uterine cervix carcinoma cell line, which contain a single copy of HPV 16 integrated in the chromosome and express the E6 and E7 oncogenes. Before 24 hr of transfection, cells were seeded and transfected with control plasmid or E6 siRNA-expressing plasmid. The mRNA was analysed by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The cell growth rate was investigated by MTT method. The E6 mRNA level in SiHa cells was decreased in HPV 16 E6 siRNA-expression vector transfected cells and a decrease in the growth of these cells was also observed. From these results. it is evident that E6 siRNA played a role in suppression of growth of SiHa cells and has a fair chance as a candidate for gene specific therapy for HPV related uterine cervix carcinoma.

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The Cytologic Features of Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Uterine Cervix - A Case Report - (자궁경부 선양낭성암종의 세포학적 소견 - 1예 보고 -)

  • Ha, Seung-Yeon;Cho, Hyun-I;Oh, Young-Ha;Lyu, Geun-Shin
    • The Korean Journal of Cytopathology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.207-211
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    • 1998
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the uterine cervix is a rare tumor accounting for less than 1% of all cervical adenocarcinoma. This tumor is characterized by aggressive biological behavior with frequent local recurrence or metastatic spread, postmenopausal onset, and occasional association with conventional squamous cell carcinoma. The cytologic diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma in the uterine cervix is often difficult because of negative smear due to intact overlying mucosa, cytologic findings mimicking endometrial cells, and masquerade as squamous ceil carcinoma. Recently we have experienced a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma arising in the uterine cervix, which was identified on the routine Papanicolaou smear and was histologically confirmed by the consequent biopsy. The smear showed abundant cellularity composed of relatively uniform cells. The tumor cells were arranged in small clusters, acini, naked cells, and loose sheets with abortive cribriform pattern. There were scattered globoid basement membrane-like materials and tumor diathesis. The nuclei were pleomorphic and showed hyperchromatic and coarsely granular choromatin with inconspicuous nucleoli. The punch biopsy of the uterine cervix showed typical histologic findings of adenoid cystic carcinoma characterized by tumor nests composed of hyperchromatic uniform basaloid cells, cribriform pattern, and cylindrical hyaline bodies.

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Estimation of Joint Risks for Developing Uterine Cervix Cancer in Korea (한국인 자궁경부암의 복합위험도 추정)

  • Yoon, Ha-Chung;Shin, Ae-Sun;Park, Sue-Kyung;Jang, Myung-Jin;Yoo, Keun-Young
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.263-268
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    • 2002
  • Objective : This study was aiming at estimating the joint effects of various risk factors associated with uterine cervix cancer in Korea. Methods : Data obtained from a case-control study were analyzed with a multiplicative model. Results : After adjustment for age and husband's educational attainments, the family history of cervical cancer (OR=2.1, 95% CI=1.2-3.9), unstable marital status due to separation, by death or divorce, etc. (OR=2.8, 95% CI=1.7-4.6), and a large number of deliveries ($\geq$3 vs. nulliparous OR=6.5, 55% CI=1.4-29.0) increased the risk of uterine cervix cancer, Conversely, first sexual intercourse at an older age ($\geq$25 years vs. <19 years OR=0.4, 95% CI=0.2-0.6) and husband's circumcision (OR=0.7, 95% CI=0.5-1.0) decreased the risk. In the multiplicative model, the highest joint risk (OR=39.2, 95% CI 5.9-258.9) was observed in women with a family history of uterine cervical cancer, an unstable marital status, where the ex-husband was not circumcised, with 3 or more delivery experiences, and having her first sexual intercourse when younger than 19 years of age. However, women without a family history of uterine cervix cancer, married to a circumcised husband, having had her first sexual intercourse at 25 years or older, and nulliparous, showed the lowest joint effect (OR=0.3, 95% CI=0.1-0.5). Conclusion : As carcinogenesis is a complex action involving various factors, we consider a joint effects approach to be appropriate in an epidemiological study on risk factors for uterine cervix neoplasms cervix neoplasm.