• Title, Summary, Keyword: cell transfection

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Comparison of Various Transfection Methods in Human and Bovine Cultured Cells

  • Jin, Longxun;Kim, Daehwan;Roh, Sangho
    • International Journal of Oral Biology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.177-185
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    • 2014
  • Transfection is a gene delivery tool that is a popular means of manipulating cellular properties, such as induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) generation by reprogramming factors (Yamanaka factors). However, the efficiency of transfection needs to be improved. In the present study, three transfection protocols - non-liposomal transfection (NLT), magnetofection and electroporation - were compared by analysis of their transfection efficiencies and cell viabilities using human dental pulp cells (hDPC) and bovine fetal fibroblasts (bFF) as cell sources. Enhanced green fluorescent protein gene was used as the delivery indicator. For magnetofection, Polymag reagent was administrated. NLT, FuGENE-HD and X-treme GENE 9 DNA transfection reagents were used for NLT. For electroporation, the $Neon^{TM}$ and $NEPA21^{TM}$ electroporators were tested. $Neon^{TM}$ electroporation showed highest transfection efficiency when compared with NLT, magnetofection, and $NEPA21^{TM}$ electroporation, with transfection efficiency of about 33% in hDPC and 50% in bFF, based on viable cell population in each cell type. These results suggest that transfection by $Neon^{TM}$ electroporation can be used to deliver foreign genes efficiently in human and bovine somatic cells.

Optomizing Transfection Efficiency of Cervical Cancer Cells Transfected by Cationic Liposomes LipofectamineTM2000

  • Huang, Fei;Zhao, Feng;Liang, Li-Ping;Zhou, Mei;Qu, Zhi-Ling;Cao, Yan-Zhen;Lin, Chen
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.7749-7754
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    • 2015
  • Background: Currently, cationic liposome has become the commonly used vehicles for gene transfection. Furthermore, one of the most significant steps in microRNAs expression studies is transferring microRNAs into cell cultures successfully. In this study we aim to approach the feasibility of transfection of cervical cancer cell lines mediated by liposome and to obtain the optimized transfection condition for cervical cancer cell lines. Materials and Methods: $Lipofectamine^{TM}2000$ as the carrier, miR-101 mimic was transfected into Hela cells and Siha cells. Using green fluorescent protein as reporter gene, to set different groups according to cell seeding density, the amount of miRNA, miRNA and the proportion of Liposomes, Whether to add serum into medium to study their impact on the liposomal transfection efficiency. Finally, MTT assay was used to analyze the relative minimal cell toxicity of liposome reagents. Results: The seeding density of Hela cell line and Siha are $1.5{\times}10^4$ (per well of 24 well plates), miRNA amount is 1ul of both, the ratio of miRNA and liposome is 1:0.5 of Hela cell line; 1:0.7 of Siha cell line respectively, after 24 hours we can get the highest transfection efficiency. Compared with serum medium, only Siha cells cultured with serum-free medium obtained higher transfection efficiency before transfection (P<0.01). MTT assay showed that according to the above conditions which has the lowest cytotoxicity. Conclusions: The method of Liposome to transfected is a suitable way and it can be an efficient reagent for miRNA delivery for Hela cells and Siha cells in vitro. It may serve as a reference for the further research or application.

Enhancement of Transgene Expression by HDAC Inhibitors in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells

  • Kim, Young-Eun;Park, Jeong-A;Park, Sang-Kyu;Kang, Ho-Bum;Kwon, Hyung-Joo;Lee, Younghee
    • Development and Reproduction
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.379-387
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    • 2013
  • Embryonic stem (ES) cells can self-renew and differentiate to various cells depending on the culture condition. Although ES cells are a good model for cell type specification and can be useful for application in clinics in the future, studies on ES cells have many experimental restraints including low transfection efficiency and transgene expression. Here, we observed that transgene expression after transfection was enhanced by treatment with histone deacetylse (HDAC) inhibitors such as trichostatin A, sodium butyrate, and valproic acid. Transfection was performed using conventional transfection reagents with a retroviral vector encoding GFP under the control of CMV promoter as a reporter. Treatment of ES cells with HDAC inhibitors after transfection increased population of GFP positive cells up to 180% compared with untreated control. ES cells showed normal expression of stem cell markers after treatment with HDAC inhibitors. Transgene expression was further enhanced by modifying transfection procedure. GFP positive cells selected after transfection were proved to have the stem cell properties. Our improved protocol for enhanced gene delivery and expression in mouse ES cells without hampering ES cell properties will be useful for study and application of ES cells.

