• Title, Summary, Keyword: capacity spectrum method

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A study on the Capacity Spectrum for Seismic Performance Evaluation of Bridge (교량의 내진성능 평가를 위한 역량스펙트럼 적용 연구)

  • Park, Yeon-Soo;Lee, Byung-Geun;Kim, Eung-Rok;Suh, Byung-Chul;Park, Sun-Joon;Choi, Sun-Min
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1012-1017
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    • 2008
  • In this study, We examine closely the capacity spectrum method which a kind of displacement-based method evaluated by displacement of structure as an alternative to the load-based analysis method. The displacement-based method can easily review the strength of structure, seismic performance, ductility. Seismic performance by using capacity spectrum method is divided into design response spectrum and capacity spectrum. We can diagram design response spectrum by deciding the design seismic factor depending on performance target, site classification, seismic level, return period as UBC-97. Capacity spectrum is a load-displacement curve obtained by Push-over analysis considering the geometric parameter and the material parameter. We execute the seismic performance evaluation by using the capacity spectrum method to reinforced concrete pier which has been seismic design. As a result, We confirmed that there is a yield point and a ultimate point close by design response spectrum of UBC-97.

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Evaluation of Seismic Performance for Bridge Structure Using Capacity Spectrum Method (역량스펙트럼법을 이용한 교량의 내진성능평가)

  • 이창수;김승익;김현겸
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2000
  • Evaluation method of seismic performance has mainly used elastic spectrum analysis. This method has simplicity of analysis but deficiency of accuracy. And evaluation method of seismic performance using inelastic dynamic analysis reflects accurately inelasticity of material but hardly reflects site effects. This study suggested evaluation scheme of seismic performance for bridge structure using capacity spectrum method applied inelastic static analysis and standard design response spectrum of Korea Standard Specification for Highway Bridge. Two results, capacity spectrum method and inelastic dynamic analysis method, are very similar. As a result, this study appropriately supply both simplicity of analysis and accuracy of result.

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Seismic Performance Evaluation of Building Structures Using Modified Capacity Spectrum (수정된 능력스펙트럼을 이용한 건축구조물의 내진성능평가)

  • 최원호
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2000
  • Current seismic design codes for building structures are based on the method which can provide enough capacity to satisfy objected performance level and exactly evaluate the seismic performance of buildings. The capacity spectrum method using the nonlinear static(pushover) analysis is becoming a popular tool for evaluating the seismic performance of existing and new building structures. By means of a graphical procedure capacity spectrum method esimates the performance level of structure by comparing the capacity of structure with the demand of earthquake ground motion on the structure. In the method the relation between base shear estimated by a nonlinear static analysis and horizontal displacement is used. Capacity spectrum is usually expressed as what represent the responses of the equivalent single degree of freedom (ESDOF) system for the building structures. However there are some problems in converting procedures into ESDOF system which include not considering the effect of higher modes of structures. The objective of this paper is to compare and verify existing methods and suggest the modified capacity spectrum for seismic performance evaluation of building structures.

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An approach of seismic design for sheet pile retaining wall based on capacity spectrum method

  • Qu, Honglue;Li, Ruifeng;Hu, Huanguo;Jia, Hongyu;Zhang, Jianjing
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.309-323
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    • 2016
  • As the forefront of structural design method, capacity spectrum method can be applied conveniently, and through this method, deformation demand of structure can be considered. However, there is no research for the seismic application in the structure of sheet pile retaining wall to report. Therefore, focusing on laterally loaded stabilizing sheet pile wall, which belongs to flexible cantilever retaining structure and meets the applying requirement of capacity spectrum method from seismic design of building structure, this paper studied an approach of seismic design of sheet pile wall based on capacity spectrum method. In the procedure, the interaction between soil and structure was simplified, and through Pushover analysis, seismic fortification standard was well associated with performance of retaining structure. In addition, by comparing the result of nonlinear time history analysis, it suggests that this approach is applicable.

Capacity Spectrum Method for Seismic Performance Evaluation of Multi-Story Building Based on the Story Drift (층간변위를 기반으로 한 다층구조물의 내전성능 평가를 위한 역량스펙트럼법의 개발)

  • Kim, Sun-Pil;Kim, Doo-Kie;Kwak, Hyo-Gyoung;Ko, Sung-Huck;Seo, Hyeong-Yeol
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.205-210
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    • 2007
  • The existing capacity spectrum method (CSM) is based on the displacement based approach for seismic performance and evaluation. Currently, in the domestic and overseas standard concerning seismic design, the CSM to obtain capacity spectrum from capacity curve and demand spectrum from elastic response spectrum is presented. In the multistory building, collapse is affected more by drift than by displacement, but the existing CSM does not work for story drift. Therefore, this paper proposes an improved CSM to estimate story drift of structures through seismic performance and evaluation. It uses the ductility factor in the A-T domain to obtain constant-ductility response spectrum from earthquake response of inelastic system using the drift and capacity curve from capacity analysis of structure.

