• Title, Summary, Keyword: catch ratio operation

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Economic benefits and management implications of reducing the harvest of juvenile mackerel in Korea

  • LEE, Jungsam;KIM, Dae-Young;SEO, Young-Il;KIM, Do-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.386-393
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    • 2016
  • It is essential to provide good environment for juvenile fish to grow and spawn in order to keep reproduction mechanism of fisheries resources. However, harvesting juvenile fish deprives adult fish of the opportunity to reproduce, thereby changing self-regulating renewable resources into non-renewable ones and preventing sustainable harvesting as well as reducing fishers' income. We reviewed the catch status of Korea on juvenile mackerel and analyzed how reducing the catch ratio of juvenile mackerel may affect the spawning stock and Korean fishermen's revenue. In addition, we analyzed the problem of caching juvenile mackerel in Korean fisheries and current efforts to protect and reduce the catch ratio of juvenile mackerel in Korea. Furthermore, we suggested future efforts to protect juvenile mackerel. The result of the study showed that reducing the catch ratio of juvenile mackerel from 44.4% to 30.0% would increase fishers' revenue by 60.6 billion KRW. We suggest the changing of purse seine fishery's catching methods from night operation to day operation, relocation of fishing vessels to move to other fishing grounds when fishing vessels meet high density of juvenile mackerel, and consumers' clever choice of consuming adult mackerel in order to accelerate the move toward protecting juvenile mackerel in Korea.

Studies on the Development of the Fishing System of Set Net in the Coast of Jeju Island - II. Comparative of Fishing Efficiency of Rectangular Set Net and Pound Net in Fishing Ground - (제주도 연안 정치망 조업시스템 개발에 관한 연구 -II. 조업어장에서의 각망과 낙망의 어획성능 비교-)

  • 김종범;김석종;김병엽
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.232-239
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    • 2001
  • For the purpose of providing the basic data on the improved fishing gear and the man power saving, which contribute to enhance fishing efficiency of set net in the coast of Jeju Island, this study analyzed the catch of two fishing place for the past 3 years in order to compare the fishing efficiency between rectngular set net and pound net, which have been used for fishing with being attached to the set net fishing place in coast of Jeiu Island, Thereby the result is as follows ; 1. When using pound net, the total amount of catch during 1997 to 1999 was 2 times more than that of when using rectangular set net. 2. When using Pound net, the catch of squid, mackerel, rabbit fish and Yellow tail during 1997 to 1999 was 1.8 times more than that of when using rectangular set net.. 3. In case of rectangular set net, CPUE marked 10.1㎏ with horse amckerel, 20.5㎏ with squid, 18.0㎏ with rabbit fish and 2.2㎏ with Yellow tail, and in case of pound net, CPUE marked 57.5 ㎏ with horse mackerel, 30.0㎏ with squid, 25.0 with rabbit fish and 4.7㎏ with yellow tail, and on the whole CPUE of poind net marked higher. 4. In case of rectangular set net, the catch ratio for fishing operation marked 64% with horse mackerel, 79% with squid, 39% with rabbit fish and 14% with yellow tail, and in case of pound net, the catch ratio fishing operation marked 18% with horse mackerel, 85% with souid 40% with rabbit fish and 14% with yellow tail, and accordingly it showed the result that the catch ratio for fishing operation was higher with the case of rectangular set net, but higher with the case of pound net.

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A Study on a Bycatch of the Gape Net in Jindo Area of Jeollanam-do (전남 진도지역 낭장망 어업에 있어서 혼획 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Hun;Park, Chang-Doo;Park, Seong-Wook
    • Journal of Fisheries and Marine Sciences Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.137-145
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    • 2012
  • In order to survey the conditions of bycatch and discards for a gape net, a series of filed surveys was carried out total 10 surveys on two gape nets operated in the coastal area of Jindo during July to November 2008. The all catches in each survey were measured the body length, weight after sorted species. The analysis of catch data was conducted to separate 'first operation' and 'general operation'. In this study, the first operation defined as hauling the fishing gears that soaked over 10 hours because of setting on the previous day. The general operation means the haul of fishing gears conducted at intervals of one of or two hours after first operation. The bycatch in this study is defined as the other species except for anchovy, and bycatch rate refers to the proportion of bycatch to total catch. From the survey results, the average bycatch rates on first operations were 50% and 51% for Masa-ri and Supum-ri areas in Jindo, respectively. Also, the average bycatch rates on general operation were 2% and 3% for Masa-ri and Supum-ri areas in Jindo, respectively. The proportion of anchovy to total catch caught represented 75.5%. It needs the research on the selective fishing technology to reduce the bycatch on the gape net fishery.