Single-cell Electroporation and Gene Transfection using MEMS-based Microdevice with Cantilever-type Microelectrode (멤스 기반의 캔틸레버 형 전극을 가진 마이크로 디바이스를 이용한 단일세포의 Electroporation 및 유전자 Transfection)

  • Cho, Young-Hak;Kim, Beom-Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.85-91
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we present details on fabrication of single-cell electroporation microdevice, practical experiments of single-cell electroporation with our fabricated microdevice. Also, the continuous electroporation for the continuous flow of cells is used for high-throughput electroporation. The delivery efficiency and cell viability tests are provided and the successful GFP transfection into cells is also evaluated with a fluorescent microscope after electroporation. This device enables to reduce the size of samples and thus the use of small amount of reagents. Also, it makes it possible to permit to avoid cell discrimination (transfected cells versus non-transfected cells) encountered when traditional bulk electroporation is held.

GFP gene expression in transfected rainbow trout fibroblast cell line RTG-2 using a polycationic reagent (Superfect)

  • Lee , Jeong Ho;Hong , Su Hee;Kim , Han Woo;Kim , Young Ok;Kim, Kyung Kil
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.69-73
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    • 2003
  • In this study, GFP reporter gene was transfected into a fibroblast cell line RTG-2 using a polycationic transfection reagent (Superfect) and showed a successful expression of GFP. The transfection efficiency by Superfect was compared to the commonly used transfection method, i.e. DNA-calcium phosphate coprecipitatlon. Transfection by Superfect was more effective than calcium phosphate coprecipltation method (frequency of cell expressing orr was 11.3% and 3.5%, respectively). The optimal expression of GFP and {\beta}-galactosidase was observed when $5-6\;{\mu}{\ell}$ of Superfect per ${\mu}g$ DNA was used for transfcction, 1:5-6 ratio between DNA(${\mu}g$) and Superfect ($\mu\ell$).

Impact of Co-transfection with Livin and Survivin shRNA Expression Vectors on Biological Behavior of HepG2 Cells

  • Xu, Wei;Chang, Hong;Qin, Cheng-Kun;Zhai, Yun-Peng
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.5467-5472
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    • 2013
  • Objective: To construct short hairpin RNA (shRNA) eukaryotic expression vectors targeting Livin and Survivin genes, and to explore the impact of co-transfection of Livin and Survivin shRNA expression vectors on the biological behavior of HepG2 cells. Methods: shRNA eukaryotic expression vectors pSD11-Livin and pSD11-Survivin were designed and constructed then transfected into HepG2 cells separately or in combination. mRNA and protein expression in transfected cells was assessed by quantitative fluorescence PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Cell proliferation was measured by MTT assay and cell apoptosis by TUNEL assay. Results: The Livin and Survivin shRNA eukaryotic expression vectors were successfully constructed and transfected into HepG2 cells. The relative mRNA expression levels of Livin and Survivin in HepG2 cells co-transfected with pSD11-Livin and pSD11-Survivin were $0.12{\pm}0.02$ and $0.33{\pm}0.13$, respectively, which was significantly lower than levels in cells transfected with either pSD11-Livin or pSD11-Survivin (P<0.05). The relative protein expression levels of Livin and Survivin in the co-transfected cells were also significantly decreased compared to single-transfection (P<0.05). The inhibition rate of cell growth in the co-transfection group was higher than that in the single-transfection groups at 48 h, 60 h, or 72 h after transfection (P<0.01). The apoptotic rate increased to the greatest extent in the co-transfection group relative to any other group (P<0.05). Conclusions: Co-transfection with pSD11-Livin and pSD11-Survivin was more efficient than transfection with either vector alone in reducing the mRNA and protein expression of Livin and Survivin genes in HepG2 cells. Co-transfection also inhibited the proliferation of transfected cells more than the other groups, and induced cellular apoptosis more effectively.

Comparison of Ectopic Gene Expression Methods in Rat Neural Stem Cells

  • Kim, Woosuk;Kim, Ji Hyeon;Kong, Sun-Young;Park, Min-Hye;Sohn, Uy Dong;Kim, Hyun-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2013
  • Neural stem cells (NSCs) have the ability to proliferate and differentiate into various types of cells that compose the nervous system. To study functions of genes in stem cell biology, genes or siRNAs need to be transfected. However, it is difficult to transfect ectopic genes into NSCs. Thus to identify the suitable method to achieve high transfection efficiency, we compared lipid transfection, electroporation, nucleofection and retroviral transduction. Among the methods that we tested, we found that nucleofection and retroviral transduction showed significantly increased transfection efficiency. In addition, with retroviral transduction of Ngn2 that is known to induce neurogenesis in various types of cells, we observed facilitated final cell division in rat NSCs. These data suggest that nucleofection and retroviral transduction provide high efficiency of gene delivery system to study functions of genes in rat NSCs.