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Capacity Spectrum Analysis using Equivalent SDOF Method and Equivalent Damping Method for RC Wall Structure (철근콘크리트 벽체구조물에 대한 등가단자유도 방법 및 등가 감쇠비 산정방법에 따른 역량스펙트럼해석)

  • Song, Jong-Keol;Jang, Dong-Hui;Kim, Hark-Soo;Chung, Yeong-Hwa
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.169-187
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    • 2008
  • Performance-based approaches as an alternative method of the existing force-based approach have gradually become recognized tools for the seismic design and evaluation. The maximum inelastic displacement response using capacity spectrum method (CSM) with elastic response spectrum is estimated from seismic response of equivalent linear system converted from nonlinear system. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate accuracy of capacity spectrum method using the equivalent SDOF methods of 4 types and the equivalent damping methods of 5 types for RC wall structure. In order to evaluate accuracy of capacity spectrum analysis, the shaking table test results for RC wall structures are compared with those by the capacity spectrum analysis. Also, the effect of bilinear capacity curves by two bilinear approximation methods for capacity spectrum analysis is compared.

Effects of Earthquake Ground Motion Sets on Performance Point of Capacity Spectrum Method (능력스펙트럼법을 이용한 성능점 결정에서 지진기록이 미치는 영향)

  • 김선우;한상환
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.523-528
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    • 2001
  • The Capacity Spectrum Method (CSM) was first introduced in the 1970's as rapid evaluation procedure. The procedure compares the capacity of the structure (in the form of a pushover curve) with the demands on the structure (in the form of a response spectrum). The graphical intersection of the two curves approximates the response of the structure. In order to account for nonlinear inelastic behavior of the structural system, effective ductility ratios(μ) are applied to the elastic-linear response spectrum to imitate an inelastic response spectrum. CSM in ATC-40 has deficiencies such as performance point does not converge and the peak deformation of inelastic systems is to be inaccurate when compared against results of nonlinear response history analysis. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the variation of performance points of Capacity Spectrum Method (CSM) are investigated with respect to the different sets of earthquake ground motions. The earthquake sets were used in this study selected by Miranda(1993), Riddell(1991), Seed et al. (1976).

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Seismic Capacity Evaluation of Bridge Structure using Capacity Spectrum Method (역량스펙트럼법에 의한 교량 구조물의 내진성능평가)

  • 박연수;오백만;박철웅;서병철
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2003
  • The present seismic analysis of Road-Bridge Design Standard is on a basis of load-based analysis which lets structures have the strength over load. In this study, the capacity spectrum method, a kind of displacement based method, which is evaluated by displacement of structure, is presented as an alternative to the analysis method based on load. Seismic capacity is performed about the existing reinforced concrete pier which has already secured seismic design by capacity spectrum method. As a result. capacity spectrum method could realistically evaluate the non-elastic behavior of structures easily and quickly and the displacement of structures for variable ground motion level. And it could efficiently apply to an evaluation of seismic capacity about the existing structure and a verification of design for capacity target of the new structure.

A Study on the Seisemic Performance Method for R.C bridge by using the Finite Element Analysis Program (유한요소해석 프로그램를 이용한 R.C교각의 내진성능 평가 기법 연구)

  • Park, Yeoun-Soo;Choi, Sun-Min;Lee, Byung-Geun;Seo, Byung-Chul;Park, Sun-Joon
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.301-306
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    • 2008
  • The present seismic analysis of Road-Bridge Design Standard is on a basis of load-vased analysis which lets structures have the strength over load. In this study, the capacity spectrum method, a kind of displacement based method, which is evaluated by displacement of structure, is presented as an alternative to the analysis method based on load. Seismic capacity is performed about the existing reinforced concrete pier which has already secured seismic design by capacity spectrum method. As a result, capacity spectrum method could realistically evaluate the non-elastic behavior of structures easilly and quickly and the displacement of structures for variable ground motion level. And it could efficiently apply to an evaluation of seismic capacity about the existing structures and a verification of design for capacity target of the structure. We propose the seisemic performance method by using the Finite Element Analysis Program.

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Propose of Capacity Spectrum Method by Nonlinear Earthquake Response Analysis (질점계 비선형 지진응답해석에 의한 구조물의 역량스펙트럼 제안)

  • You, Jin-Sun;Yang, Won-Jik;Yi, Waon-Ho;Kim, Hyoung-Joon
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.501-508
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    • 2014
  • In this paper, a method on deducing the capacity spectrum based on nonlinear earthquake response analysis will be introduced. Damage assessment of general building draws the capacity spectrum through the Push-over analysis and the intersection point of capacity spectrum and demand spectrum is seen as performance point. Push-over analysis is the way to perform static analysis by using the equivalent static load changed from the effect of earthquake and predict the behavior of structures by earthquake. But, this method can not be taken into account in the effects of higher mode and the dynamic characteristic. Therefore, in order to calculate the capacity spectrum under dynamic properties of building. A capacity spectrum from going ahead with the nonlinear earthquake response analysis is suggested.