Catching efficiency of LED fishing lamp and behavioral reaction of common squid Todarodes pacificus to the shadow section of color LED light (LED 색광의 음영구역에 대한 살오징어의 행동반응 및 LED 집어등의 어획성능)

  • An, Young-Il;Jeong, Hak-Geun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.183-193
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    • 2011
  • This study made a comparative analysis of behavioral reaction of squid to red (624nm), green (524nm), blue (460nm) & white LED light, its arrival time for the shadow section by making the shadow section in the central section of a water tank just like the bottom part of a squid jigging vessel, and on-site catching efficiency of LED fishing lamp with control fishing vessel. The color LED light showing the highest squidgathering rate as against the shadow section was found to be blue LED light with 39.3% rate under the dark (0.05lx) condition. Under the brighter condition than 0.05lx, white LED light was found to have the highest gathering rate of 41.5%. In addition, it was found that squid gathering rate was high at the shadow section which showed 6.3-fold brightness difference between the shadow section and bright section. As for the arrival time for the shadow section, blue LED light was found to be the fastest in attracting squids in 192.7 seconds under the dark condition while the red LED light was the fastest in luring squids in 164.6 seconds under the bright condition. The ratio of the squid-jigging operation and sailing in fuel consumption of the fishing vessel loaded with LED fishing lamp is about 7 to 1, showing most of the fuel is consumed more in sailing than in squid-jigging operation. As for a catch of squid, the control vessel loaded with MH (Metal Halide) fishing lamp had more catch of 600-7,080 squids than the vessel loaded with LED fishing lamp having a catch of 260-1,700 squids. In addition, even in the comparison of a catch per automatic jigging machine, the catch of the vessel loaded with MH fishing lamp excelled that of the vessel loaded with LED fishing lamp in 6 operations of squid jigging out of 9 operations. The ratio of hand-jigging and automatic jigging machine (one line) in the LED fishing lamp vessel was 1:1.1 excepting the case of having a catch only using an automatic jigging machine, showing almost the same with each other in catches, while in case of a MH fishing lamp vessel, its ratio against hand-jigging was 1 to 5.8, showing hand-jigging excelled in catches.

Fishing investigation of vertical bottom longline fisheries in sea mount of central northern Pacific (북태평양 중부 해산어장에 있어서 저층 선주낙의 어획실태)

  • Oh, Taeg-Yun;Kim, Yeong-Seung;Cho, Sam-Kwang;Kim, In-Ok;Choi, Seok-Gwan;Koh, Jeong-Rack;Yang, Won-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.188-198
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to survey the catches of vertical bottom longline fisheries in the sea mount of central northern Pacific($30^{\circ}-42^{\circ}N$, $170^{\circ}-175^{\circ}E$), during the period of July 1 to August 25,2004 by commercial fishing vessel. The number of 57 test fishing was carried out in the central northern Pacific during 43 days and the total catches were 21,092.4kg as 19 fish species, CPUE/day and catches/day were 185 baskets and 490.5kg, respectively. Main fish species caught from the experimental fishing were Squalus mitsukurii (66.3%), Coelorhyrchus asperocephaius (11.7%) and Helicolenus avius (9.8%) and, average inside diameter for fish mouth was 4.0cm over. Catch ratio according to each fishing ground was the order of F, D, J, B and C. Catch ratio fur water depth was the order of 450-500m, 350-400m, 300-350m, 400-450m, 1000-1100m and 500-550m and, main species by water depth was Squalus mitsukurii for 300-400m, Etmopterus lucifer for 300-550m, Coelorhyrchus asperocephaius far 1,000m over. Catch ratio according to the kind of hooks was higher at the hook no.6 for Squalus mitsukurii and no. 5 for Etmopterus lucifer and, catch ratio by baits was higher at squid for Squalus mitsukurii, saury and eel for Helicolemus avius and saury for Etmopterus lucifer. Accordingly, it is thought that the extension of fishing hours is needed with the reduction of damage and loss for fishing gears during fishing operation.

