• Title, Summary, Keyword: cell lines

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Establishment and long-term culture of the cell lines derived from gonad tissues of Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii)

  • Ryu, Jun Hyung;Nam, Yoon Kwon;Gong, Seung Pyo
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.16.1-16.8
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    • 2016
  • To culture germline stem cells in vitro, establishment of the cell lines that can be used as the feeder cells is a prerequisite. In this study, we tried to establish gonad-derived cell lines in Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii). Five 1-year-old A. baerii were used as a donor of gonad tissues, and gonad-dissociated cells were cultured in vitro. Subsequently, determination of growth conditions, long-term culture, characterization, and cryopreservation of the cell lines were also conducted. Five gonad-derived cell lines were stably established and cultured continuously over at least the 73th passage and 402 culture days under the media containing 20 % fetal bovine serum at $28^{\circ}C$. All cell lines consisted of two main cell types based on morphology even if the ratio of the two cell types was different depending on cell lines. Despite long-term culture, all cell lines maintained diploid DNA contents and expression of several genes that are known to express in the A. baerii gonad. After freezing and thawing of the cell lines, post-thaw cell viabilities between 57.6 and 92.9 % depending on cell lines were indentified, suggesting that stable cryopreservation is possible. The results and the cell lines established in this study will contribute to the development of an in vitro system for A. baerii germline stem cell culture.

Development of a Simple Method to Determine the Mouse Strain from Which Cultured Cell Lines Originated

  • Yoshino, Kaori;Saijo, Kaoru;Noro, Chikako;Nakamura, Yukio
    • Interdisciplinary Bio Central
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.14.1-14.9
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    • 2010
  • Misidentification of cultured cell lines results in the generation of erroneous scientific data. Hence, it is very important to identify and eliminate cell lines with a different origin from that being claimed. Various methods, such as karyotyping and isozyme analysis, can be used to detect inter-species misidentification. However, these methods have proved of little value for identifying intra-species misidentification, and it will only be through the development and application of molecular biological approaches that this will become practical. Recently, the profiling of microsatellite variants has been validated as a means of detecting gene polymorphisms and has proved to be a simple and reliable method for identifying individual cell lines. Currently, the human cell lines provided by cell banks around the world are routinely authenticated by microsatellite polymorphism profiling. Unfortunately, this practice has not been widely adopted for mouse cells lines. Here we show that the profiling of microsatellite variants can be also applied to distinguish the commonly used mouse inbred strains and to determine the strain of origin of cultured cell lines. We found that approximately 4.2% of mouse cell lines have been misidentified; this is a similar rate of misidentification as detected in human cell lines. Although this approach cannot detect intra-strain misidentification, the profiling of microsatellite variants should be routinely carried out for all mouse cell lines to eliminate inter-strain misidentification.

Establishment and Characterization of Permanent Cell Lines from Oryzias dancena Embryos

  • Lee, Dongwook;Kim, Min Sung;Nam, Yoon Kwon;Kim, Dong Soo;Gong, Seung Pyo
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.177-185
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    • 2013
  • The development of species-specific fish cell lines has become a valuable tool for biological research. In recent years, marine medaka Oryzias dancena has been recognized as a good experimental model fish but there are no reports of establishment of cell lines from this fish. In this study, two cell lines from O. dancena blastula embryos were established from 41 total trials (4.9%). The two cell lines displayed typical in vitro morphology and have been cultured for >121 passages, which corresponds to 293 days. The doubling times of the cell lines were 29.84 and 28.59 h, respectively, and both possessed the potential to expand in a clonal manner, albeit with significant differences between the two cell lines. The absence of any of the four main medium supplements; i.e., fish serum, fetal bovine serum, basic fibroblast growth factor, and medaka embryo extract, significantly inhibited growth. The proportion of cells possessing normal chromosome number was 45% and 46.7% of the cell lines, respectively. Taken together, two cell lines that proliferate continuously were established from marine medaka and these cell lines may provide a basic tool for characterizing the unique features of this fish species.