Optimization of Gene Transfection Using Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorter(FACS) Analysis of Green Fluorescent Protein(GFP) (Green Fluorescent Protein(GFP)의 Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorter(FACS) 분석을 통한 유전자 이입의 최적화)

  • 김태경;박민태;이균민
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.377-379
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    • 1999
  • In order to improve the transfection efficiency of CHO/dhfr- cells using cationic lipid, optimal concentrations of the cationic lipid($LipofectAmine^{TM}$) and DNA(pEGFP-C1) need to be determined. The use of green fluorescent protein(GFP) gene as a reporter gene facilitated the quantification of transfection efficiency. The green fluorescence intensity of each cell transfected at various lipid-DNA concentrations was measured using fluorescence-activated cell sorter(FACS) analysis. A combination of $2.0{\mu}L$ cationic lipid and 0.4{$\mu}g$ DNA in a well resulted in the highest trasfection efficiency. Taken together, the method using FACS analysis of GFP is simple and fast, facilitating the optimization of transfection.

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DNA Transfection in SK-N-BE(2)C Human Neuroblastoma Cells

  • Lee, Myung-Koo
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.155-157
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    • 1993
  • DNA transfection conditions were investigated by calcium phosphate-DNA co-precipitation in SK-N-BE(2)C human neuroblastoma cells. The DNA plasmid of TH2400CAT was used in which rat tyrosine hydroxylase gene was inserted into chloramphenicol acetyltransferase reporter gent. The transfection efficiency was 25-30% and the method was simple and reproducible. So, the method will be a good tool for transient transfection analysis.

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Tumor Surpressor Gene Therany, and Natural Product with Vectors[Aoenouirus, Aoenn associated virus] in Human Papilloma virus (HPV[Human papilloma virus]유래 바이러스 벡터[Adenovirus, Adeno associated virus]를 이용한 암 억제유전자치료법과 자연산물에서의 암 억제 효과)

  • 천병수;노민석;유종수;김준명
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.579-591
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    • 2001
  • The cell growth inhibitor effect of cervical cancer cells was investigated by liposome mediated transfection (pRcCMVp53/lipofectin) and by transfection using adenovirus (AdCMVp57). The papilloma virus cancer cell lines we used in this study were HPV16 positive, having inhibiter gene, wild p53 gene, CaSki, SiHa, HPV18 positive HeLa, HeLaS3 and HPV negative C33A, HT3. LacZ gene of E.coli was used as the marker gene for the transfection efficiency. The effect on the inhibition of tumor cell growth was measured by cell count and cell viability though ELISA analysis and MTT assay. The inhibition of tumor cell growth was confirmed by measuring each assay for six days, comparing with the normal control cell growth. The cell growth of cervical cancer calls by transfection was significantly reduced and showed tittle differences among the cell lines. To eliminate the potential problem of Ad(adenovirus) contamination during rAAV production, rAAV can be produced by a triple transfection of vector plasmic, packaging plasmid, and adenovirus helper plasmid. To examine the helper functions of Ad plasmids on the production of rAAV vector, we carried out cotransfection of three plasmids, AAV vector, packaging construct, and Ad helper plasmids. The optimized transfection condition for calcium phosphate method is 25ug of total DNA per 10-cm-diameter plate of 293 cell. We found that rAAV yields peaked at 48hr after Ad infection. The titer of rAAV was measured by the dot blot analysis to measure the number of particles/ml based on the quantification of viral DNA. Recent1y, Kombucha(fungi) was identified as a very potent antileukefic agent. In the present study, effect of natural toxin(plankton) and Kombucha is PSP(GTXI-3, neoSTX), on various MTT assay cervical cancer cell line. Toxin(GTX 1-3, neoSTX) also inhibited the proliferation in primary cervical cancer calls in a dose-dependent toxin concentration. These results showed that toxin was very potent in inhibiting the proliferation of cervical cancer calls in vitro. Toxins and Kombuoha exhibited a dose dependent inhibition of cellular proliferation in cancer cell line.

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