• Title, Summary, Keyword: cerebral infarction

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A Clinical Study on Stroke patients(CVA) in Seosan province (서산 지역에서의 중풍에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • Lee, Geun-Dong;Seo, Jong-Eun;Han, Sung-Soo
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.715-721
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    • 2000
  • Objective : The purpose of this study is about stroke patients in Seosan. Method : The subjects of this study were 45 patients who were admitted to Hanseo University Oriental Hospital because of stroke. Each patients was diagnosed with Brain CT, sasang constitutional analysis. Results : 1. The rates in CVA was 58% on cerebral infarction, and 42% on cerebral hemorrhage. 2. The sites of cerebral infarction were Basal ganglia, MCA, Internal. External capsule. Thalamus, ect. Sites of cerebral hemorrhage were Thalamus, Basal ganglia, Cerebellum. 3. The ratio of left and right hemiplegia in cerebral infarction was 1:1.6, and in cerebral hemorrhage it was 1:2. 4. The most chief complaints in cerebral infarction, were hemiplegia, dysarthria, facial palsy, headache. In cerebral hemorrhage, their were hemiplegia, dysarthria, headache, dizziness, and facial palsy. 5. Classification of human corporal constitution in cerebral hemorrhage, the most was Taeumin, Soyangin, Soeumin. And in cerebral infarction, the most was Soyangin, Taeumin, Soyumin. 6. The ratio between male and female was 1.25:2 in cerebral hemorrhage, 2.5:5 in cerebral infarction. 7. The most prevalent age groups in cerebral hemorrhage was fifties to sixties. and in cerebral infarction was fifties to sixties. 8. The most common preceding disease in cerebral hemorrhage was HTN, DM. 9. The recurrence rate of cerebral hemorrhage was 16%, and cerebral infarction was 8%. 10. The ratio of recovery in cerebral hemorrhage was 84%, in cerebral infarction 58%. Conclusion : From this study, in cerebral hemorrhage most patients were Taeumin, in their fifties to sixties. And in cerebral infarction most patients were Soyangin, in their sixties to eighties. In both stroke patients, there were more female than male patients.

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Study on The Responseness to Oriental Medicine Therapy and Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism in Korean Cerebral Infarction Patients

  • Lee, Se-Yun;Lee, Yoon-Kyoung;Kim, Jae-Su;Lee, Kyung-Min;Jung, Tae-Young;Lim, Seong-Chul
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.993-999
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    • 2008
  • Ischemic brain injury such as cerebral infarction is characterized by acute local inflammatory response mediated by cytokines. The mechanism of cytokines involved in cerebral infarction progression are uncompletely revealed yet. We investigated to find out the relationship between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of interleukin 4 receptor(IL4R) and Oriental Medicine therapy efficacy in patients with cerebral infarction for 2 weeks. Oriental Korean Medicine therapies (herbal medicine and acupuncture) were applied daily and motor functions of patients were assessed using the modified cerebral vascular accident (MCVA) scores. Genotyping for IL4R polymorphism was done by pyrosequencing analysis. In IL4R genotypes and the frequency of alleles, there was no significant difference between cerebral infarction patients (n=124) and controls group (n=175). And there was also no significant difference among good and bad responders in cerebral infarction patients. In this study the IL4R genotype might not be the risk factor or a good predictive genetic marker for good and bad responders in cerebral infarction patients in Korean. Further studies including different cytokine genes will be necessary for the exact genetic markers.

Role of $17{\beta}$- Estradiol on Brain Atrophy Following Cerebral Infarction (뇌졸중후 뇌위축에 대한 조경론적 접근)

  • 윤상협;이종수
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2000
  • Objective : The aim of this study was to investigate the neuroprotection effect of estrogen on brain atrophy following cerebral infarction. Method : All animals in this study were classified into 4 groups; ovariectomy group (OVXgroup), cerebral infarction group (INF group), combination ovariectomy and cerebral infarction group (OVX + INF group), and naturally intact group for control data (NOR group). Cerebral infarction was made by Chen's method with some modification. Ovariectomy was performed by Wayforth's method. Experimental data for each group was collected at 15 days, month, 3 months, and 6 months after starting observation. Serum $17{\beta}-estradiol(E2)$ was determined by radioimmunoassay. Brain volume was measured and calculated with image analysis. Each brain was sliced at intervals of 2mm in chamber after 30 min of freezing in refregerater. Cerebral volume was obtained by sum of volume of each slice level, which was mean $area{\;}{\times}{\;}2mm$. Results : Cerebral ischemia was found to decrease the serum concentration of $17{\beta}-{\;}estradiol(E2)$ and to inhibit the physiologically conpensatary function of the ovariectomized rats. Also we found that deprivation of estrogen have resulted in more severe cerebral atrophy followed by cerebral infarction. Conclusion : It is suggested that estrogen has a neuroprotection effect on cerebral atrophy following cerebral infarction.