CD44 and CD133 as Cancer Stem Cell Markers for Gastric Cancer

  • Lee, Hyun-Joo;Choi, Young-Sil;Kim, Sung-Joo;Moon, Hyoun-Jong
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Currently, the two most influential gastric stem cell marker candidates are CD44 and CD133. The aim of this study was to make a comparison and determine the appropriate marker for use in gastric cancer stem cell research. Materials and Methods: We analyzed the expressions of CD44, CD133, and CD24 from the gastric cancer cell lines MKN45, MKN74, KATO-III, NCI-N87, SNU-1, SNU-216, SNU-601, SNU-638, and SNU-688 using flow cytometry. In addition, we measured the change in viability after applying 5 fluorouracil (5-FU) to the MKN45, MKN74, KATO-III, and NCI-N87 cell lines using a Cell Counting Kit 8. Results: CD133 expression was above moderate in the KATO-III, SNU-216, SNU-601 cell lines, whereas it was below 1% in the remaining cell lines. CD44 was expressed at levels above 5% in all gastric cancer cell lines. The effect of 5-FU on viability and CD133 or CD44 expression in the cell lines were not related. Conclusions: Expression of CD133 positive cells was insufficient in the gastric cancer cell lines. Therefore, of the cell lines tested, CD44 was the most appropriate tumor maker for research on gastric cancer stem cells.

KRDD: Korean Rice Ds-tagging Lines Database for Rice (Oryza sativa L. Dongjin)

  • Kim, Chang-Kug;Lee, Myung-Chul;Ahn, Byung-Ohg;Yun, Doh-Won;Yoon, Ung-Han;Suh, Seok-Cheol;Eun, Moo-Young;Hahn, Jang-Ho
    • Genomics & Informatics
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.64-67
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    • 2008
  • The Korean Rice Ds-tagging lines Database (KRDD) is designed to provide information about Ac/Ds insertion lines and activation tagging lines using japonica rice. This database has provided information on 18,158 Ds lines, which includes the ID, description, photo image, sequence information, and gene characteristics. The KRDD is visualized using a web-based graphical view, and anonymous users can query and browse the data using the search function. It has four major menus of web pages: (i) a Blast Search menu of a mutant line; Blast from rice Ds-tagging mutant lines; (ii) a primer design tool to identify genotypes of Ds insertion lines; (iii) a Phenotype menu for Ds lines, searching by identification name and phenotype characteristics; and (iv) a Management menu for Ds lines.

Anti-effects of Photodynamic Therapy in Peroxiredoxin IV-induced AMC-HN3 Cell Lines

  • Ahn, Jin-Chul;Kang, Jung-Wook;Kim, Dae-Sik;Hong, Seong-No
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.263-267
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    • 2008
  • Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a treatment utilizing the generation of singlet oxygen and other reactive oxygen species (ROS), which selectively accumulate in target cells. Peroxiredoxin (prx) plays an important role in eliminating peroxides generated during metabolism. Prx exert protective antioxidant role in cells though peroxidase activity. The aim of present work is to investigate the cytotoxicity of photofrin-mediated PDT in prx IV-transfectant AMC-HN3 cell lines. We confirmed that PDT has an effect on ROS generation in prx IV-induced cell lines. Treatment of PDT in prx IV-HN3 cell lines inhibits cytotoxic effects. Prx IV-induced HN3 cell lines resists in cell death during PDT. Also, prx IV-HN3 cell lines treated PDT inhibited ROS generation in contrast with vector control. We indicated that prx IV-induced AMC-HN3 cell lines have a function as inhibitors during PDT.

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The influence of p53 mutation status on the anti-cancer effect of cisplatin in oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines

  • Jo, Deuk-Won;Kim, Young-Kyun;Yun, Pil-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.337-344
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anti-cancer activity of cisplatin by studying its effects on cell viability and identifying the mechanisms underlying the induction of cell cycle arrest and apoptosis on oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines with varying p53 mutation status. Materials and Methods: Three OSCC cell lines, YD-8 (p53 point mutation), YD-9 (p53 wild type), and YD-38 (p53 deletion) were used. To determine the cytotoxic effect of cisplatin, MTS assay was performed. The cell cycle alteration and apoptosis were analyzed using flow cytometry. Western blot analysis was used to detect the expression of cell cycle alteration- or apoptosis-related proteins as well as p53. Results: Cisplatin showed a time- and dose-dependent anti-proliferative effect in all cell lines. Cisplatin induced G2/M cell accumulation in the three cell lines after treatment with 0.5 and $1.0{\mu}g/mL$ of cisplatin for 48 hours. The proportion of annexin V-FITC-stained cells increased following treatment with cisplatin. The apoptotic proportion was lower in the YD-38 cell line than in the YD-9 or YD-8 cell lines. Also, immunoblotting analysis indicated that p53 and p21 were detected only in YD-8 and YD-9 cell lines after cisplatin treatment. Conclusion: In this study, cisplatin showed anti-cancer effects via G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis, with some difference among OSCC cell lines. The mutation status of p53 might have influenced the difference observed among cell lines. Further studies on p53 mutation status are needed to understand the biological behavior and characteristics of OSCCs and to establish appropriate treatment.