Catching efficiency of a shrimp beam trawl according to the length of beam and wing net and its influence on the hauling work (새우조망 어구의 막대 (빔)와 날개그물 길이에 따른 어획성능과 양망 작업에의 영향)

  • Park, Hae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.396-406
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    • 2014
  • Shrimp beam trawl fishery is one of the important coastal fisheries in Korea. It has a regulation to the length of beam (8m) and wing net (7m) of shrimp beam trawl that has been used in the district of Junlanam-do and Gyungsangnam-do. This regulation was made in relation to the size of shrimp beam trawler of 3-ton class at that time. Now the shrimp beam fishing vessel has a limit not greater than 5 tons in gross ton. Recently, with improvement of fishing industry and fishing vessel fishermen asked the expansion of the length of beam and wing net, therefore it is necessary to investigate the effect of lengthening the beam and wing net length. Three different beams (8m, 10m and 12m in length) and three different wing net (7m, 10m and 13m in length) were made and the experiment was conducted near Narodo of Goheng by two fishing vessels of 4.98 and 4.88 tons in gross ton between June 2011 and October 2012. When the length of wing net was increased from 7m to 10m and 13m, the relative catch ratio in total biomass was increased 25% and 79% for shrimp, (17% and 22% in total), respectively. And when the beam length was increased from 8m to 10m and 12m, the relative catch ratio was increased 35% and 84% for shrimp, (21% and 37% in total), respectively. The force exerted to the iron guide of inhauler's with the beam length of 8m was about 30% greater than that with the beam length of 10m when hauling the shrimp beam trawl net.

Studies on the Mackerel Pures Seine Operating in the Sea Area of Cheju Island - 4 . The Characteristics of Catch and Ability in Purse Seine - (제주도 주변해역 고등어 건착망의 연구 - 4 . 어획량의 특성과 어구의 성능 -)

  • 박정식
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.247-254
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    • 1991
  • Mackerel purse seine fishery is one of the most important fisheries in Korea and its annual mean catch from 1982 to 1988 is 350 thousand tons. Between 1982 and 1988, the characteristics of catch at 5 sectors of the sea area was analyzed according to operating sea block and the catch by fishes based on the data obtained from daily report of fishing condition that had been made out by 48 Korean fishing boats engaged in the fishery of purse seine. In these 5 sectors of the sea area, catch per net hauling in the coastal area of Cheju Island is less than that in the other sectors. Accordingly, the shape of fishing gear during operation has been measured to analyzed the deformation of net shape caused by the bottom current. (The lunar calender is used in the paper) The results obtained are as follows; The average CPUE of purse seines is 31.6 tons and it is higher from October to April than that from May to September. In the 5 purse seine fishing grounds, the ratio of net haul in the coastal sea area of cheju Island is 42.4% and it is the highest level, but the CPUE is 25.7 tons which is relatively low level. Each CPUE in the sea areas is significant differences with 1% level. Index of seasonal variation of mackerel CPUE from May to October is lower than the standard value, whereas index from November to January is higher. The diameter of circle by net shooting becomes shorter to the minimum caused by the bottom current during loose set, becomes narrower and the efficiency of fish encirclement becomes lower. The shape of leadline by bottom current becomes long oval type along with current direction in the tight set, while it becomes long oval type in the direction of a right angle to the current direction and the enclosed area is reduced hurriedly, and the deformation of net is most serious in the loose set.

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Fishing performance for a gill net in accordance with changing of the net hanging ratio (자망에 있어서 망지의 성형률 변화에 따른 어획성능 특성)

  • KIM, Seonghun;KIM, Pyungkwan;JEONG, Seong-Jae;LEE, Kyounghoon;OH, Wooseok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.54 no.4
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    • pp.279-286
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the influence of the netting hanging ratio on fishing performance of gillnet. A total of six tests was carried out using three kinds of gillnets with different horizontal hanging ratios (0.3, 0.5 and 0.7) on the basis commercial gillnet of mesh size of 60 mm used in Yeosu Dolsan. As a result of the test fishing operation, catches of the net with hanging ratio 0.3 and the shortest float length was 1.34 times larger than the net with hanging ratio 0.7. The caught species in experimental testes was lager in the net with hanging ratio 0.3 than the net with hanging ratio 0.7. The catch rate per unit area (CPUE) is on the silver croaker with the largest catches in tests as follows. The net with hanging ratio 0.3 net was $89.45g/m^2$, hanging ratio 0.5 net was $41.63g/m^2$, and hanging ratio 0.7 net was $24.50g/m^2$. The net with hanging ratio 0.3 (float line length of 45 m) exhibited the largest CPUE value.

An Investigation of Flow Characteristics of Radial Gas Turbine for Turbocharger under Unsteady Flow (과급기용 Radial Turbine의 비정상 유동특성에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, J.S.;Koh, D.K.;Winterbone, D.E.
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.42-48
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    • 1994
  • Turbocharging is one of the best methods to improve the performance of diesel engines, because of its merits,-power ratio, fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. Most of them in small and medium diesel engines have adopted the pulse turbocharging method with twin entry vaneless radial turbines to maximize the energy utility of exhaust gas. This method requires the high performance of turbine under unsteady flow, and also the matching between turbine and diesel engine is most important. However, it is difficult to match properly between them. Because the steady flow data are usually used for it. Accordingly, it is necessary to catch the characteristics of turbine performance correctly over the wide range of the operation conditions under unsteady flow. In this paper, the characteristics of turbine performance under unsteady flow are represented at varying conditions, such as inlet pressure amplitude, turbine speed and frequence.