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Acute Cerebral Infarction after Head Injury

  • Kim, Seok-Won;Lee, Seung-Myung;Shin, Ho
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.393-395
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    • 2005
  • Cerebral infarction rarely occur following head injury. The authors present the case of a 39-year-old man with complete infarction in the middle cerebral artery[MCA] and anterior cerebral artery[ACA] territories ccurred immediately after head injury. He had compound depressed fracture in right frontal bone with no neurological deficit. After the depressed bone elevation, postoperative computed tomography scan showed the right MCA and ACA territory infarction with midline shift. Cerebral angiography obtained on the day after emergent decompressive craneictomy showed the complete occlusion of the internal carotid artery[ICA] at the level of lacerum ICA segment. There was no evidence of neck vessel dissection and basal skull fracture. Cerebral infarction can occur in an ultraearly period after head injury without neck vessel dissection or basal skull fracture. We stress the need for attention to the cerebral infarction as the cause of a rare neurological deterioration of the head trauma.

Effects of Snake Venom Pharmacopuncture on a Mouse model of Cerebral Infarction

  • Choi, Chul-Hoon;Song, Ho-Sueb
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.140-146
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    • 2019
  • Background: This study investigated the effects of Vipera lebetina turanica snake venom (SV) on cerebral infarction induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion in mice. Methods: Following cerebral infarction, SV was injected intravenously or added to BV2 cell culture. Tissue injury was detected using triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining, neurological deficit score, NO, ROS, and GSH/GSSG assays, qPCR, Western blot, and cell viability. Results: Cerebral infarction caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion as observed by TTC staining, showed SV inhibited cell death, reducing the number of brain cells injured due to infarction. SV treatment for cerebral infarction showed a significant decrease in abnormal behavior, as determined by the neurological deficit score. The oxidation and inflammation of the cells that had cerebral infarction caused by middle cerebral artery occlusion (NO assay, ROS, GSH/GSSG assay, and qPCR), showed significant protection by SV. Western blot of brain infarction cells showed the expression of iNOS, COX-2, p-IkB-${\alpha}$, P38, p-JNK, p-ERK to be lower in the SV group. In addition, the expression of IkB increased. BV2 cells were viable when treated with SV at $20{\mu}g/mL$ or less. Western blot of BV2 cells, treated with 0.625, 1.5, $2.5{\mu}g/mL$ of SV, showed a significant decrease in the expression of p-IkB-${\alpha}$, p-JNK, iNOS, and COX-2 on BV2 cells induced by LPS. Conclusion: SV showed anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects against cerebral infarction and inflammation.

Cerebral Infarction Mimicking Skeletal Metastases on Tc-99m MDP Bone Scintigraphy

  • Lim, Seok-Tae;Park, Soon-Ah;Sohn, Myung-Hee;Yim, Chang-Yeol
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.433-435
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    • 2000
  • A 6000-year-old male with carcinoma of the prostate and cerebral infarction underwent a Tc-99m MDP bone scintigraphy for the evaluation of skeletal metastases. Bone scintigraphy (Fig. 1) showed multiple areas of increased uptake of Tc-99m MDP in the skull, spine, and ribs representing skeletal metastases. Two different patterns of uptake occurred in the skull region (Fig. 1A-C); one represents bony metastasis and the ether represents cerebral infarction. The shape, size, location, intensity, and border of the increased uptake differed between the two lesions. An oval-shaped pattern with smaller size, greater intensity and more sharply defined border in the frontal region was consistent with bony metastasis. A rectangular-shaped pattern with larger size, lesser intensity and relatively indistinct border in the temporo-parieto-occipital region was consistent with cerebral infarction. Increased uptake of bone-seeking radiotracers in cerebral infarction has been reported previously.$^{1-4)}$ A suggested mechanism by which bone-seeking radiotracers accumulate in the necrotizing cerebral tissue is an alteration of the blood-brain barrier induced during cerebral infarction, which results in entry of the radiotracers into the extracellular space of the brain.$^{4)}$ Brain CT (Fig. 2) performed 7 days before and one month after the bone scintigraphy revealed lesions on the right temporo-parieto-occipital region consistent with acute hemorrhagic and chronic cerebral infarction, respectively.