STUDY ON THE EXPRESSION OF mRNA OF TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-α AND INTERLEUKIN-6 IN THE CELL LINES OF SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA (구강 편평상피세포암종 세포주에서 Tumor Necrosis Factor-α와 Interleukin-6의 mRNA 발현에 관한 연구)

  • Ahn, Jin-Su;Kim, Kyung-Wook;Lee, Jae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.535-542
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mRNA levels of TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6 in the cell lines of normal oral keratocyte and oral squamous cell carcinoma. Total RNA was extracted from these cell lines, observed under UV light, developed by radiographic films of PCR products via reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction(RT-PCR) amplication, and measured with densitometer. Each mRNA level of these cell lines divided by ${\beta}$-actin mRNA level was compared to that of normal control group. The results were as follows: 1. Higher mRNA expression of TNF-${\alpha}$ than IL-6 in the normal oral epithelial cell line. 2. In general, expression of mRNA of IL-6 appeared 3-4 times more in tumor cell lines than in control group. 3. mRNA expression of TNF-${\alpha}$ showed variable expression in tumor cell lines, unlike normal cell line. 4. There are no special connections between differentiation of oral cancer cell lines and mRNA expression of TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6. From the above results, expression of mRNA of IL-6 in the cell lines of squamous cell carcinoma used in this study has higher than the normal oral epithelial cell line, but there are no relationship between the differentiation of oral cancer cell lines and the expression of mRNA of TNF-${\alpha}$ and IL-6.

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Establishment and Characterization of Clonal Cell Lines from Zebrafish, Danio rerio (제브라피쉬(Danio rerio) 배아로부터 동형세포주 확립)

  • Lee, Ki-Young
    • Korean Journal of Ichthyology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2008
  • Three types of clonal cell lines were isolated according to their size and phenotype from the adherent cell populations in long-term liquid cultures from the embryonic fibroblast cells of Zebrafish, Danio rerio. All kind of cell lines were well proliferated. The size and number of clonal cell lines derived colonies from stable embryonic cells were significantly increased in the presence of NAC and A2P conditioned medium from the cell lines. The stable cell lines and clonal cell lines were cap-able of well proliferation in vitro. These cell lines have been maintained in continuous culture without change in characteristics. A majority of the clonal cells (80%) was shown a normal chromosomal complement (50 chromosomes, 2N) in according with FACs analysis. Majority of cells were positive to vimentin staining and none of them were positive for nestin and Oct -4 by immunocytochemistry. These results indicate that the clonal cell lines obtained from cultured cells are fibroblasts and may be extremely useful in genetic manipulation for further nuclear transfer and fish cloning.

Establishment of Highly Tumorigenic Human Gastric Carcinoma Cell Lines from Xenograft Tumors in Mice

  • Song, Kyung-A;Park, Jihyun;Kim, Ha-Jung;Kang, Myung Soo;Kim, Sun Young
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.238-250
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    • 2017
  • Patient's primary tumor-derived tumor cell lines likely represent ideal tools for human tumor biology in vitro and in vivo. Here, we describe eight human gastric carcinoma cell lines derived from established tumors in vivo upon subcutaneous transplantation of primary gastric carcinoma specimens in BALB/c nude mice. These xenografted gastric tumor cell lines (GTX) displayed close similarity with primary gastric tumor tissues in their in vivo growth pattern and genomic alterations. GTX-085 cells were resistant to cisplatin, while GTX-087 was the most sensitive cell line. GTX-085 was the only cell line showing a metastatic potential. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EPCAM) expression was especially strong in all tissue samples, as well as in cell cultures. GTX-139, the largest tumor graft obtained after injection, displayed distinct expression of CD44v6, fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2), and prominin 1 (PROM1, also known as CD133). In summary, we established eight xenograft gastric cancer cell lines from gastric cancer patient tissues, with their histological and molecular features consistent with those of the primary tumors. The established GTX cell lines will enable future studies of their responses to various treatments for gastric cancer.