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The Effects of e-Business on Business Performance - In the home-shopping industry - (e-비즈니스가 경영성과에 미치는 영향 -홈쇼핑을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Sae-Jung;Ahn, Seon-Sook
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.22
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    • pp.137-165
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    • 2007
  • It seems high time to increase productivity by adopting e-business to overcome challenges posed by both external factors including the appreciation of Korean won, oil hikes and fierce global competition and domestic issues represented by disparities between large corporations and small and medium enterprises (SMEs), Seoul metropolitan and local cities, and export and domestic demand all of which weaken future growth engines in the Korean economy. The demands of the globalization era are for innovative changes in businessprocess and industrial structure aiming for creating new values. To this end, e-business is expected to play a core role in the sophistication of the Korean economy through new values and innovation. In order to examine business performance in e-business-adopting industries, this study analyzed the home shopping industry by closely looking into the financial ratios including the ratio of net profit to sales, the ratio of operation income to sales, the ratio of gross cost to sales cost, the ratio of gross cost to selling, general and administrative (SG&A) expense, and return of investment (ROI). This study, for best outcome, referred to corporate financial statements as a main resource to calculate financial ratios by utilizing Data Analysis, Retrieval and Transfer System (DART) of the Financial Supervisory Service, one of the Korea's financial supervisory authorities. First of all, the result of the trend analysis on the ratio of net profit to sales is as following. CJ Home Shopping has registered a remarkable increase in its ratio of net profit rate to sales since 2002 while its competitors find it hard to catch up with CJ's stunning performances. This is partly due to the efficient management compared to CJ's value of capital. Such significance, if the current trend continues, will make the front-runner assume the largest market share. On the other hand, GS Home Shopping, despite its best organized system and largest value of capital among others, lacks efficiency in management. Second of all, the result of the trend analysis on the ratio of operation income to sales is as following. Both CJ Home Shopping and GS Home Shopping have, until 2004, recorded similar growth trend. However, while CJ Home Shopping's operating income continued to increase in 2005, GS Home Shopping observed its operating income declining which resulted in the increasing income gap with CJ Home Shopping. While CJ Home Shopping with the largest market share in home shopping industryis engaged in aggressive marketing, GS Home Shopping due to its stability-driven management strategies falls behind CJ again in the ratio of operation income to sales in spite of its favorable management environment including its large capital. Companies in the Group B were established in the same year of 2001. NS Home Shopping was the first in the Group B to shift its loss to profit. Woori Home Shopping has continued to post operating loss for three consecutive years and finally was sold to Lotte Group in 2007, but since then, has registered a continuing increase in net income on sales. Third of all, the result of the trend analysis on the ratio of gross cost to sales cost is as following. Since home shopping falls into sales business, its cost of sales is much lower than that of other types of business such as manufacturing industry. Since 2002 in gross costs including cost of sales, SG&A expense, and non-operating expense, cost of sales turned out to have remarkably decreased. Group B has also posted a notable decline in the same sector since 2002. Fourth of all, the result of the trend analysis on the ratio of gross cost to SG&A expense is as following. Due to its unique characteristics, the home shopping industry usually posts ahigh ratio of SG&A expense. However, more than 80% of SG&A expense means the result of lax management and at the same time, a sharp lower net income on sales than other industries. Last but not least, the result of the trend analysis on ROI is as following. As for CJ Home Shopping, the curve of ROI looks similar to that of its investment on fixed assets. As it turned out, the company's ratio of fixed assets to operating income skyrocketed in 2004 and 2005. As far as GS Home Shopping is concerned, its fixed assets are not as much as that of CJ Home Shopping. Consequently, competition in the home shopping industry, at the moment, is among CJ, GS, Hyundai, NS and Woori Home Shoppings, and all of them need to more thoroughly manage their costs. In order for the late-comers of Group B and other home shopping companies to advance further, the current lax management should be reformed particularly on their SG&A expense sector. Provided that the total sales volume in the Internet shopping sector is projected to grow over 20 trillion won by the year 2010, it is concluded that all the participants in the home shopping industry should put strategies on efficient management on costs and expenses as their top priority rather than increase revenues, if they hope to grow even further after 2007.

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