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Coffee Consumption as a Risk Factor of Ischemic Cerebral Infarction in Koreans

  • Sun, Seung-Ho
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.42-51
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    • 2007
  • Background and Purpose : To prevent ischemic cerebral infarction, it is very important to reduce risk factors which might cause stroke. However, the relationship of coffee consumption with ischemic cerebral infarction still remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of coffee consumption on the risk of ischemic cerebral infarction in Koreans. Methods : A case-control study was conducted from April 1, 2001 to July 31, 2004. Cases (n=435) of first incident ischemic cerebral infarction were enrolled and were mostly matched by age to stroke-free hospital controls (n=407). All subjects were interviewed, examined and had anthropometric measurements by using an organized questionnaire. The coffee consumption was classified by the average frequency of intake, being none, 1 cup/day, 2-4 cups/day, more than 5 cups/day. Odds ratios (ORs) of ischemic cerebral infarction were proved multivariate analysis after adjustment for demographic factors, diet factors, and vascular risk factors. Results : When adjusted for sex, age, and other factors, coffee consumption and stroke do not have a significant association. (${\leq}$ cup/day OR=1.035, 95% CI=0.880-2.756; 2-4cups/day OR=1.452, 95% CI=0.864-2.440; ${\geq}$ 5 cups/day OR=1.557, 95% CI=0.705-3.435) Conclusions : In this study, we conclude that coffee consumption is not an important risk factor of ischemic cerebral infarction in Koreans. Prospective and cohort study on the relation between coffee consumption and the possibility of inducing ischemic cerebral infarctions in Koreans will be required in the future.

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Rapid Progression of Cerebral Infarction after Intraventricular Hemorrhage in Adult Moyamoya Disease

  • Matsumoto, Hiroaki;Yoshida, Yasuhisa
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.54 no.5
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    • pp.411-414
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    • 2013
  • The authors present a rare case of adult moyamoya disease in which a patient experienced rapid progression of cerebral infarction after intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH). A healthy 39-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with sudden headache, a decreased level of consciousness and mild tetraparesis. Initial magnetic resonance imaging revealed small cerebral infarction and IVH. Although the patient underwent conservative therapy including hypervolemia, hemodilution, keeping moderate hypertension and administration of a free radical scavenger, she showed a fulminant clinical course of cerebral infarction. The authors discuss the possible pathophysiology and suggest the treatment for such cases.

The Effectiveness of Decompressive Craniectomy with Dural Augmentation in Malignant Cerebral Infarction (급성뇌경색증에 동반된 악성 뇌부종 환자에 있어서 뇌경막확장성형술을 통한 두개골 감압술의 효용성)

  • Son, Sung Ho;Kim, Soo Young;Jeong, Young Gyun;Cho, Bong Soo;Park, Hyuck;Rhee, Dong Youl
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.30 no.9
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    • pp.1072-1078
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    • 2001
  • Objectives : There is continuing controversy about the benefits of decompressive craniectomy in massive cerebral edema following space occupying hemispheric cerebral infarction. The aims of this study are to determine the effectiveness and to confirm the life-saving nature of decompressive craniectomy with dural augmentation for massive cerebral infarction. Patients and Methods : We present twelve patients with medically uncontrollable hemispheric cerebral infarction. All were treated with extensive craniectomy and duroplasty without resection of necrotic tissue. We evaluated various characteristics(size of hemispheric infarction, Glasgow Coma Scale, volume of low density and midline shift in CT) at three different periods(preoperative, immediate postoperative and 3-4weeks after operation) and evaluated effectiveness of hemicraniectomy for massive cerebral edema after large hemispheric infarction. Results : All patients have survived from surgery. Nine patients with nondominant hemispheric infarction showed significant functional recovery with minimal assistance, and remaining two patients with dominant hemispheric infarction and one patient with nondominant hemispheric infarction have functionally dependent. The volume of low density and midline shift in CT were significantly reduced after decompressive craniectomy. Conclusions : Our results indicate that decompressive craniectomy with dural augmentation without resection of necrotic tissue for massive cerebral hemispheric infarction not only reduce the mortality and infarction size but also significantly improve the outcome, especially for nondominant hemispheric infarction.

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Clinical Observation for Prognosis Utilizing Brain Computerized Tomography Findings and Barthel Index In Acute Cerebral Infarction (급성 뇌경색 환자의 Brain-CT 소견과 Barthel ADL을 이용한 예후에 관한 고찰)

  • Lee, Won-Chul
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.316-325
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    • 1997
  • In a 36-month period, 23 selected Patients with Acute Cerebral Infarction were studied utilizing Computerized Tomography, Barthel Index in an attempt to correlate Brain Computerized Tomography findings with 1week, 4weeks rehabilitation and evaluate the influences of the size and location of the lesion. The study suggested that the size of the lesion had impact on 4 weeks rehabilitation. There was significant different between the patients with Middle Cerebral Artery Pial Territory Infarction(I.P.B.M.C.A.) lesion and the patients with Lacunar Infarction(L.I.), Striatocapsular Infarction(S.C.I.), Internal Watershed Infarction(I.W.I.) lesion, but there was no significant difference between the patients with L.I. lesion and the patients with S.C.I. lesion and the patients with I.W.I. lesion. The size and location of the lesion should be considered together in predicting the functional outcomes of Acute Cerebral Infarction.

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